Results for 'J. R. Welch'

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  1. Vagueness and Inductive Molding.J. R. Welch - 2007 - Synthese 154 (1):147-172.
    Vagueness is epistemic, according to some. Vagueness is ontological, according to others. This article deploys what I take to be a compromise position. Predicates are coined in specific contexts for specific purposes, but these limited practices do not automatically fix the extensions of predicates over the domain of all objects. The linguistic community using the predicate has rarely considered, much less decided, all questions that might arise about the predicate’s extension. To this extent, the ontological view is correct. But a (...)
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  2.  8
    Games and induction on reals.J. P. Aguilera & P. D. Welch - 2021 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 86 (4):1676-1690.
    It is shown that the determinacy of $G_{\delta \sigma }$ games of length $\omega ^2$ is equivalent to the existence of a transitive model of ${\mathsf {KP}} + {\mathsf {AD}} + \Pi _1\textrm {-MI}_{\mathbb {R}}$ containing $\mathbb {R}$. Here, $\Pi _1\textrm {-MI}_{\mathbb {R}}$ is the axiom asserting that every monotone $\Pi _1$ operator on the real numbers has an inductive fixpoint.
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  3. Downey, R., f, iiForte, G. and Nies, A., Addendum to.R. Jin, I. Kalantari, L. Welch, B. Khoussainov, R. A. Shore, A. P. Pynko, P. Scowcroft, S. Shelah, J. Zapletal & J. B. Wells - 1999 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 98:299.
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  4.  33
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 842.John Lemos, Thomas J. McPartland, John C. Médaille, Robert J. Spitzer, Runar M. Thorsteinsson, John R. Welch & Notre Dame - 2010 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (4).
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  5.  7
    Teamsters and Turtles?: U.S. Progressive Political Movements in the 21st Century.Frank L. Davis, Melissa Haussman, Ronald Hayduk, Christine Kelly, Joel Lefkowitz, Immanuel Ness, Laura Katz Olson, David Pfeiffer, Meredith Reid Sarkees, Benjamin Shepard, James R. Simmons, Solon J. Simmons & Claude E. Welch (eds.) - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    After decades of single issue movements and identity politics on the U.S. left, the series of large demonstrations beginning in 1999 in Seattle have led many to wonder if activist politics can now come together around a common theme of global justice. This book pursues the prospects for progressive political movements in the 21st century with case studies of ten representative movements, including the anti-globalization forces, environmental interest groups, and new takes on the peace movement.
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  6.  33
    Godel's Disjunction: The Scope and Limits of Mathematical Knowledge.Leon Horsten & Philip Welch (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    The logician Kurt Godel in 1951 established a disjunctive thesis about the scope and limits of mathematical knowledge: either the mathematical mind is equivalent to a Turing machine (i.e., a computer), or there are absolutely undecidable mathematical problems. In the second half of the twentieth century, attempts have been made to arrive at a stronger conclusion. In particular, arguments have been produced by the philosopher J.R. Lucas and by the physicist and mathematician Roger Penrose that intend to show that the (...)
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  7.  11
    Corporate Agency, JOHN R. WELCH.J. P. Compromise - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (250).
  8.  10
    The meaning of behaviour.J. R. Maze - 1983 - Boston: G. Allen & Unwin.
  9.  27
    William J. Mitchell and John R. Steel. Fine structure and iteration trees. Lecture notes in logic, no. 3. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, etc., 1994, v + 130 pp. [REVIEW]P. D. Welch - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (4):1491-1493.
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  10.  13
    Review: William J. Mitchell, John R. Steel, Fine Structure and Iteration Trees. [REVIEW]P. D. Welch - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (4):1491-1493.
  11. Publicity and Common Commitment to Believe.J. R. G. Williams - 2021 - Erkenntnis 88 (3):1059-1080.
    Information can be public among a group. Whether or not information is public matters, for example, for accounts of interdependent rational choice, of communication, and of joint intention. A standard analysis of public information identifies it with (some variant of) common belief. The latter notion is stipulatively defined as an infinite conjunction: for p to be commonly believed is for it to believed by all members of a group, for all members to believe that all members believe it, and so (...)
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  12. Natural law: the legacy of Greece and Rome.J. R. Fears - 2000 - In Edward B. McLean (ed.), Common truths: new perspectives on natural law. Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books. pp. 19--71.
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  13.  36
    Spacetime and electromagnetism: an essay on the philosophy of the special theory of relativity.J. R. Lucas - 1990 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by P. E. Hodgson.
    That space and time should be integrated into a single entity, spacetime, is the great insight of Einstein's special theory of relativity, and leads us to regard spacetime as a fundamental context in which to make sense of the world around us. But it is not the only one. Causality is equally important and at least as far as the special theory goes, it cannot be subsumed under a fundamentally geometrical form of explanation. In fact, the agent of propagation of (...)
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  14.  2
    Artificial Intelligence and Human Reason: A Teleological Critique.J. R. Rychlak - 1991 - Columbia University Press.
    The author of the acclaimed Gay Fiction Speaks brings us new interviews with twelve prominent gay writers who have emerged in the last decade. Hear Us Out demonstrates how in recent decades the canon of gay fiction has developed, diversified, and expanded its audience into the mainstream. Readers will recognize names like Michael Cunningham, whose Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Hours inspired the hit movie; and others like Christopher Bram, Bernard Cooper, Stephen McCauley, and Matthew Stadler. These accounts explore the vicissitudes (...)
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  15.  2
    Artificial Intelligence and Human Reason: A Teleological Critique.J. R. Rychlak - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
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  16.  4
    Sins of the missionaries: Evangelism's Quest to conquer the world.R. Welch Stephen - 2004 - Free Inquiry 24 (2):24.
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  17. Plato and the axiomatic method.J. R. Lucas - 1967 - In Imre Lakatos (ed.), Problems in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub. Co.. pp. 11--4.
     
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  18. Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions.J. R. Stroop - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):643.
  19. Minds, Machines and Gödel.J. R. Lucas - 1961 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this article, Lucas maintains the falseness of Mechanism - the attempt to explain minds as machines - by means of Incompleteness Theorem of Gödel. Gödel’s theorem shows that in any system consistent and adequate for simple arithmetic there are formulae which cannot be proved in the system but that human minds can recognize as true; Lucas points out in his turn that Gödel’s theorem applies to machines because a machine is the concrete instantiation of a formal system: therefore, for (...)
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  20.  21
    Coding the Universe.A. Beller, R. Jensen & P. Welch - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
    Axiomatic set theory is the concern of this book. More particularly, the authors prove results about the coding of models M, of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory together with the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis by using a class 'forcing' construction. By this method they extend M to another model L[a] with the same properties. L[a] is Gödels universe of 'constructible' sets L, together with a set of integers a which code all the cardinality and cofinality structure of M. Some applications are also considered. (...)
  21.  30
    Resolving ambiguity: Effects of biasing context in the unattended ear.J. R. Lackner & M. F. Garrett - 1972 - Cognition 1 (4):359-372.
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  22.  11
    Buddhism under Mao.James R. Townsend & Holmes Welch - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):121.
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  23. Surveying Philosophers About Philosophical Intuition.J. R. Kuntz & J. R. C. Kuntz - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (4):643-665.
    This paper addresses the definition and the operational use of intuitions in philosophical methods in the form of a research study encompassing several regions of the globe, involving 282 philosophers from a wide array of academic backgrounds and areas of specialisation. The authors tested whether philosophers agree on the conceptual definition and the operational use of intuitions, and investigated whether specific demographic variables and philosophical specialisation influence how philosophers define and use intuitions. The results obtained point to a number of (...)
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  24.  53
    'I Have This Feeling of Not Really Being Here': Buddhist Meditation and Changes in Sense of Self.J. R. Lindahl & W. B. Britton - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (7-8):157-183.
    A change in sense of self is an outcome commonly associated with Buddhist meditation. However, the sense of self is construed in multiple ways, and which changes in self-related processing are expected, intended, or possible through meditation is not well understood. In a qualitative study of meditation-related challenges, six discrete changes in sense of self were reported by Buddhist meditators: change in narrative self, loss of sense of ownership, loss of sense of agency, change in sense of embodiment, change in (...)
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  25.  80
    Nephrarious Goings On: Kidney Sales and Moral Arguments.J. R. Richards - 1996 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (4):375-416.
    From all points of the political compass, from widely different groups, have come indignant outcries against the trade in human organs from live vendors. Opponents contend that such practices constitute a morally outrageous and gross exploitation of the poor, inherently coercive and obviously intolerable in any civilized society. This article examines the arguments typically offered in defense of these claims, and finds serious problems with all of them. The prohibition of organ sales is derived not from the principles and argument (...)
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  26.  54
    Consciousness: A Philosophic Study of Minds and Machines.J. R. Lucas & Kenneth M. Sayre - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (2):241.
  27.  19
    Inner models with many Woodin cardinals.J. R. Steel - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 65 (2):185-209.
    We extend the theory of “Fine structure and iteration trees” to models having more than one Woodin cardinal.
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  28.  55
    The Measurement of Subjective Probability.Edward J. R. Elliott - 2024 - Cambridge University Press.
    Beliefs come in degrees, and we often represent those degrees with numbers. We might say, for example, that we are 90% confident in the truth of some scientific hypothesis, or only 30% confident in the success of some risky endeavour. But what do these numbers mean? What, in other words, is the underlying psychological reality to which the numbers correspond? And what constitutes a meaningful difference between numerically distinct representations of belief? In this Element, we discuss the main approaches to (...)
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  29.  9
    A Treatise on Time and Space.J. R. Lucas - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 164 (4):486-487.
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  30.  45
    Transcendental tense: J.r. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45–56.
  31.  97
    Adjudication under Bentham's Pannomion: J. R. Dinwiddy.J. R. Dinwiddy - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (2):283-289.
  32.  35
    II–J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45-56.
  33.  20
    On some corruptions of the doctrine of homeostasis.J. R. Maze - 1953 - Psychological Review 60 (6):405-412.
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  34.  60
    Satan Stultified.J. R. Lucas - 1968 - The Monist 52 (1):145-158.
    The application of Gödel’s theorem to the problem of minds and machines is difficult. Paul Benacerraf makes the entirely valid ‘Duhemian’ point that the argument is not, and cannot be, a purely mathematical one, but needs some philosophical premisses to be able to yield any philosophical conclusions. Moreover, the philosophical premisses are of very different kinds. Some are concerned with what is essential to being a machine—these are typically intricate, but definite, easily formalised by the mathematician, but unintelligible to the (...)
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  35.  21
    Projectively well-ordered inner models.J. R. Steel - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 74 (1):77-104.
  36.  43
    Inequality, incentives, and opportunity.Donald R. Deere & Finis Welch - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (1):84-109.
    Measured inequality has increased tremendously between the 1960s and 1990s, not only in the United States but throughout the majority of industrial nations. Wages among people of the same race and gender have become less equal. The hours worked by men have fallen, and the drop has been more pronounced among those who earn lower wages—as a result, inequality in labor income, which is the product of the wage rate and hours worked, has increased relative to inequality in wage rates. (...)
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  37. How to Argue About Practical Reason.J. R. Wallace - 1990 - Mind 99:355.
     
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  38.  19
    Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life.J. R. Weinstein - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):202-207.
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  39.  8
    Science in Modern Society. J. G. Crowther.J. R. Ravetz - 1969 - Isis 60 (3):418-419.
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  40. Minds, Machines, and Gödel: A Retrospect.J. R. Lucas - 1996 - In Raffaela Giovagnoli (ed.), Etica E Politica. Clarendon Press. pp. 1.
    In this paper Lucas comes back to Gödelian argument against Mecanism to clarify some points. First of all, he explains his use of Gödel’s theorem instead of Turing’s theorem, showing how Gödel’ theorem, but not Turing’s theorem, raises questions concerning truth and reasoning that bear on the nature of mind and how Turing’s theorem suggests that there is something that cannot be done by any computers but not that it can be done by human minds. He considers moreover how Gödel’s (...)
     
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  41. The Foundations of Illocutionary Logic.J. R. Searle & Daniel Vanderveken - 1989 - Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (6):745-748.
  42.  25
    Science in History. Third Edition. By J. D. Bernal. Pp. xviii + 1039. London: C. A. Watts, 1965. £4 4s.J. R. Ravetz - 1966 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (2):188-188.
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  43. Wilberforce and Huxley: A Legendary Encounter.J. R. Lucas - unknown
    The legend of the encounter between Wilberforce and Huxley is well established. Almost every scientist knows, and every viewer of the BBC's recent programme on Darwin was shown,* how Samuel Wilberforce, bishop of Oxford, attempted to pour scorn on Darwin's Origin of Species at a meeting of the British Association in Oxford on 30 June 1860, and had the tables turned on him by T. H. Huxley. In this memorable encounter Huxley's simple scientific sincerity humbled the prelatical insolence and clerical (...)
     
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  44. Euclides ab omni naevo vindicatus.J. R. Lucas - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):1-11.
    The issue is obscured by the fact that the word `space' can be used in four different ways. It can be used, first, as a term of pure mathematics, as when mathematicians talk of an `n-dimensional phase-space', an `n-dimensional vector-space', a `three-dimensional projective space' or a `twodimensional Riemannian space'. In this sense the word `space' means the totality of the abstract entities-the `points'-implicitly defined by the axioms. There is no doubt that there exist, iii this sense, non-Euclidean spaces, because all (...)
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  45. The Chinese room revisited.J. R. Searle - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):345-348.
  46.  41
    The Metaphysics of Representation: Précis By J.R.G. Williams.J. R. G. Williams - 2021 - Analysis 81 (3):499-501.
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  47.  66
    Enactive Music Cognition: Background and Research Themes.J. R. Matyja & A. Schiavio - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):351-357.
    Context: The past few years have presented us with a growing amount of theoretical research (yet that is often based on neuroscientific developments) in the field of enactive music cognition. Problem: Current cognitivist and embodied approaches to music cognition suffer, in our opinion, from a too firm commitment to the explanatory role of mental representations in musical experience. This particular problem can be solved by adopting an enactive approach to music cognition. Method: We present and compare cognitivist, embodied and enactive (...)
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  48. Responsibility.J. R. Lucas - 1993 - Ethics 105 (2):404-407.
     
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  49. Modern Sceptisism Viewed in Relation to Modern Science More Especially in Reference to the Doctrines of Colenso, Huxley, Lyell, and Darwin, Respecting the Noachian Deluge, the Antiquity of Man, and the Origin of Species.J. R. Young - 1973 - Saunders, Otley.
     
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  50.  21
    Satan Stultified.J. R. Lucas - 1968 - The Monist 52 (1):145-158.
    The application of Gödel’s theorem to the problem of minds and machines is difficult. Paul Benacerraf makes the entirely valid ‘Duhemian’ point that the argument is not, and cannot be, a purely mathematical one, but needs some philosophical premisses to be able to yield any philosophical conclusions. Moreover, the philosophical premisses are of very different kinds. Some are concerned with what is essential to being a machine—these are typically intricate, but definite, easily formalised by the mathematician, but unintelligible to the (...)
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