Results for 'J. Mark Bishop'

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  1. Artificial Intelligence Is Stupid and Causal Reasoning Will Not Fix It.J. Mark Bishop - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Artificial Neural Networks have reached “grandmaster” and even “super-human” performance across a variety of games, from those involving perfect information, such as Go, to those involving imperfect information, such as “Starcraft”. Such technological developments from artificial intelligence (AI) labs have ushered concomitant applications across the world of business, where an “AI” brand-tag is quickly becoming ubiquitous. A corollary of such widespread commercial deployment is that when AI gets things wrong—an autonomous vehicle crashes, a chatbot exhibits “racist” behavior, automated credit-scoring processes (...)
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  2.  52
    Rethinking Construction: On Luciano Floridi’s ‘Against Digital Ontology’.Chryssa Sdrolia & J. Mark Bishop - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (1):89-99.
    In the fourteenth chapter of The Philosophy of Information, Luciano Floridi puts forth a criticism of ‘digital ontology’ as a step toward the articulation of an ‘informational structural realism’. Based on the claims made in the chapter, the present paper seeks to evaluate the distinctly Kantian scope of the chapter from a rather unconventional viewpoint: while in sympathy with the author’s doubts ‘against’ digital philosophy, we follow a different route. We turn our attention to the concept of construction as used (...)
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  3.  68
    Of goals and goods and floundering about: A dissensus report on clinical ethics consultation.Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (3):275-291.
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End (...)
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  4.  40
    Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):73-84.
    Guiding our response in this essay is our view that current efforts to demarcate the role of the clinical ethicist risk reducing its complex network of authorizations to sites of power and payment. In turn, the role becomes susceptible to various ideologies—individualisms, proceduralisms, secularisms—that further divide the body from the web of significances that matter to that body, where only she, the patient, is located. The security of policy, standards, and employment will pull against and eventually sever the authorization secured (...)
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  5. Echo calling narcissus: What exceeds the gaze of clinical ethics consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):171-171.
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, (...)
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  6.  28
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?Jeffrey P. Bishop, Joseph B. Fanning & Mark J. Bliton - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (2):171-171.
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  7.  36
    Anxiety, anticipation and contextual information: A test of attentional control theory.Adam J. Cocks, Robin C. Jackson, Daniel T. Bishop & A. Mark Williams - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  8. Disagreement and Free Speech.Sebastien Bishop & Robert Mark Simpson - forthcoming - In Maria Baghramian, J. Adam Carter & Rach Cosker-Rowland (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Disagreement. Routledge.
    This chapter examines two ways in which liberal thinkers have appealed to claims about disagreement in order to defend a principle of free speech. One argument, from Mill, says that free speech is a necessary condition for healthy disagreement, and that healthy disagreement is conducive to human flourishing. The other argument says that in a community of people who disagree about questions of value, free speech is a necessary condition of legitimate democratic government. We argue that both of these arguments, (...)
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  9.  80
    Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room.Slawomir J. Nasuto, John Mark Bishop, Etienne B. Roesch & Matthew C. Spencer - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):209-223.
    John Searle’s Chinese Room Argument purports to demonstrate that syntax is not sufficient for semantics, and, hence, because computation cannot yield understanding, the computational theory of mind, which equates the mind to an information processing system based on formal computations, fails. In this paper, we use the CRA, and the debate that emerged from it, to develop a philosophical critique of recent advances in robotics and neuroscience. We describe results from a body of work that contributes to blurring the divide (...)
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  10. Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence.John Mark Bishop & John Preston (eds.) - 2002 - London: Oxford University Press.
  11. Ansorge, Ulrich, 528 Arnel Trevena, Judy, 162, 308.Elisabeth Bacon, Clive G. Ballard, William P. Banks, James J. Barrell, John Barresi, Melissa R. Beck, Derek Besner, Uri Bibi, Niels Birbaumer & Mark Bishop - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:689-690.
     
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  12.  65
    Should Analytic Epistemology Be Replaced By Ameliorative Psychology?Mark McEvoy - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):163-171.
    Michael Bishop and J.D.Trout have recently argued that analytic epistemology is incapable of incorporating insights from experimental psychology, and that while an acceptable epistemology should be normative, analytic epistemology lacks normativity. For these reasons, they urge that analytic epistemology should be replaced by what they call “ameliorative psychology”: a view that draws on empirical findings in psychology in order to help people become better reasoners. In this paper, I argue that analytic epistemology does not need to be replaced, as (...)
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  13. Diagnostic Prediction and Prognosis.J. D. Trout & Michael A. Bishop - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stanghellini & Tim Thornton (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Psychiatric diagnosis and prognosis is fraught with important philosophical and conceptual problems. This chapter focuses on some epistemological issues and moral issues that arise in contemporary psychiatric practice. It examines various clinical and actuarial techniques for psychiatric diagnosis, ordered very loosely in terms of how "structured" or "automated" they are. The chapter makes the case for assessing psychiatric treatments with controlled experiments, raises several epistemological dangers that arise from relying on uncontrolled investigations, and considers some of the unique methodological and (...)
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    Romanita Mark II: Australian Bishops at Vatican II (The Second Session: 1963).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (3):341.
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  15.  8
    Types of reaction.J. Mark Baldwin - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (3):259-273.
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  16.  10
    The influence of Darwin on theory of knowledge and philosophy.J. Mark Baldwin - 1909 - Psychological Review 16 (3):207-218.
  17.  24
    Consciousness and Evolution.J. Mark Baldwin - 1896 - Psychological Review 3 (3):300-309.
  18.  14
    The origin of a 'Thing' and its nature.J. Mark Baldwin - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (6):551-573.
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  19. Towards Constructive Foundations of Cognitivism: Breaking in Open Doors?J. Wiedermann - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):38-40.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory” by Etienne B. Roesch, Matthew Spencer, Slawomir J. Nasuto, Thomas Tanay & J. Mark Bishop. Upshot: We challenge the authors’ claim in the target article that “departing from cognitivism requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment.” We argue that (...)
     
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  20.  2
    A scheme of classification for psychology.J. Mark Baldwin - 1901 - Psychological Review 8 (1):60-63.
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  21.  2
    Discussion and reports: Notes on social psychology and other things.J. Mark Baldwin - 1902 - Psychological Review 9 (1):57-69.
  22.  4
    Discussion and reports: Dr. Bosanquet on 'imitation'.J. Mark Baldwin - 1902 - Psychological Review 9 (6):597-603.
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    Dr. Bosanquet on imitation and selective thinking.J. Mark Baldwin - 1903 - Psychological Review 10 (1):51-63.
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  24.  4
    Discussion: The origin of emotional expression.J. Mark Baldwin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (6):610-623.
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  25.  9
    "Experience, habit and attention": Comment.J. Mark Baldwin - 1907 - Psychological Review 14 (4):297-298.
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  26.  3
    Logical community and the difference of discernibles.J. Mark Baldwin - 1907 - Psychological Review 14 (6):395-402.
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    Motor processes and mental unity.J. Mark Baldwin - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (7):182-185.
  28.  27
    Reply to a criticism.J. Mark Baldwin & J. Sully - 1896 - Mind 5 (18):294-296.
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    The effect of size-contrast upon judgments of position in the retinal field.J. Mark Baldwin - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (3):244-259.
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  30.  12
    The genesis of the ethical self.J. Mark Baldwin - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6 (3):225-241.
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  31.  7
    The psychology of social organization.J. Mark Baldwin - 1897 - Psychological Review 4 (5):482-515.
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  32.  8
    The springs of art.J. Mark Baldwin - 1909 - Philosophical Review 18 (3):281-298.
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    Chesterton, Gilson and St. Thomas.J. Mark Armitage - 2007 - The Chesterton Review 33 (1-2):159-177.
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  34. A Certain Rectitude of Order: Jesus and Justification according to Aquinas.J. Mark Armitage - 2008 - The Thomist 72 (1):45-66.
     
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  35. Applications morales et sociales de la théorie du développement mental, Étude de Psychologie sociale, 1 vol.J. Mark Baldwin - 1898 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 6 (1):7-8.
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  36. Knowledge and Imagination.J. Mark Baldwin - 1908 - Philosophical Review 17:679.
     
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  37. Logical Community and the Difference of Discernibles.J. Mark Baldwin - 1908 - Philosophical Review 17:563.
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  38.  12
    L'aboutissement de la médiation téléologique : L'intuition pratique.J. -Mark Baldwin - 1923 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 30 (1):1 - 12.
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  39.  12
    L'aboutissement de la médiation logique : L'intuition.J. Mark Baldwin - 1922 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 29 (4):393 - 410.
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  40.  17
    On selective thinking.J. Mark Baldwin - 1898 - Psychological Review 5 (1):1-24.
  41.  83
    Chesterton, Gilson and St. Thomas.J. Mark Armitage - 2007 - The Chesterton Review 33 (1-2):159-177.
  42. Mind and Body from the Genetic Point of View.J. Mark Baldwin - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12:563.
     
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  43.  4
    Motor Processes and Mental Unity.J. Mark Baldwin - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (7):182-185.
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  44. On Truth.J. Mark Baldwin - 1907 - Philosophical Review 16:665.
     
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  45. Princeton Contributions to Psychology.J. Mark Baldwin - 1895 - The Monist 6:635.
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  46. The Limits of Pragmatism.J. Mark Baldwin - 1904 - Philosophical Review 13:236.
     
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  47. Reading kuki shzs : The structure of Iki in the shadow of laffaire Heidegger.J. Mark Mikkelsen - 2004 - In Hiroshi Nara (ed.), The structure of detachment: the aesthetic vision of Kuki Shuzo. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
     
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  48.  5
    Personality-suggestion.J. Mark Baldwin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (3):274-279.
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  49.  14
    Conflicts of Interest in Japanese Insolvencies: The Problem of Bank Rescues.J. Mark Ramseyer & Yoshiro Miwa - 2005 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 6 (2):301-340.
    Economists and legal scholars routinely posit an implicit contract between Japanese firms and their principal lender. Under this arrangement, the bank implicitly agrees to rescue the firm when times turn bad. Out of court, it rescues the firm from insolvency. Not only does it save the investments specific to the troubled firm, it lowers the use of costly bankruptcy proceedings and cuts the costs of those bankruptcy procedures firms do occasionally invoke. Given the creditor-shareholder conflicts of interest that arise as (...)
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  50.  14
    Why Power Companies Build Nuclear Reactors on Fault Lines: The Case of Japan.J. Mark Ramseyer - 2012 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 13 (2):457-486.
    On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and thirty-eightmeter high tsunami destroyed Tokyo Electric’s Fukushima nuclear power complex. The disaster was not a high-damage, low-probability event. It was a high-damage, high-probability event. Massive earthquakes and tsunamis assault the coast every century. Tokyo Electric built its reactors as it did because it would not pay the full cost of a meltdown anyway. Given the limited liability at the heart of corporate law, it could externalize the cost of running reactors. In (...)
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