Results for 'J. Littleton'

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  1.  6
    Ethical Stakes for Past, Present, and Prospective Tuberculosis Isolate Research Towards a Multicultural Data Sovereignty Model for Isolate Samples in Research.A. Anderson, M. Meher, Z. Maroof, S. Malua, C. Tahapeehi, J. Littleton, V. Arcus, J. Wade & J. Park - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-12.
    Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal infectious disease that, in Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ), inequitably affects Asian, Pacific, Middle Eastern, Latin American, and African (MELAA), and Māori people. Medical research involving genome sequencing of TB samples enables more nuanced understanding of disease strains and their transmission. This could inform highly specific health interventions. However, the collection and management of TB isolate samples for research are currently informed by monocultural biomedical models often lacking key ethical considerations. Drawing on a qualitative kaupapa (...)
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  2. Philosophy and Scientific Realism.J. J. C. Smart - 1963 - New York,: Routledge.
  3.  29
    The Commentary of Father Monserrate, S J., on His Journey to the Court of Akbar.J. S. Hoyland - 1923 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 43:348.
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  4.  60
    Hume’s Moral Theory.J. L. Mackie - 1980 - Boston: Routledge.
    First Published in 1980. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  5.  12
    The Semantic Tradition From Kant to Carnap: To the Vienna Station.J. Alberto Coffa - 1991 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Linda Wessels.
    This major publication is a history of the semantic tradition in philosophy from the early nineteenth century through its incarnation in the work of the Vienna Circle, the group of logical positivists that emerged in the years 1925–1935 in Vienna who were characterised by a strong commitment to empiricism, a high regard for science, and a conviction that modern logic is the primary tool of analytic philosophy. In the first part of the book, Alberto Coffa traces the roots of logical (...)
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  6. The Epistemology of Cognitive Enhancement.J. Adam Carter & Duncan Pritchard - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy (2):220-242.
    A common epistemological assumption in contemporary bioethics held b y both proponents and critics of non-traditional forms of cognitive enhancement is that cognitive enhancement aims at the facilitation of the accumulation of human knowledge. This paper does three central things. First, drawing from recent work in epistemology, a rival account of cognitive enhancement, framed in terms of the notion of cognitive achievement rather than knowledge, is proposed. Second, we outline and respond to an axiological objection to our proposal that draws (...)
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  7. Doxastic permissiveness and the promise of truth.J. Drake - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4897-4912.
    The purpose of this paper is to challenge what is often called the “Uniqueness” thesis. According to this thesis, given one’s total evidence, there is a unique rational doxastic attitude that one can take to any proposition. It is sensible for defenders of Uniqueness to commit to an accompanying principle that: when some agent A has equal epistemic reason both to believe that p and to believe that not p, the unique epistemically rational doxastic attitude for A to adopt with (...)
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  8.  20
    Democracy and Education.J. E. Creighton - 1916 - Philosophical Review 25 (5):735.
  9. Virtuous Insightfulness.J. Adam Carter - 2017 - Episteme 14 (4).
    Insight often strikes us blind; when we aren’t expecting it, we suddenly see a connection that previously eluded us—a kind of ‘Aha!’ experience. People with a propensity to such experiences are regarded as insightful, and insightfulness is a paradigmatic intellectual virtue. What’s not clear, however, is just what it is in virtue of which being such that these experiences tend to happen to one renders one intellectually virtuous. This paper draws from both virtue epistemology as well as empirical work on (...)
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  10.  33
    Bodily Sensations.J. T. Stevenson - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (4):543.
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  11.  35
    The Philosophy of Education.J. P. Tuck & R. S. Peters - 1974 - British Journal of Educational Studies 22 (2):204.
  12. Situated learning in communities of practice. Resnick, L., Levine, J., Teasley, S., Eds.J. Lave - 1991 - In Lauren Resnick, Levine B., M. John, Stephanie Teasley & D. (eds.), Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition. American Psychological Association.
     
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  13. The Ethics of Extended Cognition: Is Having your Computer Compromised a Personal Assault?J. Adam Carter & S. Orestis Palermos - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
    Philosophy of mind and cognitive science (e.g., Clark and Chalmers 1998; Clark 2010; Palermos 2014) have recently become increasingly receptive tothe hypothesis of extended cognition, according to which external artifacts such as our laptops and smartphones can—under appropriate circumstances—feature as material realisers of a person’s cognitive processes. We argue that, to the extent that the hypothesis of extended cognition is correct, our legal and ethical theorising and practice must be updated, by broadening our conception of personal assault so as to (...)
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  14. (Anti)-Anti-Intellectualism and the Sufficiency Thesis.J. Adam Carter & Bolesław Czarnecki - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):374-397.
    Anti-intellectualists about knowledge-how insist that, when an agent S knows how to φ, it is in virtue of some ability, rather than in virtue of any propositional attitudes, S has. Recently, a popular strategy for attacking the anti-intellectualist position proceeds by appealing to cases where an agent is claimed to possess a reliable ability to φ while nonetheless intuitively lacking knowledge-how to φ. John Bengson & Marc Moffett (2009; 2011a; 2011b) and Carlotta Pavese (2015a; 2015b) have embraced precisely this strategy (...)
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  15.  32
    Reported Miracles: A Critique of Hume.J. Houston - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Suppose that one is presented with a report of a miracle as an exception to nature's usual course. Should one believe the report and so come to favour the idea that a god has acted miraculously? Hume argued that no reasonable person should do anything of the kind. Many religiously sceptical philosophers agree with him, and have both defended and developed his reasoning. Some theologians concur or offer other reasons why those who are believers in God should also refuse to (...)
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  16.  34
    Hegel’s Hermeneutics.J. M. Bernstein - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):158.
    Arguably, the most promising and compelling route to demonstrating the significance of Hegel’s thought to contemporary philosophy has been the series of recent readings that construe Hegel as continuing and completing Kant’s Copernican turn. Paul Redding explicitly locates his interpretation within this program, seeing the hermeneutic dimension of Hegel’s thought as providing for the possibility of continuing the Kantian project. Kant’s Copernican turn can be loosely stated as the procedure of reflectively uncovering unexperienced conditions of experience that contribute to the (...)
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  17.  21
    Tradition and Reflection: Explorations in Indian Thought.J. L. Brockington & Wilhelm Halbfass - 1992 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (3):545.
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  18.  14
    The Impassibility of God: A Survey of Christian Thought.J. K. Mozley - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1926, this book attempts to state 'what has been believed with regard to God's incapacity for suffering'. Mozley charts the development of the doctrine from the Apostolic Fathers through the Reformation to the modern influence of metaphysical philosophy and concludes with six questions intended to prompt further theological discussion on this point. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of Christian theology.
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  19. Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness”.J. Kevin O’Regan & Ned Block - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):89-108.
    Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness” Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-20 DOI 10.1007/s13164-012-0090-7 Authors J. Kevin O’Regan, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS - Université Paris Descartes, Centre Biomédical des Saints Pères, 45 rue des Sts Pères, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France Ned Block, Departments of Philosophy, Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, 5 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA Journal Review of Philosophy and (...)
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  20.  36
    Realist Constructivism: Rethinking International Relations Theory.J. Samuel Barkin - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Realism and constructivism, two key contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of international relations, are commonly taught as mutually exclusive ways of understanding the subject. Realist Constructivism explores the common ground between the two, and demonstrates that, rather than being in simple opposition, they have areas of both tension and overlap. There is indeed space to engage in a realist constructivism. But at the same time, there are important distinctions between them, and there remains a need for a constructivism that (...)
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  21. Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas.J. L. Holzgrefe & Robert O. Keohane (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    'The genocide in Rwanda showed us how terrible the consequences of inaction can be in the face of mass murder. But the conflict in Kosovo raised equally important questions about the consequences of action without international consensus and clear legal authority. On the one hand, is it legitimate for a regional organization to use force without a UN mandate? On the other, is it permissible to let gross and systematic violations of human rights, with grave humanitarian consequences, continue unchecked?'. This (...)
     
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  22.  6
    Boyle on Atheism.J. J. MacIntosh (ed.) - 2005 - University of Toronto Press.
  23. Poetry and Hedonic Error in Plato’s Republic.J. Clerk Shaw - 2016 - Phronesis 61 (4):373-396.
    This paper reads Republic 583b-608b as a single, continuous line of argument. First, Socrates distinguishes real from apparent pleasure and argues that justice is more pleasant than injustice. Next, he describes how pleasures nourish the soul. This line of argument continues into the second discussion of poetry: tragic pleasures are mixed pleasures in the soul that seem greater than they are; indulging them nourishes appetite and corrupts the soul. The paper argues that Plato has a novel account of the ‘paradox (...)
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  24.  22
    The Carol J. Adams reader: writings and conversations 1995-2015.Carol J. Adams - 2016 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic, An imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing.
    The Carol J. Adams Reader gathers together Adams's foundational and recent articles in the fields of critical studies, animal studies, media studies, vegan studies, ecofeminism and feminism, as well as relevant interviews and conversations in which Adams identifies key concepts and new developments in her decades-long work. This volume, a companion to The Sexual Politics of Meat (Bloomsbury Revelations), offers insight into a variety of urgent issues for our contemporary world: Why do batterers harm animals? What is the relationship between (...)
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  25.  32
    II_— _Richard J. Arneson.Richard J. Arneson - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):73-90.
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  26.  22
    Truth and Objectivity.J. D. Trout - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):126.
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  27.  39
    The Severed Hand and the Upright Corpse; the Declamations of Marcus Antonius Polemo. W W Reader, A J Chvala-Smith.M. J. Edwards - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (2):291-292.
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  28.  22
    Questions of Religious Truth.J. Bailey & Wilfred Cantwell Smith - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):287.
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  29.  10
    Philosophy in America.J. M. Shorter - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (2):254.
  30. Defending Wokeness: A Response to Davidson.J. Spencer Atkins - 2023 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 12 (6):21-26.
    Lacey J. Davidson (2023) raises several insightful objections to the group partiality account of wokeness. The paper aims to move the discussion forward by either responding to or developing Davidson’s objections. My goal is not to show that the partiality account is foolproof but to think about the direction of future discussion—future critique, modification, and response. Davidson thinks that the partiality account of wokeness does not sufficiently define wokeness, as the paper sets out to do. Davidson also alleges that the (...)
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  31.  47
    ‘Opinion in Eighteenth-Century Thought: What did the Concept Purport to Explain?’: J. A. W. Gunn.J. A. W. Gunn - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):17-33.
    We all ‘know’ that public opinion came to prominence in the political vocabulary of the late eighteenth century. It may be that this dates its rise a bit late, but it is not relevant to argue the matter here. My concern is rather that we be equally aware of the purposes for which people made use of the concept. Here I wish to consider various possible contexts for speaking or writing of public opinion, or ‘opinion’, as it was usually called (...)
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  32.  4
    De conservatieve uitdaging: de scepsis van J.L. Heldring.J. L. Heldring (ed.) - 2003 - Rotterdam: NRC Handelsblad.
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  33. F.j.J. Buytendijk's concept of an anthropological physiology.Wim J. M. Dekkers - 1995 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (1).
    In his concept of an anthropological physiology, F.J.J. Buytendijk has tried to lay down the theoretical and scientific foundations for an anthropologically-oriented medicine. The aim of anthropological physiology is to demonstrate, empirically, what being specifically human is in the most elementary physiological functions. This article contains a sketch of Buytendijk''s life and work, an overview of his philosophical-anthropological presuppositions, an outline of his idea of an anthropological physiology and medicine, and a discussion of some episternological and methodological problems. It is (...)
     
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  34. HeX and the single anthill: playing games with Aunt Hillary.J. M. Bishop, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay, E. B. Roesch & M. C. Spencer - 2016 - In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Cham: Springer. pp. 367-389.
    In a reflective and richly entertaining piece from 1979, Doug Hofstadter playfully imagined a conversation between ‘Achilles’ and an anthill (the eponymous ‘Aunt Hillary’), in which he famously explored many ideas and themes related to cognition and consciousness. For Hofstadter, the anthill is able to carry on a conversation because the ants that compose it play roughly the same role that neurons play in human languaging; unfortunately, Hofstadter’s work is notably short on detail suggesting how this magic might be achieved1. (...)
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  35. Quantum linguistics and Searle's Chinese room argument.J. M. Bishop, S. J. Nasuto & B. Coecke - 2013 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 17-29.
    Viewed in the light of the remarkable performance of ‘Watson’ - IBMs proprietary artificial intelligence computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language - on the US general knowledge quiz show ‘Jeopardy’, we review two experiments on formal systems - one in the domain of quantum physics, the other involving a pictographic languaging game - whereby behaviour seemingly characteristic of domain understanding is generated by the mere mechanical application of simple rules. By re-examining both experiments in the context (...)
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  36.  24
    The Computer Comes of Age: The People, the Hardware, and the Software by Rene Moreau; J. Howlett; Engines of the Mind: A History of the Computer by Joel Shurkin.J. Bolter - 1985 - Isis 76:113-115.
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  37.  29
    Theory and Practice: J. Enoch Powell.J. Enoch Powell - 1989 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 26:1-9.
    I intend, here, in reflecting on my life to see if, by taking what appear to me in retrospect to be three critical points of vantage from which to describe my situation, my intentions and the thought, if any, which lay behind them, I can be of service.
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  38. The Metaphysical Thought of Thomas Aquinas. From Finite Being to Uncreated Being (J. Tomarchio). [REVIEW]J. Tomarchio - 2002 - Philosophical Books 43 (2):144-147.
     
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  39.  13
    Fratricide among the Monkeys: Psychoanalytic Observations on an Episode in the VālmīkirāmāyaṇamFratricide among the Monkeys: Psychoanalytic Observations on an Episode in the Valmikiramayanam.J. Moussaieff Masson - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (4):672.
  40.  19
    A Study in Ethical Theory.J. B. Schneewind & D. M. Mackinnon - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (2):259.
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  41.  14
    Pāṇini Tested by Fowler's AutomatonPanini Tested by Fowler's Automaton.J. F. Staal - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (2):206.
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  42.  11
    Die Axiomatischen Grundlagen Einer Allgemeinen Theorie des Messens. J. Pfanzagl.J. Richard Büchi - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):224-226.
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  43. What is the Business of Collingwood's The Principles of Art?J. C. McGuiggan - 2016 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 22 (1):195-223.
    Collingwood’s aim in The Principles of Art is “to answer the question: What is art?” (p. 1) The answer Collingwood offers to that question, that art is the expression of emotion, has become notorious for its implausibility. I consider one objection against this theory, namely that it is unclear what is rendered art by this definition: for it sometimes appears to define art too broadly, containing all utterances and gestures; but at other times to define art too narrowly, excluding much (...)
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  44.  13
    On Ethics and Economics: Conversations with Kenneth J. Arrow.Kenneth J. Arrow & Kristen Renwick Monroe - 2016 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Kristen Renwick Monroe & Nicholas Monroe Lampros.
    Part intellectual autobiography and part exposition of complex yet contemporary economic ideas, this lively conversation with renowned scholar and public intellectual Kenneth J. Arrow focuses on economics and politics in light of history, current events, and philosophy as well. Reminding readers that economics is about redistribution and thus about how we treat each other, Arrow shows that the intersection of economics and ethics is of concern not just to economists but for the public more broadly. With a foreword by Amartya (...)
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  45.  26
    Dengan nalar dan nurani: Tuhan, manusia, dan kebenaran: 65 tahun Prof. Dr. J. Sudarminta, S.J.Francisco Budi Hardiman & J. Sudarminta (eds.) - 2016 - Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.
    On philosophy and Christian theology of humankind; festschrift in honor of J. Sudarminta, a pastor and philosophy lecturer at Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Driyarkara, Jakarta, Indonesia.
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  46.  45
    The Argument from Conscience to the Existence of God According to J. H. Newman.J. M. Cameron, Adrian J. Boekraad & Henry Tristram - 1963 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (52):266.
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  47.  31
    Foundations of Inference in Natural Science. By J. O. Wisdom. (Methuen. Pp. x + 242. Price 22s. 6d.).J. O. Urmson - 1953 - Philosophy 28 (104):84-.
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  48. Od tekstu do systemu. Zarys konstruktywistycznego (empirycznego) modelu nauki o literaturze, w: Kuźma E., Skrendo A., Madejski J., red.J. S. Schmidt - 2006 - In Erazm Kuźma, Andrzej Skrendo & Jerzy Madejski (eds.), Konstruktywizm w badaniach literackich: antologia. Kraków: "Universitas".
     
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  49.  19
    Thought and Reality in Hegel's System.J. B. Baillie - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (1):98.
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  50.  20
    Index to F. D. Lessing's Lamaist Iconography of the Peking Temple Yung-Ho-Kung.J. E. B., J. R. Krueger & E. D. Francis - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (2):218.
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