Results for 'J. Gregory Caporaso'

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  1.  91
    From molecules to dynamic biological communities.Daniel McDonald, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, William A. Walters, J. Gregory Caporaso & Rob Knight - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):241-259.
    Microbial ecology is flourishing, and in the process, is making contributions to how the ecology and biology of large organisms is understood. Ongoing advances in sequencing technology and computational methods have enabled the collection and analysis of vast amounts of molecular data from diverse biological communities. While early studies focused on cataloguing microbial biodiversity in environments ranging from simple marine ecosystems to complex soil ecologies, more recent research is concerned with community functions and their dynamics over time. Models and concepts (...)
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  2. Promoting Honesty in Negotiation.J. Gregory Dees - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):359-394.
    In a competitive and morally imperfect world, business people are often faced with serious ethical challenges. Harboring suspicions about the ethics of others, many feel justified in engaging in less-than-ideal conduct to protect their own interests. The most sophisticated moral arguments are unlikely to counteract this behavior. We believe that this morally defensive behavior is responsible, in large part, for much undesirable deception in negotiation. Drawing on recent work in the literature of negotiations, we present some practical guidance on how (...)
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  3.  84
    The Challenges of Combining Social and Commercial EnterpriseUniversity-Business Partnerships: An Assessment.J. Gregory Dees, Jaan Elias & Norman E. Bowie - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (1):165.
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  4.  60
    Paradox regained: A reply to Meyers and Stern.J. Gregory Dees & John A. Hart - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (12):367-372.
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  5.  18
    In Support of Public or Private Interests? An Examination of Sanctions Imposed Under the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct.J. Gregory Jenkins, Velina Popova & Mark D. Sheldon - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 152 (2):523-549.
    The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants monitors the misconduct of its members using the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct. To accomplish this task, the AICPA relies on various stakeholders to report known violations of its CPC. We examine the full population of sanctions imposed by the AICPA on its members under its CPC from 2008–2013 to identify recent trends in the misconduct of accounting professionals. While we find that multiple stakeholders identify and report violations, we also find that the (...)
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  6. Coercive Offers: A Study of the Nature and Ethics of Coercion.J. Gregory Dees - 1986 - Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University
    In 1969 Robert Nozick published the first extensive philosophical analysis of the concept of coercion. His analysis has since generated a great deal of controversy. This dissertation is an attempt to resolve much of the controversy. It begins with a detailed review of recent work on coercion. Based on the lessons learned in this review, a new theory of coercion and its ethics is proposed. The theory identifies the essential features of a coerced choice and distinguishes several senses in which (...)
     
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  7.  27
    Unconscionability and Fairness.J. Gregory Dees - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):497-504.
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  8.  20
    Unconscionability and Fairness.J. Gregory Dees - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):497-504.
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  9.  29
    Memory for goals: an activation‐based model.Erik M. Altmann & J. Gregory Trafton - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (1):39-83.
    Goal‐directed cognition is often discussed in terms of specialized memory structures like the “goal stack.” The goal‐activation model presented here analyzes goal‐directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming. The model embodies three predictive constraints: (1) the interference level, which arises from residual memory for old goals; (1) the strengthening constraint, which makes predictions about time to encode a new goal; and (3) the priming constraint, which makes predictions about the role of cues in (...)
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  10. A Tale of Two Cultures: Charity, Problem Solving, and the Future of Social Entrepreneurship. [REVIEW]J. Gregory Dees - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (3):321-334.
    Two cultures are at play in the field of social entrepreneurship: an age-old culture of charity, and a more contemporary culture of entrepreneurial problem solving. These cultures permeate activities from resource providers to front line operations. Both have roots in our psychological responses to the needs of others and are reinforced by social norms. They can work hand-in-hand or they can be at odds. Some of the icons of the social entrepreneurship movement have spoken harshly about charity, yet most of (...)
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  11. Shrewd Bargaining on the Moral Frontier.Peter Cramton & J. Gregory Dees - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (2):135-167.
    From a traditional moral point of view, business practitioners often seem overly concerned about the behavior of their peers in deciding how they ought to act. We propose to account for this concern by introducing a mutual trust perspective, where moral obligations are grounded in a sense of trust that others will abide by the same rules. when grounds for trust are absent, the obligation is weakened. We illustrate this perspective by examining the widespread ambivalence with regard to deception about (...)
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  12. Mutuality or Monopoly: Reflections on the Ethics of International Curriculum Work.J. Gregory Keller - 2012 - In Terrence C. Mason & Robert J. Helfenbein (eds.), Ethics and International Curriculum Work: The Challenges of Culture and Context. Information Age Publishing.
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  13. The Practice of Dialogue: Socrates in the Meno.J. Gregory Keller - 2010 - In Hanna Patricia (ed.), An Anthology of Philosophical Studies, Volume 4. Atiner. pp. 19-26.
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  14. Agency Implies Weakness of Will.J. Gregory Keller - 2008 - ProtoSociology 25:225-240.
    Notions of agency and of weakness of will clearly seem to be related to one another. This essay takes on a rather modest task in relation to current discussion of these topics; it seeks to establish the following claim: If A is a normal human agent, weakness of will is possible for A. The argument relies on demonstrating that certain necessary conditions for normal human agency are at least roughly equivalent to certain sufficient conditions for weakness of will. The connection (...)
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  15.  22
    “Memories for goals: an activation‐based model” [Cognitive Science 26 (2002) 39–83].Erik M. Altmanna & J. Gregory Trafton - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (2):233-233.
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  16. Dialogue as Moral Paradigm: Paths Toward Intercultural Transformation.J. Gregory Keller - 2011 - Policy Futures in Education 9:29-34.
    The Council of Europe’s 2008 White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue: ‘living together as equals in dignity’ points to the need for shared values upon which intercultural dialogue might rest. In order, however, to overcome the monologic separateness that threatens community, we must educate ourselves to recognize the dialogism of our humanity and to engage in deep encounters with others with a mature skepticism of all dogmatisms, including our own. In order to aid us in reaching the necessary insight, the author (...)
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  17. Socrates, Dialogue, and Us: Ignorance as Learning Paradigm.J. Gregory Keller & Deborah Biss Keller - 2011 - In Malewski Erik & Jaramillo Nathalia (eds.), Epistemologies of Ignorance and Studies of Limits in Education. Information Age Publishing.
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  18.  85
    Connecting internal and external representations: Spatial transformations of scientific visualizations. [REVIEW]J. Gregory Trafton, Susan B. Trickett & Farilee E. Mintz - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):89-106.
    Many scientific discoveries have depended on external diagrams or visualizations. Many scientists also report to use an internal mental representation or mental imagery to help them solve problems and reason. How do scientists connect these internal and external representations? We examined working scientists as they worked on external scientific visualizations. We coded the number and type of spatial transformations (mental operations that scientists used on internal or external representations or images) and found that there were a very large number of (...)
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  19. Spirituality, Economics, and Education A Dialogic Critique of Spiritual Capital.J. Gregory Keller & Robert J. Helfenbein - 2008 - Nebula 5 (4):109-128.
    This paper consists of a conversation between a philosopher specialising in ethics and religion and an educational researcher with an interest in cultural studies and contemporary social theory. Dialogic in form, this paper employs an interdisciplinary response to an interdisciplinary project and offers the following components: a dialogic theorizing of the implications for education of a research project on spiritual capital; a continuation of the project of analyzing moral thinking in various cultural and societal settings; a continuation of the project (...)
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  20. On Perfect Goodness.J. Gregory Keller - 2010 - Sophia 49 (1):29-36.
    God is typically conceived as perfectly good and necessarily so, in two senses: in terms of always performing the best possible act and in terms of having maximal moral worth. Yet any being that freely performs the best act she can must be accorded greater moral worth for any such action than a being that does so necessarily. I conclude that any being that performs the best possible act of necessity cannot also have maximal moral worth, making the concept of (...)
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  21. The Moral Thinking of Macbeth.J. Gregory Keller - 2005 - Philosophy and Literature 29 (1):41-56.
    In her article, "Thinking and Moral Considerations," Hannah Arendt provides a provocative approach to the question of evil by suggesting that banal evil-the most common kind-may arise directly from thoughtlessness. If that is so, thinking may provide an antidote to evil. Learning to think would then offer the individual and society protection against the dangers of thoughtless evil. She further suggests that thinking may clear the way for a form of judging that "when the chips are down" may turn people (...)
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  22.  17
    “What if…”: The Use of Conceptual Simulations in Scientific Reasoning.Susan Bell Trickett & J. Gregory Trafton - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (5):843-875.
    The term conceptual simulation refers to a type of everyday reasoning strategy commonly called “what if” reasoning. It has been suggested in a number of contexts that this type of reasoning plays an important role in scientific discovery; however, little direct evidence exists to support this claim. This article proposes that conceptual simulation is likely to be used in situations of informational uncertainty, and may be used to help scientists resolve that uncertainty. We conducted two studies to investigate the relationship (...)
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  23.  6
    2. Pricing of services provided to competitors by the regulated firm.William J. Baumol & J. Gregory Sidak - 2019 - In Hector MacQueen (ed.), Deregulation and Privatisation: Hume Papers on Public Policy 3.3. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 15-31.
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  24.  59
    A Generalized Model for Predicting Postcompletion Errors.Raj M. Ratwani & J. Gregory Trafton - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):154-167.
    A postcompletion error is a type of procedural error that occurs after the main goal of a task has been accomplished. There is a strong theoretical foundation accounting for postcompletion errors (Altmann & Trafton, 2002; Byrne & Bovair, 1997). This theoretical foundation has been leveraged to develop a logistic regression model of postcompletion errors based on reaction time and eye movement measures (Ratwani, McCurry, & Trafton, 2008). This study further develops and extends this predictive model by (a) validating the model (...)
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  25. The psychology of uncertainty in scientific data analysis.Christian D. Schunn & J. Gregory Trafton - 2013 - In Gregory J. Feist & Michael E. Gorman (eds.), Handbook of the psychology of science. New York: Springer Pub. Company, LLC.
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  26. The role of spatial information in referential communication: speaker and addressee preferences for disambiguating objects.Sarah Kriz, J. Gregory Trafton & J. Malcolm McCurry - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  27.  63
    How Do Scientists Respond to Anomalies? Different Strategies Used in Basic and Applied Science.Susan Bell Trickett, J. Gregory Trafton & Christian D. Schunn - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):711-729.
    We conducted two in vivo studies to explore how scientists respond to anomalies. Based on prior research, we identify three candidate strategies: mental simulation, mental manipulation of an image, and comparison between images. In Study 1, we compared experts in basic and applied domains (physics and meteorology). We found that the basic scientists used mental simulation to resolve an anomaly, whereas applied science practitioners mentally manipulated the image. In Study 2, we compared novice and expert meteorologists. We found that unlike (...)
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  28.  27
    Do not resuscitate policies of new jersey hospitals.Cynthia J. Stolman, John J. Gregory & Dorothea Dunn - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (2):77-85.
  29. Politics and Transformation: critical approaches toward political aspects of education.Deborah Biss Keller & J. Gregory Keller - 2014 - Policy Futures in Education 12 (3):359-369.
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  30.  26
    An Account of Interference in Associative Memory: Learning the Fan Effect.Robert Thomson, Anthony M. Harrison, J. Gregory Trafton & Laura M. Hiatt - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):69-82.
    Associative learning is an essential feature of human cognition, accounting for the influence of priming and interference effects on memory recall. Here, we extend our account of associative learning that learns asymmetric item-to-item associations over time via experience by including link maturation to balance associations between longer-term stability while still accounting for short-term variability. This account, combined with an existing account of activation strengthening and decay, predicts both human response times and error rates for the fan effect for both target (...)
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  31.  32
    Episodes, events, and models.Sangeet S. Khemlani, Anthony M. Harrison & J. Gregory Trafton - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32. Computational complexity and Godel's incompleteness theorem.Gregory J. Chaitin - 1970 - [Rio de Janeiro,: Centro Técnico Científico, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro. Edited by Gregory J. Chaitin.
  33. Brigitte cambon de lavalette, Charles tijus.Christine Leproux, Olivier Bauer, J. Gregory Trafton, Susan B. Trickett, Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10:457-458.
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  34.  14
    Validating and Refining Cognitive Process Models Using Probabilistic Graphical Models.Laura M. Hiatt, Connor Brooks & J. Gregory Trafton - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (4):873-888.
    We describe a new approach for developing and validating cognitive process models. We develop graphical models (specifically, hidden Markov models) both from human empirical data on a task, as well as from synthetic data traces generated by a cognitive process model of human behavior on the task. We show that considering differences between the two graphical models can unveil substantive and nuanced imperfections of cognitive process models that can then be addressed to increase their fidelity to empirical data.
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  35.  20
    Examining the Role of Task Requirements in the Magnitude of the Vigilance Decrement.Daniel Gartenberg, Glenn Gunzelmann, Shiva Hassanzadeh-Behbaha & J. Gregory Trafton - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  36.  34
    Puzzles and peculiarities: How scientists attend to and process anomalies during data analysis.Susan B. Trickett, Christian D. Schunn & J. Gregory Trafton - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum. pp. 97--118.
  37.  40
    A theory of eye movements during target acquisition.Gregory J. Zelinsky - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):787-835.
  38. Sex, class and crime.J. Gregory - 1993 - In Stevi Jackson (ed.), Women's studies: essential readings. New York: New York University Press.
     
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  39. Pragmatism and tragedy, communication and hope: A summary story.Gregory J. Shepherd - 2001 - In David K. Perry (ed.), American pragmatism and communication research. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum. pp. 241--254.
  40.  39
    Reflections on mirror neurons and speech perception.Lori L. Holt Andrew J. Lotto, Gregory S. Hickok - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):110.
  41.  6
    Affective Benefits of Nature Contact: The Role of Rumination.Gregory N. Bratman, Gerald Young, Ashish Mehta, Ihno Lee Babineaux, Gretchen C. Daily & James J. Gross - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Mounting evidence shows that nature contact is associated with affective benefits. However, the psychological mechanisms responsible for these effects are not well understood. In this study, we examined whether more time spent in nature was associated with higher levels of positive affect in general, and lower levels of negative affect and rumination in general. We also conducted a cross-sectional mediation analysis to examine whether rumination mediated the association of nature contact with affect. Participants reported their average time spent in nature (...)
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  42.  71
    The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide.Jorge J. E. Gracia, Gregory M. Reichberg & Bernard N. Schumacher (eds.) - 2003 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  43.  40
    Goedel's Way: Exploits Into an Undecidable World.Gregory J. Chaitin - 2011 - Crc Press. Edited by Francisco Antônio Doria & Newton C. A. da Costa.
    This accessible book gives a new, detailed and elementary explanation of the Gödel incompleteness theorems and presents the Chaitin results and their relation to the da Costa-Doria results, which are given in full, but with no ...
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  44. Arló-Costa, H., 479 Armour-Garb, B., 593 Azzouni, J., 329 Batens, D., 267.J. C. Beall, T. Bigaj, T. Fernando, B. Fitelson, N. Foo, W. Goldfarb, D. Gregory, T. Hailperin, H. Halvorson & K. Harris - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (619).
  45.  15
    Applied Professional Ethics: A Developmental Approach for Use with Case Studies.Gregory R. Beabout & Daryl J. Wennemann - 1993 - Upa.
    This innovative book is written in an accessible, compact style that sets forth and explains a sound framework for professional ethics that readers can quickly put into practice in analyzing and writing about cases. Through a series of moral conflicts, it aims at improving the skills of moral reasoning and achieving moral development.
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  46.  9
    Children’s Navigation of Contextual Cues in Peer Transgressions: The Role of Aggression Form, Transgressor Gender, and Transgressor Intention.Andrea C. Yuly-Youngblood, Jessica S. Caporaso, Rachel C. Croce & Janet J. Boseovski - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:813317.
    When faced with transgressions in their peer groups, children must navigate a series of situational cues (e.g., type of transgression, transgressor gender, transgressor intentionality) to evaluate the moral status of transgressions and to inform their subsequent behavior toward the transgressors. There is little research on which cues children prioritize when presented together, how reliance on these cues may be affected by certain biases (e.g., gender norms), or how the prioritization of these cues may change with age. To explore these questions, (...)
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  47.  9
    Associations of nature contact with emotional ill-being and well-being: the role of emotion regulation.Gregory N. Bratman, Ashish Mehta, Hector Olvera-Alvarez, Katie Malloy Spink, Chaja Levy, Mathew P. White, Laura D. Kubzansky & James J. Gross - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion.
    Nature contact has associations with emotional ill-being and well-being. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations are not fully understood. We hypothesised that increased adaptive and decreased maladaptive emotion regulation strategies would be a pathway linking nature contact to ill-being and well-being. Using data from a survey of 600 U.S.-based adults administered online in 2022, we conducted structural equation modelling to test our hypotheses. We found that (1) frequency of nature contact was significantly associated with lesser emotional ill-being and greater emotional (...)
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  48. Specifying the components of attention in a visual search task.Gregory J. Zelinsky - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 395--400.
  49.  6
    Beyond Self-Interest: A Personalist Approach to Human Action.Gregory R. Beabout, Ricardo F. Crespo, Stephen J. Grabill, Kim Paffenroth & Kyle Swan - 2001 - Lexington Books.
    Foundations of Economic Personalism is a series of three book-length monographs, each closely examining a significant dimension of the Center for Economic Personalism's unique synthesis of Christian personalism and free-economic market theory. In the aftermath of the momentous geo-political and economic changes of the late 1980s, a small group of Christian social ethicists began to converse with free-market economists over the morality of market activity. This interdisciplinary exchange eventually led to the founding of a new academic subdiscipline under the rubric (...)
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  50.  79
    Exorcising the devil: Adding details to a descriptive account of oculomotor control.Gregory J. Zelinsky - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):703-704.
    Findlay & Walker give voice to several common lines of thought regarding oculomotor control but do not provide sufficient detail for a critical evaluation of their theory. I argue that arbitrary spatial and temporal saccade metrics can be produced simply by manipulating the initial activation values in their model – values that the authors never specify. This lack of detail makes it difficult to anticipate the model's specific oculomotor behavior, or to compare this behavior to models opting for a more (...)
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