Results for 'J. A. van Laar'

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  1.  36
    Norms of Public Argumentation and the Ideals of Correctness and Participation.Frank Zenker, Jan Albert van Laar, B. Cepollaro, A. Gâţă, M. Hinton, C. G. King, B. Larson, M. Lewiński, C. Lumer, S. Oswald, M. Pichlak, B. D. Scott, M. Urbański & J. H. M. Wagemans - 2024 - Argumentation 38 (1):7-40.
    Argumentation as the public exchange of reasons is widely thought to enhance deliberative interactions that generate and justify reasonable public policies. Adopting an argumentation-theoretic perspective, we survey the norms that should govern public argumentation and address some of the complexities that scholarly treatments have identified. Our focus is on norms associated with the ideals of correctness and participation as sources of a politically legitimate deliberative outcome. In principle, both ideals are mutually coherent. If the information needed for a correct deliberative (...)
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  2.  38
    Don’t say that!J. A. van Laar - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (4):495-510.
    According to pragma-dialectical methodology, a party in an argumentative discussion can be assumed to manoeuvre strategically between dialectical and rhetorical objectives. One confrontational form of strategic manoeuvring occurs when a critic charges an arguer with advancing a standpoint that has socially harmful consequences. In special situations this form of manoeuvring can be dialectically sound, for example when the standpoint is advanced in a way that damages the dialectical process. The boundary between fallacious and dialectically sound applications of this form of (...)
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  3. ORYZA2000: Modeling Lowland Rice. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos.B. A. M. Bouman, M. J. Kropff, T. P. Tuong, M. C. S. Wopereis, H. F. M. ten Berge & H. H. van Laar - forthcoming - Laguna.
     
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  4. Minds, Forms, and Spirits: The Nature of Cartesian Disenchantment.J. A. Van Ruler - 2000 - Journal of the History of Ideas 61 (3):381-395.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Ideas 61.3 (2000) 381-395 [Access article in PDF] Minds, Forms, and Spirits: The Nature of Cartesian Disenchantment Han van Ruler What is Descartes's contribution to Enlightenment? Undoubtedly, Cartesian philosophy added to the conflict between philosophical and theological views which divided intellectual life in the Dutch Republic towards the end of its "Golden Age." 1 Although not everyone was as explicit as Lodewijk Meyer, who (...)
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  5.  21
    The Life of Moses: The Yahwist as Historian in Exodus-Numbers.J. A. Soggin & John van Seters - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (3):591.
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  6.  8
    Method vs. Metaphysics.J. A. Van Ruler - 2020 - Church History and Religious Culture 100 (2-3).
    This article discusses Descartes’s preferred focus on morally and theologically neutral subjects and points out the impact of this focus on the scientific status of theology. It does so by linking Descartes’s method to his transformation of the notion of substance. Descartes’s _Meditations_ centred around epistemological questions rather than non-human intelligences or the life of the mind beyond this world. Likewise, in his early works, Descartes consistently avoided referring to causal operators. Finally, having first redefined the notion of substance in (...)
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  7. Dynamical systems theory as an approach to mental causation.Tjeerd Van De Laar - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):307-332.
    Dynamical systems theory (DST) is gaining popularity in cognitive science and philosophy of mind. Recently several authors (e.g. J.A.S. Kelso, 1995; A. Juarrero, 1999; F. Varela and E. Thompson, 2001) offered a DST approach to mental causation as an alternative for models of mental causation in the line of Jaegwon Kim (e.g. 1998). They claim that some dynamical systems exhibit a form of global to local determination or downward causation in that the large-scale, global activity of the system governs or (...)
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  8.  6
    Matigheid in de morele vorming.V. E. N. J. A. Van Der - 1992 - Philosophica 49.
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  9.  9
    Boekbespreking.P. S. Dreyer, J. A. Loader, P. J. Van der Merwe, P. J. Theo Koekemoer & J. P. Oberholzer - 1980 - HTS Theological Studies 36 (1/2).
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  10.  9
    Inter-religious dialogue in schools: A pedagogical and civic unavoidability.A. Abdool, J. L. Van der Walt & C. Wolhuter - 2007 - HTS Theological Studies 63 (2).
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  11.  72
    Argument Schemes from the Point of View of Hamblin’s Dialectic.Jan A. van Laar - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (4):344-366.
    This paper aims at a normative account of non-deductive argumentation schemes in the spirit of Hamblin’s dialectical philosophy. First, three principles are presented that characterize Hamblin’s dialectical stance. Second, argumentation schemes, which have hardly been examined in Hamblin’s book Fallacies, shall be dealt with by applying these principles, taking an argumentation scheme from authority as the leading example. Third, a formal dialectical system, along the lines indicated by Hamblin, shall be developed that includes norms for using argumentation schemes and norms (...)
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  12.  10
    Validity of the Parental Burnout Inventory Among Dutch Employees.Hedwig J. A. Van Bakel, Marloes L. Van Engen & Pascale Peters - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  13.  13
    Extinction contours and Kikuchi lines in electron microscopy.J. A. Eades, J. Riquelme, E. Silva & A. Van Dun - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 30 (4):945-951.
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  14.  9
    Feeling Pressure to Be a Perfect Mother Relates to Parental Burnout and Career Ambitions.Loes Meeussen & Colette Van Laar - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  15.  43
    Van der leeuw en Noordmans oor Teologie: Abstract Godsdienswetenskaplike agtergronde van die gesprek.A. Geyser & P. J. Van der Merwe - 1997 - HTS Theological Studies 53 (1/2).
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  16.  22
    Participant selection for preventive Regenerative Medicine trials: ethical challenges of selecting individuals at risk.Sophie L. Niemansburg, Michelle G. J. L. Habets, Wouter J. A. Dhert, Johannes J. M. van Delden & Annelien L. Bredenoord - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):914-916.
    The innovative field of Regenerative Medicine (RM) is expected to extend the possibilities of prevention or early treatment in healthcare. Increasingly, clinical trials will be developed for people at risk of disease to investigate these RM interventions. These individuals at risk are characterised by their susceptibility for developing clinically manifest disease in future due to the existence of degenerative abnormalities. So far, there has been little debate about the ethical appropriateness of including such individuals at risk in clinical trials. We (...)
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  17.  49
    Judgement of suffering in the case of a euthanasia request in The Netherlands.J. A. C. Rietjens, D. G. van Tol, M. Schermer & A. van der Heide - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):502-507.
    Introduction: In The Netherlands, physicians have to be convinced that the patient suffers unbearably and hopelessly before granting a request for euthanasia. The extent to which general practitioners (GPs), consulted physicians and members of the euthanasia review committees judge this criterion similarly was evaluated. Methods: 300 GPs, 150 consultants and 27 members of review committees were sent a questionnaire with patient descriptions. Besides a “standard case” of a patient with physical suffering and limited life expectancy, the descriptions included cases in (...)
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  18.  29
    EEG Resting State Functional Connectivity in Adult Dyslexics Using Phase Lag Index and Graph Analysis.Gorka Fraga González, Dirk J. A. Smit, Melle J. W. van der Molen, Jurgen Tijms, Cornelis Jan Stam, Eco J. C. de Geus & Maurits W. van der Molen - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  19. De dynamiek van de religie.A. Whitehead & J. Van der Veken - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):735-736.
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  20. Temporal characteristics of neuronal sources for implied motion perception.J. A. M. Lorteije, J. L. Kenemans, T. Jellema, R. H. J. van der Lubbe, F. de Heer & R. J. A. van Wezel - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 100-100.
     
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  21.  59
    A pragma-dialectical response to objectivist epistemic challenges.Bart Garssen & Jan Albert van Laar - 2010 - Informal Logic 30 (2):122-141.
    The epistemologists Biro and Siegel have raised two objections against the pragma-dialectical approach to argumentation. According to the first objection the pragma-dialectical theory is not genuinely normative. According to the second objection the rejection of justificationism by pragma-dialecticians is unwarranted: they reject justificationism prematurely and they are not consistent in accepting some arguments (‘justifications’) as sound. The first objection is based on what we regard as the misconception that the goal of resolving differences of opinion cannot provide a normative approach. (...)
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  22.  37
    The Role of Argument in Negotiation.Jan Albert van Laar & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (4):549-567.
    The purpose of this paper is to show the pervasive, though often implicit, role of arguments in negotiation dialogue. This holds even for negotiations that start from a difference of interest such as mere bargaining through offers and counteroffers. But it certainly holds for negotiations that try to settle a difference of opinion on policy issues. It will be demonstrated how a series of offers and counteroffers in a negotiation dialogue contains a reconstructible series of implicit persuasion dialogues. The paper (...)
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  23.  53
    The Burden of Criticism: Consequences of Taking a Critical Stance.Jan Albert van Laar & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (2):201-224.
    Some critical reactions hardly give clues to the arguer as to how to respond to them convincingly. Other critical reactions convey some or even all of the considerations that make the critic critical of the arguer’s position and direct the arguer to defuse or to at least contend with them. First, an explication of the notion of a critical reaction will be provided, zooming in on the degree of “directiveness” that a critical reaction displays. Second, it will be examined whether (...)
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  24.  40
    Fallacy Identification in a Dialectical Approach to Teaching Critical Thinking.Mark Battersby, Sharon Bailin & Jan Albert van Laar - 2015 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 30 (1):9-16.
    The dialectical approach to teaching critical thinking is centred on a comparative evaluation of contending arguments, so that generally the strength of an argument for a position can only be assessed in the context of this dialectic. The identification of fallacies, though important, plays only a preliminary role in the evaluation to individual arguments. Our approach to fallacy identification and analysis sees fallacies as argument patterns whose persuasive power is disproportionate to their probative value.
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  25.  27
    The burden of criticism.Jan van Laar & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (2):201-224.
    Some critical reactions hardly give clues to the arguer as to how to respond to them convinc-ingly. Other critical reactions convey some or even all of the considerations that make the critic critical of the arguer’s position and direct the arguer to defuse or to at least contend with them. First, an explication of the notion of a critical reaction will be provided, zooming in on the degree of ‘directiveness’ that a critical reaction displays. Second, it will be examined whether (...)
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  26.  11
    Lateral and Medial Ventral Occipitotemporal Regions Interact During the Recognition of Images Revealed from Noise.Barbara Nordhjem, Branislava Ćurčić-Blake, Anne Marthe Meppelink, Remco J. Renken, Bauke M. de Jong, Klaus L. Leenders, Teus van Laar & Frans W. Cornelissen - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  27.  76
    Consumer attitudes towards the development of animal-friendly husbandry systems.L. J. Frewer, A. Kole, S. M. A. Van de Kroon & C. de Lauwere - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (4):345-367.
    Recent policy developments in the area of livestock husbandry have suggested that, from the perspective of optimizing animal welfare, new animal husbandry systems should be developed that provide opportunities for livestock animals to be raised in environments where they are permitted to engage in “natural behavior.” It is not known whether consumers regard animal husbandry issues as important, and whether they differentiate between animal husbandry and other animal welfare issues. The responsibility for the development of such systems is allocated jointly (...)
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  28.  35
    Splitting a Difference of Opinion: The Shift to Negotiation.Jan Albert van Laar & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (3):329-350.
    Negotiation is not only used to settle differences of interest but also to settle differences of opinion. Discussants who are unable to resolve their difference about the objective worth of a policy or action proposal may be willing to abandon their attempts to convince the other and search instead for a compromise that would, for each of them, though only a second choice yet be preferable to a lasting conflict. Our questions are: First, when is it sensible to enter into (...)
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  29.  54
    Graph Analysis of EEG Functional Connectivity Networks During a Letter-Speech Sound Binding Task in Adult Dyslexics.Gorka Fraga-González, Dirk J. A. Smit, Melle J. W. Van der Molen, Jurgen Tijms, Cornelis J. Stam, Eco J. C. De Geus & Maurits W. Van der Molen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    We performed an EEG graph analysis on data from 31 typical readers and 24 dyslexics, recorded while they were engaged in an audiovisual task and during resting-state. The task simulates reading acquisition as participants learned new letter-sound mappings via feedback. EEG data was filtered for the delta, theta, alpha, and beta bands. We computed the Phase Lag Index to provide an estimate of the functional connectivity between all pairs of electrodes per band. Then, networks were constructed using a Minimum Spanning (...)
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  30.  11
    Boekbespreking.A. J. Antonites, D. J. Booysen, J. A. Loader & H. G. Van der Westhuizen - 1979 - HTS Theological Studies 35 (3/4).
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  31.  7
    Corrigendum: Graph Analysis of EEG Functional Connectivity Networks During a Letter-Speech Sound Binding Task in Adult Dyslexics.Gorka Fraga-González, Dirk J. A. Smit, Melle J. W. Van der Molen, Jurgen Tijms, Cornelis J. Stam, Eco J. C. de Geus & Maurits W. Van der Molen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  32.  40
    Reviews. [REVIEW]W. Van Laar, K. Kortmulder & A. Quispel - 1975 - Acta Biotheoretica 24 (3-4):168-175.
  33.  17
    Costs in the Last Year of Life in the Netherlands.Tom Stooker, Joost W. van Acht, Erik M. van Barneveld, René C. J. A. van Vliet, Ben A. van Hout, Dick J. Hessing & Jan J. V. Busschbach - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (1):73-80.
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  34.  77
    The Ways of Criticism.Erik C. W. Krabbe & Jan Albert van Laar - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (2):199-227.
    This paper attempts to systematically characterize critical reactions in argumentative discourse, such as objections, critical questions, rebuttals, refutations, counterarguments, and fallacy charges, in order to contribute to the dialogical approach to argumentation. We shall make use of four parameters to characterize distinct types of critical reaction. First, a critical reaction has a focus, for example on the standpoint, or on another part of an argument. Second, critical reactions appeal to some kind of norm, argumentative or other. Third, they each have (...)
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  35.  9
    Argument Schemes from the Point of View of Hamblin’s Dialectic.Jan Albert van Laar - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (4):344-366.
    This paper aims at a normative account of non-deductive argumentation schemes in the spirit of Hamblin’s dialectical philosophy. First, three principles are presented that characterize Hamblin’s dialectical stance. Second, argumentation schemes, which have hardly been examined in Hamblin’s book Fallacies, shall be dealt with by applying these principles, taking an argumentation scheme from authority as the leading example. Third, a formal dialectical system, along the lines indicated by Hamblin, shall be developed that includes norms for using argumentation schemes and norms (...)
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  36.  19
    Boekbespreking.B. Gemser, E. S. Mulder, H. P. Wolmarans, P. S. Dreyer, J. A. Stoop, F. Van Oosten, S. P. Engelbrecht & J. F. Stutterheim - 1955 - HTS Theological Studies 11 (2).
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  37.  28
    Arguments that take Counterconsiderations into Account.Jan Albert van Laar - 2014 - Informal Logic 34 (3):240-275.
    This paper examines arguments that take counter- considerations into account, and it does so from a dialogical point of view. According to my account, a counterconsideration is part of a critical reaction from a real or imagined opponent, and an arguer may take it into account in his argument in at least six fully responsive ways. Conductive arguments will be characterized as one of these types. In this manner, the paper aims to show how conducive, and related kinds of argument (...)
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  38.  20
    Pressure and Argumentation in Public Controversies.Jan Albert van Laar & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2019 - Informal Logic 39 (3):205-227.
    When can exerting pressure in a public controversy promote reasonable outcomes, and when is it rather a hindrance? We show how negotiation and persuasion dialogue can be intertwined. Then, we examine in what ways one can in a public controversy exert pressure on others through sanctions or rewards. Finally, we discuss from the viewpoints of persuasion and negotiation whether and, if so, how pressure hinders the achievement of a reasonable outcome.
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  39.  34
    Pragmatic Inconsistency and Credibility.Jan Albert van Laar - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (3):317-334.
    A critic may attack an arguer personally by pointing out that the arguer’s position is pragmatically inconsistent: the arguer does not practice what he preaches. A number of authors hold that such attacks can be part of a good argumentative discussion. However, there is a difficulty in accepting this kind of contribution as potentially legitimate, for the reason that there is nothing wrong for a protagonist to have an inconsistent position, in the sense of committing himself to mutually inconsistent propositions. (...)
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  40.  18
    Boekbespreking.M. J. Du P. Beukes, P. S. Dreyer, J. A. Loader & H. G. Van der Westhuizen - 1978 - HTS Theological Studies 34 (1/2).
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  41.  26
    Fair and unfair strategies in public controversies.Jan Albert van Laar & Erik C. W. Krabbe - 2016 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 5 (3):315-347.
    Contemporary theory of argumentation offers many insights about the ways in which, in the context of a public controversy, arguers should ideally present their arguments and criticize those of their opponents. We also know that in practice not all works out according to the ideal patterns: numerous kinds of derailments are an object of study for argumentation theorists. But how about the use of unfairstrategiesvis-à-vis one’s opponents? What if it is not a matter of occasional derailments but of one party’s (...)
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  42.  27
    Augmenting Instructional Animations with a Body Analogy to Help Children Learn about Physical Systems.Wim T. J. L. Pouw, Tamara van Gog, Rolf A. Zwaan & Fred Paas - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  43. One-sided arguments.Jan Albert Van Laar - 2007 - Synthese 154 (2):307-327.
    When is an argument to be called one-sided? When is putting forward such an argument fallacious? How can we develop a model for critical discussion, such that a fallaciously one-sided argument corresponds to a violation of a discussion rule? These issues are dealt with within ‘the limits of the dialogue model of argument’ by specifying a type of persuasion dialogue in which an arguer can offer complex arguments to anticipate particular responses by a critic.
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  44.  48
    In the quagmire of quibbles: a dialectical exploration.Erik C. W. Krabbe & Jan Albert van Laar - 2019 - Synthese 198 (4):3459-3476.
    Criticism may degenerate into quibbling or nitpicking. How can discussants keep quibblers under control? In the paper we investigate cases in which a battle about words replaces a discussion of the matters that are actually at issue as well as cases in which a battle about minor objections replaces a discussion of the major issues. We survey some lines of discussion dealing with these situations in profiles of dialogue.
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  45. Narrative, agency and observational behaviour in a first person shooter environment.Dan Pinchbeck, Brett Stevens, S. Van Laar, Steve Hand & Ken Newman - forthcoming - Proceedings of Narrative Ai and Games Symposium: Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (Aisob'06).
     
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  46.  47
    Room for maneuver when raising critical doubt.Jan Albert Van Laar - 2008 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (3):pp. 195-211.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Room for Maneuver When Raising Critical DoubtJan Albert Van Laar1When interlocutors start talking at cross-purposes it becomes less likely that they will be able to resolve their initial difference of opinion (Van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1992, 125). How much room should we give a party for rephrasing or revising her adversary’s standpoint in a manner that suits her individual purposes in the dialogue? Certainly, as textbooks in argumentation and (...)
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  47.  23
    The Social Dimension of Organizations: Recent experiences with Great Place to Work® assessment practices.Gerard I. J. M. Zwetsloot & Marcel N. A. van Marrewijk - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (2):135-146.
    This paper elaborates on conceptual, empirical and practical arguments why corporations need to focus on their social dimensions, in order to further enhance organizational performance. The paper starts with an introduction on the general trend towards inclusiveness and connectedness. It then elaborates on the phase-wise development of cultures and organizational structures. Managing corporate improvement by building cultures of trust is the central focus of this contribution. By showing the cultural dimensions of Great Places to Work and their workplace practices, worthwhile (...)
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  48.  32
    That’s no argument! The dialectic of non-argumentation.Erik C. W. Krabbe & Jan Albert van Laar - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1173-1197.
    What if in discussion the critic refuses to recognize an emotionally expressed argument of her interlocutor as an argument, accusing him of having presented no argument at all. In this paper, we shall deal with this reproach, which taken literally amounts to a charge of having committed a fallacy of non-argumentation. As such it is a very strong, if not the ultimate, criticism, which even carries the risk of abandonment of the discussion and can, therefore, not be made without burdening (...)
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  49. Ambiguity in a Dialectical Perspective.Jan Albert van Laar - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (3).
    The distinction between constitutive and regulative rules is applied to rules for critical discussion that have to do with the use of ambiguous expressions. This leads to a distinction between rule violating fallacies, by which one abandons a critical discussion, and norm violating fallacies, which are in a way admissible within a critical discussion. According to the formal model for critical discussion, proposed in this paper, fallacies of the norm violating type arc not prohibited. Instead, it provides discussants with devices (...)
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  50.  31
    The relation between philosophy of science and biology exemplified by the problem of explanation.W. Van Laar & H. Verhoog - 1972 - Acta Biotheoretica 21 (3-4):274-301.
    This paper contains some considerations on the relation between philosophy of science and science, in particular biology. There is a contrast between formalistic and pragmatic approaches to the structure of scientific thought, which is illustrated by the different viewpoints on the nature of explanation. In an appendix some aspects of the logical structure of teleological explanation are discussed.
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