Results for 'J. A. Langton'

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  1.  83
    Phase Space Portraits of an Unresolved Gravitational Maxwell Demon.D. P. Sheehan, J. Glick, T. Duncan, J. A. Langton, M. J. Gagliardi & R. Tobe - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (3):441-462.
    In 1885, during initial discussions of J. C. Maxwell's celebrated thermodynamic demon, Whiting (1) observed that the demon-like velocity selection of molecules can occur in a gravitationally bound gas. Recently, a gravitational Maxwell demon has been proposed which makes use of this observation [D. P. Sheehan, J. Glick, and J. D. Means, Found. Phys. 30, 1227 (2000)]. Here we report on numerical simulations that detail its microscopic phase space structure. Results verify the previously hypothesized mechanism of its paradoxical behavior. This (...)
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  2. Phase Space Portraits of an Unresolved Gravitational.Maxwell Demon, D. P. Sheehan, J. Glick, T. Duncan, J. A. Langton, M. J. Gagliardi & R. Tobe - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (1-3):441.
    In 1885, during initial discussions of J. C. Maxwell's celebrated thermodynamic demon, Whiting observed that the demon-like velocity selection of molecules can occur in a gravitationally bound gas. Recently, a gravitational Maxwell demon has been proposed which makes use of this observation [D. P. Sheehan, J. Glick, and J. D. Means, Found. Phys. 30, 1227 ]. Here we report on numerical simulations that detail its microscopic phase space structure. Results verify the previously hypothesized mechanism of its paradoxical behavior. This system (...)
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  3.  18
    Stephen Langton and Hugh of St. Cher on Peter Comestor's Historia Scholastica - The Lombard's Sentences and the Problem of Sources Used by Comestor and His Commentators.Mark J. Clark - 2007 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 74 (1):63-117.
    In this article, I explore preliminarily whether Peter Comestor’s Historia scholastica was well suited to extended theological inquiry. After providing a brief introduction to Comestor’s method to acquaint the reader with the literary character of the History, I turn my attention to the use by Stephen Langton and Hugh of St. Cher, two prominent commentators on the History, of source material that Comestor himself used in composing the History. I pay particular attention to the Lombard’s Sentences, the most important (...)
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  4. Free Speech and Illocution.Rae Langton & Jennifer Hornsby - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (1):21-37.
    We defend the view of some feminist writers that the notion of silencing has to be taken seriously in discussions of free speech. We assume that what ought to be meant by ‘speech’, in the context ‘free speech’, is whatever it is that a correct justification of the right to free speech justifies one in protecting. And we argue that what one ought to mean includes illocution, in the sense of J.L. Austin.
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  5.  3
    Call for Emergency Action to Limit Global Temperature Increases, Restore Biodiversity and Protect Health.Lukoye Atwoli, Abdullah H. Baqui, Thomas Benfield, Raffaella Bosurgi, Fiona Godlee, Stephen Hancocks, Richard Horton, Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Ian Norman, Kirsten Patrick, Nigel Praities, Marcel G. M. Olde Rikkert, Eric J. Rubin, Peush Sahni, Richard Smith, Nicholas J. Talley, Sue Turale & Damián Vázquez - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):1-1.
    > Wealthy nations must do much more, much faster. The United Nations General Assembly in September 2021 will bring countries together at a critical time for marshalling collective action to tackle the global environmental crisis. They will meet again at the biodiversity summit in Kunming, China, and the climate conference 26) in Glasgow, UK. Ahead of these pivotal meetings, we—the editors of health journals worldwide—call for urgent action to keep average global temperature increases below 1.5°C, halt the destruction of nature (...)
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  6.  4
    J.A. Hobson: A Reader.J. A. Hobson - 1988 - Allen & Unwin.
  7.  81
    Lockean Superaddition and Lockean Humility.Patrick J. Connolly - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 51:53-61.
    This paper offers a new approach to an old debate about superaddition in Locke. Did Locke claim that some objects have powers that are unrelated to their natures or real essences? The question has split commentators. Some (Wilson, Stuart, Langton) claim the answer is yes and others (Ayers, Downing, Ott) claim the answer is no. This paper argues that both of these positions may be mistaken. I show that Locke embraced a robust epistemic humility. This epistemic humility includes ignorance (...)
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  8.  37
    Is Necessity Necessary?: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (3):329-334.
    Q: If necessity is the mother of invention, whence necessity? A. : The matrix of necessity in God-talk is religious experience, philosophically interpreted. The interpreters, theists and non-thesists, have indeed been inventive.
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  9. Special Sciences (Or: The Disunity of Science as a Working Hypothesis).J. A. Fodor - 1974 - Synthese 28 (2):97-115.
  10.  75
    ‘Opinion in Eighteenth-Century Thought: What Did the Concept Purport to Explain?’: J. A. W. Gunn.J. A. W. Gunn - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):17-33.
    We all ‘know’ that public opinion came to prominence in the political vocabulary of the late eighteenth century. It may be that this dates its rise a bit late, but it is not relevant to argue the matter here. My concern is rather that we be equally aware of the purposes for which people made use of the concept. Here I wish to consider various possible contexts for speaking or writing of public opinion, or ‘opinion’, as it was usually called (...)
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  11.  49
    The Future of Empirical Theology: J. A. MARTIN, JR.J. A. Martin - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):71-76.
  12.  43
    Thinking About God: Some Fruits of Anglo-American Dialogue: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (1):93-99.
  13.  63
    A Machine-Oriented Logic Based on the Resolution Principle.J. A. Robinson - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (3):515-516.
  14.  31
    Differential Emotions Theory as a Theory of Personality Development.J. A. A. Abe - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):126-130.
    In The Face of Emotions, which was Carroll Izard’s first major attempt at elaborating his differential emotions theory, he stated that the book “presents a theoretical framework for the study of emotions and their role in personality and interpersonal processes.” Yet, over the years, his contribution to personality theory has generally been overshadowed by the attention focused on his views on facial expressions and the structure of emotions. This article will begin with a brief overview of the DET perspective on (...)
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  15.  2
    A Cross-Cultural Investigation Into the Influence of Eye Gaze on Working Memory for Happy and Angry Faces.Samantha E. A. Gregory, Stephen R. H. Langton, Sakiko Yoshikawa & Margaret C. Jackson - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1561-1572.
    Previous long-term memory research found that angry faces were more poorly recognised when encoded with averted vs. direct gaze, while memory for happy faces was unaffected by gaze. Contrasti...
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  16. BLYTH, J. W. -A Modern Introduction to Logic. [REVIEW]J. A. Faris - 1959 - Mind 68:571.
  17.  46
    TRANSPARENCY A. Vasiliu: Du diaphane. Image, milieu, lumière dans la pansée antique et médiévale . Pp. 320. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1997. Paper, frs. 225. ISBN: 2-7116-1341-. [REVIEW]J. A. Towey - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (01):163-.
    A review of Vasiliu's book, Du Diaphane. Aristotle's theory of the transparent is his riposte to the doctrine expressed in Plato's Timaeus that the manifestation of sensible qualities should be explained in terms of the receptacle's participation in the realm of Forms.
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  18. Studies in Indian Literature and Philosophy: Collected Articles of J.A.B. Van Buitenen.J. A. B. van Buitenen - 1988 - Motilal Banarsidass.
  19. LOEB, J. - The organism as a whole, from a physicochemical standpoint. [REVIEW]J. A. Thomson - 1918 - Scientia 12 (23):475.
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  20. Loeb, J. - The Organism As A Whole, From A Physicochemical Standpoint. [REVIEW]J. A. Thomson - 1918 - Scientia 12 (23):475.
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  21.  15
    A Problem of Method in Gospel Research: C. J. A. HICKLING.C. J. A. Hickling - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (3):339-346.
  22. Imperialism: A Study.J. A. Hobson - 1968 - Science and Society 32 (1):100-104.
     
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  23. Mammalian Sex Determination: More Than Mice and Men. Sex Chromosomes and Sex-Determining Genes(1993). Edited by K. C. R EED and J. A. M. G RAVES. Harwood Academic Publishers, Chur, Switzerland. Xviii+410 Pp. US $98;£64. ISBN 3-7186-5276-5. [REVIEW]K. C. Reed, J. A. M. Graves & Adam S. Wilkins - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (10):779-779.
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  24.  5
    A Response to Our Theatre Critics.J. A. Hobson & K. J. Friston - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (3-4):245-254.
    We would like to thank Dolega and Dewhurst for a thought-provoking and informed deconstruction of our article, which we take as applause from valued members of our audience. In brief, we fully concur with the theatre-free formulation offered by Dolega and Dewhurst and take the opportunity to explain why we used the Cartesian theatre metaphor. We do this by drawing an analogy between consciousness and evolution. This analogy is used to emphasize the circular causality inherent in the free energy principle. (...)
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  25. Unethical Behaviour in Procurement: A Perspective on Causes and Solutions. [REVIEW]J. A. Badenhorst - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (9):739 - 745.
    Enterprise management often encourages their marketing personnel to offer gifts to purchasers of clients but won''t allow the purchasers of the company to accept gifts. This double standards create an atmosphere of dishonesty in the company.When considering that purchasers fulfilling the procurement function for a company are the major spenders of company funds, and that purchasers are frequently tempted to accept gifts and prevailing double standards within the company, it is no wonder that they sometimes succumb to unethical behaviour. The (...)
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  26.  58
    Natural Deduction Rules for a Logic of Vagueness.J. A. Burgess & I. L. Humberstone - 1987 - Erkenntnis 27 (2):197-229.
    Extant semantic theories for languages containing vague expressions violate intuition by delivering the same verdict on two principles of classical propositional logic: the law of noncontradiction and the law of excluded middle. Supervaluational treatments render both valid; many-Valued treatments, Neither. The core of this paper presents a natural deduction system, Sound and complete with respect to a 'mixed' semantics which validates the law of noncontradiction but not the law of excluded middle.
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  27.  28
    AΘhnaiΩn Πo∧Iteia, XXX. 3-4.J. A. R. Munro - 1914 - Classical Quarterly 8 (1):13-15.
    A simple transposition in the text would, I venture to suggest, remove one or two of the many difficulties of this obscure chapter.
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  28.  36
    P. C. Gilmore. A Program for the Production From Axioms, of Proofs for Theorems Derivable Within the First Order Predicate Calculus. English, with English, French, German, Russian, and Spanish Summaries. Information Processing, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Processing, Unesco, Paris 15–20 June 1959, Unesco, Paris, R. Oldenbourg, Munich, Butterworths, London, 1960, Pp. 265–273. - J. Porte, P. C. Gilmore, Dag H. Prawitz, Håkon Prawitz, and Neri Voghera. Discussion. Information Processing, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Processing, Unesco, Paris 15–20 June 1959, Unesco, Paris, R. Oldenbourg, Munich, Butterworths, London, 1960, P. 273. - P. C. Gilmore. A Proof Method for Quantification Theory: Its Justification and Realization. IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 4 , Pp. 28–35. [REVIEW]J. A. Robinson - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):124-125.
  29. MORGAN, T. H., STURTEVANT, A. H., MULLER, H. J. and BRIDGES, C. B. - The mechanism of Mendelian heredity. [REVIEW]J. A. Thomson - 1920 - Scientia 14 (27):72.
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  30. Morgan, T. H., Sturtevant, A. H., Muller, H. J. And Bridges, C. B. - The Mechanism Of Mendelian Heredity. [REVIEW]J. A. Thomson - 1920 - Scientia 14 (27):72.
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  31.  31
    Central Control and Reflex Regulation of Mechanical Impedance: The Basis for a Unified Motor-Control Scheme.J. A. Hoffer - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):548-549.
  32.  30
    A Situated Grandmother? Some Remarks on Proposals by Barwise and Perry.J. A. Fodor - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (1):64-81.
  33.  41
    Robinson Abraham. Proving a Theorem . Summaries of Talks Presented at the Summer Institute for Symbolic Logic, Cornell University, 1957, 2nd Edn., Communications Research Division, Institute for Defense Analyses, Princeton, N.J., 1960, Pp. 350–352. [REVIEW]J. A. Robinson - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):522-522.
  34. LOSEE, J. "A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science". [REVIEW]G. A. J. Rogers - 1975 - Mind 84:470.
  35.  13
    de Sopper, A. J. David Humes Kenleer en Ethick.J. A. Der Mouw - 1908 - Kant Studien 13 (1-3).
  36.  13
    1 A Situated Grandmother? Some Remarks on Proposals by Barwise and Perry.J. A. Fodor - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (1):64-81.
  37.  10
    Skilled Actions: A Task-Dynamic Approach.Elliot Saltzman & J. A. Kelso - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (1):84-106.
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  38.  22
    The Works of Aristotle.J. A. Aristotle, W. D. Smith, John I. Ross, G. R. T. Beare & Harold H. Ross - 1928 - Clarendon Press.
    v. 1. Nicomachean ethics. Politics. The Athenian Constitution. Rhetoric. On Poetics.--v. 2. Logic.--v. 3. Physics. Metaphysics. On the soul. Short physical treaties.--v. 4. On the heavens. On generation and corruption. Meteorology. Biological treatises.
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  39.  99
    How Direct is Visual Perception?: Some Reflections on Gibson's “Ecological Approach”.J. A. Fodor & Z. W. Pylyshyn - 1981 - Cognition 9 (2):139-196.
    Establishment holds that thc psychological mechanism of inference is the ment psychological thcorizing. Moreover, given this conciliatory reading, transformation of mental representations, it follows that perception is in.
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  40. How Can a Philosopher and Theologian Teach Something Like That? Duns Scotus's Criticism of Thomas Aquinas.J. A. Aertsen - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (3):453-478.
     
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  41.  91
    Early Greek Philosophy Early Greek Philosophy. By J. Burnet. Third Edition. A. And C. Black, Ltd., 1920. [REVIEW]A. S. J. - 1922 - The Classical Review 36 (3-4):75-77.
  42.  4
    Newton’s De Gravitatione: A Review and Reassessment.J. A. Ruffner - 2012 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 66 (3):241-264.
    The widely accepted supposition that Newton’s De gravitatione was written in 1684/5 just before composing the Principia is examined. The basis for this determination has serious difficulties starting with the failure to examine the numerical estimates for the resistance of aether. The estimated range is not nearly nil as claimed but comparable with air at or near the earth’s surface. Moreover, the evidence provided most likely stems from experiments by Boyle, Hooke, and others in the 1660s and does not use (...)
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  43.  46
    Propositional Attitudes.J. A. Fodor - 1978 - The Monist 61 (4):501-523.
    Some philosophers hold that philosophy is what you do to a problem until it’s clear enough to solve it by doing science. Others hold that if a philosophical problem succumbs to empirical methods, that shows it wasn’t really philosophical to begin with. Either way, the facts seem clear enough: questions first mooted by philosophers are sometimes coopted by people who do experiments. This seems to be happening now to the question: “what are propositional attitudes?” and cognitive psychology is the science (...)
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  44.  58
    Double Effect: A Useful Rule That Alone Cannot Justify Hastening Death.J. A. Billings - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):437-440.
    The rule of double effect is regularly invoked in ethical discussions about palliative sedation, terminal extubation and other clinical acts that may be viewed as hastening death for imminently dying patients. Unfortunately, the literature tends to employ this useful principle in a fashion suggesting that it offers the final word on the moral acceptability of such medical procedures. In fact, the rule cannot be applied appropriately without invoking moral theories that are not explicit in the rule itself. Four tenets of (...)
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  45.  28
    The Game Between a Biased Reviewer and His Editor.J. A. García, Rosa Rodriguez-Sánchez & J. Fdez-Valdivia - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):265-283.
    This paper shows that, for a large range of parameters, the journal editor prefers to delegate the choice to review the manuscript to the biased referee. If the peer review process is informative and the review reports are costly for the reviewers, even biased referees with extreme scientific preferences may choose to become informed about the manuscript’s quality. On the contrary, if the review process is potentially informative but the reviewer reports are not costly for the referees, the biased reviewer (...)
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  46. Hume's Intentions.J. A. Passmore - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Passmore was a renowned Australian empirical philosopher and historian of ideas. In this book, which was originally published in 1952, Passmore's intention was to disentangle certain main themes in Hume's philosophy and to show how they relate to Hume's main philosophic purpose. Rather than offering a detailed commentary, the text provides an account based on specificity and critical scholarship, seeking to complement the other more comprehensive works on Hume's philosophy that had become available around the same time. This book (...)
     
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  47.  31
    Judgement of Suffering in the Case of a Euthanasia Request in The Netherlands.J. A. C. Rietjens, D. G. van Tol, M. Schermer & A. van der Heide - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):502-507.
    Introduction: In The Netherlands, physicians have to be convinced that the patient suffers unbearably and hopelessly before granting a request for euthanasia. The extent to which general practitioners (GPs), consulted physicians and members of the euthanasia review committees judge this criterion similarly was evaluated. Methods: 300 GPs, 150 consultants and 27 members of review committees were sent a questionnaire with patient descriptions. Besides a “standard case” of a patient with physical suffering and limited life expectancy, the descriptions included cases in (...)
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  48.  13
    Bibliography Communication in Science. By A. J. Meadows. London: Butterworths, 1974. Pp. 248. £6.00.J. A. Chaldecott - 1978 - British Journal for the History of Science 11 (1):67-68.
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  49.  15
    Festschrift for Marjorie H. Nicolson: "Reason and the Imagination", Ed. J. A. Mazzeo.F. E. L. Priestley & J. A. Mazzeo - 1963 - Journal of the History of Ideas 24 (3):433.
  50.  57
    Shorter Notices of Books Science and Music in Eighteenth-Century Bath. An Exhibition in the Holburne of Menstrie Museum, Bath, 22 September 1977–29 December 1977. By A. J. Turner, with the Assistance of I. D. Woodfield and Contributions by H. S. Torrens. Bath: University of Bath, 1977. Pp. Viii + 131. £1.50. [REVIEW]J. A. Bennett - 1979 - British Journal for the History of Science 12 (1):104-104.
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