Results for 'Iwao Nishimura'

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  1. On formulas of one variable in intuitionistic propositional calculus.Iwao Nishimura - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):327-331.
  2.  49
    Modal Logics Between S4 and S5.M. A. E. Dummett, E. J. Lemmon, Iwao Nishimura & D. C. Makinson - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):396-397.
  3.  35
    M. A. E. Dummett and E. J. Lemmon. Modal logics between S4 and S5. Zeitschrift für mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik, vol. 5 , pp. 250–264. - Iwao Nishimura. On formulas of one variable in intuitionistic propositional calculus. The journal of symbolic logic, vol. 25 No. 4 , pp. 327–331. - D. C. Makinson. There are infinitely many Diodorean modal functions. The journal of symbolic logic, vol. 31 , pp. 406–408. [REVIEW]A. N. Prior - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):396-397.
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  4. Review: M. A. E. Dummett, E. J. Lemmon, Modal Logics Between S4 and S5; Iwao Nishimura, On Formulas of One Variable in Intuitionistic Propositional Calculus; D. C. Makinson, There are Infinitely Many Diodorean Modal Functions. [REVIEW]A. N. Prior - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):396-397.
  5.  25
    The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory.Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.) - 2015 - New York NY: Oxford University Press.
    Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or bad. Questions about value and about what is valuable are important to moral philosophers, since most moral theories hold that we ought to promote the good. This Handbook focuses on value theory as it pertains to ethics, broadly construed, and provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates pertaining not only (...)
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  6.  45
    The Ethics of Health Care Rationing: An Introduction.Greg Bognar & Iwao Hirose - 2014 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Iwao Hirose.
    Should organ transplants be given to patients who have waited the longest, or need it most urgently, or those whose survival prospects are the best? The rationing of health care is universal and inevitable, taking place in poor and affluent countries, in publicly funded and private health care systems. Someone must budget for as well as dispense health care whilst aging populations severely stretch the availability of resources. The Ethics of Health Care Rationing is a clear and much-needed introduction to (...)
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  7.  87
    Reconsidering the value of equality.Iwao Hirose - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):301-312.
    Some people believe that the equality of people's well-being makes an outcome better, other things being constant. Call this Telic Egalitarianism. In this paper I will propose a new interpretation of Telic Egalitarianism, and compare it with the interpretation that is proposed by Derek Parfit 1995 and widely accepted by many philosophers. I will argue that my proposed interpretation is more plausible than Parfit's. One of the virtues in my interpretation is that it shows his Levelling Down Objection does not (...)
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  8.  11
    Japanese Moralogy as Business Ethics.Iwao Taka & Thomas W. Dunfee - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (5):507-519.
    Moralogy is an indigenous six-decade-old Japanese approach to business ethics which has been particularly influential among middle-sized business. The core themes of moralogy are the inseparability of morality and economic activities, the recognition of a difference between social justice and universal justice, and an emphasis on identification of principles of supreme or universal morality. Moralogy recognizes moral liberty and a principle of "omni-directional fairness"; and may be best described as a virtue-based stakeholder approach to business ethics. It differs in significant (...)
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  9.  5
    "Bāmatī" no bunkengakuteki kenkyū.Iwao Shima - 2012 - Tōkyō: Tōkyō Gaikokugo Daigaku Ajia Afurika Gengo Bunka Kenkyūjo. Edited by Jun Takashima & Masahide Mori.
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  10.  6
    The Viṭhobā Faith of Mahārāṣtra: The Viṭhobā Temple of Paṇḍharpūr and Its Mythological Structure.Iwao Shima - 1988 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 15 (2/3):183-197.
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  11. Nishimura Shigeki zenshū.Shigeki Nishimura - 1976
     
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  12.  18
    Radial excitation of hadronic states with null pontryagin index.Syurei Iwao - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (4):691-702.
    Radial excitations of hadrons carrying zero instanton number are investigated. The mass relations among relevant non-strange and strange mesons and baryons have been derived consistently with the observed data.
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  13.  7
    TED pattern studies of the structure of post-annealed amorphous silicon layers on single crystal silicon.Iwao Ohdomari & Nobuyuki Onoda - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (5):1373-1380.
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  14.  11
    Moral Aggregation.Iwao Hirose - 2014 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    This book elucidates the theoretical structure and scope of interpersonal and intra-personal aggregation--a trade-off between benefits to a group of individuals and losses to another group of individuals--and defends a form of aggregation -- formal aggregation -- that resolves a variety of outstanding problems arising from the conventional understanding of aggregation, including the Number Problem concerning the moral relevance of the number of individuals.
  15. Aggregation and the Separateness of Persons.Iwao Hirose - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (2):182-205.
    Many critics of utilitarianism claim that we should reject interpersonal aggregation because aggregative principles do not take the separateness of persons seriously. In this article, I will reject this claim. I will first elucidate the theoretical structure of aggregation. I will then consider various interpretations of the notion of the separateness of persons and clarify what exactly those critics are trying to reject by appealing to the notion of the separateness of persons. I will argue that none of these interpretations (...)
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  16.  16
    Egalitarianism.Iwao Hirose - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
    Some people are worse off than others. Does this fact give rise to moral concern? Egalitarianism claims that it does, for a wide array of reasons. It is one of the most important and hotly debated problems in moral and political philosophy, occupying a central place in the work of John Rawls, Thomas Nagel, G. A. Cohen and Derek Parfit. It also plays an important role in practical contexts such as the allocation of health care resources, the design of education (...)
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  17.  23
    Business Ethics.Iwao Taka - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (1):53-78.
    Although “fairness” and “social responsibilities” form part of the business ethics agenda of Japanese corporations, the meaning of these terms must be understood in the context of the distinctive Japanese approach to ethics. In Japan, ethics is inextricably bound up with religious dimension (two normative environments) and social dimension (framework of concentric circles). The normative environments, influenced by Confucianism, Buddhism, and other traditional and modern Japanese religions, emphasize that not only individuals but also groups have their own spirit (numen) which (...)
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  18.  34
    Business Ethics: A Japanese View.Iwao Taka - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (1):53-78.
    Although “fairness” and “social responsibilities” form part of the business ethics agenda of Japanese corporations, the meaning of these terms must be understood in the context of the distinctive Japanese approach to ethics. In Japan, ethics is inextricably bound up with religious dimension and social dimension. The normative environments, influenced by Confucianism, Buddhism, and other traditional and modern Japanese religions, emphasize that not only individuals but also groups have their own spirit which is connected to the ultimate reality. The framework (...)
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  19.  5
    Restoring volitional walking via neural interface in patients with severe spinal cord injury.Nishimura Y. - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  20.  9
    Rewiring the damaged-pathway through BCI restore volitional control paretic limb.Nishimura Yukio - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  21.  74
    Business ethics in japan.Iwao Taka - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (14):1499-1508.
    Business ethics in Japan has developed in five stages. Especially in the last stage (in the 1990s), there have appeared two clear-cut trends in business ethics activities: positive and passive. For the rise of business ethics, the passive trend is much more important. Once entered the 1990s, an increasing number of business scandals have been revealed. Because of this, the Japanese business community cannot but help take business ethics much more seriously than it ever has.Not only business practitioners but also (...)
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  22.  77
    Ethical aspects of “japanese leadership style”.Iwao Taka & Wanda D. Foglia - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):135 - 148.
    This article describes three characteristics of the Japanese Leadership Style (JLS): self-realization, appreciation of diverse abilities, and trust in others, which have both positive and negative ethical implications. In addition to illustrating how JLS allows Japanese corporations to avoid some of the ethical problems plaguing U.S. corporations, the authors will explain how these characteristics engender the loyalty and initiative of Japanese employees which promote incremental innovation and competitive advantages. Implicit in this discussion is the premise that both the American and (...)
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  23. Aggregation and numbers.Iwao Hirose - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):62-79.
    This article considers the reach of arguments for saving the greater number without interpersonal aggregation, and argues that interpersonal aggregation is useful to encompass the proper respect due to each separate person. I first give a precise definition of interpersonal aggregation, which many non-utilitarians try to avoid. Then, I show that consequentialism and Scanlon can justify the case for the greater number without interpersonal aggregation. However, I propose the Aggregation Approach, which justifies the case for the greater number in some (...)
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  24. Saving the greater number without combining claims.Iwao Hirose - 2001 - Analysis 61 (4):341–342.
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  25.  55
    The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory.Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.) - 2015 - New York NY: Oxford University Press USA.
    Value theory, or axiology, looks at what things are good or bad, how good or bad they are, and, most fundamentally, what it is for a thing to be good or bad. Questions about value and about what is valuable are important to moral philosophers, since most moral theories hold that we ought to promote the good. This Handbook focuses on value theory as it pertains to ethics, broadly construed, and provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary debates pertaining not only (...)
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  26.  97
    Weighted lotteries in life and death cases.Iwao Hirose - 2007 - Ratio 20 (1):45–56.
    Faced with a choice between saving one stranger and saving a group of strangers, some people endorse weighted lotteries, which give a strictly greater chance of being saved to the group of strangers than the single stranger. In this paper I attempt to criticize this view. I first consider a particular version of the weighted lotteries, Frances Kamm's procedure of proportional chances, and point out two implausible implications of her proposal. Then, I consider weighted lotteries in general, and claim (1) (...)
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  27.  2
    Value superiority.Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory. pp. 225-248.
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  28. Shutainā kyōiku o kataru: kishitsu to nenrei ni ōjita kyōiku.Iwao Takahashi - 1990 - Tōkyō: Kadokawa Shoten.
  29.  13
    Vapour growth of cadmium telluride crystals in the polar directions.Iwao Teramoto & Morio Inoue - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (93):1593-1596.
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  30.  8
    Vapour growth patterns of CdTe crystals.Iwao Teramoto - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (87):357-366.
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  31.  94
    Review article: Aggregation and non-utilitarian moral theories.Iwao Hirose - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (2):273-284.
  32. Shin tetsugaku nenpyō.Iwao Koyama & Hironobu Wada - 1984 - Tōkyō: Nansōsha. Edited by Hironobu Wada.
  33.  13
    The ethics of pandemics: an introduction.Iwao Hirose - 2022 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The recent Covid-19 pandemic has brought a broad range of ethical problems to the forefront, raising fundamental questions about the role of government in response to such outbreaks, the scarcity and allocation of health care resources, the unequal distribution of health risks and economic impacts, and the extent to which individual freedom can be restricted. In this clear introduction to the topic Iwao Hirose explores these ethical questions and analyzes the central issues in the ethics of pandemic response and (...)
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  34.  45
    Weighing and Reasoning: Themes From the Philosophy of John Broome.Iwao Hirose & Andrew Evan Reisner (eds.) - 2015 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press UK.
    John Broome has made major contributions to, and radical innovations in, contemporary moral philosophy. His research combines the formal method of economics with the philosophical analysis. Broome's works stretch over formal axiology, decision theory, philosophy of economics, population axiology, the value of life, the ethics of climate change, the nature of rationality, and practical and theoretical reasoning. Weighing and Reasoning brings together fifteen original essays from leading philosophers who have been influenced by the work and thought of John Broome.They explore (...)
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  35.  15
    Fragments of the" Testament of Ba" from Dunhuang.Sam van Schaik & Kazushi Iwao - 2008 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 128 (3):477-487.
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  36.  15
    Minimally good life and the human right to health.Iwao Hirose - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
    In Global Health Impact: Extending Access to Essential Medicines, Nicole Hassoun argues that the concept of a minimally good life grounds the human right to health, which in turn implies the human right to access essential medicines in developing countries. This article argues that Hassoun's argument must be revised. If the temporal unit of a minimally good life is identified, her argument faces a substantive problem, which undermines an important part of her argument. This article then proposes a solution to (...)
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  37.  52
    Intertemporal Distributive Judgement.Iwao Hirose - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):371-386.
    This paper considers the simple two-person two-period case of distributive judgement, and argues (a) that sensible intertemporal distributive principle should consider both the distribution of people's life time well-being and the distribution of people's well-being at each period and (b) that, if (a) is correct, Egalitarianism is more acceptable than Prioritarianism since the latter must choose either one.
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  38.  5
    The meaning of "darn it!".Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner (eds.), Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome. pp. 129-139.
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  39.  3
    The value of existence.Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Value Theory. pp. 424-444.
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  40.  68
    Equality, priority, and aggregation.Iwao Hirose - unknown
    In this dissertation, I discuss two distributive principles in moral philosophy: Derek Parfit's Prioritarianism and Egalitarianism. I attempt to defend a version of Egalitarianism, which I call Weighted Egalitarianism. Although Parfit claims that Egalitarianism is subject to what he calls the Levelling Down Objection, I show that my proposed Weighted Egalitarianism is not subject to the Objection, and that it gives priority to the worse off people. The real difference between the two principles lies in how the weight of each (...)
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  41.  3
    On the social and personal value of existence.Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner - 2015 - In Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner (eds.), Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome. pp. 95-109.
    If a potential person would have a good life if he were to come into existence, can we coherently regard his coming into existence as better for him than his never coming into existence? And can we regard the situation in which he never comes into existence as worse for him? In this paper, we argue that both questions should be answered affirmatively. We also explain where prominent arguments to differing conclusions go wrong. Finally, we explore the relevance of our (...)
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  42.  5
    Pandemikku no rinrigaku: kinkyūji taiō no rinri gensoku to shingata koronauirusu kansenshō.Iwao Hirose - 2021 - Tōkyō-to Bunkyō-ku: Keisō Shobō.
    パンデミック対策は何を目的とし、どのような基準と論理で行われるべきなのか? WHOの倫理指針の作成に携わった経験から分析。.
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  43.  67
    Should we select people randomly?Iwao Hirose - 2009 - Bioethics 24 (1):45-46.
  44.  4
    The Americans with Disabilities Act and Health Care Allocation.Iwao Hirose - 2010 - Problema. Anuario de Filosofía y Teoria Del Derecho 1 (4):107-125.
    In this article, I will propose a theoretical argument for the prohibition of unequal treatment of disabled and non-disabled individuals in health care resource allocation. I will first consider an argument for unequal treatment, which was put forward by Singer et al, and elucidate its far-reaching scope. I will then use the same argument in order to derive an argument that would prohibit unequal treatment of disabled and non-disabled individuals in almost all cases of health care allocation.Resumen:En este artículo propongo (...)
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  45. Why be formal?Iwao Hirose - 2008 - In David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.), Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press.
  46.  3
    Sex in Ethics and Law.Iwao Hoshii - 1986 - Paul Norbury Publications.
    "Morality is a specific human attribute which, however, does not enjoy universal recognition. Its disregard in practice is matched by the disagreement concerning its justification. The repudiation of moral restraints on sexual conduct did not start with the sex revolution of the sixties, but it took the AIDS crisis to slow down the expansion of the culture of promiscuity that became fashionable with the emancipation from traditional values."--Publisher's description.
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  47. Nishida tetsugaku.Iwao Kōyama - 1951
     
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  48.  30
    Sequential method in quantum logic.Hirokazu Nishimura - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):339-352.
  49.  51
    Is the semantics of branching structures adequate for non-metric ockhamist tense logics?Hirokazu Nishimura - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):477 - 478.
  50.  19
    Reframing HIV Stigma and Fear.Caitlyn D. Placek, Holly Nishimura, Natalie Hudanick, Dionne Stephens & Purnima Madhivanan - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (1):1-22.
    HIV stigma and fears surrounding the disease pose a challenge for public health interventions, particularly those that target pregnant women. In order to reduce stigma and improve the lives of vulnerable populations, researchers have recognized a need to integrate different types of support at various levels. To better inform HIV interventions, the current study draws on social-ecological and evolutionary theories of reproduction to predict stigma and fear of contracting HIV among pregnant women in South India. The aims of this study (...)
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