Results for 'Ilkka Pyysia��Inen'

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  1. True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief.Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing is rational, it (...)
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  2. Religious Narrative, Cognition, and Culture: Image and Word in the Mind of Narrative.Armin W. Geertz & Jeppe Sinding Jensen (eds.) - 2010 - Equinox.
    Religious Narrative, Cognition and Culture contains contributions dealing with religious narrative and cognitive theory written by some of the worlds leading scholars in the fields of cognitive science, narratology and comparative religion. At the heart of the volume are five papers which serve as sequels to each other. The first paper by the American biologist and semiotician Terrence W. Deacon explores the neurological processes and possible genetic foundations of how language emerged in Homo sapiens. This is followed nicely by the (...)
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  3. Representation of the Body as a Basis of Personal Knowledge: A Neuro-Sychological Perspective on Polanyi's Subjective Dimension of Knowing.Ilkka Virtanen - 2011 - Appraisal 8 (3).
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  4.  54
    Mahdollisuus.Ilkka Niiniluoto, Tuomas Tahko & Teemu Toppinen (eds.) - 2016 - Helsinki: Philosophical Society of Finland.
    Proceedings of the 2016 "one word" colloquium of the The Philosophical Society of Finland. The word was "Possibility".
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  5.  8
    Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW]C. R. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
  6. Ilkka Niiniluoto, Sami Pihlström (Eds.), Reappraisals of Eino Kaila's Philosophy. [REVIEW]Thomas Mormann - 2016 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 18:281 - 285.
  7.  91
    Scientific and "Radical" Ethnomethodology: From Incompatible Paradigms to Ethnomethodological Sociology.Ilkka Arminen - 2008 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):167-191.
    Ethnomethodology has been torn between scientific and "radical" aspirations insofar as it moves discoursive practices from resources to the topic of the study. Scientific ethnomethodology, such as conversation analysis, studies discoursive praxis as its topic and resource. Standard scientific criteria are accepted to assess the merits of its findings. "Radical" ethnomethodology addresses mundane reasoning exclusively as its topic without recourse to standardized science. I will show that insofar as "radical" ethnomethodology succeeds in bracketing everyday resources, it loses its phenomenon with (...)
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  8. Scientific Progress Reconsidered.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1991 - In Eliot Deutsch (ed.), Culture and Modernity: East-West Philosophic Perspectives. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 593-614.
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  9.  2
    Ilkka Niiniluoto y el nuevo realismo científico.José Luis Guzón Néstar - 2015 - Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 42 (1):99-114.
    El diálogo filosofía-ciencia ha tenido lugar gracias a muchas posiciones y actitudes que lo han posibilitado. Uno de los grandes posibilitadores ha sido Ilkka Niiniluoto, filósofo de la ciencia finlandés, que inspirándose en un nuevo realismo denominado crítico y por medio de dos grandes instrumentos epistemológicos ha sentado las bases de una corriente de la ciencia que interpreta a esta como una actividad progresiva y la inserta en un marco con base axiológica.
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  10.  58
    Quantifying Proportionality and the Limits of Higher-Level Causation and Explanation.Alexander Gebharter & Markus Ilkka Eronen - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Supporters of the autonomy of higher-level causation (or explanation) often appeal to proportionality, arguing that higher-level causes are more proportional than their lower-level realizers. Recently, measures based on information theory and causal modeling have been proposed that allow one to shed new light on proportionality and the related notion of specificity. In this paper we apply ideas from this literature to the issue of higher vs. lower-level causation (and explanation). Surprisingly, proportionality turns out to be irrelevant for the question of (...)
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  11.  6
    Ilkka Niiniluoto Carnap on Truth.I. Carnap'S. Early Work - 2003 - In Thomas Bonk (ed.), Language, Truth and Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 2--1.
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  12.  82
    Possible Worlds of History.Ilkka Lähteenmäki - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 12 (1):164-182.
    _ Source: _Page Count 19 The theory of possible worlds has been minimally employed in the field of theory and philosophy of history, even though it has found a place as a tool in other areas of philosophy. Discussion has mostly focused on arguments concerning counterfactual history’s status as either useful or harmful. The theory of possible worlds can, however be used also to analyze historical writing. The concept of textual possible worlds offers an interesting framework to work with for (...)
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  13.  12
    Biodiversity, Microbes and Human Well-Being.Ilkka Hanski - 2014 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 14 (1):19-25.
  14.  6
    Concepts, Beliefs, and Their Constellations.Ilkka Kärrylä - 2022 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 17 (1):62-83.
    The article argues that all disciplines examining human thought could use certain shared analytical categories. This would not mean eradicating all differences between various approaches such as intellectual history and discourse analysis, but acknowledging that they are examining partly the same basic entities. The article argues that ideational entities in human thought could be understood as concepts, beliefs, and their constellations. The article discusses the views of scholars who have theorized similar categories and shows how these can be studied through (...)
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  15.  6
    The Role of Al-Madāʾinī’s Students in the Transmission of His Material.Ilkka Lindstedt - 2014 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 91 (2):295-340.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Der Islam Jahrgang: 91 Heft: 2 Seiten: 295-340.
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  16. Critical Scientific Realism.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book comes to the rescue of scientific realism, showing that reports of its death have been greatly exaggerated. Philosophical realism holds that the aim of a particular discourse is to make true statements about its subject matter. Ilkka Niiniluoto surveys different kinds of realism in various areas of philosophy and then sets out his own critical realist philosophy of science.
  17.  41
    Ilkka Niiniluoto, Critical Scientific Realism. Oxford: Oxford University Press , Xiv + 341 Pp. [REVIEW]Ioannis Votsis - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2):444-447.
    This is certainly true. Simulationists and experimentalists face equally relevant challenges when it comes to establishing that the results of their simulation or experiment are informative about the real world. But it is one thing to point this fact out, and it is another to understand how those challenges are overcome, under differing circumstances, and in varying contexts. It is here that Marcel Boumans’ contribution becomes especially valuable. He presents an example from economics in which a mathematical model performs the (...)
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  18. On the Human Condition : Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright.Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren (eds.) - 2017
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  19.  11
    Science — A House Built on Sand?Ilkka Kieseppä & Friedrich Stadler - 1999 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 7:279-301.
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  20.  6
    Ilkka Seppo. A New Arithmetization for Finitely Many-Valued Propositional Calculi. Societas Scientiarum Fennica, Commentationes Physico-Mathematicae, Vol. 32 No. 8, Helsinki 1966, 13 Pp. [REVIEW]Akira Nakamura - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):304-304.
  21.  6
    Does Meditation Swamp Working Memory?Pyysiainen Ilkka - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6).
  22.  1
    Sequential Order and Sequence Structure: The Case of Incommensurable Studies on Mobile Phone Calls.Ilkka Arminen - 2005 - Discourse Studies 7 (6):649-662.
    Two recent conversation analytical studies draw contrary conclusions from seemingly very similar materials. Hutchby and Barnett ‘show that, far from revolutionizing the organization of telephone conversation, mobile phone talk retains many of the norms associated with landline phone talk’. Arminen and Leinonen, however, state that landline and mobile calls differ systematically from each other. These incommensurate findings raise the question of why the comparisons between landline and mobile call openings have not been able to determine whether social and communicative practices (...)
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  23.  4
    No Evidence of a Specific Adaptation.Pyysiainen Ilkka - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):484.
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  24.  12
    Review: Ilkka Niiniluoto, Truthlikeness. [REVIEW]David Pearce - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
  25.  39
    European Dimensions of Finnish Culture: A Survey of International and European Orientation of Finnish Intellectuals.Ilkka Heiskanen, Ritva Mitchell & Pasi Saukkonen - 1994 - World Futures 39 (1):25-46.
    (1994). European dimensions of Finnish culture: A survey of international and European orientation of Finnish intellectuals. World Futures: Vol. 39, The Evolution of European Identity: Surveys of the Growing Edge A Report by the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 25-46.
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  26. Verisimilitude: The Third Period.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trich published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  27.  56
    Epistemology of Modality: Between the Rock and the Hard Place.Ilkka Pättiniemi, Rami Koskinen & Ilmari Hirvonen - 2021 - Acta Philosophica Fennica.
    We review some of the major accounts in the current epistemology of modality and identify some shared issues that plague all of them. In order to provide insight into the nature of modal statements in science, philosophy, and beyond, a satisfactory epistemology of modality would need to be suitably applicable to practical and theoretical contexts by limited beings. However, many epistemologies of modality seem to work only when we have access to the kind of knowledge that is at least currently (...)
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  28.  8
    Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW]R. C. B. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
  29.  2
    Book Review: EMANUEL A. SCHEGLOFF, Sequence Organization in Interaction: A Primer in Conversation Analysis, Vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, Xvi + 300 Pp. [REVIEW]Ilkka Arminen - 2008 - Discourse Studies 10 (4):571-575.
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  30.  27
    What Are the ‘Levels’ in Levels of Selection?Markus Ilkka Eronen & Grant Ramsey - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
  31.  23
    How to Defend Scientism.Petri Turunen, Ilkka Pättiniemi, Ilmari Hirvonen, Johan Hietanen & Henrik Saarinen - forthcoming - In Moti Mizrahi (ed.), For and Against Scientism: Science, Methodology, and the Future of Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this chapter we examine Moti Mizrahi’s claim that philosophers’ opposition of scientism is founded on their worry that scientism poses “a threat to the soul or essence of philosophy as an a priori discipline”. We find Mizrahi’s methodology for testing this thesis wanting. We offer an alternative hypothesis for the increased resistance of scientism: the antipathy started as a reaction to the New Atheist movement. We also consider two varieties of weak scientism, narrow and broad, and argue that narrow (...)
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  32. Survey Article. Verisimilitude: The Third Period.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trichý published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  33.  32
    Onko tieteellinen strukturalismi mahdollista ilman modaalirealismia?Ilkka Pättiniemi & Ilmari Hirvonen - 2016 - In Ilkka Niiniluoto, Tuomas Tahko & Teemu Toppinen (eds.), Mahdollisuus. Helsinki: Philosophical Society of Finland. pp. 94–102.
    Filosofian piirissä on viime aikoina käyty intensiivistä keskustelua metafysiikan naturalisoinnista ja tieteellisen metafysiikan mahdollisuudesta. Yksi tämän keskustelun keskeisistä teoksista on James Ladymanin ja Don Rossin (sekä osin John Collierin ja David Spurrettin) kirjoittama Every Thing Must Go (2007). Tässä kirjassa Ladyman ja Ross puolustavat, omien sanojensa mukaan, neopositivistista skientismiä. Heidän ohjelmansa on skientistinen, koska Ladymanin ja Rossin mukaan tiede on ainoa tapa tutkia todellisuutta objektiivisesti. Neopositivismi ilmenee puolestaan siinä, että heidän ohjelmansa tukeutuu eräänlaiseen verifikaatioperiaatteeseen. Ladymanin ja Rossin verifikaatioperiaate ei kuitenkaan (...)
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  34.  4
    On the 'Innateness' of Religion: A Comment on Bering.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 2003 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 3 (3):218-225.
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  35. 'God'as Ultimate Reality in Religion and in Science.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 1999 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 22 (2):106-123.
     
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  36.  3
    Intuitive and Explicit in Religious Thought.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 2004 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 4 (1):123-150.
    It has been argued within the new cognitive science of religion that people's actual religious concepts and inferences differ from their explicitly held religious concepts and beliefs; the latter are too complex to be used in fast online reasoning. Natural intuitions thus tend to overwrite theological doctrine and to drive behavior. The cognitive science of religion has focused on this intuitive aspect of religion, ignoring theological thought. Here I try to outline a theoretical model on the basis of which it (...)
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  37.  77
    Truth-Seeking by Abduction.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2018 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    This book examines the philosophical conception of abductive reasoning as developed by Charles S. Peirce, the founder of American pragmatism. It explores the historical and systematic connections of Peirce's original ideas and debates about their interpretations. Abduction is understood in a broad sense which covers the discovery and pursuit of hypotheses and inference to the best explanation. The analysis presents fresh insights into this notion of reasoning, which derives from effects to causes or from surprising observations to explanatory theories. The (...)
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  38. Extending and Implementing the Stable Model Semantics.Patrik Simons, Ilkka Niemelä & Timo Soininen - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 138 (1-2):181-234.
  39. Scientific Progress as Increasing Verisimilitude.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 46:73-77.
    According to the foundationalist picture, shared by many rationalists and positivist empiricists, science makes cognitive progress by accumulating justified truths. Fallibilists, who point out that complete certainty cannot be achieved in empirical science, can still argue that even successions of false theories may progress toward the truth. This proposal was supported by Karl Popper with his notion of truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Popper’s own technical definition failed, but the idea that scientific progress means increasing truthlikeness can be expressed by defining degrees (...)
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  40. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 1996 - Åbo Akademi.
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  41. Believing and Doing : Ritual Action Enhances Religious Belief.Ilkka Pyysiinen - 2010 - In Armin W. Geertz & Jeppe Sinding Jensen (eds.), Religious Narrative, Cognition, and Culture: Image and Word in the Mind of Narrative. Equinox.
     
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  42. J Nagarbha and the “God's-Eye View”.Ilkka Pyysi - 1996 - Asian Philosophy 6 (3):197 – 206.
     
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  43.  43
    Mind and Miracles.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 2002 - Zygon 37 (3):729-740.
    Miracles are real or imagined events that contradict our intuitive expectations of how entities normally behave. Miracles in the weak sense are unexplained counterintuitive events. Miracles in the strong sense are counterintuitive events we explain by referring to the counterintuitive agents and forces of various religious traditions. Such explanations result from the fact that our minds treat half–understood information by carrying out searches in the memory, trying to connect new information with something already known. This is cognitively the most economical (...)
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  44.  41
    Expertise as a Domain in Interaction.Mika Simonen & Ilkka Arminen - 2021 - Discourse Studies 23 (5):577-596.
    We start this article from Gilbert Ryle’s distinction between propositional knowledge, ‘knowing-that’, and procedural knowledge, ‘knowing-how’, and investigate how participants in interaction display orientation to the latter in various settings. As the knowledge of how things are done, know-how can be analyzed in terms of its relevance and consequentiality for parties in interaction. Similarly, as participants adjust their actions and understandings according to their sense of what they know and assume others to know, their know-how and its distribution may form (...)
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  45.  3
    Religion, Economy, and Cooperation.Ilkka Pyysiäinen (ed.) - 2010 - De Gruyter.
    This volume addresses the issue of religion and economy in the evolution of human cooperation. Both religious practices and economic behaviour create and sustain intra-group cooperation by providing people with common goals and values. Even if individuals are selfish maximizers of utility, in the end everybody benefits from being part of a cooperative community, the market. The rules of the market are the invisible hand which turns selfishness into cooperation. In the same way, God beliefs constrain individual selfishness and ensure (...)
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  46.  66
    Theism Reconsidered: Belief in God and the Existence of God.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):138-150.
    This article develops a new perspective on theism that makes the simple juxtaposition of theism and atheism problematic, and helps bridge philosophy of religion and the empirical study of religious phenomena. The basic idea is developed inspired by Terrence Deacon's book Incomplete Nature and its description of “ententional” phenomena, together with some ideas from the cognitive science of religion, especially those related to agency and “theological correctness.” It is argued that God should not be understood as a “homunculus” that stops (...)
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  47. Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto & David Pearce - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):281-290.
     
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  48. Foucault, Biopolitics and Aesthetics.Lauri Siisiäinen - 2016 - In Sergei Prozorov & Simona Rentea (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Biopolitics. Routledge.
     
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  49. Optimistic Realism About Scientific Progress.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3291-3309.
    Scientific realists use the “no miracle argument” to show that the empirical and pragmatic success of science is an indicator of the ability of scientific theories to give true or truthlike representations of unobservable reality. While antirealists define scientific progress in terms of empirical success or practical problem-solving, realists characterize progress by using some truth-related criteria. This paper defends the definition of scientific progress as increasing truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Antirealists have tried to rebut realism with the “pessimistic metainduction”, but critical (...)
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  50.  10
    Ontology of Culture and the Study of Human Behavior.Ilkka Pyysiäinen - 2002 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 2 (3):167-182.
    It is here argued that 'culture' is a universal in the philosophical sense of the term: it expresses a general property. It is not a singular term naming an abstract entity, but rather a singular predicate the intension of which is 'cultureness.' Popper's view of the ontology of mathematics is used as an analogous example in the light of which the ontology of culture is analyzed. Cultures do not have an independent existence, they are not mere names, and neither do (...)
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