14 found
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  1. Consistent Belief in a Good True Self in Misanthropes and Three Interdependent Cultures.Julian De Freitas, Hagop Sarkissian, George E. Newman, Igor Grossmann, Felipe De Brigard, Andres Luco & Joshua Knobe - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):134-160.
    People sometimes explain behavior by appealing to an essentialist concept of the self, often referred to as the true self. Existing studies suggest that people tend to believe that the true self is morally virtuous; that is deep inside, every person is motivated to behave in morally good ways. Is this belief particular to individuals with optimistic beliefs or people from Western cultures, or does it reflect a widely held cognitive bias in how people understand the self? To address this (...)
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  2.  36
    A pathway for wisdom-focused education.Igor Grossmann & Alex C. Huynh - 2020 - Journal of Moral Education 49 (1):9-29.
    Interest in the topic of wisdom-focused education has so far not resulted in empirically validated programs for teaching wisdom. To start filling this void, we explore the emerging empirical evidence concerning the fundamental elements required for understanding how one can foster wisdom, with a particular focus on wise reasoning. We define wise reasoning through a combination of intellectual humility, recognition of world in flux/change, open-mindedness to diverse viewpoints, and search for compromise/integration of diverse perspectives. In this article, we review evidence (...)
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  3.  20
    Holism in a European Cultural Context: Differences in Cognitive Style between Central and East Europeans and Westerners.Michael Varnum, Igor Grossmann, Daniela Katunar, Richard Nisbett & Shinobu Kitayama - 2008 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 8 (3-4):321-333.
    Central and East Europeans have a great deal in common, both historically and culturally, with West Europeans and North Americans, but tend to be more interdependent. Interdependence has been shown to be linked to holistic cognition. East Asians are more interdependent than Americans and are more holistic. If interdependence causes holism, we would expect Central and East Europeans to be more holistic than West Europeans and North Americans. In two studies we found evidence that Central and East Europeans are indeed (...)
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  4.  15
    Explaining contentious political issues promotes open-minded thinking.Abdo Elnakouri, Alex C. Huynh & Igor Grossmann - 2024 - Cognition 247 (C):105769.
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  5.  16
    Reasonable bounds on rationality.Igor Grossmann & Richard P. Eibach - 2020 - Mind and Society 20 (1):59-67.
    Previous theory and research on bounded rationality has emphasized how limited cognitive resources constrain people from making utility maximizing choices. This paper expands the concept of bounded rationality to consider how people’s rationality may be constrained by their internalization of a qualitatively distinct standard for sound judgment, which is commonly labeled reasonableness. In contrast to rationality, the standard of reasonableness provides guidance for making choices in situations that involve balancing incommensurable values and interests or reconciling conflicting points-of-view. We review recent (...)
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  6.  56
    Exploring intellectual humility through the lens of artificial intelligence: Top terms, features and a predictive model.Ehsan Abedin, Marinus Ferreira, Ritsaart Reimann, Marc Cheong, Igor Grossmann & Mark Alfano - 2023 - Acta Psychologica 238 (103979).
    Intellectual humility (IH) is often conceived as the recognition of, and appropriate response to, your own intellectual limitations. As far as we are aware, only a handful of studies look at interventions to increase IH – e.g. through journalling – and no study so far explores the extent to which having high or low IH can be predicted. This paper uses machine learning and natural language processing techniques to develop a predictive model for IH and identify top terms and features (...)
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  7.  38
    A Process Model of Wisdom from Adversity.Michel Ferrari, Igor Grossmann, Stephen Grimm & Julia Staffel - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (3):471-473.
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    Social bias insights concern judgments rather than real-world decisions.Michał Białek & Igor Grossmann - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Judgments differ from decisions. Judgments are more abstract, decontextualized, and bear fewer consequences for the agent. In pursuit of experimental control, psychological experiments on bias create a simplified, bare-bone representation of social behavior. These experiments resemble conditions in which people judge others, but not how they make real-world decisions.
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  9.  8
    The importance of environmental threats and ideology in explaining extreme self-sacrifice.Abdo Elnakouri, Ian McGregor & Igor Grossmann - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  10.  19
    Divergent life histories and other ecological adaptations: Examples of social-class differences in attention, cognition, and attunement to others.Igor Grossmann & Michael E. W. Varnum - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  11.  8
    The wisdom in the story: Clarifying assumptions about radical uncertainty and reasonableness in narrative judgment.Igor Grossmann, Ethan A. Meyers & Richard P. Eibach - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e96.
    Human lives are radically uncertain. Making sense of such uncertainties is the hallmark of wisdom. Sense-making requires narratives, putting them in the center stage of human everyday decision-making. Yet what if radical uncertainty is a narrative itself? Moreover, do laypeople always consider such narratives irrational? Here we pose these questions to enrich a theory of choice under uncertainty.
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  12.  26
    Tolerating the “doubting Thomas”: how centrality of religious beliefs vs. practices influences prejudice against atheists.Jeffrey Hughes, Igor Grossmann & Adam B. Cohen - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  13.  15
    Socioecological factors are linked to changes in prevalence of contempt over time.Michael E. W. Varnum & Igor Grossmann - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  14.  10
    The wealth→life history→innovation account of the Industrial Revolution is largely inconsistent with empirical time series data.Michael E. W. Varnum & Igor Grossmann - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Baumard proposes a model to explain the dramatic rise in innovation that occurred during the Industrial Revolution, whereby rising living standards led to slower life history strategies, which, in turn, fostered innovation. We test his model explicitly using time series data, finding limited support for these proposed linkages. Instead, we find evidence that rising living standards appear to have a time-lagged bidirectional relationship with increasing innovation.
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