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    Instrumentalizing Failure: Edison's Invention of the Carbon Microphone.Ian Wills - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (3):383-409.
    Summary For Thomas Edison, experiencing a failure did not mean that he had failed. Through an examination of the process that led to his invention of the carbon microphone, I argue that his positive approach to failure contributed both to his success as an inventor and to the functional success of his inventions. Edison's laboratory notebooks and legal testimony reveal that his seemingly erratic approach and reliance on trial and error methods in fact had a consistent direction and a rational (...)
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    First Page Preview.Ian Wills - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (2).
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    Edison and Science: A Curious Result.Ian Wills - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):157-166.
    In November 1875, Thomas Edison made the sensational announcement that he had discovered a new force of nature, etheric force. It was to emerge some years later that the phenomenon Edison described was a form of wireless transmission, but Edison failed both to advance his theory and to exploit his discovery in new inventions. I contrast Edison’s approach to doing science with what he did when inventing, and also with the approach used by his principal scientific opponents. This contrast reveals (...)
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