113 found
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Ian Kerridge [98]Ian H. Kerridge [14]Ian Harold Kerridge [1]
  1.  13
    An Ethics Framework for Making Resource Allocation Decisions Within Clinical Care: Responding to COVID-19.Angus Dawson, David Isaacs, Melanie Jansen, Christopher Jordens, Ian Kerridge, Ulrik Kihlbom, Henry Kilham, Anne Preisz, Linda Sheahan & George Skowronski - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):749-755.
    On March, 24, 2020, 818 cases of COVID-19 had been reported in New South Wales, Australia, and new cases were increasing at an exponential rate. In anticipation of resource constraints arising in clinical settings as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, a working party of ten ethicists was convened at the University of Sydney to draft an ethics framework to support resource allocation decisions. The framework guides decision-makers using a question-and-answer format, in language that avoids philosophical and medical technicality. The (...)
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  2. Managing Intentions: The End-of-Life Administration of Analgesics and Sedatives, and the Possibility of Slow Euthanasia.Charles Douglas, Ian Kerridge & Rachel Ankeny - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (7):388-396.
    There has been much debate regarding the 'double-effect' of sedatives and analgesics administered at the end-of-life, and the possibility that health professionals using these drugs are performing 'slow euthanasia.' On the one hand analgesics and sedatives can do much to relieve suffering in the terminally ill. On the other hand, they can hasten death. According to a standard view, the administration of analgesics and sedatives amounts to euthanasia when the drugs are given with an intention to hasten death. In this (...)
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  3.  21
    Ethics and Law for the Health Professions.Ian Kerridge - 1998 - Social Science Press.
    Ethics and Law for the Health Professions is a cross-disciplinary medico-legal book whose previouseditions have been widely used in the medical world. This new 3rd edition is fully revised with all ethics and law topics updated to reflect recent developments. New chapters include dealing specifically with children, health care and the environment, infectious diseases, public health, and ethics and chronic disease. All law sections have been extensively re-visited by Dr Cameron Stewart. Its special features are its focus on a clinically (...)
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  4.  36
    Suicidology as a Social Practice.Scott J. Fitzpatrick, Claire Hooker & Ian Kerridge - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (3):303-322.
    Suicide has long been the subject of philosophical, literary, theological and cultural–historical inquiry. But despite the diversity of disciplinary and methodological approaches that have been brought to bear in the study of suicide, we argue that the formal study of suicide, that is, suicidology, is characterized by intellectual, organizational and professional values that distinguish it from other ways of thinking and knowing. Further, we suggest that considering suicidology as a “social practice” offers ways to usefully conceptualize its epistemological, philosophical and (...)
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  5.  72
    Ethics and Epistemology in Big Data Research.Wendy Lipworth, Paul H. Mason, Ian Kerridge & John P. A. Ioannidis - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (4):489-500.
    Biomedical innovation and translation are increasingly emphasizing research using “big data.” The hope is that big data methods will both speed up research and make its results more applicable to “real-world” patients and health services. While big data research has been embraced by scientists, politicians, industry, and the public, numerous ethical, organizational, and technical/methodological concerns have also been raised. With respect to technical and methodological concerns, there is a view that these will be resolved through sophisticated information technologies, predictive algorithms, (...)
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  6.  14
    Clarifying the Relationship Between Serious Ethical Violations and Conflicts of Interest.Ian Kerridge, Narcyz Ghinea & Wendy Lipworth - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):48-50.
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  7.  13
    Status, Respect, and Stigma: A Qualitative Study of Non-financial Interests in Medicine.Miriam Wiersma, Ian Kerridge & Wendy Lipworth - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (2):203-216.
    Conflicts of interest in health and medicine have been the source of considerable public and professional debate. Much of this debate has focused on financial, rather than non-financial COI, which is a significant lacuna because non-financial COI can be just as influential as financial COI. In an effort to explore the nature and effects of non-financial, as well as financial COI, we conducted semi-structured interviews with eleven Australian medical professionals regarding their experiences of, and attitudes towards, COI. We found that (...)
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  8.  8
    Dangers of Neglecting Non-Financial Conflicts of Interest in Health and Medicine.Miriam Wiersma, Ian Kerridge & Wendy Lipworth - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):319-322.
    Non-financial interests, and the conflicts of interest that may result from them, are frequently overlooked in biomedicine. This is partly due to the complex and varied nature of these interests, and the limited evidence available regarding their prevalence and impact on biomedical research and clinical practice. We suggest that there are no meaningful conceptual distinctions, and few practical differences, between financial and non-financial conflicts of interest, and accordingly, that both require careful consideration. Further, a better understanding of the complexities of (...)
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  9.  6
    Symposium Lead Essay—Conflict of Interest: Opening Up New Territories.Miriam Wiersma, Wendy Lipworth, Paul Komesaroff & Ian Kerridge - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (2):169-172.
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  10.  82
    Ethics and Epistemology of Big Data.Ian Kerridge, Paul Mason & Wendy Lipworth - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (4):485-488.
    In this Symposium on the Ethics and Epistemology of Big Data, we present four perspectives on the ways in which the rapid growth in size of research databanks—i.e. their shift into the realm of “big data”—has changed their moral, socio-political, and epistemic status. While there is clearly something different about “big data” databanks, we encourage readers to place the arguments presented in this Symposium in the context of longstanding debates about the ethics, politics, and epistemology of biobank, database, genetic, and (...)
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  11.  32
    Values‐Based Medicine and Modest Foundationalism.Miles Little, Wendy Lipworth, Jill Gordon, Pippa Markham & Ian Kerridge - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1020-1026.
  12.  82
    Narratives of 'Terminal Sedation', and the Importance of the Intention-Foresight Distinction in Palliative Care Practice.Charles D. Douglas, Ian H. Kerridge & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (1):1-11.
    The moral importance of the ‘intention–foresight’ distinction has long been a matter of philosophical controversy, particularly in the context of end-of-life care. Previous empirical research in Australia has suggested that general physicians and surgeons may use analgesic or sedative infusions with ambiguous intentions, their actions sometimes approximating ‘slow euthanasia’. In this paper, we report findings from a qualitative study of 18 Australian palliative care medical specialists, using in-depth interviews to address the use of sedation at the end of life. The (...)
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  13.  40
    Virtuous Acts as Practical Medical Ethics: An Empirical Study.Miles Little, Jill Gordon, Pippa Markham, Lucie Rychetnik & Ian Kerridge - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):948-953.
  14.  37
    The Political and Ethical Challenge of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis.Ross Upshur, Ian Kerridge, Wendy Lipworth, Christopher Mayes & Chris Degeling - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):107-113.
    This article critically examines current responses to multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and argues that bioethics needs to be willing to engage in a more radical critique of the problem than is currently offered. In particular, we need to focus not simply on market-driven models of innovation and anti-microbial solutions to emergent and re-emergent infections such as TB. The global community also needs to address poverty and the structural factors that entrench inequalities—thus moving beyond the orthodox medical/public health frame of reference.
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  15.  11
    Ethics and Epistemology of Big Data.Ian Kerridge, Paul Mason & Wendy Lipworth - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (4):485-488.
    In this Symposium on the Ethics and Epistemology of Big Data, we present four perspectives on the ways in which the rapid growth in size of research databanks—i.e. their shift into the realm of “big data”—has changed their moral, socio-political, and epistemic status. While there is clearly something different about “big data” databanks, we encourage readers to place the arguments presented in this Symposium in the context of longstanding debates about the ethics, politics, and epistemology of biobank, database, genetic, and (...)
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  16.  51
    Contextualising Professional Ethics: The Impact of the Prison Context on the Practices and Norms of Health Care Practitioners.Karolyn L. A. White, Christopher F. C. Jordens & Ian Kerridge - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):333-345.
    Health care is provided in many contexts—not just hospitals, clinics, and community health settings. Different institutional settings may significantly influence the design and delivery of health care and the ethical obligations and practices of health care practitioners working within them. This is particularly true in institutions that are established to constrain freedom, ensure security and authority, and restrict movement and choice. We describe the results of a qualitative study of the experiences of doctors and nurses working within two women’s prisons (...)
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  17.  29
    A Gentle Ethical Defence of Homeopathy.David Levy, Ben Gadd, Ian Kerridge & Paul A. Komesaroff - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):203-209.
    Recent discourses about the legitimacy of homeopathy have focused on its scientific plausibility, mechanism of action, and evidence base. These, frequently, conclude not only that homeopathy is scientifically baseless, but that it is “unethical.” They have also diminished patients’ perspectives, values, and preferences. We contend that these critics confuse epistemic questions with questions of ethics, misconstrue the moral status of homeopaths, and have an impoverished idea of ethics—one that fails to account either for the moral worth of care and of (...)
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  18.  45
    Ethics and EBM: Acknowledging Bias, Accepting Difference and Embracing Politics.Ian Kerridge - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):365-373.
  19.  37
    It is Time to Move Beyond a Culture of Unexamined Assumptions, Recrimination, and Blame to One of Systematic Analysis and Ethical Dialogue.Paul Komesaroff & Ian Kerridge - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):31 - 33.
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  20.  24
    Double Meanings Will Not Save the Principle of Double Effect.Charles D. Douglas, Ian H. Kerridge & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (3):304-316.
    In an article somewhat ironically entitled “Disambiguating Clinical Intentions,” Lynn Jansen promotes an idea that should be bewildering to anyone familiar with the literature on the intention/foresight distinction. According to Jansen, “intention” has two commonsense meanings, one of which is equivalent to “foresight.” Consequently, questions about intention are “infected” with ambiguity—people cannot tell what they mean and do not know how to answer them. This hypothesis is unsupported by evidence, but Jansen states it as if it were accepted fact. In (...)
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  21.  13
    Scientism, Conflicts of Interest, and the Marginalization of Ethics in Medical Education.Christopher Mayes, Jane Williams, Ian Kerridge & Wendy Lipworth - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):939-944.
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  22.  4
    Accelerating the De-Personalization of Medicine: The Ethical Toxicities of COVID-19.Mark Arnold & Ian Kerridge - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):815-821.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has, of necessity, demanded the rapid incorporation of virtual technologies which, suddenly, have superseded the physical medical encounter. These imperatives have been implemented in advance of evaluation, with unclear risks to patient care and the nature of medical practice that might be justifiable in the context of a pandemic but cannot be extrapolated as a new standard of care. Models of care fit for purpose in a pandemic should not be generalized to reconfigure medical care as virtual (...)
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  23.  5
    A Continent Aflame: Ethical Lessons From the Australian Bushfire Disaster.Paul Komesaroff & Ian Kerridge - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):11-14.
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  24.  29
    Ethical and Regulatory Challenges with Autologous Adult Stem Cells: A Comparative Review of International Regulations.Tamra Lysaght, Ian H. Kerridge, Douglas Sipp, Gerard Porter & Benjamin J. Capps - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (2):261-273.
    Cell and tissue-based products, such as autologous adult stem cells, are being prescribed by physicians across the world for diseases and illnesses that they have neither been approved for or been demonstrated as safe and effective in formal clinical trials. These doctors often form part of informal transnational networks that exploit differences and similarities in the regulatory systems across geographical contexts. In this paper, we examine the regulatory infrastructure of five geographically diverse but socio-economically comparable countries with the aim of (...)
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  25.  25
    Bioethics and Epistemic Scientism.Christopher Mayes, Claire Hooker & Ian Kerridge - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (4):565-567.
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  26.  4
    Lead Essay: Money, Equity and Access to Medicines.Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):25-27.
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  27.  4
    Does Consumer Engagement in Health Technology Assessment Enhance or Undermine Equity?Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (1):87-94.
    Consumer engagement in decisions about the funding of medicines is often framed as a good in and of itself and as an activity that should be universally encouraged. A common justification for calls for consumer engagement is that it enhances equity. In this paper we systematically critique this assumption. We show that consumer engagement may undermine equity as well as enhance it and show that a simple relationship cannot be assumed but must be justified and demonstrated. In concluding, we present (...)
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  28.  20
    Overcoming Entrenched Disagreements: The Case of Misoprostol for Post‐Partum Haemorrhage.Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth, Miles Little, Ian Kerridge & Richard Day - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):48-54.
    The debate about whether misoprostol should be distributed to low resource communities to prevent post-partum haemorrhage, recognised as a major cause of maternal mortality, is deeply polarised. This is in spite of stakeholders having access to the same evidence about the risks and benefits of misoprostol. To understand the disagreement, we conducted a qualitative analysis of the values underpinning debates surrounding community distribution of misoprostol. We found that different moral priorities, epistemic values, and attitudes towards uncertainty were the main factors (...)
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  29.  19
    Rethinking Pediatric Ethics Consultations.Henry Kilham, David Isaacs, Ian Kerridge & Ainsley Newson - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):26-28.
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  30.  3
    By Various Ways We Arrive at the Same End.Ian Kerridge & Mark Henderson Arnold - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):81-83.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 81-83.
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  31. “Good Mothering” or “Good Citizenship”?Maree Porter, Ian H. Kerridge & Christopher F. C. Jordens - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):41-47.
    Umbilical cord blood banking is one of many biomedical innovations that confront pregnant women with new choices about what they should do to secure their own and their child’s best interests. Many mothers can now choose to donate their baby’s umbilical cord blood (UCB) to a public cord blood bank or pay to store it in a private cord blood bank. Donation to a public bank is widely regarded as an altruistic act of civic responsibility. Paying to store UCB may (...)
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  32.  37
    On the Fragility of Medical Virtue in a Neoliberal Context: The Case of Commercial Conflicts of Interest in Reproductive Medicine.Christopher Mayes, Brette Blakely, Ian Kerridge, Paul Komesaroff, Ian Olver & Wendy Lipworth - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (1):97-111.
    Social, political, and economic environments play an active role in nurturing professional virtue. Yet, these environments can also lead to the erosion of virtue. As such, professional virtue is fragile and vulnerable to environmental shifts. While physicians are often considered to be among the most virtuous of professional groups, concern has also always existed about the impact of commercial arrangements on physicians’ willingness and capacity to enact their professional virtues. This article examines the ways in which commercial arrangements have been (...)
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  33.  16
    Meaning and Value in Medical School Curricula.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Miles Little, Jill Gordon & Pippa Markham - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1027-1035.
    Rationale, aims and objectives: Bioethics and professionalism are standard subjects in medical training programmes, and these curricula reflect particular representations of meaning and practice. It is important that these curricula cohere with the actual concerns of practicing clinicians so that students are prepared for real-world practice. We aimed to identify ethical and professional concerns that do not appear to be adequately addressed in standard curricula by comparing ethics curricula with themes that emerged from a qualitative study of medical practitioners. Method: (...)
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  34.  24
    Declarations, Accusations and Judgement: Examining Conflict of Interest Discourses as Performative Speech-Acts.Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):455-462.
    Concerns over conflicts of interest in academic research and medical practice continue to provoke a great deal of discussion. What is most obvious in this discourse is that when COIs are declared, or perceived to exist in others, there is a focus on both the descriptive question of whether there is a COI and, subsequently, the normative question of whether it is good, bad or neutral. We contend, however, that in addition to the descriptive and normative, COI declarations and accusations (...)
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  35.  21
    More Than One Way to Be Global: Globalization of Research and the Contest of Ideas.Paul H. Mason, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):48-49.
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  36.  70
    The “EBM Movement”: Where Did It Come From, Where is It Going, and Why Does It Matter?Ian Kerridge, Stacy M. Carter & Wendy Lipworth - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (4):425-431.
    Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) has now been part of the dominant medical paradigm for 15 years, and has been frequently debated and progressively modified. One question about EBM that has not yet been considered systematically, and is now particularly timely, is the question of the novelty, or otherwise, of the principles and practices of EBM. We argue that answering this question, and the related question of whether EBM-type principles and practices are unique to medicine, sheds new light on EBM and has (...)
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  37.  81
    Savior Siblings, Parenting and the Moral Valorization of Children.Kimberly Strong, Ian Kerridge & Miles Little - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):187-193.
    Philosophy has long been concerned with ‘moral status’. Discussions about the moral status of children, however, seem often to promote confusion rather than clarity. Using the creation of ‘savior siblings’ as an example, this paper provides a philosophical critique of the moral status of children and the moral relevance of parenting and the role that formative experience, regret and relational autonomy play in parental decisions. We suggest that parents make moral decisions that are guided by the moral significance they attach (...)
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  38.  65
    Shifting Power Relations and the Ethics of Journal Peer Review.Ian Kerridge & Wendy Lipworth - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (1):97-121.
    Peer review of manuscripts has recently become a subject of academic research and ethical debate. Critics of the review process argue that it is a means by which powerful members of the scientific community maintain their power, and achieve their personal and communal aspirations, often at others' expense. This qualitative study aimed to generate a rich, empirically?grounded understanding of the process of manuscript review, with a view to informing strategies to improve the review process. Open?ended interviews were carried out with (...)
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  39.  75
    Religious Perspectives on Embryo Donation and Research.Ian H. Kerridge, Christopher F. C. Jordens, Rod Benson, Ross Clifford, Rachel A. Ankeny, Damien Keown, Bernadette Tobin, Swasti Bhattacharyya, Abdulaziz Sachedina, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann & Brian Edgar - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (1):35-45.
    The success of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) worldwide has led to an accumulation of frozen embryos that are surplus to the reproductive needs of those for whom they were created. In these situations, couples must decide whether to discard them or donate them for scientific research or for use by other infertile couples. While legislation and regulation may limit the decisions that couples make, their decisions are often shaped by their religious beliefs. Unfortunately, health professionals, scientists and policy-makers are often (...)
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  40.  38
    Cancer Patients' Attitudes Towards Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Influence of Question Wording and Patients' Own Definitions on Responses. [REVIEW]Lynne Parkinson, Katherine Rainbird, Ian Kerridge, Gregory Carter, John Cavenagh, John McPhee & Peter Ravenscroft - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (2):82-89.
    Objectives: The aims of this study were to: (1) investigate patients’ views on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS), and (2) examine the impact of question wording and patients’ own definitions on their responses. Design: Cross-sectional survey of consecutive patients with cancer. Setting: Newcastle (Australia) Mater Hospital Outpatients Clinic. Participants: Patients over 18 years of age, attending the clinic for follow-up consultation or treatment by a medical oncologist, radiation oncologist or haematologist. Main Outcome Measures: Face-to-face patient interviews were conducted examining attitudes (...)
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  41.  4
    Beyond Flourishing: Intersecting Uses and Interests in the Neurotechnology Marketplace.Cynthia Forlini, Wendy Lipworth, Adrian Carter & Ian Kerridge - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (4):178-180.
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  42.  29
    Evidence‐Based Medicine and Epistemological Imperialism: Narrowing the Divide Between Evidence and Illness.Helen Crowther, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):868-872.
    Evidence-based medicine has been rapidly and widely adopted because it claims to provide a method for determining the safety and efficacy of medical therapies and public health interventions more generally. However, as others have noted, EBM may be riven through with cultural bias, both in the generation of evidence and in its translation. We suggest that technological and scientific advances in medicine accentuate and entrench these cultural biases, to the extent that they may invalidate the evidence we have about disease (...)
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  43.  21
    Medicine, the Media and Political Interests.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Bronwen Morrell, Catriona Bonfiglioli & Rowena Forsyth - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (12):768-770.
    The news media is frequently criticised for failing to support the goals of government health campaigns. But is this necessarily the purpose of the media? We suggest that while the media has an important role in disseminating health messages, it is a mistake to assume that the media should serve the interests of government as it has its own professional ethics, norms, values, structures and roles that extend well beyond the interests of the health sector, and certainly beyond those of (...)
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  44.  21
    Widening the Debate About Conflict of Interest: Addressing Relationships Between Journalists and the Pharmaceutical Industry.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Melissa Sweet, Christopher Jordens, Catriona Bonfiglioli & Rowena Forsyth - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):492-495.
    The phone-hacking scandal that led to the closure of the News of the World newspaper in Britain has prompted international debate about media practices and regulation. It is timely to broaden the discussion about journalistic ethics and conduct to include consideration of the impact of media practices upon the population's health. Many commercial organisations cultivate relationships with journalists and news organisations with the aim of influencing the content of health-related news and information communicated through the media. Given the significant influence (...)
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  45.  12
    Evidence, Regulation and ‘Rational’ Prescribing: The Case of Gabapentin for Neuropathic Pain.Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (1):28-33.
  46.  12
    Rejecting Reality and Substituting One?'S Own; Why Bioethics Should Be Concerned With Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Mark Henderson Arnold & Ian Kerridge - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (5):26-28.
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  47.  10
    An Archeology of Corruption in Medicine.Miles Little, Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (3):525-535.
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  48.  45
    Uncertain Translation, Uncertain Benefit and Uncertain Risk: Ethical Challenges Facing First-in-Human Trials of Induced Pluripotent Stem (Ips) Cells.Ronald K. F. Fung & Ian H. Kerridge - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (2):89-96.
    The discovery of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells in 2006 was heralded as a major breakthrough in stem cell research. Since then, progress in iPS cell technology has paved the way towards clinical application, particularly cell replacement therapy, which has refueled debate on the ethics of stem cell research. However, much of the discourse has focused on questions of moral status and potentiality, overlooking the ethical issues which are introduced by the clinical testing of iPS cell replacement therapy. First-in-human trials, (...)
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  49.  9
    Consent to Biobank Research: Facing Up to the Challenge of Globalization.Wendy Lipworth & Ian Kerridge - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):58-59.
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  50.  13
    Ethics & Evidence in Medical Debates: The Case of Recombinant Activated Factor VII.Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Miles Little & Richard O. Day - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (2):38-45.
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1 — 50 / 113