Results for 'Ian J. Carroll'

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  1. Welfare is to Do with What Animals Feel.Ian J. H. Duncan - forthcoming - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
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  2.  3
    Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain.Ian J. Deary - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Why are some people more mentally able than others? In an authoritative, critical and intergrated series of review essays Professor Ian Deary inquires after the cognitive and biological foundations of human mental ability differences. Many accounts of intelligence have examined the structure and number of human mental ability differences and whether they can predict sucess in education,work and social life. Few books have taken psychometric intelligence differences as a starting point and brought together the reductionistic attempts to explain them.New to (...)
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  3. Towards a Theory of Mathematical Argument.Ian J. Dove - 2009 - Foundations of Science 14 (1-2):136-152.
    In this paper, I assume, perhaps controversially, that translation into a language of formal logic is not the method by which mathematicians assess mathematical reasoning. Instead, I argue that the actual practice of analyzing, evaluating and critiquing mathematical reasoning resembles, and perhaps equates with, the practice of informal logic or argumentation theory. It doesn’t matter whether the reasoning is a full-fledged mathematical proof or merely some non-deductive mathematical justification: in either case, the methodology of assessment overlaps to a large extent (...)
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  4.  37
    Discrete Degrees Within and Between Nature and Mind.Ian J. Thompson - 2008 - In Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Corradini & E. Jonathan Lowe (eds.), Psycho-Physical Dualism Today: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Lexington Books.
    Examining the role of dispositions (potentials and propensities) in both physics and psychology reveals that they are commonly derivative dispositions, so called because they derive from other dispositions. Furthermore, when they act, they produce further propensities. Together, therefore, they appear to form discrete degrees within a structure of multiple generative levels. It is then constructively hypothesized that minds and physical nature are themselves discrete degrees within some more universal structure. This gives rise to an effective dualism of mind and nature, (...)
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  5. Real Dispositions in the Physical World.Ian J. Thompson - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (1):67-79.
    The role of dispositions in the physical world is considered. It is shown that not only can classical physics be reasonably construed as the discovery of real dispositions, but also quantum physics. This approach moreover allows a realistic understanding of quantum processes.
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  6.  10
    Towards a Theory of Mathematical Argument.Ian J. Dove - 2013 - In Andrew Aberdein & Ian J. Dove (eds.), Foundations of Science. Springer. pp. 291--308.
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  7.  75
    Human Intelligence Differences: Towards a Combined Experimental–Differential Approach.Ian J. Deary - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (4):164-170.
  8.  46
    Animal Welfare and Environmental Ethics: It's Complicated.Ian J. Campbell - 2018 - Ethics and the Environment 23 (1):49-69.
    Consider Dave, an altruistic software developer whose monthly charitable contributions include Oxfam, Friends of Animals, and the Sierra Club. Dave's contributions to Oxfam suggest that he values human life and welfare. His support for Friends of Animals, moreover, indicates that he does not restrict his welfare concerns to humans—Dave is no anthropocentrist. Finally, his contributions to the Sierra Club show that he values nature and wants to see it preserved, untrammeled by human beings. At first glance, Dave's support for Friends (...)
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  9.  59
    Moral Reasoning Skills: Are Entrepreneurs Different? [REVIEW]Elisabeth J. Teal & Archie B. Carroll - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (3):229 - 240.
    Drawing on existing theory in the fields of business ethics, entrepreneurship, and psychology, this research provides an initial empirical exploration of whether entrepreneurs use cognitive reasoning processes which reflect a higher level of moral development than the level of moral development that has been empirically observed either in middle-level managers or in the general adult population. The Defining Issues Test was used to measure the level of moral reasoning skill of the entrepreneurs in this study. Although the study was limited (...)
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  10. Headaches and Heartaches: The Elephant Management Dilemma.Ian J. Whyte - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Introductory Readings, Ed. D. Schmidtz and E. Willot.
     
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  11.  26
    Human Intelligence Differences: A Recent History.Ian J. Deary - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (3):127-130.
  12.  13
    Unique Features of DNA Replication in Mitochondria: A Functional and Evolutionary Perspective.Ian J. Holt & Howard T. Jacobs - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (11):1024-1031.
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  13.  9
    A Note on DeCaro, Thomas, and Beilock : Further Data Demonstrate Complexities in the Assessment of Information–Integration Category Learning.Ian J. Tharp & Alan D. Pickering - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):410-414.
  14.  50
    Derivative Dispositions and Multiple Generative Levels.Ian J. Thompson - 2011 - In Mauricio Suarez (ed.), Probabilities, Causes and Propensities in Physics.
    The analysis of dispositions is used to consider cases where the effect of one disposition operating is the existence of another disposition. This may arise from rearrangements within aggregated structures of dispositional parts, or, it is argued, also as stages of derivative dispositions within a set of multiple generative levels. Inspection of examples in both classical and quantum physics suggests a general principle of `Conditional Forward Causation': that dispositions act 'forwards' in a way conditional on certain circumstances or occasions already (...)
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  15.  22
    Swedenborg and Modern Science.Ian J. Thompson - 1988 - Network (The Scientific and Medical Network) 36:3-8.
    This year is the 300th anniversary of the birth of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688 - 1772). Although he worked in the eighteenth century, his investigations into the nature of physical, physiological and spiritual processes are still relevant today, although they are not as widely known as they deserve. In this article, I will briefly describe the stages in Swedenborg's life, and outline his mature teachings with particular relevance to what is relevant to the concerns of contemporary science, and to the concerns (...)
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  16.  96
    The Consistency of Physical Law with Divine Immanence.Ian J. Thompson - 1993 - Science and Christian Belief 5:19-36.
    A model is presented to show how the existence of physical law could be a reasonable consequence of Divine Immanence in the world of natural phenomena. Divine Immanence is seen as the continual production of the principal causes or dispositions which enable created things to act and change. It..
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  17.  36
    The Argument of Mathematics.Andrew Aberdein & Ian J. Dove (eds.) - 2013 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Written by experts in the field, this volume presents a comprehensive investigation into the relationship between argumentation theory and the philosophy of mathematical practice. Argumentation theory studies reasoning and argument, and especially those aspects not addressed, or not addressed well, by formal deduction. The philosophy of mathematical practice diverges from mainstream philosophy of mathematics in the emphasis it places on what the majority of working mathematicians actually do, rather than on mathematical foundations. -/- The book begins by first challenging the (...)
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  18.  17
    Researching Professional Educational Practice: The Case for “Dirty Theory”.Ian J. Hardy - 2012 - Educational Theory 62 (5):517-533.
    In this essay, Ian Hardy argues that a research process involving generalizing from professional educational practice can and should inform the work of educators, including academic researchers, policymakers, and practitioners, but that these generalizations need to be derived from, and in dialogue with, the complexity and specificity of actual practice, the myriad ways such practice might be understood, and a conception of practice as historically informed. In making this case, Hardy draws upon social theorist Raewyn Connell's concept of “dirty theory,” (...)
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  19.  6
    Seven Pervasive Statistical Flaws in Cognitive Training Interventions.David Moreau, Ian J. Kirk & Karen E. Waldie - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  20.  9
    A New Lease of Life for Thomson’s Bonds Model of Intelligence.David J. Bartholomew, Ian J. Deary & Martin Lawn - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):567-579.
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  21. Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness: A Causal Correspondence Theory.Ian J. Thompson - manuscript
    We may suspect that quantum mechanics and consciousness are related, but the details are not at all clear. In this paper, I suggest how the mind and brain might fit together intimately while still maintaining distinct identities. The connection is based on the correspondence of similar functions in both the mind and the quantum-mechanical brain. Accompanying material for a talk at The Second Mind and Brain Symposium held at the Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London on 20th October, 1990.
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  22.  22
    How Much Money Should One Put In? …Insert the Correct Amount; No Dud Coins Accepted.Ian J. Deary - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (5):190-191.
  23.  17
    Reductionism and Intelligence: The Case of Inspection Time.Ian J. Deary - 1996 - Journal of Biosocial Science 28 (4):405-423.
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  24.  39
    Searching for Genetic Influences on Normal Cognitive Ageing.Ian J. Deary, Alan F. Wright, Sarah E. Harris, Lawrence J. Whalley & John M. Starr - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):178-184.
  25. 10. Charles W. Mills, Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race Charles W. Mills, Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race (Pp. 432-434). [REVIEW]Hugh LaFollette, Elijah Millgram, David McCabe, Richard J. Arneson & Noël Carroll - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2).
  26.  5
    Near-Surface Geophysical Surveys at the Duport Gold Deposit, Ontario, Canada: Relating Airborne Responses to Small-Scale Geologic Features.Ian J. Ferguson, Jeffrey B. Young, Becky J. Cook, Ashley B. C. Krakowka & Cassandra Tycholiz - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (3):SH39-SH60.
    Near-surface geophysical measurements using magnetometer, magnetic susceptibility, terrain conductivity, and time-domain electromagnetic instruments were made at the shear-hosted Duport gold deposit on Cameron Island in Shoal Lake, western Ontario, Canada, to help relate airborne total magnetic intensity and helicopter electromagnetic survey data to small-scale geologic features. The magnetic airborne response provides a weak indication of a narrow anomaly within the Duport deformation zone, and the airborne electromagnetic response provides an indication of enhanced conductivity in the northwest of Cameron Island. In (...)
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  27.  3
    Mouse Coat Colour Mutations: A Molecular Genetic Resource Which Spans the Centuries.Ian J. Jackson - 1991 - Bioessays 13 (9):439-446.
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  28.  36
    Starting Science From God.Ian J. Thompson - 2011 - Eagle Pearl Press.
    Many of us these days sense there is something real beyond the scope of naturalistic science. But what? Must mental and religious lives always remain a mystery and never become part of scientific knowledge? In this well-argued book, physicist Ian Thompson makes a case for a 'scientific theism'. He shows how a following of core postulates of theism leads to novel and useful predictions about the psychology of minds and the physics of materials which should appear in the universe. These (...)
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  29.  30
    Ambiguity and Fallacy in Plato's Euthydemus.Ian J. Campbell - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):67-92.
  30. The Nature of Substance.Ian J. Thompson - 1988 - Cogito 2 (2):17-19.
    Modern physics has cast doubt on Newton's idea of particles with definite properties. Do we have to go back to Aristotle for a new understanding of the ultimate nature of substance? If we ask, `what is the nature of substance?', we might be told that this substance is salt, that one is copper, or that the atomic nucleus is a mixture of protons and neutrons. But what are all these substances? What do they have in common which makes them substances? (...)
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  31.  19
    Effects of Global and Local Context on Lexical Processing During Language Comprehension.David J. Hess, Donald J. Foss & Patrick Carroll - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (1):62.
  32.  25
    Becoming Paladin: The Bodily Ground of World Becoming.Ian J. Grand - 2012 - World Futures 68 (8):543-557.
    In this article I will suggest that futures are made as embodied enactments of individuals and collectives. Values and identities are shaped as postures, gestures, movements, and expressions that are in themselves sites of personal and communal meaning. Bodily organizations are ground for senses of self, and the recognition, and reaction to, the otherness of others. Bodily organizations are shaped in encounters in families and social and cultural institutions that they in turn shape. Kinds of bodies and kinds of bodily (...)
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  33.  10
    Paradoxology and Politics: How Isocrates Sells His School and His Political Agenda in the Busiris.Ian J. Campbell - 2020 - Classical Philology 115 (1):1-26.
  34.  6
    Plato, the Eristics, and the Principle of Non-Contradiction.Ian J. Campbell - 2021 - Apeiron 54 (4):571-614.
    This paper considers the use that Plato makes of the Principle of Non-Contradiction in his engagements with eristic refutations. By examining Plato’s use of the principle in his most detailed engagements with eristic—in the Sophist, the discussion of “agonistic” argumentation in the Theaetetus, and especially the Euthydemus—I aim to show that the pressure exerted on Plato by eristic refutations played a crucial role in his development of the PNC, and that the principle provided him with a much more sophisticated means (...)
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  35.  15
    Review Of: Christopher Moore: Calling Philosophers Names. On the Origin of a Discipline, Princeton / Oxford: Princeton University Press 2020. [REVIEW]Ian J. Campbell - 2020 - Sehepunkte. Rezensionsjournal für Geschichtswissenschaften 20.
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  36.  2
    Intergenerational Capital Flows Are Central to Fitness Dynamics and Adaptive Evolution in Humans.Ian J. Rickard - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  37.  23
    Volition and the Idle Cortex: Beta Oscillatory Activity Preceding Planned and Spontaneous Movement.Scott L. Fairhall, Ian J. Kirk & Jeff P. Hamm - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):221-228.
    Prior to the initiation of spontaneous movement, evoked potentials can be seen to precede awareness of the impending movement by several hundreds of milliseconds, meaning that this recorded neural activity is the result of unconscious processing. This study investigates the neural representations of impending movement with and without awareness. Specifically, the relationship between awareness and ‘idling’ cortical oscillations in the beta range was assessed. It was found that, in situations where there was awareness of the impending movement, pre-movement evoked potentials (...)
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  38.  73
    Are Quantum Physics and Spirituality Related?Ian J. Thompson - 2002 - New Philosophy 107:333-355.
    Discussing questions concerning quantum physics and spirituality together is particularly valuable in order to see the connection between them from a New Church standpoint. An urgent reason for discussing this link is that some people want to identify these things. The feeling is widespread that somehow they are connected, but some “new age” people want to say that quantum physics tells us about spirituality. We know from Swedenborg that the connection is not quite so simple, so we need to understand (...)
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  39.  18
    How Influx Into the Natural Shows Itself in Physics: A Hypothesis.Ian J. Thompson - 2018 - New Philosophy 121 (1-4):284-294.
    In order to link fine-tuning in physics with spiritual influx, I propose that the highest degree in physics is where ‘ends’ are received in physics. By ends, I refer to what it is that determines the means or causes in physics, and what it is that manages or influences to basis parameters (masses and charge values) of the quantum fields. This is fine-tuning, in the sense that it occurs not just for the whole universe (in the Big Bang, for example), (...)
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  40.  54
    How the Non-Physical Influences Physics and Physiology: A Proposal.Ian J. Thompson - 2021 - Dualism Review 3:1-13.
    The causal closure of the physical world is assumed everywhere in physics but has little empirical support within living organisms. For the spiritual to have effects in nature, and make a difference there, the laws of physical nature would have to be modified or extended. I propose that the renormalized parameters of quantum field theory (masses and charges) are available to be varied locally in order to achieve ends in nature. This is not adding extra forces to nature but rescaling (...)
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  41.  21
    Layered Cognitive Networks.Ian J. Thompson - manuscript
    In cognitive psychology there appears to be a creative tension between models that use connections of a network, and models that use rules for symbol manipulation. The idea of a connectionist network goes back to McCulloch & Pitts [1943] and Hebb [1949], and finds recent revival in the `parallel distributed processing' (PDP) models that have been extensively examined in the last few years (see e.g. Rumelhart et al. [1986]). In the intervening years, however, the predominant explanations of psychology have been (...)
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  42.  71
    Power and Substance.Ian J. Thompson - manuscript
    An ontological extension of dispositional essentialism is proposed, whereby what is necessary and sufficient for the dispositional causation of events is interpreted realistically, and postulated to exist. This ‘generative realism’ leads to a general concept of ‘substance’ as constituted by its more fundamental powers or propensities appearing in the form of some structure or field. This neo Aristotelian view is reviewed historically, and in respect to quantum physics.
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  43.  23
    Pragmatic Ontology I: Identifying Propensity as Substance.Ian J. Thompson - manuscript
    In a pragmatic approach to ontology, what is necessary and sufficient for the dispositional causation of events is interpreted realistically, and postulated to exist. This leads to a concept of `generic substance' (Aristotle's underlying `matter') as being constituted by dispositions, not just being the `bare subject' for those dispositions. If we describe the forms of objects according their spatiotemporal range, then this form is best viewed as a field, and substances themselves are best conceived as `fields of propensity'.
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  44. Philosophy of Nature and Quantum Reality.Ian J. Thompson - 2010 - Eagle Pearl Press.
    I formulate a description of the world of relativity and quantum physics that is independent of classical physics, so that we can bypass some of the unwanted legacies which have accumulated from the theories of material corpuscles. The task of this book is to produce a formulation in sufficient detail that an understanding of quantum physics begins to be possible. Even though the present investigations will not produce a complete physical theory, I hope to show that they are still valuable (...)
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  45.  66
    Process Theory and the Concept of Substance.Ian J. Thompson - manuscript
    Since the failure of both pure corpuscular and pure wave philosophies of nature, process theories assume that only events need to exist in order to have a physics. Starting from an ontology of actual events, a dispositional analysis is shown here to lead to a new idea of substance, that of a `distribution of potentiality or propensity'. This begins to provide a useful foundation for quantum physics. A model is presented to show how the existence of physical substances could be (...)
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  46. Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness: Thoughts on a Causal Correspondence Theory.Ian J. Thompson - 2017 - In S. Gosh (ed.), Quantum Physics & Consciousness - Thoughts of Founding Fathers of Quantum Physics and other Renowned Scholars. Kolkata, India: Bhaktivedanta Institute. pp. 173-185.
    Which way does causation proceed? The pattern in the material world seems to be upward: particles to molecules to organisms to brains to mental processes. In contrast, the principles of quantum mechanics allow us to see a pattern of downward causation. These new ideas describe sets of multiple levels in which each level influences the levels below it through generation and selection. Top-down causation makes exciting sense of the world: we can find analogies in psychology, in the formation of our (...)
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  47.  5
    Vulnerability in Human Research.Ian J. Pieper & Colin J. H. Thomson - 2020 - Monash Bioethics Review 38 (1):68-82.
    The conduct of prior ethics review of human research projects helps to protect vulnerable groups or populations from potential negative impacts of research. Contemporary considerations in human research considers the concept of vulnerability in terms of access to research opportunities, impacts on the consenting process, selection bias, and the generalisability of results. Recent work questions the validity of using enumerated lists as a check box approach to protect research participants from exploitation. Through the use of broad categories to treat cohorts (...)
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  48.  54
    The Genetics of Cognitive Ability and Cognitive Ageing in Healthy Older People.Sarah E. Harris & Ian J. Deary - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (9):388-394.
  49.  2
    How Should Physicians Manage Neuroprognosis with ECPR?Ian J. McCurry, Jason Han & Andrew Courtwright - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (2):173-182.
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  50.  15
    What Can Cross-Cultural Correlations Teach Us About Human Nature?Thomas V. Pollet, Joshua M. Tybur, Willem E. Frankenhuis & Ian J. Rickard - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (3):410-429.
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