Results for 'Ian Holzman'

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  1.  53
    Commentary: Calibrating the Moral Compass.Ian R. Holzman - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (3):411-413.
    There is nothing more humbling to one’s inner moral compass than to realize that you do not initially know what is right or wrong! I found myself in just such a situation after reading the above case. Much has been written, both in the professional literature and the popular media, about the “Ashley Treatment” since Gunther and Diekema published their article in 2006. It is unclear if others in the United States or around the world have, to any significant degree, (...)
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  2.  49
    The Horns of the Dilemma Are Sharp.Ian R. Holzman - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):480-484.
    I would like to present the details of an actual case from my own experience over which I, along with the family, have agonized. I think this case brings into focus some of the unique issues in perinatal medicine where multiple patients, some real and some potential, can enter into a single decision. I hope that through this presentation others may gain insight into the complexities of applied ethics in perinatal medicine.
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  3. The not unreasonable standard for assessment of surrogates and surrogate decisions.Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):367-386.
    Standard views on surrogate decision making present alternative ideal models of what ideal surrogates should consider in rendering a decision. They do not, however, explain the physician''s responsibility to a patient who lacks decisional capacity or how a physician should regard surrogates and surrogate decisions. The authors argue that it is critical to recognize the moral difference between a patient''s decisions and a surrogate''s and the professional responsibilities implied by that distinction. In every case involving a patient who lacks decisional (...)
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  4.  15
    Surrogate Decision Making.Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman - 2004 - In David C. Thomasma & David N. Weisstub (eds.), The Variables of Moral Capacity. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 173--185.
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  5.  7
    Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman.Surrogate Decision Making - 2004 - In David C. Thomasma & David N. Weisstub (eds.), The Variables of Moral Capacity. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 173.
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  6.  62
    Language and Symbolic Power.Ian Buchanan, Pierre Bourdieu, Gino Raymond & Matthew Adamson - 1993 - Substance 22 (2/3):342.
  7. Gardens of Refuge, Innocence, and Toil.Ian James Kidd - manuscript
    A rhetoric of refuge and escape is a consistent feature of the world’s great garden traditions. The connections between a desire for escape, need for refuge and disquieting sense that life is no longer what it ought to be gestures to a complex conception of garden appreciation. I explore these connections using Christian, Islamic, and Chinese garden traditions. In them one finds a conception of certain gardens as places of moral refuge from the corruption and failings of the mainstream world.
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  8.  54
    In defence of PKF.Ian Rumfitt - 2023 - Synthese 201 (2):1-21.
    I advance arguments in favour of PKF as an articulation of a central sense of the predicate ‘true’, and show how it illuminates the relationship between that sense and the ‘external’ notion of truth found in such claims as ‘An utterance of the Liar Sentence does not say anything, and so is not true’.
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  9.  20
    Religion in an Age of Science.Ian G. Barbour - 1990 - Harper & Row.
    Religion and Science is a comprehensive examination of the major issues between science and religion in today's world. With the addition of three new historical chapters to the nine chapters (freshly revised and updated) of Religion in an Age of Science, winner of the Academy of Religion Award for Excellence in 1991, Religion and Science is the most authoritative and readable book on the subject, sure to be used by science and religion courses and discussion groups and to become the (...)
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  10.  25
    Perception.Ian Tipton & Frank Jackson - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (112):275.
  11.  89
    Review of H ow Experiments End.Ian Hacking - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):103-106.
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  12.  99
    ‘Language, Truth and Reason’ 30years later.Ian Hacking - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):599-609.
    This paper traces the origins of the styles project, originally presented as ‘styles of scientific reasoning’. ‘Styles of scientific thinking & doing’ is a better label; the styles can also be called genres, or, ways of finding out. A. C. Crombie’s template of six fundamentally distinct ones was turned into a philosophical tool, but with a tinge of Paul Feyerabend’s anarchism. Ways of finding out are not defined by necessary and sufficient conditions, but can be recognized as distinct within a (...)
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  13. A Measure of Freedom.Ian Carter - 2001 - Law and Philosophy 20 (5):531-540.
     
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  14.  33
    The Debate over Risk‐related Standards of Competence.Ian Wilks - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (5):413-426.
    This discussion paper continues the debate over risk‐related standards of mental competence which appears in Bioethics 5. Dan Brock there defends an approach to mental competence in patients which defines it as being relative to differing standards, more or less rigorous depending on the degree of risk involved in proposed treatments. But Mark Wicclair raises a problem for this approach: if significantly different levels of risk attach, respectively, to accepting and refusing the same treatment, then it is possible, on this (...)
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  15.  17
    Towards a theory of mathematical argument.Ian J. Dove - 2013 - In Andrew Aberdein & Ian J. Dove (eds.), The Argument of Mathematics. Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer. pp. 291--308.
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  16.  58
    Decidable fragments of first-order temporal logics.Ian Hodkinson, Frank Wolter & Michael Zakharyaschev - 2000 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 106 (1-3):85-134.
    In this paper, we introduce a new fragment of the first-order temporal language, called the monodic fragment, in which all formulas beginning with a temporal operator have at most one free variable. We show that the satisfiability problem for monodic formulas in various linear time structures can be reduced to the satisfiability problem for a certain fragment of classical first-order logic. This reduction is then used to single out a number of decidable fragments of first-order temporal logics and of two-sorted (...)
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  17.  10
    Prediction, pre-emption, presumption.Ian Kerr - 2013 - In Mireille Hildebrandt & Katja de Vries (eds.), Privacy, due process and the computational turn. Abingdon, Oxon, [England] ; New York: Routledge. pp. 91.
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  18. Religion in an Age of Science: The Gifford Lectures 1989–1991.Ian Barbour - 1990
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  19.  31
    Relational agency: Relational sociology, agency and interaction.Ian Burkitt - 2016 - European Journal of Social Theory 19 (3):322-339.
    This article explores how the concept of agency in social theory changes when it is conceptualized as a relational rather than an individual phenomenon. It begins with a critique of the structure/agency debate, particularly of how this emerges in the critical realist approach to agency typified by Margaret Archer. It is argued that this approach, and the critical realist version of relational sociology that has grown from it, reify social relations as a third entity to which agents have a cognitive, (...)
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  20.  15
    Pain in Context: Indicators and Expressions of Animal Pain.Ian S. Olivier & Abraham Olivier - 2024 - In Michael J. Glover & Les Mitchell (eds.), Animals as Experiencing Entities: Theories and Historical Narratives. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 61-96.
    This chapter aims to contribute to the endeavour of investigating nonhuman animals as experiencing subjects in their own right with their own species-specific histories. Our focus is on the examination of pain experience in animals. We argue that there is need for more research in which pain experience in animals is accounted for in species-specific terms. Making use of empirical studies in the fields of neurobiology, evolutionary-developmental biology, comparative psychology, and cognitive ethology, we try to offer a phenomenological analysis of (...)
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  21.  48
    The Moral Foundations of Politics.Ian Shapiro - 2003 - London: Yale University Press.
    He concludes with an assessment of democracy's strengths and limitations as the font of political legitimacy. The book offers a lucid and accessible introduction to urgent ongoing conversations about the sources of political allegiance.
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  22.  3
    How We Have Been Learning to Talk About Autism: A Role for Stories.Ian Hacking - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 260–278.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Why This Genre, the Autism Novel? A Role for Children's Autism Stories The New Discourse A Caution An Invocation of Lev Vygotsky An Invocation of Wolfgang Köhler Well‐Established Language Incidental Autism The Child Biography Turned into Family Novel The Child Biography Turned into Mystery Story Manga Overdoing the Inner Autism and the Nerd Self‐Discovery (My Son Is a Genius with Computers; I Must Have Some of His Genes) From the Psychiatrist's Point of View The Promise (...)
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  23.  9
    Why Reject Substance Dualism?Ian Ravenscroft - 2018 - In Jonathan J. Loose, Angus John Louis Menuge & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism. Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 267–282.
    This chapter draws an analogy between substance dualism (SD) and one kind of creationism. Some substance dualists appear to believe that SD is preferable to physicalism because only the former can account for the existence of morality. Some dualists are attracted to emergence, although it is unclear that it is a form of SD; indeed, it is not clear that it is a form of dualism at all, and if it is it would seem to be a form of property (...)
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  24. Cities After COVID: Ten philosophers consider how COVID has impacted the life of the city.Ian Olasov, Michael Menser, Jennifer Gammage, Eduardo Souza dos Santos, John Rennie Short, Kenny Easwaran, Ronald R. Sundstrom, Irfan Khawaja, Quill R. Kukla & Katherine Melcher - 2022 - The Philosophers' Magazine.
  25.  91
    Taking science seriously without scientism: A response to Taede Smedes.Ian G. Barbour - 2008 - Zygon 43 (1):259-269.
    . In responding to Taede Smedes, I first examine his thesis that the recent dialogue between science and religion has been dominated by scientism and does not take theology seriously. I then consider his views on divine action, free will and determinism, and process philosophy. Finally I use the fourfold typology of Conflict, Independence, Dialogue, and Integration to discuss his proposal for the future of science and religion.
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  26.  41
    Testing the domain-specificity of a theory of mind deficit in brain-injured patients: Evidence for consistent performance on non-verbal, “reality-unknown” false belief and false photograph tasks.Ian A. Apperly, Dana Samson, Claudia Chiavarino, Wai-Ling Bickerton & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2007 - Cognition 103 (2):300-321.
  27.  15
    Critical Realist Foundations for Berlin Comparative Musicology(vergleichende Musikswissenschaft).Ian Verstegen - 2023 - Gestalt Theory 45 (1-2):85-100.
    Summary Is it possible to discover the critical realist foundations of Gestalt theory in Berlin comparative musicology (vergleichende Kunstwissenschaft) associated above all with Erich M. von Hornbostel? The balance of natural science explanation and phenomenal experience is a useful model for overcoming Eurocentrism in comparative ethnomusicology, relying both on third-person tools and indigenous music systems. This paper uses Gestalt critical realist epistemology and methodology and a portrayal of the strata making up the understanding of a musical act with chemico-physical, phenomenal (...)
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  28. On Kripke’s and Goodman’s Uses of ”Grue’.Ian Hacking - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (265):269-295.
    Kripke's lectures, published as Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language , posed a sceptical problem about following a rule, which he cautiously attributed to Wittgenstein. He briefly noticed an analogy between his new kind of scepticism and Goodman's riddle of induction. ‘Grue’, he said, could be used to formulate a question not about induction but about meaning: the problem would not be Goodman's about induction—‘Why not predict that grass, which has been grue in the past, will be grue in the (...)
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  29.  7
    Easy problems are sometimes hard.Ian P. Gent & Toby Walsh - 1994 - Artificial Intelligence 70 (1-2):335-345.
  30. One problem about induction.Ian Hacking - 1968 - In Imre Lakatos (ed.), The problem of inductive logic. Amsterdam,: North Holland Pub. Co.. pp. 44--58.
     
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  31. Evaluating Weaknesses of “Perceptual-Cognitive Training” and “Brain Training” Methods in Sport: An Ecological Dynamics Critique.Ian Renshaw, Keith Davids, Duarte Araújo, Ana Lucas, William M. Roberts, Daniel J. Newcombe & Benjamin Franks - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    The recent upsurge in “brain-training and perceptual-cognitive-training", proposing to improve isolated processes such as brain function, visual perception and decision-making, has created significant interest in elite sports practitioners, seeking to create an ‘edge’ for athletes. The claims of these related 'performance-enhancing industries' can be considered together as part of a process training approach proposing enhanced cognitive and perceptual skills and brain capacity, to support performance in everyday life activities, including sport. For example, the 'process-training industry' promotes the idea that playing (...)
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  32.  54
    Stoic and Peidpatetic Logic.Ian Mueller - 1969 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 51 (2):173-187.
  33.  19
    The Impact of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs on U.S. Opioid Prescriptions.Ian Ayres & Amen Jalal - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):387-403.
    This paper seeks to understand the treatment effect of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs on opioid prescription rates. Using county-level panel data on all opioid prescriptions in the U.S. between 2006 and 2015, we investigate whether state interventions like PDMPs have heterogeneous treatment effects at the sub-state level, based on regional and temporal variations in policy design, extent of urbanization, race, and income. Our models comprehensively control for a set of county and time fixed effects, countyspecific and time-varying demographic controls, potentially (...)
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  34.  99
    Cross-count identity, distinctness, and the theory of internal and external relations.Ian Underwood - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (2):265 - 283.
    Baxter (Australas J Philos 79: 449-464, 2001) proposes an ingenious solution to the problem of instantiation based on his theory of cross-count identity. His idea is that where a particular instantiates a universal it shares an aspect with that universal. Both the particular and the universal are numerically identical with the shared aspect in different counts. Although Baxter does not say exactly what a count is, it appears that he takes ways of counting as mysterious primitives against which different numerical (...)
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  35.  17
    Correction: Incalculable Instrumental Value in the Endangered Species Act.Ian A. Smith - 2022 - Philosophia 51 (1):455-455.
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  36.  16
    John Duns Scotus on the Passions of the Will.Ian Drummond - 2012 - In Martin Pickavé & Lisa Shapiro (eds.), Emotion and cognitive life in Medieval and early modern philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 51.
  37.  17
    A little too technical: The threat of intellectualising technical reasoning.Ian Robertson - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Osiurak and Reynaud claim that research into the origin of cumulative technological culture has been too focused on social cognition and has consequently neglected the importance of uniquely human reasoning capacities. This commentary raises two interrelated theoretical concerns about O&R's notion of technical-reasoning capacities, and suggests how these concerns might be met.
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  38.  19
    Deleuze and Music.Ian Buchanan & Marcel Swiboda - 2004 - Edinburgh University Press.
    Drawing out the 'unwritten' book on music from which Deleuze left many clues, but no manuscript, the essays in this volume explore what he said and thought about music and how music informed his thinking.
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  39.  4
    Guest Editors’ Introduction.Ian Astley & Nathalie Phillips - 2023 - Buddhist Studies Review 39 (2):165-169.
    Inasmuch as Buddhism’s professed goal is the elimination of all attachment to the material world, a pre-occupation with that materiality would immediately strike the disinterested observer as strange, if not improper. Indeed, the monastic tradition eschews engagement with what we colloquially refer to as artistic endeavour, as it detracts from the discipline required to attain the ultimate goal of “snuffing out” the flame that perpetuates suffering (LaFleur 2003, Introduction). Yet, the path to liberation is trodden in the material world, and (...)
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  40.  13
    'As an emerald is green'. Waiting, poetry and affliction: Simone Weil's concept of attention.Ian Leask - 2023 - Dissertation, University College Dublin
    This research thesis explores the concept of attention as outlined and practised in the life of Simone Weil (1909-1943), a French woman variously described as a philosopher, mystic and activist yet someone who eludes categorisation or systematisation. It outlines the background to her life in a France between two world wars, and seeks to situate her within the context of the Christianity she claimed as her cultural backdrop. It explores the concept of attention as both a spiritual exercise and a (...)
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  41.  9
    Born liars: why we can't live without deceit.Ian Leslie - 2011 - Toronto: House Of Anansi Press.
    Looks at the role lies and self-deception play in our daily lives and argues that humans have evolved in part because of our ability to deceive.
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  42.  8
    Philosophical Spaces.Ian Olasov - 2022 - In Lee C. McIntyre, Nancy Arden McHugh & Ian Olasov (eds.), A companion to public philosophy. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 266–279.
    Spaces can make certain forms of philosophical activity more likely or more fruitful among the people who occupy them, and many public philosophers aim to promote one or another form of fruitful philosophical activity. It's helpful to distinguish four ways in which spaces can facilitate philosophical reflection and interaction: domain‐general cognitive facilitation, domain‐specific cognitive facilitation, affective facilitation, and relational facilitation. This chapter shows how philosophical spaces shape the activity of their occupants in ways of interest to public philosophers. Groups can (...)
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  43.  8
    Optimal Deliberation?Ian Shapiro - 2003 - In James S. Fishkin & Peter Laslett (eds.), Debating Deliberative Democracy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 121–137.
    Preliminaries Cognitive Demands Inherent Benefits Locating Politics Subordinate Deliberation and Exit Costs Basic Interests, Deliberation, and Bargaining Notes.
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  44. Does 40-hz oscillation play a role in visual consciousness?Ian Gold - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (2):186-95.
  45. Indeterminacy in the Past: On the Recent Discussion of Chapter 17 of Rewriting the Soul.Ian Hacking - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (2):117-124.
  46.  29
    Developmental studies and the domain-specificity of belief reasoning.Ian A. Apperly, Dana Samson & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (12):572-577.
  47.  23
    The ethics of organizational commitment.Ian Ashman & Diana Winstanley - 2006 - Business Ethics 15 (2):142-153.
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  48.  17
    Aristotelian Categories And Cognitive Domains.Ian Hacking - 2001 - Synthese 126 (3):473-515.
    This paper puts together an ancientand a recent approach to classificatory language, thought, and ontology.It includes on the one hand an interpretation of Aristotle's ten categories,with remarks on his first category, called (or translated as) substancein the Categories or What a thing is in the Topics. On the other hand is the ideaof domain-specific cognitive abilities urged in contemporary developmentalpsychology. Each family of ideas can be used to understand the other. Neitherthe metaphysical nor the psychological approach is intrinsically morefundamental; they (...)
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  49.  10
    Technologies of the Scientific Self: John Tyndall and His Journal.Ian Hesketh - 2019 - Isis 110 (3):460-482.
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  50.  24
    'Giving something back': A study of corporate social responsibility in UK south asian small enterprises.Ian Worthington, Monder Ram & Trevor Jones - 2005 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (1):95–108.
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