Results for 'IVF'

333 found
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  1. IVF, same-sex couples and the value of biological ties.Ezio Di Nucci - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (12):784-787.
    Ought parents, in general, to value being biologically tied to their children? Is it important, in particular, that both parents be biologically tied to their children? I will address these fundamental questions by looking at a fairly new practice within IVF treatments, so-called IVF-with-ROPA ( Reception of Oocytes from Partner ), which allows lesbian couples to „share motherhood‟ with one partner providing the eggs while the other becomes pregnant. I believe that IVF-with-ROPA is, just like other IVF treatments, morally permissible; (...)
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  2. IVF technology and the argument from potential.Peter Singer & Karen Dawson - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (2):87-104.
    Singer and Dawson point out that two arguments against abortion, that the embryo is entitled to protection because from fertilization it is (1) a human being or (2) a potential human being, are also used by opponents of embryo experimentation. They focus on the second argument, evaluating the notion of potentiality as it applies to gametes, to the unimplanted embryo, to the implanted developing embryo, and to the embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF). They argue that there is a (...)
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  3.  50
    IVF mixup: white couple have black babies.M. Spriggs - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):65-65.
    A n IVF mixup has resulted in a white couple giving birth to black twins. Prior to DNA testing, no one can be sure whether the white woman’s eggs were fertilised with the black man’s sperm, or the black couple’s embryo was mistakenly implanted in the white woman. It is believed that Mr and Mrs A, the white couple, want to keep the babies and there is conjecture about Mr and Mrs B, the black couple, wanting them too.1 Under the (...)
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  4. From Ivf to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology.Ruth Deech & Anna Smajdor - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    This book provides a clear, simple account of techniques involved in assisted reproduction and embryo research. It thoughtfully and provocatively explores controversies raised by developments in reproductive technology since the first IVF baby in 1978, such as 'saviour siblings', designer babies, reproductive cloning and embryo research.
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  5.  25
    IVF as lottery or investment: contesting metaphors in discourses of infertility.Sheryl De Lacey - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (1):43-51.
    IVF as lottery or investment: contesting metaphors in discourses of infertilityThis paper reports an aspect of a poststructural feminist study in which I explored the discursive formations within which women for whom in vitro fertilisation (IVF) was unsuccessful constitute themselves. In my exploration I draw on data from interviews with women who discontinued infertility treatment, print media material and infertility self‐help books. Specifically, I highlight a metaphor of lottery in discourses of infertility, arguing that it is hegemonic and showing how (...)
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  6.  35
    IVF, Embryo Transfer, and Embryo Adoption.Elizabeth B. Rex - 2014 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 14 (2):227-234.
    An article by Mark Repenshek and a letter by Edward Delaquil published recently in The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly underscore the urgent need for further moral and magisterial clarification regarding a number of highly complex and difficult bioethical issues. These involve ex utero therapeutic genomic interventions, the practice of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and the ongoing debate over the morality of embryo adoption to help resolve the “absurd” fate of countless, cryopreserved human embryos. This essay critiques and argues (...)
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  7.  49
    Human IVF, Embryo Research, Fetal Tissue for Research and Treatment, and Abortion: International Information.Ruth Curson - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):105-106.
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  8. Genetic Affinity and the Right to ‘Three-parent IVF’.G. Owen Schaefer & Markus Labude - 2017 - Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 34 (12):1577-1580.
    With the recent report of a live birth after use of Mitochondrial replacement therapy, sometimes called ‘Three-parent IVF’, the clinical application of the technique is fast becoming a reality. While the United Kingdom allows the procedure under regulatory scrutiny, it remains effectively outlawed in many other countries. We argue that such prohibitions may violate individuals’ procreative rights, grounded in individuals’ interest in genetic affinity. The interest in genetic affinity was recently endorsed by Singapore’s highest court, reflecting an emphasis on the (...)
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  9.  54
    Family Values and "Reciprocal IVF": What Difference Does Sexual Identity Make?Amanda Roth - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (3):443-473.
    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer family-making has exploded in many western nations in the past few decades in the midst of growing social acceptance and legal recognition of queer families, as well as increasing options for same-sex reproduction.1 Philosophers and bioethicists have perhaps been late in taking up these issues compared to scholars in other fields concerned with politics, justice, and cultural criticism. And where philosophers and bioethics have taken up these topics, often the moral issues at stake are framed (...)
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  10.  13
    Is IVF good medicine?P. Connor - 1990 - Ethics and Medicine: A Christian Perspective on Issues in Bioethics 7 (1):11-13.
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  11. IVF: a debate.Margaret Tighe, N. Tonti-Filippini, R. Rowland & P. Singer - 1999 - Bioethics: An Anthology 9.
     
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  12.  33
    On the Use of IVF by Post-menopausal Women.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (1):77-96.
    Nonfeminist accounts of post-menopausal IVF reject the practice on four main grounds: I) scarcity of resources; 2) fairness; 3) the “inappropriateness” of post-menopausal motherhood; and 4) concerns for orphaned children. I argue that these grounds are insufficient for denying post-menopausal women IVF access. I then suggest that a feminist evaluation of the practice is more compelling; ultimately, however, we have no strong grounds for a policy denying post-menopausal women access to this technology.
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  13.  27
    Problems faced with legislating for IVF technology in a Roman Catholic Country.Pierre Mallia - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):77-87.
    Malta traditionally enjoys a Roman Catholic Society, with the official religion of the country being cited in the second article of the constitution. Recently the government proposed to legislate to regulate human reproductive technology, in particular In Vitro Fertilization, which has been practiced for over two decades without controlling legislation. A Parliamentary Committee for social affairs was set up to study the situation inviting most stakeholders. The arguments gravitated mostly on issues of the status of the embryo and the media (...)
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  14.  25
    Age-discriminated IVF Access and Evidence-based Ageism: Is There a Better Way?James Rupert Fletcher & Giulia Cavaliere - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (5):986-1010.
    Access to state-funded fertility treatments is age-restricted in many countries based on epidemiological evidence showing age-associated fertility decline and aimed at administering scarce resources. In this article, we consider whether age-related restrictions can be considered ageist and what this entails for a normative appraisal of access criteria. We use the UK as a case study due to the state-funded and centrally regulated nature of in vitro fertilization provision. We begin by reviewing concepts of ageism and age discrimination in gerontological scholarship (...)
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  15.  7
    IVF and the Conjugal Act.Stephen Napier - 2007 - Ethics and Medics 32 (4):1-2.
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  16. On the use of IVF by post-menopausal women.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (1):77-96.
    : Nonfeminist accounts of post-menopausal IVF reject the practice on four main grounds: 1) scarcity of resources; 2) fairness; 3) the "inappropriateness" of post-menopausal motherhood; and 4) concerns for orphaned children. I argue that these grounds are insufficient for denying post-menopausal women IVF access. I then suggest that a feminist evaluation of the practice is more compelling; ultimately, however, we have no strong grounds for a policy denying post-menopausal women access to this technology.
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  17.  20
    IVF and Justice. Moral, Social and Legal Issues related to Human in vitro Fertilisation.Patrick Riordan - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:369-371.
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  18. Ivf and women's interests: An analysis of feminist concerns.Mary Anne Warren - 1988 - Bioethics 2 (1):37–57.
  19.  40
    Public Financing of IVF: A Review of Policy Rationales. [REVIEW]Philipa Mladovsky & Corinna Sorenson - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (2):113-128.
    There is great diversity in in vitro fertilization (IVF) funding and reimbursement policies and practice throughout Europe and the rest of the world. While many existing reimbursement and regulatory frameworks address safety and legal concerns, economic factors also assume a central role. However, there are several problems with the evidence that is available on the economics of IVF. This suggests there is a need for more robust cost-effectiveness studies. It also indicates the need for alternative rationales to justify the reimbursement (...)
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  20.  18
    The ethics of IVF.G. R. Dunstan - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (1):57-57.
  21. IVF International.Helen Bequaert Holmes - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  22.  20
    IVF Shared-Risk Programs.David A. Hyman & Charles Silver - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):79-80.
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  23.  24
    IVF Shared-Risk Programs.David A. Hyman & Charles Silver - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):79-80.
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  24.  25
    Ensoulment and IVF embryos.M. C. Shea - 1987 - Journal of Medical Ethics 13 (2):95-97.
    This paper examines the metaphysical question of 'ensoulment' in relation to the theory, put forward in an earlier paper, that human life begins when the newly formed body organs and systems of the embryo begin to function as an organised whole, at which stage there is evidence of a change of nature. Although Roman Catholic theology teaches that a human being is a union of physical body and spiritual soul, it is incorrect to interpret this in a dualistic sense. The (...)
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  25.  26
    IVF: Mayhem and Murder—Well Disguised.Paul Conner - 2016 - Nova et Vetera 14 (2):391-402.
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  26.  34
    How should IVF programs handle initial disclosure of information to prospective ovum donors?Carson Strong - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):23 – 25.
    (2001). How Should IVF Programs Handle Initial Disclosure of Information to Prospective Ovum Donors? The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 23-25.
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  27.  35
    Bioethics of IVF--the state of the debate.M. D. Kirby - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (1):45-48.
    The Chairman of the Australian Law Reform Commission summarizes the discussion of in vitro fertilization (IVF) at the 1983 Mogul International Management Consultants Ltd. Conference on "Bioethics and Law of Human Conception in Vitro." Participants included IVF pioneers Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards, as well as other British physicians, scientists, sociologists, and moral philosophers. They raised questions about multiple embryo implantations, the risks and benefits of IVF, the ethical responsibilities of investigators, public policy and social control of IVF, threats to (...)
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  28.  36
    State-funded IVF will make us rich... or will it?A. Smajdor - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):468-469.
    Recently, several claims have been made that free provision of in vitro fertilisation will boost our economy. This is premised on the assumption that people provide more in terms of tax and insurance than they consume in resources, leaving an overall gain. Even where these ‘replacement’ people are created by means of IVF, it is argued that the costs involved are easily offset by the financial contribution we can expect IVF-conceived adults to make to our economy. However, although it may (...)
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  29.  85
    Emotions and Ethical Considerations of Women Undergoing IVF-Treatments.Sofia Kaliarnta, Jessica Nihlén-Fahlquist & Sabine Roeser - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (4):281-293.
    Women who suffer from fertility issues often use in vitro fertilization (IVF) to realize their wish to have children. However, IVF has its own set of strict administration rules that leave the women physically and emotionally exhausted. Feeling alienated and frustrated, many IVF users turn to internet IVF-centered forums to share their stories and to find information and support. Based on the observation of Dutch and Greek IVF forums and a selection of 109 questionnaires from Dutch and Greek IVF forum (...)
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  30.  33
    Classification issue in the ivf icsi/et data analysis: Early treatment outcome prognosis.Paweł Malinowski, Robert Milewski, Piotr Ziniewicz, Anna Justyna Milewsk, Jan Czerniecki & Sławomir Wołczyński - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 35 (1):103-115.
    Infertility is a serious social problem. Very often the only treatment possibility are IVF methods. This study explores the possibility of outcome prediction in the early stages of treatment. The data, collected from the previous treatment cycles, were divided into four subsets, which corresponded to the selected stages of treatment. On each such subset, sophisticated data mining analysis was carried out, with appropriate imputations and classification procedures. The obtained results indicate that there is a possibility of predicting the final outcome (...)
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  31.  13
    IVF in the 90s. Towards a Medical, Social and Ethical Evaluation.F. Shenfield - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):284-285.
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  32.  29
    Borderlands of Life: IVF Embryos and the Law in the United States, United Kingdom, and Germany.Ingrid Metzler & Sheila Jasanoff - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (6):1001-1037.
    Human embryos produced in labs since the 1970s have generated layers of uncertainty for law and policy: ontological, moral, and administrative. Ontologically, these lab-made entities fall into a gray zone between life and not-yet-life. Should in vitro embryos be treated as inanimate matter, like abandoned postsurgical tissue, or as private property? Morally, should they exist largely outside of state control in the zone of free reproductive choice or should they be regarded as autonomous human lives and thus entitled to constitutional (...)
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  33. Artificial Wombs, Surplus Embryos, and Parent-Friendly IVF.Joshua Shaw - 2024 - Philosophy and Technology 37 (2):1-19.
    There has been considerable discussion about the impact artificial womb technology may have on debates in reproductive ethics. Much of it has focused on abortion. Some ethicists have also proposed, however, that artificial wombs will lead to more embryo adoption, and, in doing so, that they will eliminate an alleged moral tension between opposing most abortions based on a full moral status view of fetuses/embryos but not opposing the use of surplus embryos in fertility medicine. This article evaluates this argument, (...)
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  34.  18
    Developments in IVF legislation in a Catholic Country.Pierre Mallia - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):385-390.
    Some time ago an article was published in this journal relating the difficulties of legislating for InVitro Fertilization in a Catholic country and the issues and side issues which had to be faced. Since then one has approached closer to having a law which regulates this technology. However several issues continue to challenge the country. The main concern, other than IVF not being a natural method of having children is the status of the embryo. The normative values of the country (...)
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  35.  14
    Some Reflections on IVF, Emotions, and Patient Autonomy.Deborah Sarah Ferber - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (1):53-55.
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  36.  58
    What Is the Value of Three‐Parent IVF?Tina Rulli - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):38-47.
    In February 2016, the Institute of Medicine released a report, commissioned by the United States Food and Drug Administration, on the ethical and social‐policy implications of so‐called three‐parent in vitro fertilization. The IOM endorses commencement of clinical trials on three‐parent IVF, subject to some initial limitations. Also called mitochondrial replacement or transfer, three‐parent IVF is an intervention comprising two distinct procedures in which the genetic materials of three people—the DNA of the father and mother and the mitochondrial DNA of an (...)
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  37.  11
    In vitro fertilization (IVF) and the risk of birth and developmental defects - facts and fictions.Barbara Dolinska - 2009 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 40 (3):145-155.
    In vitro fertilization and the risk of birth and developmental defects - facts and fictions Poland is being swept by a wave of discussions on various aspects of IVF application. Scientists of various disciplines are getting involved in these discussions as opponents to this form of procreation. Referring to research carried out all over the world, they demonstrate that children born thanks to the in vitro procedure are significantly more susceptible to all sorts of disease. The author, surveying available research (...)
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  38.  27
    The Ethics of the Societal Entrenchment-approach and the case of live uterus transplantation-IVF.Lisa Guntram & Kristin Zeiler - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):557-571.
    In 2014, the first child in the world was born after live uterus transplantation and IVF (UTx-IVF). Before and after this event, ethical aspects of UTx-IVF have been discussed in the medical and bioethical debate as well as, with varying intensity, in Swedish media and political fora. This article examines what comes to be identified as important ethical problems and solutions in the media debate of UTx-IVF in Sweden, showing specifically how problems, target groups, goals, benefits, risks and stakes are (...)
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  39. Ethical Aspects of IVF.Helen Watt - 2004 - Yearbook of the Irish Philosophical Society:170-178.
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  40.  19
    Parents' Religious and Secular Perspectives on IVF Planning in Serbia.Veselin Mitrović - 2016 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (43):48-81.
    The social and institutional background of this research can be summarized as the relation between public and governmental policies on the one hand, and the experience of patients and IVF experts on the other. Namely, one third of all pregnancies achieved in state-funded in vitro fertilizations obscure some ethical and health issues, especially among patients who abandon the state-funded IVF programme in Serbia. The goal of the current research is to identify, describe and understand ethical and social issues that parents (...)
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  41.  18
    What can European Principlism Teach about Public Funding of IVF? The Israeli Case.Noa Harel & Miriam Ethel Bentwich - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):441-454.
    Fertility treatments, which are part of "assisted reproductive technologies" (ART), mainly undertaken through in vitro fertilization (IVF), offer the opportunity to infertile couples to conceive. IVF treatments are undertaken in Israel in significantly higher numbers than in the rest of the world. As such, Israel provides an important case-in-point for examining the validity of the actual claims used to justify the more generous public funding of IVF treatments at the policy level. In this article, we utilize an analytical philosophy approach (...)
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  42.  23
    The place of IVF in infertility care.P. A. Stephenson & M. G. Wagner - 1991 - Journal International de Bioethique= International Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):255-262.
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  43.  42
    IVF and Justice. Moral, Social and Legal Issues related to Human in vitro Fertilisation. [REVIEW]Patrick Riordan - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:369-371.
  44.  27
    IVF and Justice. Moral, Social and Legal Issues related to Human in vitro Fertilisation. [REVIEW]Patrick Riordan - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:369-371.
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  45.  11
    Dynamic Large-Scale Server Scheduling for IVF Queuing Network in Cloud Healthcare System.Yafei Li, Hongfeng Wang, Li Li & Yaping Fu - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-15.
    As one of the most effective medical technologies for the infertile patients, in vitro fertilization has been more and more widely developed in recent years. However, prolonged waiting for IVF procedures has become a problem of great concern, since this technology is only mastered by the large general hospitals. To deal with the insufficiency of IVF service capacity, this paper studies an IVF queuing network in an integrated cloud healthcare system, where the two key medical services, that is, egg retrieval (...)
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  46.  20
    Is it ethical to provide IVF add-ons when there is no evidence of a benefit if the patient requests it?Mila Stefanova Zemyarska - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):346-350.
    In vitro fertilisation ‘add-ons’ are therapeutic or diagnostic tools developed in an endeavour to improve the success rate of infertility treatment. However, there is no conclusive evidence that these interventions are a beneficial or effective adjunct of assisted reproductive technologies. Additionally, IVF add-ons are often implemented in clinical practice before their safety can be thoroughly ascertained. Yet, patients continue to request and pay large sums for such additional IVF tools. Hence, this essay set out to examine if it is ethical (...)
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  47.  5
    Kin or Research Material? Exploring IVF Couples’ Perceptions about the Human Embryo and Implications for Disposition Decisions in Norway.B. Kvernflaten, P. Fedorcsák & K. N. Solbrække - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (4):571-585.
    In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves making embryos outside of the human body, which has spurred debate about the status of the embryo, embryo research and donation. We explore couples’ perceptions about embryos and their thoughts and acceptability about various disposition decisions in Norway. Based on an ethnographic study including interviews and observations in an IVF clinic, we show that couples do not perceive their pre-implantation IVF embryos to be human lives; rather, they consider successful implantation the start of life. We (...)
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  48.  31
    Attitudes Towards the Donation of Human Embryos for Stem Cell Research Among Chinese IVF Patients and Students.Achim Rosemann & Huiyu Luo - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):441-457.
    Bioethical debates on the use of human embryos and oocytes for stem cell research have often been criticized for the lack of empirical insights into the perceptions and experiences of the women and couples who are asked to donate these tissues in the IVF clinic. Empirical studies that have investigated the attitudes of IVF patients and citizens on the donation of their embryos and oocytes have been scarce and have focused predominantly on the situation in Europe and Australia. This article (...)
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  49.  29
    Lesbian shared biological motherhood: the ethics of IVF with reception of oocytes from partner.Kristin Zeiler & Anna Malmquist - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):347-355.
    In vitro fertilization with reception of oocytes from partners allows lesbian mothers to share biological motherhood. The gestational mother receives an egg from her partner who becomes the genetic mother. This article examines the ethics of IVF with ROPA with a focus on the welfare of the woman and the resulting child, on whether ROPA qualifies as a “legitimate” medical therapy that falls within the goals of medicine, and on the meaning and value attributed to a biologically shared bond between (...)
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  50.  38
    A Duty to Use IVF?Rosalind Ladd & Edwin Forman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):21-22.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 21-22, April 2012.
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