Results for 'I. I. I. Durand'

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  1.  40
    On the theory of measurement in quantum mechanical systems.I. I. I. Durand - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):115-133.
    This paper is concerned with the description of the process of measurement within the context of a quantum theory of the physical world. It is noted that quantum mechanics permits a quasi-classical description (classical in the limited sense implied by the correspondence principle of Bohr) of those macroscopic phenomena in terms of which the observer forms his perceptions. Thus, the process of measurement in quantum mechanics can be understood on the quasi-classical level by transcribing from the strictly classical observables of (...)
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  2. Durand of St.-Pourçain on Reflex Acts and State Consciousness.Peter John Hartman - 2021 - Vivarium 59 (3):215-240.
    Some of my mental states are conscious and some of them are not. Sometimes I am so focused on the wine in front of me that I am unaware that I am thinking about it; but sometimes, of course, I take a reflexive step back and become aware of my thinking about the wine in front of me. What marks the difference between a conscious mental state and an unconscious one? In this paper, I focus on Durand of St.-Pourçain’s (...)
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  3.  34
    Informed consent in clinical research in France: assessment and factors associated with therapeutic misconception.I. S. Durand-Zaleski, C. Alberti, P. Durieux, X. Duval, S. Gottot, P. Ravaud, S. Gainotti, C. Vincent-Genod, D. Moreau & P. Amiel - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e16-e16.
    Background: Informed consent in clinical research is mandated throughout the world. Both patient subjects and investigators are required to understand and accept the distinction between research and treatment.Aim: To document the extent and to identify factors associated with therapeutic misconception in a population of patient subjects or parent proxies recruited from a variety of multicentre trials .Patients and methods: The study comprised two phases: the development of a questionnaire to assess the quality of informed consent and a survey of patient (...)
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  4. Durand of St.-Pourçain on Cognitive Acts: Their Cause, Ontological Status, and Intentional Character.Peter Hartman - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Toronto
    The present dissertation concerns cognitive psychology—theories about the nature and mechanism of perception and thought—during the High Middle Ages (1250–1350). Many of the issues at the heart of philosophy of mind today—intentionality, mental representation, the active/passive nature of perception—were also the subject of intense investigation during this period. I provide an analysis of these debates with a special focus on Durand of St.-Pourcain, a contemporary of John Duns Scotus and William of Ockham. Durand was widely recognized as a (...)
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  5. Les Doctrines philosophiques de Durand de Gros: un précurseur de la psychologie francaise contemporaine. I.N. Vaschide - 1901 - Revue de Philosophie 2:357.
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  6.  5
    Durand of St.-Pourçain's Theory of Modes.Peter John Hartman - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):203-226.
    Early modern philosophers, such as Descartes and Spinoza, appeal to a theory of modes in their metaphysics. Recent commentators have argued that such a theory of modes has Francesco Suárez as its primary source. In this paper, I explore one explicit source for Suárez’s view: Durand of St.-Pourçain, an early fourteenth-century philosopher. My aim will be mainly expository: I will put forward Durand’s theory of modes, thus correcting the persistent belief that there was no well-defined theory of modes (...)
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  7.  8
    Archives épistolaires de Mari, I. 1Archives épistolaires de Mari, I. 2Archives epistolaires de Mari, I. 1Archives epistolaires de Mari, I. 2. [REVIEW]M. Stol, Jean-Marie Durand, Dominique Charpin, Francis Joannes, Sylvie Lackenbacher & Bertrand Lafont - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):626.
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  8.  4
    Jürgen Habermas, Parcours I (1971-1989). Sociologie et théorie du langage. Pensée postmétaphysique, édition Christian Bouchindhomme, trad. fr. Christian Bouchindhomme, Rainer Rochlitz et Frédéric Joly, Paris, Gallimard, 2018. [REVIEW]Jean-Marc Durand-Gasselin - 2019 - Cités 1:185.
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  9. Cognition and Causation: Durand of St.-Pourçain and Godfrey of Fontaines on the Cause of a Cognitive Act.Peter Hartman - 2014 - In Andreas Speer, Guy Guldentops & Thomas Jeshcke (eds.), Durand of Saint-Pourçain and His Sentences Commentary: Historical, Philosophical, and Theological Issues. pp. 229-256.
    We are affected by the world: when I place my hand next to the fire, it becomes hot, and when I plunge it into the bucket of ice water, it becomes cold. What goes for physical changes also goes for at least some mental changes: when Felix the Cat leaps upon my lap, my lap not only becomes warm, but I also feel this warmth, and when he purrs, I hear his purr. It seems obvious, in other words, that perception (...)
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  10.  11
    The Relation-Theory of Mental Acts: Durand of St.-Pourcain on the Ontological Status of Mental Acts.Peter Hartman - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 7 (1).
    The relation-theory of mental acts proposes that a mental act is a kind of relative entity founded upon the mind and directed at the object of perception or thought. While most medieval philosophers recognized that there is something importantly relational about thought, they nevertheless rejected the view that mental acts are wholly relations. Rather, the dominant view was that a mental act is either in whole or part an Aristotelian quality added to the mind upon which such a relation to (...)
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  11. Thomas Aquinas and Durand of St.-Pourçain on Mental Representation.Peter Hartman - 2013 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (1):19-34.
    Most philosophers in the High Middle Ages agreed that what we immediately perceive are external objects. Yet most philosophers in the High Middle Ages also held, following Aristotle, that perception is a process wherein the perceiver takes on the form or likeness of the external object. This form or likeness — called a species — is a representation by means of which we immediately perceive the external object. Thomas Aquinas defended this thesis in one form, and Durand of St.-Pourçain, (...)
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  12. Are Cognitive Habits in the Intellect? Durand of St.-Pourçain and Prosper de Reggio Emilia on Cognitive Habits.Peter Hartman - 2018 - In Magali E. Roques & Nicolas Faucher (eds.), The Ontology, Psychology, and Axiology of Habits (Habitus) in the Medieval Philosophy. pp. 229-244.
    Once Socrates has thought something, he comes to acquire an item such that he is then able to think such thoughts again when he wants, and he can, all other things being equal, do this with more ease than he could before. This item that he comes to acquire medieval philosophers called a cognitive habit which most medieval philosophers maintained was a new quality added to Socrates' intellect. However, some disagreed. In this paper, I will examine an interesting alternative theory (...)
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  13.  8
    Y a-t-il une démocratie participative à Montréal? Entre gouvernance métropolitaine, gestion de proximité et démocratie radicale.Jonathan Durand Folco - 2016 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 11 (1):80-100.
    Jonathan Durand Folco | : Cet article présente une analyse critique de l’institutionnalisation de la participation citoyenne, à différentes échelles, à Montréal. Nous prendrons l’exemple de la consultation publique de la Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal et du budget interactif du Plateau-Mont-Royal pour illustrer les modèles de la gouvernance métropolitaine et de la gestion de proximité, pour ensuite montrer en quoi ces deux types de dispositifs participatifs soulèvent le problème de la trivialité. Nous soutiendrons enfin qu’une application systématique d’une conception (...)
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  14. Direct Realism with and without Representation: John Buridan and Durand of St.-Pourçain on Species.Peter Hartman - 2017 - In Gyula Klima (ed.), Questions on the soul by John Buridan and others. Berlin, Germany: Springer. pp. 107-129.
    As we now know, most, if not all, philosophers in the High Middle Ages agreed that what we immediately perceive are external objects and that the immediate object of perception must not be some image present to the mind. Yet most — but not all — philosophers in the High Middle Ages also held, following Aristotle, that perception is a process wherein the percipient takes on the likeness of the external object. This likeness — called a species — is a (...)
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  15.  43
    Fifty years of the spectrum problem: survey and new results.Arnaud Durand, Neil D. Jones, Johann A. Makowsky & Malika More - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (4):505-553.
    In 1952, Heinrich Scholz published a question in The Journal of Symbolic Logic asking for a characterization of spectra, i.e., sets of natural numbers that are the cardinalities of finite models of first order sentences. Günter Asser in turn asked whether the complement of a spectrum is always a spectrum. These innocent questions turned out to be seminal for the development of finite model theory and descriptive complexity. In this paper we survey developments over the last 50-odd years pertaining to (...)
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  16.  2
    Are Cognitive Habits in the Intellect? Durand of St.-Pourçain and Prosper de Reggio Emilia on Cognitive Habits.Peter John Hartman - 2018 - In Nicolas Faucher & Magali Roques (eds.), The Ontology, Psychology and Axiology of Habits in Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 229-244.
    Once Socrates has thought something, he comes to acquire an item such that he is then able to think such thoughts again when he wants, and he can, all other things being equal, do this with more ease than he could before. This item that he comes to acquire medieval philosophers called a cognitive habit. Most medieval philosophers maintained this item was a new quality added to Socrates’s intellect. However, some disagreed. In this paper, I will examine an interesting alternative (...)
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  17.  4
    Réflexions sur les quatre premiers conciles œcuméniques.Georges-Matthieu de Durand - 2002 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1 (1):3-26.
    Résumé Rivalité des sièges, rapports de force entre le pouvoir civil, le corps épiscopal et la papauté dans l’histoire des conciles. Le mot homoousios : son origine, son insertion au symbole de Nicée, l’importance que lui donne Athanase. Amertume de Grégoire de Nazianze après Constantinople I, due à des offenses personnelles et au défaut d’exigences dogmatiques à l’égard des courants pneumatomaque et apollinariste. Utilisation de Theotokos à Éphèse par Cyrille, progrès de l’influence de celui-ci jusqu’en 444. L’expression « en deux (...)
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  18.  12
    Bridging Heterodox Views on Language and Symbols: Gilbert Durand’s Imaginaire_ and Mark Johnson’s _Image Schemata.Benito García-Valero - 2019 - Gestalt Theory 41 (2):217-230.
    Summary This paper aims to bridge anthropological and cognitivist research undertaken by Gilbert Durand and Mark Johnson, who studied the phenomenon of meaning making in a similar way, although they had to use different terminology as their disciplines demanded. Durand established systematization for analyzing symbolism by taking into account the position of the body and the perceptions determining the underlying schemata of symbols. Two decades later, Mark Johnson described image schemata as gestalts having an internal structure derived from (...)
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  19.  16
    Stem cell epistemological issues. Chapter in Charbord P and Durand C (eds) Stem cell biology and regenerative medicine.Lucie Laplane - 2015 - River Publishers.
    This chapter brings a philosophical perspective to the concept of stem cell. Three general questions both clarify the concept of stem cell and emphasize its ambiguities: (1) How should we define stem cells? (2) What makes them different from non-stem cells? (3) What is their ontology? (i.e. what kind of property is “stemness”?) Following this last question, the Chapter distinguishes four conceptions of stem cells and highlights their respective consequences for the cancer stem cell theory. Determining what kind of property (...)
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  20.  7
    Allama I.I. Kazi on Education: Addresses and Speeches of Allama I.I. Kazi on Education on Various Occasions at University of Sindh. [REVIEW]I. I. Kazi - 1989 - Royal Book Co..
  21.  10
    The Knowledge of God’s Quid Sit in Dominican Theology.Igor Agostini - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (2):191-210.
    In this article I argue that although the prevailing interpretation within the Thomistic contemporary critical literature, claiming the inaccessibility of God’s quid sit, is faithful both to Saint Thomas and to John Capreolus’s account of Aquinas’s doctrine, it is far from being uncontroversial in the first steps of the history of Thomism. A central step in this history is marked by the Parisian Condemnation of 1277, which is at the origin of relevant debate within the Dominican Order on the question (...)
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  22. Donna rice to the press: "I lost everything".I. I. I. Smith - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (3):151 – 167.
    When Donna Rice, who was brought into the public limelight as a companion to ex-presidentiaI candidate Gary Hart, appeared at a university ethics seminar, her statement, and the subsequent coverage, raised three troubling questions for journalists: the nature of academic inquiry, journalistic practices, and the right of people to define themselves.
     
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  23.  1
    Rethinking Dionysus and Apollo: Redrawing Today’s Philosophical Chessboard.Carlos A. Segovia - 2022 - Open Philosophy 5 (1):360-380.
    This essay pursues Gilbert Durand’s plea for a new anthropological spirit that would overcome the bureaucracy-or-madness dichotomy which has since Nietzsche left its imprint upon contemporary thought, forcing it to choose between an “Apollonian” ontology established upon some kind of first principle and a “Dionysian” ontology consisting in the erasure of any founding norm. It does so by reclaiming Dionysus and Apollo’s original twin-ness and dual affirmation in dialogue with contemporary anthropological theory, especially Roy Wagner’s thesis on the interplay (...)
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  24. The Emergence of Authentic Human Person in Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche's Philosophy of the Superman: An Hermeneutics Approach to Literary Criticism.I. I. I. Abonado - 2014 - Iamure International Journal of Literature, Philosophy and Religion 5 (1).
    The paper interprets Nietzsche’s description of authentic human person.Based on the works of Nietzsche, commentaries and philosophical interpretationsof various authors, authentic human person evolves into a superman by usingthe principles of discipline and mastery of oneself. His authenticity, however,requires persistence, courage and strength to endure many forms of sufferingsand to overcome alienation brought about by his environment. Otherwise,man would become slave of his desires or alien to his own powers, talents andcapacities. Thus, Nietzsche’s thought of superman is an invitation to (...)
     
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  25.  1
    Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science 4th International Conference, Dmtcs 2003, Dijon, France, July 2003, Proceedings. [REVIEW]Cristian Calude, M. J. Dinneen & Vincent Vajnovszki - 2003 - Springer Verlag.
    The fourthDiscrete Mathematics andTheoreticalComputer Science Conference was jointly organized by the Centre for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science of the University of Auckland and the University of Bourgogne in Dijon, France, and took place in Dijon from 7 to12 July2003.Thepreviousconferenceswereheld inAuckland,NewZealand and Constan ̧ ta, Romania. The?ve invited speakers of the conference were: G.J. Chaitin, C. Ding, S. Istrail, M. Margenstein, and T. Walsh. The Programme Committee, consisting of V. Berthe, S. Boza- lidis,C.S.Calude,V.E.Cazanescu, F. Cucker, M. Deza, J. Diaz, (...)
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  26.  18
    Peter of Palude and the Fiery Furnace.Zita V. Toth - 2020 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 37 (2):121-142.
    According to most medieval thinkers, whenever something causally acts on another thing, God also acts with it. Durand of St.-Pourçain, an early fourteenth-century Dominican philosopher, disagrees. This paper is about a fourteenth-century objection to Durand’s view, which I will call the Fiery Furnace Objection, as formulated by Durand’s contemporary, Peter of Palude. Although Peter of Palude is not usu- ally regarded as a particularly original thinker, this paper calls attention to one of his more interesting controversies with (...)
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  27.  29
    A critique of Gewirth's "is-ought" derivation.I. I. I. Allen - 1982 - Ethics 92 (2):211-226.
  28. La recepción de la literatura narrativa bizantina en la literatura medieval de la Slavia ortodoxa.Yónova Maya - 2004 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 9:141-147.
    Pinhas Sadeh was considered as an unorthodox writer as regards his environment, the “State Culture” in Israel. In the first part of this paper I present the biography of the author and his most representative work, Life as a parable, published in 1958, as well as his romantic and frankist roots and his leaning towards Christianity according to the Gospel. In the second part a mythical analysis of this work is made according to the inner journey of hero, through which (...)
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  29.  9
    Attributives and their modifiers.I. I. I. Wheeler - 1972 - Noûs 6 (4):310-334.
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  30.  25
    Is there an ecological ethic?I. I. I. Rolston - 1975 - Ethics 85 (2):93-109.
  31. Informat︠s︡ionnoe obshchestvo i NBIKS-revoli︠u︡t︠s︡ii︠a︡.I. I︠U︡ Alekseeva - 2016 - Moskva: If Ran.
     
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  32. Zhivai︠a︡ ėtika i kulʹtura: Idei nasledii︠a︡ semʹi Rerikhov v nasheĭ zhizni.I. I︠U︡ Aleksandrov (ed.) - 2014 - Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatelʹstvo SPbGUKI.
     
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  33.  29
    Antonio Rodríguez Huéscar, a medio camino entre el exilio interior y exterior.Juan Padilla Moreno - 2003 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 20:321-336.
    Pinhas Sadeh was considered as an unorthodox writer as regards his environment, the “State Culture” in Israel. In the first part of this paper I present the biography of the author and his most representative work, Life as a parable, published in 1958, as well as his romantic and frankist roots and his leaning towards Christianity according to the Gospel. In the second part a mythical analysis of this work is made according to the inner journey of hero, through which (...)
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  34. Transaction Costs and Informational Cascades in Financial Markets: Theory and Experimental Evidence.I. I. I. Session - unknown
    We study the effect of transaction costs (e.g., a trading fee or a transaction tax, like the Tobin tax) on the aggregation of private information in financial markets. We analyze a financial market à la Glosten and Milgrom, in which informed and uninformed traders trade in sequence with a market maker. Traders have to pay a cost in order to trade. We show that, eventually, all informed traders decide not to trade, independently of their private information, i.e., an informational cascade (...)
     
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  35. Human uniqueness and human dignity : persons in nature and the nature of persons.I. I. I. Rolston - 2008 - In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics. [President's Council on Bioethics.
     
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  36. Human Uniqueness and Human Responsibility.I. I. I. Rolston - unknown
    On the scale of decades and centuries, ongoingscience is reconfigured into human history that must be interpreted. So I concluded two decades back: "Progressively reforming and developing theories are erected over observations.... This leads at a larger scale to progressively reforming and developing narrative models.... The story is ever reforming" (pp. 338 — 39). I faced the future with hopes and fears about the escalating powers of science for good and evil, finding it simultaneously powerless for the meaningful guidance of (...)
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  37. Derrida’s Differance and Plato’s Different.I. I. I. Wheeler - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):999-1013.
    This essay shows that Derrida’s discussion of “Differance,” is remarkably parallel to Plato’s discussion of Difference in the Parmenides. Plato’s presentation of “Parmenides’” discussion of generation from a One which Is is a version of Derrida’s preconceptual spacing. Derrida’s implicit reference to Plato both interprets Plato and explains the obscure features of “Differance.” Derrida’s paradoxical remarks about Differance are very like what Plato implies about Difference.Derrida’s Differance addresses the puzzle that concepts are required to construct the beings in a plurality (...)
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  38.  17
    On subcreative sets and s-reducibility.I. I. I. Gill & Paul H. Morris - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (4):669-677.
  39. Burrell on Rules, Instructions, and Machines.I. I. I. Harrison - 1972 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 3 (2).
     
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  40. Remembering Donald Davidson.I. I. I. Wheeler - 2012 - In Maria Baghramian (ed.), Donald Davidson: Life and Words. Routledge.
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  41.  49
    Natural property rights as body rights.I. I. I. Wheeler - 1980 - Noûs 14 (2):171-193.
  42. The moral sanctity of legal functions.I. I. I. Roma - 1972 - Ethics 82 (2):124-136.
  43. by Holmes Rolston III.I. I. I. Rolston - unknown
    Both science and ethics are embedded in cultural traditions where truths are shared through education; both need competent critics educated within such traditions. Education in both ought to be directed although moral education demands levels of responsible agency that science education does not. Evolutionary science often carries an implicit or explicit understanding of who and what humans are, one which may not be coherent with the implicit or explicit human self-understanding in moral education.
     
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  44. An Employee-Centered Model of Corporate Social Performance.I. I. I. Buren - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4).
     
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  45. Boundaryless Careers and Employability Obligations.I. I. I. Buren - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2).
     
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  46. If Fairness is the Problem, is Consent the Solution? Integrating ISCT and Stakeholder Theory.I. I. I. Buren - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (3).
  47. Autobiography.I. I. I. Calder - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (4).
     
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  48. Sophocles and Alcibiades.I. I. I. Calder - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (2).
     
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  49. On the nature of whiteness and the ontology of race: Toward a dialectical materialist analysis.I. I. I. McClendon - 2004 - In George Yancy (ed.), What White Looks Like: African-American Philosophers on the Whiteness Question. Routledge.
  50. The Mirror of Antiquity.I. I. I. Calder - 2009 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 102 (2).
     
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