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Hugh Lacey [82]Hugh M. Lacey [12]
  1. Is Science Value Free?: Values and Scientific Understanding.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Routledge.
    Exploring the role of values in scientific inquiry, Hugh Lacey examines the nature and meaning of values, and looks at challenges to the view, posed by postmodernists, feminists, radical ecologists, Third-World advocates and religious fundamentalists, that science is value free. He also focuses on discussions of 'development', especially in Third World countries. This paperback edition includes a new preface.
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  2.  5
    Values and Objectivity in Science: The Current Controversy About Transgenic Crops.Hugh Lacey - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    This book offers an account of how values play an important role within scientific practices, and how this account illuminates many ethical issues that arise concerning scientific practices and applications.
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  3. Behavior, Cognition and Theories of Choice.Hugh M. Lacey - 1978 - Behavior and Philosophy 6 (2):177.
    Critics have argued that behaviorism must necessarily be inadequate to account for complex human behavior whereas cognitive psychology is adequate to account for such behavior. Recently, Fodor has focused this criticism on certain situations in which humans choose among a set of alternatives. We argue that this criticism applies to forms of behaviorism that are reductionistic but not to non-reductionistic behaviorisms like that of Skinner. Non-reductionistic behaviorism can be used to interpret human choice situations of varying degrees of complexity. Such (...)
     
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  4. Rehabilitating Neutrality.Hugh Lacey - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (1):77-83.
    This article responds to Janet Kourany’s proposal, in Philosophy of Science after Feminism, that scientific practices be held to the ideal of ‘socially responsible science’, to produce results that are not only cognitively sound, but also significant in the light of values ‘that can be morally justified’. Kourany also urges the development of ‘contextualized philosophy of science’—of which feminist philosophy of science is exemplary—that is ‘politically engaged’ and ‘activist’, ‘informed by analyses of the actual ways in which science interacts with (...)
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  5.  28
    ‘Holding’ and ‘Endorsing’ Claims in the Course of Scientific Activities.Hugh Lacey - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:89-95.
  6.  28
    The Scientific Study of Lingustic Behaviour: A Perspective on the Skinner-Chomsky Controversy.Hugh M. Lacey - 1974 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 4 (1):17–51.
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  7.  93
    Science, Respect for Nature, and Human Well-Being: Democratic Values and the Responsibilities of Scientists Today.Hugh Lacey - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (1):51-67.
    The central question addressed is: How should scientific research be conducted so as to ensure that nature is respected and the well being of everyone everywhere enhanced? After pointing to the importance of methodological pluralism for an acceptable answer and to obstacles posed by characterizing scientific methodology too narrowly, which are reinforced by the ‘commercial-scientific ethos’, two additional questions are considered: How might research, conducted in this way, have impact on—and depend on—strengthening democratic values and practices? And: What is thereby (...)
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  8.  69
    On the Interplay of the Cognitive and the Social in Scientific Practices.Hugh Lacey - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):977-988.
    I consider the questions, central to recent disagreements between Longino and Kitcher: Is it constitutive of making judgments of the cognitive acceptability of theories that they be made under certain social relations (that embody specific social values) that have been cultivated among investigators (Longino)? Or is making them (sound ones) just a consequence of social interactions that occur under these relations (Kitcher)? While generally endorsing the latter view, I make a distinction, not made by Longino, between sound acceptance and endorsement (...)
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  9.  13
    The Interplay of Scientific Activity, Worldviews and Value Outlooks.Hugh Lacey - 2009 - Science & Education 18 (6-7):839-860.
  10. The Constitutive Values of Science.Hugh Lacey - 1997 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 1 (1):3-40.
    Cognitive values are the characteristics that are constitutive of good theories, the criteria to which we appeal when choosing among competing theories. I argue that, in order to count as a cognitive value, a characteristic must be needed to explain actually made theory choices, and its cognitive significance must be well defended especially in view of considerations derived from the objective of science. A number of proposed objectives of science are entertained, and it is argued that adopting a par-ticular objective (...)
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  11. The Gender and Science Reader.Muriel Lederman, Ingrid Barsch & Hugh Lacey - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):280-291.
  12.  10
    Tecnociência comercialmente orientada ou investigação multiestratégica?Hugh Lacey - 2014 - Scientiae Studia 12 (4):669-695.
  13.  9
    O modelo das interações entre as atividades científicas e os valores.Hugh Lacey & Pablo Rubén Mariconda - 2014 - Scientiae Studia 12 (4):643-668.
  14.  29
    Reflections on Science and Technoscience.Hugh Lacey - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):103-128.
    Technoscientific research, a kind of scientific research conducted within the decontextualized approach (DA), uses advanced technology to produce instruments, experimental objects, and new objects and structures, that enable us to gain knowledge of states of affairs of novel domains, especially knowledge about new possibilities of what we can do and make, with the horizons of practical, industrial, medical or military innovation, and economic growth and competition, never far removed from view. The legitimacy of technoscientific innovations can be appraised only in (...)
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  15.  43
    Is There a Significant Distintion Between Cognitive and Social Values?Hugh Lacey - 2003 - Scientiae Studia 1 (2):121-149.
  16.  76
    The Causal Theory of Time: A Critique of Grünbaum's Version.Hugh M. Lacey - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (4):332-354.
    After precisely specifying the thesis of the causal theory of time, Grünbaum's program developed to support this thesis is examined. Four objections to his definition of temporal order in terms of a more primitive causal relation are put and held to be conclusive. Finally, the philosophical arguments that Grünbaum has proposed supporting the desirability of establishing a causal theory of time are shown to be either invalid or inconclusive.
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  17.  52
    Assessing the Value of Transgenic Crops.Hugh Lacey - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):497-511.
    In the current controversy about the value of transgenic crops, matters open to empirical inquiry are centrally at issue. One such matter is a key premise in a common argument (that I summarize) that transgenic crops should be considered to have universal value. The premise is that there are no alternative forms of agriculture available to enable the production of sufficient food to feed the world. The proponents of agroecology challenge it, claiming that agroecology provides an alternative, and they deny (...)
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  18. The Scientific Intelligibility of Absolute Space: A Study of Newtonian Argument.Hugh M. Lacey - 1970 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (4):317-342.
  19.  40
    The Behavioral Scientist Qua Scientist Makes Value Judgments.Hugh Lacey - 2003 - Behavior and Philosophy 31:209 - 223.
    I distinguish three matters about which decisions have to be made in scientific activities: (1) adoption of strategy; (2) acceptance of data, hypotheses, and theories; and (3) application of scientific knowledge. I argue that, contrary to the common view that only concerning (3) do values have a legitimate role, value judgments often play indispensable roles in connection with decisions concerning (1)—that certain values may not only be furthered by applications of the scientific knowledge gained under a strategy, but they may (...)
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  20.  40
    Is There a Significant Distinction Between Cognitive and Social Values?Hugh Lacey - 2004 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 24--51.
  21. On Relations Between Science and Religion.Hugh Lacey - 1996 - Science & Education 5 (2):143-153.
  22.  15
    Food and Agricultural Systems for the Future: Science, Emancipation and Human Flourishing.Hugh Lacey - 2015 - Journal of Critical Realism 14 (3):272-286.
    It has been proposed that the policies and practices of food sovereignty, unlike those of today's hegemonic food/agricultural system, provide the means for satisfying and safeguarding the right to food security for everyone everywhere. My principal objective in this article, which gains its significance in the light of an explanatory critique of the current system, is to explore how scientific research — using what kinds of methodologies, and building on experiences of what and of whom? — can constructively inform these (...)
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  23.  13
    The Formation and Transformation of Values.Hugh Lacey & Barry Schwartz - 1996 - In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications. pp. 319--338.
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  24. Explanatory Critique.Hugh Lacey - 2007 - In Mervyn Hartwig (ed.), Dictionary of Critical Realism. Routledge.
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  25.  16
    Scientific Understanding and the Control of Nature.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (1):13-35.
  26.  55
    Incommensurability and “Multicultural Science”.Hugh Lacey - 2001 - In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 225--239.
  27.  34
    O princípio de precaução e a autonomia da ciência.Hugh Lacey - 2006 - Scientiae Studia 4 (3):373-392.
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  28.  18
    Explanatory Critique and Emancipatory Movements.Hugh Lacey - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):7-31.
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  29.  13
    O lugar da ciência no mundo dos valores e da experiência humana.Hugh Lacey - 2009 - Scientiae Studia 7 (4):681-701.
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  30.  24
    Aspectos cognitivos e sociais das práticas científicas.Hugh Lacey - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (1):83-96.
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  31.  21
    Neutrality in the Social Sciences: On Bhaskar's Argument for an Essential Emancipatory Impulse in Social Science.Hugh Lacey - 1997 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):213–241.
    Suppose that one accepts a theory that proposes that a certain group’s holding of a false belief is co-caused by a specified social structure. Then, Bhaskar has argued, one is rationally committed, ceteris paribus, to adopting a negative value judgment of that structure and a positive value judgment of activity directed towards removing it . Contrary to Bhaskar, I argue that any rational move from accepting a theory to value judgments is mediated either by further value judgments, or by the (...)
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  32. Behaviorism, Intentionality and Socio-Historical Structure.Hugh Lacey & Barry Schwartz - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (2):193-210.
     
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  33.  54
    The Eagle and the Starlings: Galileo’s Argument for the Autonomy of Science—How Pertinent is It Today?Hugh Lacey & Pablo R. Mariconda - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):122-131.
  34.  16
    Scientific Research, Technological Innovation and the Agenda of Social Justice, Democratic Participation and Sustainability.Hugh Lacey - 2014 - Scientiae Studia 12 (SPE):37-55.
    Modern science, whose methodologies give special privilege to using decontextualizing strategies and downplay the role of context-sensitive strategies, have been extraordinarily successful in producing knowledge whose applications have transformed the shape of the lifeworld. Nevertheless, I argue that how the mainstream of the modern scientific tradition interprets the nature and objectives of science is incoherent; and that today there are two competing interpretations of scientific activities that are coherent and that maintain continuity with the success of the tradition: "commercially-oriented technoscience" (...)
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  35.  12
    Ciência, respeito à natureza e bem-estar humano.Hugh Lacey - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (3):297-327.
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  36.  18
    Explanatory Critiques and Emancipation.Hugh Lacey - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):7-31.
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  37.  17
    Existe uma distinção relevante entre valores cognitivos e sociais?Hugh Lacey - 2003 - Scientiae Studia 1 (2):121-149.
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  38.  18
    Teleological Behaviorism and the Intentional Scheme.Hugh Lacey - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):134-135.
    Teleological behaviorism, unlike Skinnerian behaviorism, recognizes that are needed to account adequately for human behavior, but it rejects the essential role in behavioral explanations of the subjective perspective of the agent. I argue that teleological behaviorism fails because of this rejection.
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  39.  7
    A imparcialidade da ciência e as responsabilidades dos cientistas.Hugh Lacey - 2011 - Scientiae Studia 9 (3):487-500.
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  40. Constraints Upon Acceptable Theories: Chomsky's Analogy Between Language Acquisition and Theory Formation.Hugh Lacey - 1984 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (2):166.
     
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  41.  41
    Skinner on the Prediction and Control of Behavior.Hugh M. Lacey - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):353-385.
  42.  39
    On Operants and Voluntary Behavior.Hugh M. Lacey - 1975 - Ethics 85 (4):349-352.
  43.  26
    Integrative Pluralism; Unsimple Truths: Science, Complexity and Policy, Sandra D. Mitchell; Chicago. The University of Chicago Press (2009). [REVIEW]Hugh Lacey - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):219-222.
  44.  28
    Quine on the Logic and Ontology of Time.Hugh M. Lacey - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):47 – 67.
  45.  2
    The Rationality of Science.Hugh Lacey - 1986 - In Joseph Margolis, Michael Krausz & Richard M. Burian (eds.), Rationality, Relativism, and the Human Sciences. M. Nijhoff. pp. 127--149.
  46.  28
    Book ReviewsKristin Shrader‐Frechette,. Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health.New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Pp. 299. $29.95. [REVIEW]Hugh Lacey - 2008 - Ethics 118 (4):757-761.
  47.  25
    Roles for Values in Scientific Activities.Hugh Lacey - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (6):603-618.
    My aim in this paper is to rebut objections that have been made of the account of the various roles for values in scientific activities that I have developed, initially in my book Is Science Value Free?, in response to criticizing the proposal that science is value free. Specifically I respond to objections that my account does not recognize the significance of basic science, and that my defense of the ideal of impartiality cannot be sustained.
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  48.  22
    How Trustworthy and Authoritative is Scientific Input Into Public Policy Deliberations?Hugh Lacey - unknown
    Appraising public policies about using technoscientific innovations requires attending to the values reflected in the interests expected to be served by them. It also requires addressing questions about the efficacy of using the innovations, and about whether or not using them may occasion harmful effects ; moreover, judgments about these matters should be soundly backed by empirical evidence. Clearly, then, scientists have an important role to play in formulating and appraising these public policies. However, ethical and social values affect decisions (...)
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  49. Multi-Strategic Research and Traditional Saberes.Hugh Lacey - 2021 - In Inkeri Koskinen, David Ludwig, Zinhle Mncube, Luana Poliseli & Luis Reyes-Galindo (eds.), Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science. Routledge.
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  50. Science and Human Well-Being : Toward a New Way of Structuring Scientific Activity.Hugh Lacey - 2007 - In Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life. Lexington Books.
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