Results for 'Hongfang Liu'

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  1. TGF-beta signaling proteins and the Protein Ontology.Arighi Cecilia, Liu Hongfang, Natale Darren, Barker Winona, Drabkin Harold, Blake Judith, Barry Smith & Wu Cathy - 2009 - BMC Bioinformatics 10 (Suppl 5):S3.
    The Protein Ontology (PRO) is designed as a formal and principled Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) Foundry ontology for proteins. The components of PRO extend from a classification of proteins on the basis of evolutionary relationships at the homeomorphic level to the representation of the multiple protein forms of a gene, including those resulting from alternative splicing, cleavage and/or posttranslational modifications. Focusing specifically on the TGF-beta signaling proteins, we describe the building, curation, usage and dissemination of PRO. PRO provides a framework (...)
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  2. Framework for a protein ontology.Darren A. Natale, Cecilia N. Arighi, Winona Barker, Judith Blake, Ti-Cheng Chang, Zhangzhi Hu, Hongfang Liu, Barry Smith & Cathy H. Wu - 2007 - BMC Bioinformatics 8 (Suppl 9):S1.
    Biomedical ontologies are emerging as critical tools in genomic and proteomic research where complex data in disparate resources need to be integrated. A number of ontologies exist that describe the properties that can be attributed to proteins; for example, protein functions are described by Gene Ontology, while human diseases are described by Disease Ontology. There is, however, a gap in the current set of ontologies—one that describes the protein entities themselves and their relationships. We have designed a PRotein Ontology (PRO) (...)
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  3. A comprehensive update on CIDO: the community-based coronavirus infectious disease ontology.Yongqun He, Hong Yu, Anthony Huffman, Asiyah Yu Lin, Darren A. Natale, John Beverley, Ling Zheng, Yehoshua Perl, Zhigang Wang, Yingtong Liu, Edison Ong, Yang Wang, Philip Huang, Long Tran, Jinyang Du, Zalan Shah, Easheta Shah, Roshan Desai, Hsin-hui Huang, Yujia Tian, Eric Merrell, William D. Duncan, Sivaram Arabandi, Lynn M. Schriml, Jie Zheng, Anna Maria Masci, Liwei Wang, Hongfang Liu, Fatima Zohra Smaili, Robert Hoehndorf, Zoë May Pendlington, Paola Roncaglia, Xianwei Ye, Jiangan Xie, Yi-Wei Tang, Xiaolin Yang, Suyuan Peng, Luxia Zhang, Luonan Chen, Junguk Hur, Gilbert S. Omenn, Brian Athey & Barry Smith - 2022 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 13 (1):25.
    The current COVID-19 pandemic and the previous SARS/MERS outbreaks of 2003 and 2012 have resulted in a series of major global public health crises. We argue that in the interest of developing effective and safe vaccines and drugs and to better understand coronaviruses and associated disease mechenisms it is necessary to integrate the large and exponentially growing body of heterogeneous coronavirus data. Ontologies play an important role in standard-based knowledge and data representation, integration, sharing, and analysis. Accordingly, we initiated the (...)
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  4.  12
    The Metaphysics of Chinese Moral Principles.Ying Liu - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
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  5. Pain and spatial inclusion: evidence from Mandarin.Michelle Liu & Colin Klein - 2020 - Analysis 80 (2):262-272.
    The surface grammar of reports such as ‘I have a pain in my leg’ suggests that pains are objects which are spatially located in parts of the body. We show that the parallel construction is not available in Mandarin. Further, four philosophically important grammatical features of such reports cannot be reproduced. This suggests that arguments and puzzles surrounding such reports may be tracking artefacts of English, rather than philosophically significant features of the world.
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  6.  9
    Understanding sovereignty through meteorology: China, Japan, and the dispute over the Qingdao Observatory, 1918–1931.Xiao Liu - 2024 - Annals of Science 81 (3):420-439.
    Concentrating on the Qingdao Observatory, this paper will explore the role of scientific facility in asserting China’s sovereignty during the first half of the twentieth century. Although scholars have explained the efforts of China’s internationalization in diplomacy through the perspectives of politics, economics and culture, they have not paid attention to science. Therefore, this paper aims to shed some light on how scientific issues were solved via diplomacy during the Republic of China, while further asserting that the focus in negotiations (...)
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  7.  6
    RETRACTED: Analysis of psychological characteristics and emotional expression based on deep learning in higher vocational music education.Xin Liu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:981738.
    Sentiment analysis is one of the important tasks of online opinion analysis and an important means to guide the direction of online opinion and maintain social stability. Due to the multiple characteristics of linguistic expressions, ambiguity, multiple meanings of words, and the increasing speed of new words, it is a great challenge for the task of text sentiment analysis. Commonly used machine learning methods suffer from inadequate text feature extraction, and the emergence of deep learning has brought a turnaround for (...)
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  8.  2
    Reflections on Textual Analysis in the Post-Graham Era.Liu Xiaogan - 2018 - In Carine Defoort & Roger T. Ames (eds.), Having a Word with Angus Graham: At Twenty-Five Years Into His Immortality. Albany, NY: Suny Series in Chinese Philoso. pp. 27-48.
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  9.  58
    Prophets: More Patriots Than Traitors?—A Discussion of Prophetic Patriotism Using the Prophet to the Nations, Jeremiah, as an Example.Liu Ping - 2016 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 47 (4):255-269.
    Liu Ping discusses patriotism and nationalism in regard to culture and values and also the role of the prophetic voice in Chinese society. His provocative allegorical rewriting of a prophecy from the Biblical book of Amos, setting it in contemporary China, is pointedly political. Liu writes in the Chinese intellectual tradition of pointing out when a society or a country is on the brink of destruction.
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  10. Physical externalism and social externalism: Are they really compatible?Jeeloo Liu - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Research 27:381-404.
    Putnam and Burge have been viewed as launching a joint attack on individualism, the view that the content of one's psychological state is determined by what is in the head . Putnam argues that meanings are not in the head while Burge argues that beliefs are not in the head either, and both have come up with convincing arguments against individualism. It is generally conceived that Putnam's view is a version of physical externalism, which argues that factors in the physical (...)
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  11.  18
    Physical Externalism and Social Externalism.Jeeloo Liu - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Research 27:381-404.
    In this paper I examine the foundations of physical externalism and social externalism and argue that these foundations are incompatible. Physical externalism is based on a direct reference theory of natural-kind terms, while social externalism is based on a description theory of natural-kind terms. Thus, physical externalism and social externalism are incompatible just in the same way that the direct reference theory of proper names is incompatible with the description theory of proper names. My argument will proceed as follows. In (...)
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  12.  25
    Good Guanxi, Bad Guanxi?: Drawing the Line.Liu Goggin, Aidan Kelly & John F. Hulpke - 2007 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 3:297-312.
    Guanxi is essential to doing business in China. Even those who are minimally familiar with business in the People’s Republic seem to know this. How should Western business organizations look at guanxi? Further, if guanxi is seen as essential, what is the responsible approach to guanxi building? These questions may have different answers depending on one’s perspectives. First, what is guanxi?
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  13.  16
    Developing Countries and Human Rights (1994).Liu Nanlai - 2001 - In Stephen C. Angle & Marina Svensson (eds.), Chinese Human Rights Reader. M. E. Sharpe. pp. 396.
  14.  29
    Infinite Systems in SM Explanations: Thermodynamic Limit, Renormalization (semi-) Groups, and Irreversibility.Chuang Liu - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S325-S344.
    This paper examines the justifications for using infinite systems to ‘recover’ thermodynamic properties, such as phase transitions, critical phenomena, and irreversibility, from the micro-structure of matter in bulk. Section 2 is a summary of such rigorous methods as in taking the thermodynamic limit to recover PT and in using renormalization group approach to explain the universality of critical exponents. Section 3 examines various possible justifications for taking TL on physically finite systems. Section 4 discusses the legitimacy of applying TL to (...)
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  15. Wesenszüge der chinesischen Philosophie.Mau-Tsai Liu - 1971 - (Wilhelmshaven): Nordwestdeutsche Universitätsgesellschaft.
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  16.  26
    A note on many·one reducibility.Shih-Chao Liu - 1963 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (1):35-42.
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  17.  48
    A note on many·one reducibility.Shih-Chao Liu - 1963 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (2):143-153.
  18.  27
    Einige historische Analysen der Übersetzung und Veröffentlichung von Einsteins gesammelten Werken in China.Liu Bing - 2006 - Synthesis Philosophica 21 (2):285-298.
    Wie in anderen Ländern, so galt Einstein auch in China als einer der berühmtesten Wissenschaftler schlechthin. In den siebziger Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts wurden drei Bände Einstein’scher Schriften zusammengestellt, übersetzt und als Einsteins gesammelte Werke veröffentlicht. Diese Bände dienten lange Zeit vielen Chinesen als Hauptwissensquelle über Einstein; sie übten sogar einen bedeutenden ideologischen Einfluss aus. Im Hintergrund dieses herausgeberischen Projekts standen in der Zeit nach 1949 einflussreiche politische Bewegungen im Zusammenwirken mit wissenschaftskritischen Ansätzen, die ein solches Projekt erst möglich machten (...)
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  19.  38
    Quelques analyses historiques des traductions et des publications des OEuvres complètes d'Einstein.Liu Bing - 2006 - Synthesis Philosophica 21 (2):285-298.
    Comme dans les autres pays, Einstein a été l’un des scientifiques les plus célèbres en Chine. Dans les années soixante-dix du 20e siècle, trois volumes des OEuvres complètes d’Einstein ont été traduits et publiés en Chine. Pour de nombreux Chinois ces volumes représentaient une source d’informations sur Einstein et une influence idéologique importante. Le contexte politique en est le suivant: après l’an 1949 des mouvements politiques très influents sont nés en Chine, ayant pour objectif la critique des sciences. Ces mouvements (...)
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  20.  53
    Some Historical Analysis of the Translating, Editing, and Publishing Process of the Collection of Albert Einstein in China.Liu Bing - 2006 - Synthesis Philosophica 21 (2):285-298.
    As in other countries, Einstein has been one of the most famous scientists in China. In 1970’s, the three volumes Collection of Einstein in Chinese have been selected, translated and published, which was the main sources for Chinese people knowing Einstein for long time, and even had important ideological influence. However, as the background of it, in China, there were very influential political movements related to criticism of science after 1949, which also influenced the decision, selection, progress and the way (...)
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  21.  12
    Democratic ideal and practice: A critical reflection.Shu-Hsien Liu - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (2):257-275.
  22.  8
    Sima Qian’s Ambition and Needham’s Vision: A Comment on The History Manifesto from China’s Perspective.Liu Dun - 2016 - Isis 107 (2):336-337.
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  23.  25
    Reasoning counterfactually in Chinese: Are there any obstacles?Lisa Garbern Liu - 1985 - Cognition 21 (3):239-270.
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  24. Slurs and register: A case study in meaning pluralism.Justina Diaz-Legaspe, Chang Liu & Robert J. Stainton - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (2):156-182.
    Most theories of slurs fall into one of two families: those which understand slurring terms to involve special descriptive/informational content (however conveyed), and those which understand them to encode special emotive/expressive content. Our view is that both offer essential insights, but that part of what sets slurs apart is use-theoretic content. In particular, we urge that slurring words belong at the intersection of a number of categories in a sociolinguistic register taxonomy, one that usually includes [+slang] and [+vulgar] and always (...)
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  25. Special Topic: Filial Piety: The Root of Morality or the Source of Corruption?: Confucianism and Corruption: An Analysis of Shun’s Two Actions Described by Mencius.Liu Qingping - 2007 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (1):1-19.
    Confucianism advocates the lofty moral ideal of “humane love” (ren ai 仁愛) and condemns immoral actions. Strangely enough, however, Mencius, a “paradigmatic Confucian intellectual” who believed that “a true man cannot be corrupted by wealth, subdued by power, or affected by poverty” (Tu 1989a: 15), highly commended such typically corrupt actions as bending the law for the benefit of relatives or appointing people by mere nepotism when he talked about Shun 舜 in the text of the Mencius. In the first (...)
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  26.  51
    Ethical Advocacy Across the Autism Spectrum: Beyond Partial Representation.Matthew S. McCoy, Emily Y. Liu, Amy S. F. Lutz & Dominic Sisti - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (4):13-24.
    Recent debates within the autism advocacy community have raised difficult questions about who can credibly act as a representative of a particular population and what responsibilities that...
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  27.  42
    On Huang Tsung-Hsi’s Understanding of the Mencius.Shu-Hsien Liu - 2000 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 27 (3):251–268.
  28.  9
    On Huang Tsung-Hsi’s Understanding of the Mencius.Shu-Hsien Liu - 2000 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 27 (3):251-268.
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  29.  11
    On the Analytic and the Synthetic.Shih Chao Liu - 1956 - Philosophical Review 65:218.
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  30.  20
    Mao Zedong Philosophical Thought Is the Application and Development of Marxist Philosophy in China.Liu Rong - 1992 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 23 (3):69-95.
    The first problem we confront in the study and research of the philosophical thought of Mao Zedong is the relationship between Mao Zedong Philosophical Thought and Mao Zedong Thought. Clarification of the relationship between the two can assist our understanding of the status and function of Mao Zedong Philosophical Thought in Mao Zedong Thought, and thereby promote our understanding of why it is necessary to study and research Mao Zedong Philosophical Thought.
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  31.  19
    A Brief Account of the Publications of Historical Source Materials OnThe 1911 Revolution Since 1949.Liu Delin & He Shuangsheng - 1983 - Chinese Studies in History 16 (3-4):201-233.
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  32.  11
    Sanmuqing de zhe xue yan jiu =.Liu Diao - 2008 - Beijing Shi: She hui ke xue wen xian chu ban she.
    本书紧扣三木哲学的现实性和时代性特质,以昭和前半期的主要思潮为主线剖析三木清的哲学的形成和发展.
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  33.  18
    Anger, Detachment and the First Person.Liu Pengbo - 2021 - Australasian Philosophical Review 5 (4):412-417.
    Shun argues that the distinction between first and third person is ill-suited to explain the complexities of anger. In this commentary, I first argue that, while the distinction is not uniquely important in characterizing anger and its variations, it can be distinctively important in illuminating the nature and normative significance of different forms of anger. Indeed, Shun’s own characterizations of anger in the paper seem to presuppose this importance. Secondly, I show that there are two related but distinct ways in (...)
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  34.  73
    Contemporary Chinese studies of Wang Fuzhi in Mainland China.Sky Liu - 2004 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 3 (2):307-330.
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  35.  35
    The Vanguards of the Women's Liberation Movement—Lu Yin, Bingxin, and Ding Ling.Liu Nienling - 1989 - Chinese Studies in History 23 (2):22-45.
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  36.  38
    The influence of Confucianism and Taoism on Cultural Psychology Viewed from Stone-Carved Pictures about Ascending to Immortality.Liu Ke - 2003 - Journal of Religious Studies (Misc) 1:002.
  37.  61
    Seng-chao and the mādhyamka way of refutation.Ming-Wood Liu - 1987 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 14 (1):97-110.
  38.  11
    The Logic of Thermostatistical Physics.Gerard G. Emch & Chuang Liu - 2002 - Springer Verlag.
    This book is devoted to a thorough analysis of the role that models play in the practise of physical theory. The authors, a mathematical physicist and a philosopher of science, appeal to the logicians’ notion of model theory as well as to the concepts of physicists.
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  39.  49
    The use of analogy and symbolism in traditional chinese philosophy.Shu-Hsien Liu - 1974 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 1 (3-4):313-338.
  40.  26
    John Dewey and the rise of Marxism in China: How John Dewey inspired the educational ideas of the Chinese Communist Party.Xing Liu - 2024 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 56 (6):605-615.
    Dewey’s philosophy of education was heavily criticized by the Chinese Communist Party in the 1950s, which led many to believe that Dewey’s education was in complete opposition to that of the CCP. However, this study intends to prove that Dewey had a tremendous influence on the early CCP members of the 1920s. Dewey’s Chinese visit closely coincided highly with the time of the reception of Marxism in China and the eventual establishment of the CCP. Both founders of the CCP had (...)
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  41.  46
    The heat treatment response of semisolid formed Al–5Fe–4Cu alloy.Liu Bo, Huang Hong Jun & Yuan Xiao Guang - forthcoming - Philosophical Magazine:1-18.
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  42.  33
    The Idealistic Concept of a "Finite Universe" Must Be Criticized.Liu Bowen - 1988 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 19 (4):80-83.
    On the question of whether the universe should be infinite or finite, there has been throughout the history of physics a struggle between materialism and idealism, between dialectics and metaphysics. Materialism asserts that the universe is infinite, while idealism advocates finitude. At every stage in the history of physics, these two philosophical lines have engaged in fierce struggle. Although developments in physics always demonstrate the failure of the finite universe doctrine, with every new advance in science the idealists distort and (...)
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  43.  11
    Evaluate the Issue of "Two Combine into One" in a Realistic Way.Liu Gede - 1982 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 13 (4):45-53.
    The year 1964 witnessed the polemics on "one divides into two" and "two combine into one" conducted in China's theoretical circles. Due to the sabotage of the "theoretical authority" and people like Guan Feng, this academic discussion was turned into a political mass criticism of the latter. During the Cultural Revolution, Lin Biao and the "gang of four" subjected comrades who advocated the theory of "two combine into one" or endorsed some of its viewpoints to brutal political persecution. Criticism of (...)
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  44. A chaos-based robust software watermarking, information security practice and experience.Liu Fenlin, Lu Bin & Luo Xiangyang - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 3903--355.
     
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  45.  53
    Bounds for Covering Numbers.Andreas Liu - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (4):1303 - 1310.
    Let Λ be a singular cardinal of uncountable confinality ψ. Under various assumptions about the sizes of covering families for cardinals below Λ, we prove upper bounds for the covering number cov(Λ, Λ, v⁺, 2). This covering number is closely related to the cofinality of the partial order ([Λ]", ⊆).
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  46.  45
    Good Guanxi, Bad Guanxi?: Drawing the Line.Liu Goggin, Aidan Kelly & John F. Hulpke - 2007 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 3:297-312.
    Guanxi is essential to doing business in China. Even those who are minimally familiar with business in the People’s Republic seem to know this. How should Western business organizations look at guanxi? Further, if guanxi is seen as essential, what is the responsible approach to guanxi building? These questions may have different answers depending on one’s perspectives. First, what is guanxi?
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  47.  4
    A short history of Confucian philosophy.Wuji Liu - 1955 - Westport, Ct.: Hyperion Press.
  48.  3
    Intentional Directedness and Immanent Content.Hao Liu - 2020 - International Philosophical Quarterly 60 (1):23-36.
    This paper will investigate the roots of intentionality in Aristotle’s theory of perception and assess the accuracy of Brentano’s proposed location of intentionality in Aristotle. When introducing intentionality into contemporary philosophy, Brentano attributed it to Aristotle, whose theory of psychology he believed to reveal the characteristics of intentional inexistence. After setting up a working definition of intentionality that stresses such features as immanent content and intentional directedness, I will then clarify Aristotle’s theory of perception with regard to these two characteristics. (...)
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  49. Lo chi kuan tien.Fu-tsêng Liu - 1970
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  50. No Title available.J. J. Y. Liu - 1953 - Philosophy 28 (104):75-75.
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