Results for 'Hillary Schwarb'

138 found
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  1.  7
    Emotional dissociations in temporal associations: opposing effects of arousal on memory for details surrounding unpleasant events.Paul C. Bogdan, Sanda Dolcos, Kara D. Federmeier, Alejandro Lleras, Hillary Schwarb & Florin Dolcos - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion.
    Research targeting emotion’s impact on relational episodic memory has largely focused on spatial aspects, but less is known about emotion’s impact on memory for an event’s temporal associations. The present research investigated this topic. Participants viewed a series of interspersed negative and neutral images with instructions to create stories linking successive images. Later, participants performed a surprise memory test, which measured temporal associations between pairs of consecutive pictures where one picture was negative and one was neutral. Analyses focused on how (...)
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  2. The `corroboration' of theories.Hillary Putnam - 1974 - Philosophy of Science:121--137.
  3.  30
    “Calling Out” in Class: Degrees of Candor in Addressing Social Injustices in Racially Homogenous and Heterogeneous U.S. History Classrooms.Hillary Parkhouse & Virginia R. Massaro - 2019 - Journal of Social Studies Research 43 (1):17-31.
    Teaching for social justice requires an ability to address sensitive issues such as racism and sexism so that students can gain critical consciousness of these pervasive social realities. However, the empirical literature thus far provides minimal exploration of the factors teachers consider in deciding how to address these issues. This study explores this question through ethnographic case studies of two urban, 11th grade U.S. History classrooms. Differing classroom racial demographics and teacher instructional goals resulted in two distinct pedagogical approaches to (...)
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  4.  25
    Nonverbal Dialects and Accents in Facial Expressions of Emotion.Hillary Anger Elfenbein - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):90-96.
    This article focuses on a theoretical account integrating classic and recent findings on the communication of emotions across cultures: a dialect theory of emotion. Dialect theory uses a linguistic metaphor to argue emotion is a universal language with subtly different dialects. As in verbal language, it is more challenging to understand someone speaking a different dialect—which fits with empirical support for an in-group advantage, whereby individuals are more accurate judging emotional expressions from their own cultural group versus foreign groups. Dialect (...)
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  5.  12
    On Parenting From the Place Where Science, Medicine, and Love Collide.Hillary Savoie - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):8-11.
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  6.  25
    Society & Animals Journal of Human-Animal Studies.Hillary Twining, Arnold Arluke & Gary Patronek - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (1):25-52.
    Ethnographic interviews were conducted with 28 pit bull "owners" to explore the sociological experience of having a dog with a negative image. Results indicate that the vast majority of respondents felt that these dogs were stigmatized because of their breed. Respondents made this conclusion because friends, family, and strangers were apprehensive in the presence of their dogs and because they made accusations about the breed's viciousness and lack of predictability. In the face of this stigma, respondents resorted to using a (...)
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  7.  10
    By Reverence, Not Fear: Prestige, Religion, and Autonomic Regulation in the Evolution of Cooperation.Hillary L. Lenfesty & Thomas J. H. Morgan - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  8.  6
    Knock out social.Hillary Loza Cuellar - 2019 - Luxiérnaga - Revista de Estudiantes de Filosofía 9 (18):18-26.
    Todo ahora es diferente, la vida ha cambiado de manera inminente y casi sin que nos demos cuenta de ello. Se ha dejado de lado la importancia de tantas cosas, al parecer vivimos en una clase de “modo automático”, ya no surgen preguntas filosóficas, ya no hay interés en el porqué de las cosas, no hay curiosidad dentro de nosotros; ¿Qué está pasándole a la sociedad?, acaso es que hemos perdido una parte de ser humano que jamás volverá, la sensibilidad, (...)
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  9. : Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing.Hillary S. Schaefer & Andrew L. Alexander R. Richard J. Davidson - unknown
    ai Diminished gaze fixation is one of the core features of autism and has been proposed to be associated with abnormalities in the neural circuitry of affect. We tested this hypothesis in two separate studies using eye tracking while measuring functional brain activity during facial discrimination tasks in individuals with autism and in typically developing individuals. Activation in the fusiform gyrus and amygdala was strongly and positively correlated with the time spent fixating the eyes in the autistic group in both (...)
     
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  10.  91
    Expanding Western Definitions of Shamanism: A Conversation with Stephan Beyer, Stanley Krippner, and Hillary S. Webb.Hillary S. Webb - 2013 - Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (1):57-75.
    Where has the Western attraction to the study and practice of shamanic techniques brought us? Where might it take us? In what ways have our Western biases and philosophical underpinnings influenced and changed how shamanism is practiced, both in the West and in the traditional cultures out of which they emerged? Is it time to stop using the umbrella term “shamanism” to refer to such diverse cross-cultural practices? What are our responsibilities, both as researchers and as spiritual seekers? In this (...)
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  11.  18
    Weaning and the nature of early childhood interactions among bofi foragers in central Africa.Hillary N. Fouts, Barry S. Hewlett & Michael E. Lamb - 2001 - Human Nature 12 (1):27-46.
    Western scholarly literature suggests that (1) weaning is initiated by mothers; (2) weaning takes place within a few days once mothers decide to stop nursing; (3) mothers employ specific techniques to terminate nursing; (4) semi-solid foods (gruels and mashed foods) are essential when weaning; (5) weaning is traumatic for children (it leads to temper tantrums, aggression, etc.); (6) developmental stages in relationships with mothers and others can be demarcated by weaning; and (7) weaning is a process that involves mothers and (...)
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  12.  49
    Infant crying in hunter-Gatherer cultures.Hillary N. Fouts, Michael E. Lamb & Barry S. Hewlett - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):462-463.
    By synthesizing evolutionary, attachment, and acoustic perspectives, Soltis has provided an innovative model of infant cry acoustics and parental responsiveness. We question some of his hypotheses, however, because of the limited extant data on infant crying among hunter-gatherers. We also question Soltis' distinction between manipulative and honest signaling based upon recent contributions from attachment theory.
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  13.  15
    Parenting and Environmental Risk.Hillary N. Fouts & Lisa S. Silverman - 2015 - Human Nature 26 (1):73-88.
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  14.  13
    Linda Zabzebski's Virtues of the Mind.Hillary Kornblight - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):197.
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  15.  52
    Enhancing Research Ethics Review Systems in Egypt: The Focus of an International Training Program Informed by an Ecological Developmental Approach to Enhancing Research Ethics Capacity.Hillary Anne Edwards, Tamer Hifnawy & Henry Silverman - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):199-207.
    Recently, training programs in research ethics have been established to enhance individual and institutional capacity in research ethics in the developing world. However, commentators have expressed concern that the efforts of these training programs have placed ‘too great an emphasis on guidelines and research ethics review’, which will have limited effect on ensuring ethical conduct in research. What is needed instead is a culture of ethical conduct supported by national and institutional commitment to ethical practices that are reinforced by upstream (...)
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  16.  28
    Metaphysics before method?Hillary Nye - 2019 - Jurisprudence 10 (2):246-254.
    Volume 10, Issue 2, June 2019, Page 246-254.
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  17.  88
    Creativity, Culture Contact, and Diversity.Hillary Stephenson & Alfonso Montuori - 2010 - World Futures 66 (3-4):266-285.
    Recent trends in the understanding of culture contact, with concepts such as hybridization, cosmopolitanism, and cultural innovation, open up the possibility of a new understanding of human interaction. While the social imaginary is rich with images of conflict resulting from culture contact, images of creativity are far rarer. We propose the creation of an extensive research project to document cultural creativity, starting with obvious examples in the arts, and expanding into all areas of life in order to counteract the present (...)
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  18. The Analytic and the Synthetic'.Hillary Putman - 1975 - In Samuel D. Guttenplan (ed.), Mind and Language. Clarendon Press. pp. 2.
  19.  47
    The One-System View and Dworkin’s Anti-Archimedean Eliminativism.Hillary Nye - 2021 - Law and Philosophy 40 (3):247-276.
    Many of Dworkin’s interlocutors saw his ‘one-system view’, according to which law is a branch of morality, as a radical shift. I argue that it is better seen as a different way of expressing his longstanding view that legal theory is an inherently normative endeavor. Dworkin emphasizes that fact and value are separate domains, and one cannot ground claims of one sort in the other domain. On this view, legal philosophy can only answer questions from within either domain. We cannot (...)
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  20.  97
    Risk Disclosure and the Recruitment of Oocyte Donors: Are Advertisers Telling the Full Story?Hillary B. Alberta, Roberta M. Berry & Aaron D. Levine - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):232-243.
    This study analyzes 435 oocyte donor recruitment advertisements to assess whether entities recruiting donors of oocytes to be used for in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures include a disclosure of risks associated with the donation process in their advertisements. Such disclosure is required by the self-regulatory guidelines of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and by law in California for advertisements placed in the state. We find very low rates of risk disclosure across entity types and regulatory regimes, although risk (...)
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  21.  29
    Risk Disclosure and the Recruitment of Oocyte Donors: Are Advertisers Telling the Full Story?Hillary B. Alberta, Roberta M. Berry & Aaron D. Levine - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):232-243.
    In vitro fertilization using donated oocytes has proven to be an effective treatment option for many prospective parents struggling with infertility, and the usage of donated oocytes in assisted reproduction has increased markedly since the technique was first successfully used in 1984. Data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on the use of assisted reproductive technologies in the United States indicate that approximately 12% of all ART cycles in the country now use donated oocytes. The increased use (...)
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  22.  24
    Healthcare Access for the Deaf in Singapore: Overcoming Communication Barriers.Hillary Chua - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (4):377-390.
    Good communication between healthcare providers and patients is vital to effective healthcare. In order to understand patients’ complaints, make accurate diagnoses, obtain informed consent and explain treatment regimens, clinicians must communicate well with their patients. This can be challenging when treating patients from unfamiliar cultural backgrounds, such as the Deaf. Not only are they a linguistic and cultural minority, they are also members of the world’s largest and oft-forgotten minority group: the disability community. Under Article 25 of the United Nations (...)
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  23.  12
    The greening imaginary: urbanized nature in Germany’s Ruhr region.Hillary Angelo - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (5):645-669.
    This article provides a sociological explanation for urban “greening,” the normative practice of using everyday signifiers of nature to fix problems with urbanism. Although greening is commonly understood as a reaction against the pathologies of the industrial metropolis, such explanations cannot account for greening’s recurrence across varied social and historical contexts. Through a study of greening in Germany’s Ruhr region, a polycentric urban region that has repeatedly greened in the absence of a traditional city, I argue that greening is made (...)
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  24.  15
    Panel: Graphic Novel Forms Today Charles Burns, Daniel Clowes, Seth, Chris Ware.Hillary Chute - 2014 - Critical Inquiry 40 (3):151-168.
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  25.  23
    Karen Joy Fowler, We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves: A Novel. , 320 pp., Hardcover & Paperback, ISBN: 9780142180822.Hillary Moses Mohaupt - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (2):411-413.
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  26.  8
    Exact Separation of Recursively Enumerable Sets Within Theories.Hillary Putnam & R. M. Smullyan - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):362-362.
  27.  9
    Prime editing in plants and mammalian cells: Mechanism, achievements, limitations, and future prospects.V. Edwin Hillary & S. Antony Ceasar - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (9):2200032.
    Clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR‐associated protein (CRISPR/Cas) system has revolutionized genetic research in the life sciences. Four classes of CRISPR/Cas‐derived genome editing agents, such as nuclease, base editor, recombinase, and prime editor have been introduced for engineering the genomes of diverse organisms. The recently introduced prime editing system offers precise editing without many off‐target effects than traditional CRISPR‐based systems. Many researchers have successfully applied this gene‐editing toolbox in diverse systems for various genome‐editing applications. This review presents the mechanism (...)
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  28.  16
    De la olla común a la acción colectiva. Las mujeres “Yela” en Talca, 1980-1995.Hillary Hiner - 2011 - Polis 28.
    En 1986 se formó en Talca la Casa Yela, una de las primeras organizaciones de mujeres que luchaba en contra de la violencia doméstica y sexual. Compuesta principalmente de mujeres populares, esta pequeña ONG logró establecer su propia casa de acogida en 1995. Lo que nos interesa explorar en este artículo es la manera en que se fue articulando la Casa Yela, a nivel endógeno y exógeno, en términos de su configuración como grupo y su inserción dentro de una red (...)
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  29.  8
    Brief report dyadic effects in nonverbal communication: A variance partitioning analysis.Hillary Anger Elfenbein, Maw Der Foo, Jennifer Boldry & Hwee Hoon Tan - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (1):149-159.
  30.  25
    Hemifacial differences in the in-group advantage in.Hillary Anger Elfenbein, Manas K. Mandal, Nalini Arnbady, Susumu Harizuka & Surender Kurnar - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (5):613-629.
  31.  6
    My childhood before my eyes.Hillary Lake - 2009 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (2-3):192 – 194.
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  32.  7
    Bartheses: Barthesian Doubt Edition.Hillary Chute & Alison Bechdel - 2014 - Critical Inquiry 40 (3):52-52.
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  33.  47
    Feminist Graphic Art.Hillary Chute - 2018 - Feminist Studies 44 (1):153.
    Abstract:“Feminist Graphic Art” reviews recent feminist scholarly work on comics alongside several new feminist comics titles themselves, suggesting through a focus on theory and practice that the medium of comics is an expanding realm of possibility for feminist expression, particularly around issues of subjectivity, embodiment, and collectivity.
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  34.  11
    Special Issue: Comics & Media.Hillary Chute & Patrick Jagoda - 2014 - Critical Inquiry 40 (3):1-10.
  35.  15
    Reasoning About Want.Hillary Harner & Sangeet Khemlani - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (9):e13170.
    No present theory explains the inferences people draw about the real world when reasoning about “bouletic” relations, that is, predicates that express desires, such aswantin “Lee wants to be in love”. Linguistic accounts ofwantdefine it in terms of a relation to a desirer's beliefs, and how its complement is deemed desirable. In contrast, we describe a new model‐based theory that posits that by default, desire predicates such aswantcontrast desires against facts. In particular,A wants Pimplies by default thatPis not the case, (...)
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  36. Everyday Sacred: Religion in Contemporary Quebec.Hillary Kaell - unknown
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  37.  61
    Entropy of knowledge.Hillary Jay Kelley - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (2):178-196.
    Entropy is proposed as a concept which in its broader scope can contribute to the study of the General Information System. This paper attempts to identify a few fundamental subconcepts and LEMMAS which will serve to facilitate further study of system order. The paper discusses: partitioning order into logical and arbitrary kinds; the relationship of order to pattern; and suggested approaches to evaluating and improving the General Information System.
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  38. Doing Consciousness Studies at Goddard College.Hillary S. Webb & Francis X. Charet - 2007 - Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (1):51-64.
    In the first part of this article we briefly describe the design and development of a Consciousness Studies concentration at Goddard College, a student centered, progressive educational institution in the northeastern United States. We emphasize the tensions we experienced between different orientations in Consciousness Studies and especially the one related to the scientific and transpersonal ends of the spectrum of consciousness. In the second part, we relate the scientific‐transpersonal issue that we experienced at Goddard to the broader theory and practice (...)
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  39.  21
    Raz and the Rule of (Authoritative) Law.Hillary Nye* - 2022 - Ratio Juris 35 (3):258-272.
    Ratio Juris, Volume 35, Issue 3, Page 258-272, September 2022.
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  40.  36
    Finnis’s divided view of law: problems for adjudicative theory.Hillary Nye - 2020 - Jurisprudence 11 (4):503-529.
    Finnis’s theory of law distinguishes between law in the focal sense and law in the legal sense. Law in the focal sense is law that promotes the common good. Citizens may appeal to considerations of...
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  41.  17
    Editor's Note: Call for Managing Editor, Anthropology of Consciousness.Hillary Webb - 2011 - Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (2):102-102.
  42.  26
    :Intelligence in Nature: An Inquiry into Knowledge.Hillary S. Webb - 2007 - Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (1):116-118.
  43.  30
    The Use of Peyote as Treatment for Alcoholism within the NAC Community: Reflections on a Study.Hillary S. Webb - 2011 - Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (2):234-244.
    What are the ethical obligations of a researcher who wishes to study another culture's ceremonial practices, in particular those of the Native American Church (NAC)? What promise do peyote and the NAC peyote ceremony show for the treatment of alcoholism amongst NAC members? How does one approach the philosophical issues regarding “consciousness” within the context of such a study? In this interview, Dr. John Halpern, M.D., discusses how the fields of medicine and anthropology converged and informed one another over the (...)
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  44.  58
    Bird in hand: How experience makes nature. [REVIEW]Hillary Angelo - 2013 - Theory and Society 42 (4):351-368.
    It is almost a truism that nature is social, but by what means is nature made social at the level of the interactional encounter? While the transformation of society/nature relationships is often approached through the problematic of distance, and at the scale of macro-historical transformation, this article uses a conflict between American birdwatchers and ornithologists over scientific “collecting” (literally, the killing of birds) to examine the processes through which individuals come to know nature, and come to know it so differently. (...)
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  45.  14
    Cross-Cultural Emotion Recognition and In-Group Advantage in Vocal Expression: A Meta-Analysis.Petri Laukka & Hillary Anger Elfenbein - 2020 - Emotion Review 13 (1):3-11.
    Most research on cross-cultural emotion recognition has focused on facial expressions. To integrate the body of evidence on vocal expression, we present a meta-analysis of 37 cross-cultural studies...
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  46.  8
    Research in the USA on COVID-19’s long-term effects: measures needed to ensure black, indigenous and Latinx communities are not left behind.Michelle Medeiros, Hillary Anne Edwards & Claudia Rose Baquet - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (2):87-91.
    The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to expose underlying inequities in healthcare for black, indigenous and Latinx communities in the USA. The gaps in equitable care for communities of colour transcend the diagnosis, treatment and vaccinations related to COVID-19. We are experiencing a continued gap across racial and socioeconomic lines for those who suffer prolonged effects of COVID-19, also known as ‘Long COVID-19’. What we know about the treatment for Long COVID-19 so far is that it is complex, requires a multidisciplinary (...)
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  47.  14
    The Presidential Bioethics Commission: Pedagogical Materials and Bioethics Education.Lisa M. Lee, Hillary Wicai Viers & Misti Ault Anderson - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):16-19.
    The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues was created by President Obama in 2009 to identify and promote policies and practices that ensure scientific research, health care delivery, and technological innovation are conducted in socially and ethically responsible manners. The bioethics commission is an independent and thoughtful group of experts who advises the President and, in so doing, strives to educate the nation on bioethical issues. As part of the effort to promote policies and practices ensuring the ethical (...)
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  48. The untenable omission of touch in maternal sensitivity and attachment research.Maria Botero, Langley Hillary & Venta Amanda - 2019 - Infant and Child Development:early view.
    Despite an increase in research examining maternal and infant touch, and documenting its public health impact, this mode of interaction has historically been omitted from related fields of developmental research in human and non‐human primates. The broad aim of this review is to examine to what extent mother–infant touch has been included in relational paradigms and research. We argue that although theoretical and empirical scholarship on attachment and maternal sensitivity conceptualizes touch as fundamental to caregiver–infant interactions and child development more (...)
     
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  49. Individual Differences in Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Activity are Associated with Evaluation Speed and Psychological Well-being.Corrina J. Frye, Hillary S. Schaefer & Andrew L. Alexander - unknown
    & Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined whether individual differences in amygdala activation in response to negative relative to neutral information are related to differences in the speed with which such information is evaluated, the extent to which such differences are associated with medial prefrontal cortex function, and their relationship with measures of trait anxiety and psychological well-being (PWB). Results indicated that faster judgments of negative relative to neutral information were associated with increased left and right amygdala activation. In (...)
     
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  50.  5
    Book Review: Violence in the City of Women: Police and Batterers in Bahia, Brazil. By Sarah J. Hautzinger. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007, 342 pp., $58.00 (cloth); $22.95. [REVIEW]Hillary Potter - 2010 - Gender and Society 24 (6):840-841.
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