Results for 'Hendrik Heuer'

608 found
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  1.  2
    Machine Learning in Tutorials – Universal Applicability, Underinformed Application, and Other Misconceptions.Andreas Breiter, Juliane Jarke & Hendrik Heuer - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    Machine learning has become a key component of contemporary information systems. Unlike prior information systems explicitly programmed in formal languages, ML systems infer rules from data. This paper shows what this difference means for the critical analysis of socio-technical systems based on machine learning. To provide a foundation for future critical analysis of machine learning-based systems, we engage with how the term is framed and constructed in self-education resources. For this, we analyze machine learning tutorials, an important information source for (...)
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  2. Hendrik Petrus Berlage: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909.Hendrik Petrus Berlage - 1996 - The Getty Center for the History of Art.
    An architect and architectural philosopher, Berlage created a series of buildings and a body of writings that probed the problems and possibilities of Modernism. His principal texts, given here in English for the first time, present a vital chapter in the history of European Modernism.
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  3. The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Hendrik Lorenz presents a comprehensive study of Plato's and Aristotle's conceptions of non-rational desire. They see this as something that humans share with animals, and which aims primarily at the pleasures of food, drink, and sex. Lorenz explores the cognitive resources that both philosophers make available for the explanation of such desires, and what they take rationality to add to the motivational structure of human beings. In doing so, he finds conceptions of the mind that are coherent and deeply (...)
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  4. Philosophy as Responsibility: A Celebration of Hendrik Hart's Contribution to the Discipline.James H. Olthuis, Hendrik M. Vroom, John H. Kok, Dirk H. Th Vollenhoven, Nicholas John Ansell, Stoffel N. D. Francke, Gary R. Shahinian, Jeffrey Dudiak, Lambert Zuidervaart, D. Vaden House, Carroll Guen Hart, Janet Catherina Wesselius & Perry Recker (eds.) - 2002 - Upa.
    This festschrift collects a number of insightful essays by a group of accomplished Christian scholars, all of who have either worked with or studied under Hendrik Hart during his 35-year tenure as Senior Member in Systematic Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Canada.
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  5. The Lambda Calculus: Its Syntax and Semantics.Hendrik Pieter Barendregt - 1984 - Elsevier.
    The revised edition contains a new chapter which provides an elegant description of the semantics. The various classes of lambda calculus models are described in a uniform manner. Some didactical improvements have been made to this edition. An example of a simple model is given and then the general theory (of categorical models) is developed. Indications are given of those parts of the book which can be used to form a coherent course.
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  6.  69
    Aristotle’s Empiricist Theory of Doxastic Knowledge.Hendrik Lorenz & Benjamin Morison - 2019 - Phronesis 64 (4):431-464.
    Aristotle takes practical wisdom and arts or crafts to be forms of knowledge which, we argue, can usefully be thought of as ‘empiricist’. This empiricism has two key features: knowledge does not rest on grasping unobservable natures or essences; and knowledge does not rest on grasping logical relations that hold among propositions. Instead, knowledge rests on observation, memory, experience and everyday uses of reason. While Aristotle’s conception of theoretical knowledge does require grasping unobservable essences and logical relations that hold among (...)
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  7. The Assimilation of Sense to Sense-Object in Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 33:179-220.
  8.  2
    Das Bewusstsein der Krise: Marx, Nietzsche Und Die Emanzipation des Nichtidentischen in der Politischen Theorie.Hendrik Wallat - 2009 - Transcript Verlag.
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  9. Ancient Theories of Soul.Hendrik Lorenz - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ancient philosophical theories of soul are in many respects sensitive to ways of speaking and thinking about the soul psuchê] that are not specifically philosophical or theoretical. We therefore begin with what the word ‘soul’ meant to speakers of Classical Greek, and what it would have been natural to think about and associate with the soul. We then turn to various Presocratic thinkers, and to the philosophical theories that are our primary concern, those of Plato (first in the Phaedo, then (...)
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  10.  7
    Responsibility, Second Opinions and Peer-Disagreement: Ethical and Epistemological Challenges of Using AI in Clinical Diagnostic Contexts.Hendrik Kempt & Saskia K. Nagel - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (4):222-229.
    In this paper, we first classify different types of second opinions and evaluate the ethical and epistemological implications of providing those in a clinical context. Second, we discuss the issue of how artificial intelligent could replace the human cognitive labour of providing such second opinion and find that several AI reach the levels of accuracy and efficiency needed to clarify their use an urgent ethical issue. Third, we outline the normative conditions of how AI may be used as second opinion (...)
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  11.  48
    Natural Goals of Actions in Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (4):583--600.
    ABSTRACT:I argue that there are, according to Aristotle, two importantly different kinds of goals or ends in the domain of human agency and that one of these two kinds has been frequently, though not universally, overlooked. Apart from psychological goals, goals that agents adopt as their purposes, there are also, I submit, goals that actions have by being the kinds of actions they are and, in some cases, by occurring in the circumstances in which they do. These latter goals belong (...)
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  12. Virtue of Character in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Hendrik Lorenz - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 37:177 - 212.
  13.  6
    The Moral Self.Hendrik Y. Hutter - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (4):427-429.
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  14.  1
    Hendrik Antoon Lorentz’s Struggle with Quantum Theory.A. J. Kox - 2013 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 67 (2):149-170.
    A historical overview is given of the contributions of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz in quantum theory. Although especially his early work is valuable, the main importance of Lorentz’s work lies in the conceptual clarifications he provided and in his critique of the foundations of quantum theory.
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  15. Hendrik M. Vroom A Spectrum of Worldviews: An Introduction to Philosophy of Religion in a Pluralistic World, Tr. Morris and Alice Greidanus, Currents of Encounter 29. . Pp. Xi+331. € 70.00/US$91.00 , € 30.00/US$39.00 . ISBN 10 9042020482 , 13 9789042020467. [REVIEW]Mikel Burley - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (1):111.
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  16.  32
    Wolfgang Heuer, Bernd Heiter, Stefanie Rosenmüller : Arendt Handbuch. Leben – Werk – Wirkung.Tanja Balzer - 2013 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 66 (2):130-135.
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  17.  19
    Coming to Terms with Subjectivity.Hendrik De Smet & Jean-Christophe Verstraete - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 17 (3).
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  18.  58
    Catching Ourselves in the Act: Situated Activity, Interactive Emergence, Evolution, and Human Thought.Horst Hendriks-Jansen - 1996 - MIT Press.
    ""Catching Ourselves in the Act" is no less than an attempt to explain intelligence. Delightful how the author dismantles traditional views in.
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  19. Three Comments on Joseph Raz's Conception of Normativity.George Pavlakos, Niko Kolodny, Ulrike Heuer & Douglas Lavin - 2011 - Jurisprudence 2 (2):329-378.
    This section is a discussion of Joseph Raz's Conception of Normativity introduced by Georgios Pavlakos.
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  20.  15
    Ulrike Heuer, Gründe Und Motive. [REVIEW]Ralf Stoecker - 2002 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 65 (1):247-250.
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  21. Desire and Reason in Plato's Republic.Hendrik Lorenz - 2004 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 27:83-116.
  22.  5
    A New Ethical Framework for Assessing the Unique Challenges of Fetal Therapy Trials: Response to Commentaries.Saskia Hendriks, Christine Grady, David Wasserman, David Wendler, Diana W. Bianchi & Benjamin Berkman - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):45-61.
    New fetal therapies offer important prospects for improving health. However, having to consider both the fetus and the pregnant woman makes the risk–benefit analysis of fetal therapy trials challenging. Regulatory guidance is limited, and proposed ethical frameworks are overly restrictive or permissive. We propose a new ethical framework for fetal therapy research. First, we argue that considering only biomedical benefits fails to capture all relevant interests. Thus, we endorse expanding the considered benefits to include evidence-based psychosocial effects of fetal therapies. (...)
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  23. Reasons for Actions and Desires.Ulrike Heuer - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 121 (1):43–63.
    It is an assumption common to many theories of rationality that all practical reasons are based on a person's given desires. I shall call any approach to practical reasons which accepts this assumption a "Humean approach". In spite of many criticisms, the Humean approach has numerous followers who take it to be the natural and inevitable view of practical reason. I will develop an argument against the Humean view aiming to explain its appeal, as well as to expose its mistake. (...)
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  24.  18
    Hendrik Obsieger: Plutarch: De E apud Delphos. Über das Epsilon am Apollontempel in Delphi. Einführung, Ausgabe und Kommentar.Katharina Comoth - 2014 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 67 (1):005-008.
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  25.  5
    How Does the Stock Market Value Female Directors? International Evidence.Hendrik Rupertus & Thomas R. Loy - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (1):117-154.
    We analyze investors’ perception and long-term effects of board gender diversity on firms’ stock market performance in an international setting. Our results, controlling for the endogenous nature of board compositions, indicate that female board representation neither improves nor reduces firms’ long-term stock performance. Hence, we argue that it is imperative to go beyond the conventional thinking in terms of the business case for gender diversity and broaden the perspective also to incorporate societal and ethical aspects in the strive to board (...)
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  26.  23
    Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, the Ether, and the General Theory of Relativity.A. J. Kox - 1989 - In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser. pp. 1--201.
  27. Reasons and Impossibility.Ulrike Heuer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):235 - 246.
    In this paper, I argue that a person can have a reason to do what she cannot do. In a nutshell, the argument is that a person can have derivate reasons relating to an action that she has a non-derivative reason to perform. There are clear examples of derivative reasons that a person has in cases where she cannot do what she (non-derivatively) has reason to do. She couldn’t have those derivative reasons, unless she also had the non-derivative reason to (...)
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  28. Strukturelle Zwänge – Persönliche Freiheiten: Osmanen, Türken, Muslime: Reflexionen Zu Gesellschaftlichen Umbrüchen. Gedenkband Zu Ehren Petra Kapperts.Hendrik Fenz - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    The present volume produced in honour of the turcologist Petra Kappert concentrates on the subject of social upheavals. The papers range widely, historically from the beginnings of the Ottoman Empire up to the present day, geographically from Persia to the Caucasus and from there to Berlin today, and thematically the volume offers an impressive variety of subjects from history, philology, literature and cultural studies to the philosophy of law, sociology and politics.
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  29. Virtue of Character in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Hendrik Lorenz - 2009 - In Brad Inwood (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Volume 37. Oxford University Press.
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  30.  2
    How People Evaluate Anti-Corona Measures for Their Social Spheres: Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control.Hendrik Godbersen, Laura Anna Hofmann & Susana Ruiz-Fernández - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  31. Hendrik Lorenz, The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle.Jonathan Barnes - 2007 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 1:185-194.
    A review of Hendrik Lorenz, The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2006.
     
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  32.  6
    Linear Discriminant Analysis Achieves High Classification Accuracy for the BOLD fMRI Response to Naturalistic Movie Stimuli.Hendrik Mandelkow, Jacco A. de Zwart & Jeff H. Duyn - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  33.  33
    Pauline Chazan, the Moral Self and Johannes A. Van der Ven, Formation of the Moral Self.Hendrik Y. Hutter - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (4):427-429.
  34.  77
    Children’s Application of Theory of Mind in Reasoning and Language.Liesbeth Flobbe, Rineke Verbrugge, Petra Hendriks & Irene Krämer - 2008 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (4):417-442.
    Many social situations require a mental model of the knowledge, beliefs, goals, and intentions of others: a Theory of Mind (ToM). If a person can reason about other people’s beliefs about his own beliefs or intentions, he is demonstrating second-order ToM reasoning. A standard task to test second-order ToM reasoning is the second-order false belief task. A different approach to investigating ToM reasoning is through its application in a strategic game. Another task that is believed to involve the application of (...)
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  35.  6
    “I’m afraid I can’t let you do that, Doctor”: meaningful disagreements with AI in medical contexts.Hendrik Kempt, Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Saskia K. Nagel - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-8.
    This paper explores the role and resolution of disagreements between physicians and their diagnostic AI-based decision support systems. With an ever-growing number of applications for these independently operating diagnostic tools, it becomes less and less clear what a physician ought to do in case their diagnosis is in faultless conflict with the results of the DSS. The consequences of such uncertainty can ultimately lead to effects detrimental to the intended purpose of such machines, e.g. by shifting the burden of proof (...)
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  36.  15
    Christian Philosophy: Transformation or Inner Reformation.Hendrik G. Geertsema - 1987 - Philosophia Reformata 52 (2):139-165.
  37.  73
    Legal Evidence and Proof: Statistics, Stories, Logic.Hendrik Kaptein - 2008 - Ashgate.
    With special attention being paid to recent developments in Artificial Intelligence and the Law, specifically related to evidentiary reasoning, this book ...
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  38. The Paradox of Deontology, Revisited.Ulrike Heuer - 2011 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  39.  7
    Spinoza in der Jüdischen Aufklärung: Baruch Spinoza Als Diskursive Grenzfigur des Jüdischen Und Nichtjüdischen in den Texten der Haskala von Moses Mendelssohn Bis Salomon Rubin Und in Frühen Zionistischen Zeugnissen.Jan-Hendrik Wulf - 2012 - Akademie Verlag.
    Kaum ein anderer Denker hat die jüdische Moderne in einem so hohen Maße beeinflusst wie der Philosoph Baruch Spinoza. Als eine intellektuelle Grenzfigur, die nach ihrer Verbannung aus der jüdischen Gemeinde Amsterdams im Jahre 1656 in die christlich-abendländische Geisteswelt eintrat, inspirierte er jene Aufklärer der Haskala, die ein gutes Jahrhundert später nach einem eigenen jüdischen Weg in die europäische Moderne suchten. Diese Denker trafen dabei auf eine nichtjüdische Gelehrtenwelt, in der sich mit dem Namen des niederländischen Philosophen ebenso idealisierende Erwartungen (...)
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  40.  80
    Intentions and the Reasons for Which We Act.Ulrike Heuer - 2014 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 114 (3pt3):291-315.
    Many of the things we do in the course of a day we don't do intentionally: blushing, sneezing, breathing, blinking, smiling—to name but a few. But we also do act intentionally, and often when we do we act for reasons. Whether we always act for reasons when we act intentionally is controversial. But at least the converse is generally accepted: when we act for reasons we always act intentionally. Necessarily, it seems. In this paper, I argue that acting intentionally is (...)
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  41. Immanuel Kant En Het Volle Leven.Hendrik Procee - 2004 - Damon.
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  42.  10
    Oorsigartikel – F. Gerrit Immink Se Prakties–Teologiese Studie van Die Geloofspraktyk: Liturgiese Vernuwing in Die Protestantse Tradisie.Hendrik J. C. Pieterse - 2017 - HTS Theological Studies 73 (4):1-7.
    This contribution is a review article on the three most important books by F. Gerrit Immink in practical theology. His approach to this discipline is studying faith praxis of the Protestantse Kerk in Nederland which is a church in the Reformed tradition. In his first book he explained his approach to practical theology in a discussion with the action theory and hermeneutical-communucative approaches. His choice for the study of faith praxis opens the way for a more theological approach to him (...)
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  43.  31
    On the Space Group of MgAl2O4spinel.L. Hwang, A. H. Heuer & T. E. Mitchell - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (1):241-243.
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  44. Reasons, Impossibility and Efficient Steps: Reply to Heuer.Bart Streumer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (1):79 - 86.
    Ulrike Heuer argues that there can be a reason for a person to perform an action that this person cannot perform, as long as this person can take efficient steps towards performing this action. In this reply, I first argue that Heuer's examples fail to undermine my claim that there cannot be a reason for a person to perform an action if it is impossible that this person will perform this action. I then argue that, on a plausible (...)
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  45. The Analysis of the Soul in Plato's Republic.Hendrik Lorenz - 2006 - In Gerasimos Xenophon Santas (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Plato's Republic. Blackwell. pp. 146--165.
  46.  21
    L’Ecole Sucrière Belge de Glons.Hendrik Deelstra & Michel Peters - 2008 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 1 (3):226.
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  47.  29
    Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife of the Roman City: Architecture and Ceremony in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Pp. Xiv, 291; 49 Black-and-White Figures and 8 Color Plates. $99. ISBN: 978-1-107-06918-3. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Marlowe - 2017 - Speculum 92 (2):514-515.
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  48.  82
    Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams.Ulrike Heuer & Gerald Lang (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Luck, Value, and Commitment comprises eleven new essays which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929-2003).
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  49.  8
    A Church with Character and its Social Capital for Projects Amongst the Poor.Hendrik J. C. Pieterse - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (3).
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  50. Wrongness and Reasons.Ulrike Heuer - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):137 - 152.
    Is the wrongness of an action a reason not to perform it? Of course it is, you may answer. That an action is wrong both explains and justifies not doing it. Yet, there are doubts. Thinking that wrongness is a reason is confused, so an argument by Jonathan Dancy. There can’t be such a reason if ‘ϕ-ing is wrong’ is verdictive, and an all things considered judgment about what (not) to do in a certain situation. Such judgments are based on (...)
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