11 found
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  1.  50
    Public participation in genetic databases: crossing the boundaries between biobanks and forensic DNA databases through the principle of solidarity.Helena Machado & Susana Silva - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):820-824.
  2.  25
    Forensic DNA databases in European countries: is size linked to performance?Susana Silva, Helena Machado & Filipe Santos - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-13.
    The political and financial investments in the implementation of forensic DNA databases and the ethical issues related to their use and expansion justify inquiries into their performance and general utility. The main function of a forensic DNA database is to produce matches between individuals and crime scene stains, which requires a constant input of individual profiles and crime scene stains. This is conditioned, among other factors, by the legislation, namely the criteria for inclusion of profiles and the periods of time (...)
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  3.  1
    Governing expectations of forensic innovations in society: the case of FDP in Germany.Nina Amelung & Helena Machado - 2021 - New Genetics and Society 40 (4):498-519.
    This article is about the governance of expectations of forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) innovations in Germany used for the prediction of human externally visible traits such as eye, hair, and skin color, as well as biological age and biogeographic ancestry. In 2019, FDP technologies were regulated under the label “extended DNA analysis”. We focus on the expectations of members of the forensic genetics’ community in Germany, in anticipation and response to those of regulators who advocated for such technologies. Confronted with (...)
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  4.  7
    Ethical Controversies of Familial Searching: The Views of Stakeholders in the United Kingdom and in Poland.Helena Machado & Rafaela Granja - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (6):1068-1092.
    Familial searching is a technology that detects genetic relatedness. The term is generally used to refer to searches conducted in criminal DNA databases to identify criminal suspects through their connection with relatives. Beyond criminal investigation purposes, familial searching might also be used for the identification of unknown bodies and missing persons. The United Kingdom and Poland are cases that illustrate the variability of familial searching meanings, uses, and regulations. In the United Kingdom, familial searching is regulated by exceptionality and is (...)
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  5.  6
    Gender and ethics in qualitative interviewing: Research relationships in the context of a study of infertility in portugal.Helena Machado & Susana Silva - 2008 - Ethics 6 (2-3):157-170.
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  6. Gender and ethics in qualitative interviewing : research relationships in the context of a study of infertility in Portugal.Helena Machado & Susana Silva - 2011 - In Jeremy S. Duncan (ed.), Perspectives on ethics. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
     
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  7. Police epistemic culture and boundary work with judicial authorities and forensic scientists: the case of transnational DNA data exchange in the EU.Helena Machado & Rafaela Granja - 2019 - New Genetics and Society 38 (3):289-307.
    The exchange of forensic DNA data is seen as an increasingly important tool in criminal investigations into organised crime, control strategies and counter-terrorism measures. On the basis of a set of interviews with police professionals involved in the transnational exchange of DNA data between EU countries, this paper examines how forensic DNA evidence is given meaning within the various different ways of constructing a police epistemic culture, it is, a set of shared values concerning valid knowledge and practices normatively considered (...)
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  8.  23
    The (De)materialization of Criminal Bodies in Forensic DNA Phenotyping.Filipa Queirós, Helena Machado & Rafaela Granja - 2021 - Body and Society 27 (1):60-84.
    Forensic DNA phenotyping is a genetic technology that might be used in criminal investigations. Based on DNA samples of the human body found at crime scenes, it allows to infer externally visible characteristics (such as eye, hair and skin colour) and continental-based biogeographical ancestry. By indicating the probable visible appearance of a criminal suspect, forensic DNA phenotyping allows to narrow down the focus of a criminal investigation. In this article, drawing on interviews with forensic geneticists, we explore how their narratives (...)
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  9.  10
    Public Perspectives on Risks and Benefits of Forensic DNA Databases: An Approach to the Influence of Professional Group, Education, and Age.Susana Silva & Helena Machado - 2015 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 35 (1-2):16-24.
    There is scarce knowledge about the influence of the professional group, education, and age on public perspectives on the risks and benefits of forensic DNA databases. Based on data collected through an online questionnaire applied to 628 individuals in Portugal, this research fills that gap. More than three quarters of the respondents believed that the Portuguese forensic DNA database can help fight crime more efficiently and develop a swifter and more accurate justice, whereas only approximately half thought that it could (...)
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  10.  21
    Voluntary Participation in Forensic DNA Databases: Altruism, Resistance, and Stigma.Susana Silva & Helena Machado - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (2):322-343.
    The public’s understanding of forensic DNA databases remains undertheorized and few empirical studies have been produced. This article aims to address this omission by exploring the answers to an open-ended question taken from an online questionnaire regarding the reasons for individuals’ voluntarily accepting or refusing to allow their DNA profile to be included in the Portuguese forensic DNA database. The analysis is undertaken from the perspective of biological citizenship and the simultaneous empowering and disempowering effects of surveillance. The results indicate (...)
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  11.  32
    Biologising Paternity, Moralising Maternity: The Construction of Parenthood in the Determination of Paternity Through the Courts in Portugal. [REVIEW]Helena Machado - 2008 - Feminist Legal Studies 16 (2):215-236.
    This article explores how the Portuguese legal system’s efforts to determine paternity of children born outside legal marriage, automatically initiated by the Registry Office when a birth registration does not indicate the father, reveal cultural models which reinforce the naturalisation of the differences between mothers and fathers, with significant effects on the social construction of parental roles and on expectations of family organisation and female sexual behaviour. The article relies on ethnographic data drawn from direct observation of court proceedings for (...)
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