Outlining the major ideas and achievements of the great French thinker Reneescartes, this is an introductory guide to a man whose ground-breakingheories have been rocking the status quo for over three centuries.;From hisirth into the brave new scientific world of Copernicus and Galileo to hisemise and the unusual fate of his body, this book first presents a soundntroduction to the context of Descartes's life and thought. Harry M. Brackenhen draws on the words of Descartes himself to introduce the philosopher'sontroversial theories (...) on the dualism of mind and body and the supremacy ofhe rational ideal, before providing a sharp analysis of the continuing rolef Rene Descartes in our own philosophical and moral landscape. (shrink)
Social media applications such as Twitter, YouTube and Facebook have attained huge popularity, with more than three billion people and organizations predicted to have a social networking account by 2015. Social media offers a rapid avenue of communication with the public and has potential benefits for communicable disease control and surveillance. However, its application in everyday public health practice raises a number of important issues around confidentiality and autonomy. We report here a case from local level health protection where the (...) friend of an individual with meningococcal septicaemia used a social networking site to notify potential contacts. (shrink)
My claim is clear and unambiguous: no machine will pass a well-designed Turing Test unless we find some means of embedding it in lived social life. We have no idea how to do this but my argument, and all our evidence, suggests that it will not be a necessary condition that the machine have more than a minimal body. Exactly how minimal is still being worked out.
This volume in the “Past Masters” series is a short introduction to Berkeley’s philosophy. Urmson begins with an account of the “corpuscularian philosophy,” which is followed by a discussion of Berkeley’s attack on matter. Urmson takes Locke’s philosophy to be corpuscularian. The foundation of his interpretation is that Berkeley is attacking Newton and Locke. Berkeley is, moreover, said to be an “extreme empiricist”. He also reads Berkeley as an implicit proponent of grounding language on ostensively defined terms. So it comes (...) as no surprise that Urmson provides us with a phenomenalist interpretation of Berkeley, and of course phenomenalism is a philosophical position whose flaws have long been clear to Urmson. (shrink)
We present evidence indicating new individual differences with people's intuitions about the relation of determinism to freedom and moral responsibility. We analysed participants' written explanations of why a person acted. Participants offered one of either 'decision' or 'causal' based explanations of behaviours in some paradigmatic cases. Those who gave causal explanations tended to have more incompatibilist intuitions than those who gave decision explanations. Importantly, the affective content of a scenario influenced the type of explanation given. Scenarios containing highly affective actions (...) (e.g. murder) tended to generate more decision explanations than scenarios with low affective content (e.g. cheating on taxes). These results give important clues about the proximal processes generating some intuitions about free will and moral responsibility. (shrink)
Harry M. Bracken - The Other Bishop Berkeley: An Exercise in Reenchantment - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 46.1 177 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Harry M. Bracken Arizona State University Costica Bradatan. The Other Bishop Berkeley: An Exercise in Reenchantment. New York: Fordham University Press, 2007. pp. x + 227. Cloth, $55.00. This new book on Berkeley attempts to add a new perspective on Berkeley's continuing importance. In this (...) review, I will comment only on the author's main intention "to do justice to the historical truth, as far as this is possible, by pointing to.. (shrink)