Results for 'Hannu Tiitinen'

46 found
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  1.  39
    How to Interface Cognitive Psychology with Cognitive Neuroscience?Hannu Tiitinen - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):148-149.
    Cowan's analysis of human short-term memory (STM) and attention in terms of processing limits in the range of 4 items (or “chunks”) is discussed from the point of view of cognitive neuroscience. Although, Cowan already provides many important theoretical insights, we need to learn more about how to build further bridges between cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience.
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  2. Inequality and Optimal Redistribution.Hannu Tanninen, Matti Tuomala & Elina Tuominen - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    From the 1980s onward income inequality increased in many advanced countries. It is very difficult to account for the rise in income inequality using the standard labour supply/demand explanation. Fiscal redistribution has become less effective in compensating increasing inequalities since the 1990s. Some of the basic features of redistribution can be explained through the optimal tax framework developed by J.A. Mirrlees in 1971. This Element surveys some of the earlier results in linear and nonlinear taxation and produces some new numerical (...)
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  3.  23
    Self-Re-Interpretations : From Restricted to General Substitutability.Hannu Poutiainen - 2015 - Derrida Today 8 (2):156-174.
    This article elaborates on Christopher Norris's claim that certain aspects of Derrida's work are amenable to formalisation in modal-logical terms. Norris contends that any adequate analysis of the logic behind Derrida's work must provide an account of the notions of possibility, necessity, and necessary possibility, particularly as they are related to Derrida's notion of iterability. This article examines the further hypothesis that Derrida's understanding of modality, according to which possibilities must be accounted for even if they are never realised, might (...)
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  4. Estetiikan Syntysanat: Suomalaisen Estetiikan Avainkirjoituksia Valistusajalta 1970-Luvun Alkuun.Hannu Riikonen & Oiva Kuisma (eds.) - 2005 - Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.
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  5.  22
    Comparative Process Tracing: Making Historical Comparison Structured and Focused.Hannu Ruonavaara & Bo Bengtsson - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (1):44-66.
    This article introduces comparative process tracing as a two-step methodological approach that combines theory, chronology, and comparison. For each studied case, the processes leading “from A to B” are reconstructed and analyzed in terms of ideal-type social mechanisms and then compared by making use of the identified mechanisms and ideal-type periodization. Central elements of CPT are path dependence, critical junctures and focal points, social mechanisms, context, periodization, and counterfactual analysis. The CPT approach is described, discussed, and compared with more formal (...)
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  6.  14
    II. Taking on Superior Beings: Professor Brams's Game‐Theoretic Theology∗.Hannu Nurmi - 1984 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 27 (1-4):159-166.
    This is s review essay on Steven J. Brams's "Superior Beings".
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  7.  38
    A Comparison of Some Distance-Based Choice Rules in Ranking Environments.Hannu Nurmi - 2004 - Theory and Decision 57 (1):5-24.
    We discuss the relationships between positional rules (such as plurality and approval voting as well as the Borda count), Dodgson’s, Kemeny’s and Litvak’s methods of reaching consensus. The discrepancies between methods are seen as results of different intuitive conceptions of consensus goal states and ways of measuring distances therefrom. Saari’s geometric methodology is resorted to in the analysis of the consensus reaching methods.
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  8.  36
    Some Properties of the Lehrer-Wagner Method for Reaching Rational Consensus.Hannu Nurmi - 1985 - Synthese 62 (1):13 - 24.
  9.  63
    A Simple Model of Secure Public Communication.Hannu Vartiainen - 2009 - Theory and Decision 67 (1):101-122.
    Public communication is secure if a hostile third-party cannot decode the messages exchanged by the communicating parties. In Nash equilibrium, communication by computationally unbounded players cannot be secure. We assume complexity averse players, and show that a simple, secure, and costless communication protocol becomes available as the marginal complexity cost tends to zero.
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  10.  68
    Discrepancies in the Outcomes Resulting From Different Voting Schemes.Hannu Nurmi - 1988 - Theory and Decision 25 (2):193-208.
    It is well-known that different social choice procedures often result in different choice sets. The article focuses on how often this is likely to happen in impartial cultures. The focus is on Borda count, plurality method, max-min method and Copeland's procedure. The probabilities of Condorcet violations of the Borda count and plurality method are also reported. Although blatantly false as a descriptive hypothesis, the impartial culture assumption can be given an interpretation which makes the results obtained in impartial cultures particularly (...)
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  11.  2
    Anti-Legalism: Five Essays in the Finalistic Theory of Law.Hannu Tapani Klami - 1980 - Turun Yliopisto.
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  12.  59
    On the Difficulty of Making Social Choices.Hannu Nurmi - 1995 - Theory and Decision 38 (1):99-119.
    The difficulty of making social choices seems to take on two forms: one that is related to both preferences and the method used in aggregating them and one which is related to the preferences only. In the former type the difficulty has to do with the discrepancies of outcomes resulting from various preference aggregation methods and the computation of winners in elections. Some approaches and results which take their motivation from the computability theory are discussed. The latter ‘institution-free’ type of (...)
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  13.  68
    Evidence and Legal Reasoning: On the Intertwinement of the Probable and the Reasonable. [REVIEW]Hannu Tapani Klami, Johanna Sorvetulla & Minna Hatakka - 1991 - Law and Philosophy 10 (1):73 - 107.
    The facts to be proven in a lawsuit can be more or less probable. But the recognition of the relevant facts may require discretion or evaluative operations; moreover, a just and equitable interpretation of a contract may depend on what the contracting parties knew about the intentions of each other. Can, e.g., negligence be more or less probable? Can Ought be proven? There is, however, a structural similarity between legal interpretation and the evalution of evidence and not only an intertwinement (...)
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  14.  3
    Law and Truth: A Theory of Evidence.Hannu Tapani Klami - 2000 - Finnish Academy of Science and Letters.
  15. Meta-Meta. Comments on the Ontology and Epistemology of Aarnio's Legal Theory.Hannu Tapani Klami - 1979 - In Aleksander Peczenik & Jyrki Uusitalo (eds.), Reasoning on Legal Reasoning. Society of Finnish Lawyers. pp. 167.
     
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  16.  27
    Legal Justification and Control: Sociological Aspects of Legal Philosophy. [REVIEW]Hannu Tapani Klami - 1985 - Law and Philosophy 4 (2):199 - 215.
  17.  8
    Non-Professional Judicial Reasoning.Hannu Tapani Klami, Merva Hämäläinen & Johanna Sorvettula - forthcoming - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia Del Diritto.
  18.  5
    Environment and Evidence.Hannu Tapani Klami & Johanna Sorvettula - 1991 - Rechtstheorie 22:352-363.
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  19.  5
    Zero-One Law and Definability of Linear Order.Hannu Niemistö - 2009 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (1):105-123.
  20.  52
    Narrative Research: Voices of Teachers and Philosophers.Rauno Huttunen, Hannu L. T. Heikkinen & Leena Syrjälä (eds.) - 2002 - Jyväskylä: SoPhi.
    Why do we tell our life stories? What is the point of studying narratives? What is the truth of narratives? How are narratives collected and studied by researchers? In this book the voices of teachers, education researchers, student teachers and philosophers join to form a polyphonic voice that attempts to answer these questions. They shed light on the obscure world of narrative research. This book contains both theoretical articles and empirical examples of narrative research. The theoretical articles introduce and develop (...)
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  21. Recruitment Interviews for Intermediate Labour Markets: Identity Construction Under Ambiguous Expectations.Tea Lempiälä & Sanni Tiitinen - 2022 - Discourse Studies 24 (6):758-780.
    Intermediate labour markets provide fixed-term work opportunities and coaching for people in disadvantaged positions in labour markets. We study 46 sequences from six audio-recorded recruitment interviews for an ILM job targetted at people who have been unemployed for a prolonged period. Using an ethnomethodological approach to identity, membership categorisation analysis and conversation analysis, we study how interviewers and candidates construct and negotiate who is fit for the ILM job. We present interactional moves through which the participants jointly construct the ‘fit (...)
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  22.  12
    Portraying Intelligence: Children's Drawings of Intelligent Men and Women in Finnish and Russian Karelia.Hannu Räty, Katri Komulainen, Tuuli Paajanen, Mia Markkanen, Nina Skorokhodova & Vadim Kolesnikov - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (5):573-586.
    This study sets out to examine Finnish and Russian children?s representations of intellectual competence as contextualised in the hierarchies of abilities, age and gender. Finnish and Russian pupils, aged 11?12?years, were asked to draw pictures of an intelligent person and an ordinary person. It was found that gender appearance of intelligent men and women was less heterosexual than that of ordinary men and women. In Russian pictures, the intelligent characters, especially women, were widely separated from the ordinary ones in terms (...)
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  23.  10
    Parents’ Perceptions of Their Children’s Schools: Findings From a Five‐Year Longitudinal Study.Hannu Räty & Kati Kasanen - 2007 - Educational Studies 33 (3):339-351.
    This longitudinal study set out to examine, in the light of the parents’ education and gender and the child’s gender, the changes that occurred in the course of five years in parents’ satisfaction with the functioning of their child’s school. Academically and vocationally educated mothers and fathers were asked to indicate their satisfaction with different aspects of their child’s school at the end of the first, third and fifth school year. It was found that the level of parental satisfaction was (...)
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  24.  40
    An Axiomatic Analysis of the Nash Equilibrium Concept.Hannu Salonen - 1992 - Theory and Decision 33 (2):177-189.
  25.  9
    Cultural History, the Possible, and the Principle of Plenitude1.Hannu Salmi - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (2):171-187.
    Cultural historical research has deliberately challenged “historical realism,” the view that history is comprised entirely of observable actions that actually occurred, and instead has emphasized the historical significance of thoughts, emotions, and representations; it has also focused on the invisible, the momentary, and the perishable. These latter elements introduce the notion of the possible in history. This article examines the ways in which cultural history has approached the notion of the possible, as well as the methodological and theoretical implications of (...)
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  26.  7
    Intention in School Choice Among Finnish Parents.Hannu Räty - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (2):219-222.
  27.  7
    Are Parents’ Academic Gender Stereotypes and Changes in Them Related to Their Perceptions of Their Child’s Mathematical Competence?Hannu Räty & Riitta Kärkkäinen - 2011 - Educational Studies 37 (3):371-374.
    In the course of their child?s school years, a group of parents were asked to assess their child?s mathematical competence and indicate whether they endorsed the gender stereotype pertaining to it. Once the child had entered upper primary school, the consistent stereotypic parents tended to rate their boys? mathematical competence higher than the parents of girls did. Additionally, the parents whose attitude turned into an anti?stereotypical one perceived their girls? mathematical competencies as higher than those of the boys, which was (...)
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  28.  8
    What Comes After Compulsory Education? A Follow‐Up Study on Parental Expectations of Their Child's Future Education.Hannu Räty - 2006 - Educational Studies 32 (1):1-16.
    This paper examines the contribution of parents? education and children?s gender on parental expectations of their children?s future education and the role of parental perceptions of their child?s competencies in the formation of their expectations. A group of university and vocationally educated parents (N = 418) were asked to estimate the probability of their child entering gymnasium (high school) or vocational education and assess the child?s competencies, first in preschool, and then at the end of the third school year. It (...)
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  29.  3
    Parents as Demanding Tax Payers? Finnish Findings.Hannu Räty & Kati Kasanen - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (3):351-354.
    Though not categorically opposed to the idea, Finnish parents tended to resist rather than endorse the view of parents as tax payers who can make demands for the efficacy of schooling and expected teacher performance. However, parents with vocational training tended to resist this view less than parents from higher educational groups. Additionally, dissatisfaction with a child?s primary schooling and support for a selective educational policy were both associated with a tendency to view this role in a relatively positive light.
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  30. Philosophy for Children as an Educational Practice.Riku Välitalo, Hannu Juuso & Ari Sutinen - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 35 (1):79-92.
    During the past 40 years, the Philosophy for Children movement has developed a dialogical framework for education that has inspired people both inside and outside academia. This article concentrates on analysing the historical development in general and then taking a more rigorous look at the recent discourse of the movement. The analysis proceeds by examining the changes between the so-called first and second generation, which suggests that Philosophy for Children is adapting to a postmodern world by challenging the humanistic ideas (...)
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  31. Voting Procedures for Electing a Single Candidate: Proving Their (in)Vulnerability to Various Voting Paradoxes.Dan S. Felsenthal & Hannu Nurmi - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book deals with 18 voting procedures used or proposed for use in elections resulting in the choice of a single winner. These procedures are evaluated in terms of their ability to avoid paradoxical outcomes. Together with a companion volume by the same authors, Monotonicity Failures Afflicting Procedures for Electing a Single Candidate, published by Springer in 2017, this book aims at giving a comprehensive overview of the most important advantages and disadvantages of procedures thereby assisting decision makers in the (...)
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  32. Voting Procedures Under a Restricted Domain: An Examination of the (in)Vulnerability of 20 Voting Procedures to Five Main Paradoxes.Dan S. Felsenthal & Hannu Nurmi - 2019 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
    This book deals with 20 voting procedures used or proposed for use in elections resulting in the choice of a single winner. These procedures are evaluated in terms of their ability to avoid five important paradoxes in a restricted domain, viz., when a Condorcet winner exists and is elected in the initial profile. Together with the two companion volumes by the same authors, published by Springer in 2017 and 2018, this book aims at giving a comprehensive overview of the most (...)
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  33. Risk Regulation in the Baltic Sea Ferry Traffic: The Successive Failures of Bow Visor Technology.Juha Sakari Laurila & Hannu Ilmari Hänninen - 2008 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 33 (6):683-706.
    This article contributes to research on the regulation of technological risks in the form of a case study of the Baltic Sea ferry traffic. The analysis suggests that the social systemic features of an industry heavily influence the relationship between technological failures and risk regulation. The study augments recent work on how regulations affect the handling of technological risks and how failures influence regulatory arrangements. These issues have already been studied in the context of aviation, auto, chemical, nuclear power, and (...)
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  34.  1
    The Social Construction of Nuclear Community: Building Trust in the World’s First Repository for Spent Nuclear Fuel.Sari Yli-Kauhaluoma & Hannu Hänninen - 2014 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 34 (5-6):133-144.
    ONKALO, the world’s first repository for the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel, is being constructed in Eurajoki, Finland. We study how the constructor of this facility portrays it to the local community in order to influence lay understanding of the disposal risk, build trust, and gain public approval for the construction project. The study is based on a framing analysis of the newsletters published by the constructor of the facility in 2000-2014. The results suggest that the nuclear industry has (...)
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  35.  37
    The Drivers of Responsible Investment: The Case of European Pension Funds. [REVIEW]Riikka Sievänen, Hannu Rita & Bert Scholtens - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):137-151.
    We investigate what drives responsible investment of European pension funds. Pension funds are institutional investors who assure the income of part of the population for a long period of time. Increasingly, stakeholders hold pension funds accountable for the non-financial consequences of their investments and many funds have engaged in responsible investing. However, it appears that there is a wide difference between pension funds in this respect. We investigate what determines pension funds’ responsible investments on the basis of a survey of (...)
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  36.  25
    Being Moved by Unfamiliar Sad Music Is Associated with High Empathy.Tuomas Eerola, Jonna K. Vuoskoski & Hannu Kautiainen - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  37.  18
    A Teleological Approach to the Wicked Problem of Managing Utría National Park.Nicolás Acosta García, Katharine N. Farrell, Hannu I. Heikkinen & Simo Sarkki - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (5):583-605.
    Utría National Park is a remote biodiversity hotspot in Colombia. It encompasses ancestral territories of the Embera indigenous peoples and borders territories of Afro-descendant communities in El Valle. We explore environmental value conflicts regarding the use of the park, describing them as a Wicked Problem that has no clear solution. Juxtaposing how the territory is perceived by different communities, we employ Faber et al.'s heuristic of the three tele of living nature to search for deficiency in the third telos, service, (...)
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  38.  3
    Slow Science: Research and Teaching for Sustainable Praxis.Petri Salo & Hannu L. T. Heikkinen - 2018 - Confero: Essays on Education, Philosophy and Politics 6 (1):87-111.
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  39.  1
    Reflections.Ruth Behar, Björn Vikström, Hannu Salmi & Ruth Illman - 2011 - Approaching Religion 1 (2):54-61.
    This final section presents a literary excerpt and three personal reflections on the theme of Aboagora, as well as on the experience of taking part in Aboagora. It opens with a story written by Ruth Behar, dealing with her personal experience of mastering the English language. Professor Behar read this story as an artistic comment within a workshop entitled ‘Between Art and Research: Rethinking Professional Borderlands’, which dealt with the experiences of people who combine an academic professional career with artistic (...)
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  40.  19
    Finnish Physicians’ Attitudes Towards Active Euthanasia Have Become More Positive Over the Last 10 Years.Pekka Louhiala, Heta Enkovaara, Hannu Halila, Heikki Pälve & Jukka Vänskä - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):353-355.
  41. The Finnish National Asthma Programme: Communication in Asthma Care-Quality Assessment of Asthma Referral Letters (Vol 13, Pg 50, 2007). [REVIEW]Leena E. Tuomisto, Marina Erhola, Minna Kaila, Pirkko E. Brander, Ritva Kauppinen, Hannu Puolijoki & Pertti Kekki - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):408-408.
     
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  42. The Introduction and Development of Fuzzy Sets Theory and Applications in Finland.Christer Carlsson, Vesa Niskanen & Hannu Nurmi - 2017 - Archives for the Philosophy and History of Soft Computing 2017 (1).
     
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  43.  2
    No Evidence for a Decrease in Physical Activity Among Swiss Office Workers During COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study.Andrea Martina Aegerter, Manja Deforth, Gisela Sjøgaard, Venerina Johnston, Thomas Volken, Hannu Luomajoki, Julia Dratva, Holger Dressel, Oliver Distler, Markus Melloh & Achim Elfering - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    PurposeThe COVID-19 lockdown interrupted normal daily activities, which may have led to an increase in sedentary behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the level of physical activity among Swiss office workers.MethodsOffice workers from two Swiss organizations, aged 18–65 years, were included. Baseline data from January 2020 before the COVID-19 pandemic became effective in Switzerland were compared with follow-up data during the lockdown phase in April 2020. Levels of physical activity were (...)
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  44.  22
    Finnish Lessons 2.0: What Can the World Learn From Educational Change in Finland? By Pasi Sahlberg The Finnish Education Mystery: Historical and Sociological Essays on Schooling in Finland. By Hannu Simola. [REVIEW]Gary McCulloch - 2017 - British Journal of Educational Studies 65 (2):265-268.
  45.  8
    Hydrogen-Induced Strain Localisation in Oxygen-Free Copper in the Initial Stage of Plastic Deformation.Yuriy Yagodzinskyy, Evgenii Malitckii, Filip Tuomisto & Hannu Hänninen - forthcoming - Philosophical Magazine:1-14.
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  46.  18
    The Finnish National Asthma Programme: Communication in Asthma Care – Quality Assessment of Asthma Referral Letters.Leena E. Tuomisto, Erhola Marina, Kaila Minna, Pirkko E. Brander, Kauppinen Ritva, Puolijoki Hannu & Kekki Pertti - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):50-54.