Results for 'Godfrey Sullivan'

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  1.  27
    Book Reviews Section 3.William T. Blackstone, William Hare, Don Cochrane, Walden B. Crabtree, Patrick J. Foley, Arthur Brown, Solon T. Kimball, Jack L. Nelson, Alexander W. Austin, Godfrey Sullivan, Frederick M. Schultz, Ramon Sanchez, Garnet L. Mcdiarmid, Rosemary V. Donatelli, Frederic G. Robinson, Mathew Zachariah, Richard M. Schrader, Louis Fischer & Dale R. Spencer - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (4):225-239.
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  2.  22
    Book Reviews Section 3.Thomas D. Moore, Royal T. Fruehling, Joanne R. Nurss, Edgar B. Gumbert, Gerry Mcgrath, Godfrey Sullivan, Sandra Gaddell, John Gaddell, Donald M. Medley, William F. Pinar, Barbara Bateman, Leslie D. Mclean, Charles E. Kozoli, Faustine C. Jones, H. George Bonekemper, Gene P. Agre & Ramon Sanchez - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (3):163-174.
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  3.  15
    Free Will: Godfrey Vesey.Godfrey Vesey - 1988 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 24:85-119.
    As a rule we treat people as responsible for what they do. We admonish them if they behave badly, praise them if they do well. We punish people. And we reward them. There are exceptions, of course. For example, we do not punish someone for doing something he has been compelled to do, perhaps by having a gun in his back. And we even recognize such a thing as psychological compulsion, as in the case of kleptomania.
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  4.  1
    Leaders in Ethics Education: Godfrey B. Tangwa.Godfrey B. Tangwa - 2016 - International Journal of Ethics Education 1 (1):91-105.
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  5.  8
    A History of ‘Ideas’: Godfrey Vesey.Godfrey Vesey - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 13:1-18.
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  6.  8
    Other Minds: Godfrey Vesey.Godfrey Vesey - 1973 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 7:149-161.
    There is a passage in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations in which he compares an answer that may be given to a philosophical question about someone else's pain with an answer that may be given to a question about the meaning of ‘It is 5 o'clock on the sun’. Wittgenstein does not compare other answers that may be given to the two questions. And he does not compare the questions themselves in respect of what lies behind them – making them ones which (...)
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  7.  10
    The Testament of Stone: Themes of Idealism and Indignation From the Writings of Louis SullivanLouis Sullivan: An Architect in American Thought.Claude Winkelhake, Maurice English, Louis Sullivan & Sherman Paul - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 2 (2):137.
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  8.  9
    Hume on Liberty and Necessity: Godfrey Vesey.Godfrey Vesey - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:111-127.
    David Hume described the question of liberty and necessity as ‘the most contentious question of metaphysics, the most contentious science’. He was right about it being contentious. Whether it is metaphysical is another matter. I think that what is genuinely metaphysical is an assumption that Hume, and a good many other philosophers, make in their treatment of the question. The assumption is about language and reality. I call it ‘the conformity assumption’. But more about that shortly. Let us begin at (...)
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  9.  13
    Reconstructing the Past: Parsimony, Evolution, and Inference. [REVIEW]Peter Godfrey-Smith - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):487-490.
  10. Hebrew and Semitic Studies Presented to Godfrey Rolles Driver in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday, 20 August 1962.D. Winton Thomas, W. D. Mchardy & Godfrey Rolles Driver - 1963 - Clarendon Press.
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  11. Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The book presents a new way of understanding Darwinism and evolution by natural selection, combining work in biology, philosophy, and other fields.
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  12. Conservatism: A Reply to Ted Honderich*: Noel O'Sullivan.Noel O'Sullivan - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (1):133-143.
  13.  39
    II—Peter Sullivan.Peter Sullivan - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):195-223.
  14. Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2003 - University of Chicago Press.
    How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality , Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory (...)
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  15. Content in Simple Signalling Systems.Nicholas Shea, Peter Godfrey-Smith & Rosa Cao - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):1009-1035.
    Our understanding of communication and its evolution has advanced significantly through the study of simple models involving interacting senders and receivers of signals. Many theorists have thought that the resources of mathematical information theory are all that are needed to capture the meaning or content that is being communicated in these systems. However, the way theorists routinely talk about the models implicitly draws on a conception of content that is richer than bare informational content, especially in contexts where false content (...)
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  16. Vulnerability in Social Epistemic Networks.Emily Sullivan, Max Sondag, Ignaz Rutter, Wouter Meulemans, Scott Cunningham, Bettina Speckmann & Mark Alfano - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 28 (5):1-23.
    Social epistemologists should be well-equipped to explain and evaluate the growing vulnerabilities associated with filter bubbles, echo chambers, and group polarization in social media. However, almost all social epistemology has been built for social contexts that involve merely a speaker-hearer dyad. Filter bubbles, echo chambers, and group polarization all presuppose much larger and more complex network structures. In this paper, we lay the groundwork for a properly social epistemology that gives the role and structure of networks their due. In particular, (...)
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  17. Complexity and the Function of Mind in Nature.Peter Godfrey-Smith (ed.) - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book explains the relationship between intelligence and environmental complexity, and in so doing links philosophy of mind to more general issues about the relations between organisms and environments, and to the general pattern of 'externalist' explanations. The author provides a biological approach to the investigation of mind and cognition in nature. In particular he explores the idea that the function of cognition is to enable agents to deal with environmental complexity. The history of the idea in the work of (...)
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  18.  5
    Knowledge and Justification.Godfrey Vesey - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (102):106-108.
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  19. The Evolution of Agency and Other Essays.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):567-572.
  20.  52
    32 Peter M. Sullivan.Peter Sullivan - manuscript
    Define ‘het’ as a predicate that truly applies to itself if and only if it does not truly apply to itself and which also truly applies to any predicate that does not truly apply to its own name. We know that the attempted definition of ‘hes’ is a failure, and so a fortiori is that of ‘het’. Similarly, there is no Qussell class which contains itself as a member if and only if it does not contain itself as a member, (...)
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  21.  8
    The Scientific Imagination.Arnon Levy & Peter Godfrey-Smith (eds.) - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    This book looks at the role of the imagination in science, from both philosophical and psychological perspectives. These contributions combine to provide a comprehensive and exciting picture of this under-explored subject.
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  22.  27
    Coming To Be Without a Cause: T. D. Sullivan.T. D. Sullivan - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (253):261-270.
    Quentin Smith contends that modern science provides enough evidence ‘to justify the belief that the universe began to exist without being caused to do so.’ There was a time when such a claim would have been dismissed because it conflicts with a principle absolutely fundamental to all human thought, including science itself. As Thomas Reid expressed the matter: That neither existence, nor any mode of existence, can begin without an efficient cause is a principle that appears very early in the (...)
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  23.  46
    Dewey on Naturalism, Realism and Science.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S25-S35.
    An interpretation of John Dewey’s views about realism, science, and naturalistic philosophy is presented. Dewey should be seen as an unorthodox realist, with respect to both general metaphysical debates about realism and with respect to debates about the aims and achievements of science.
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  24. The Strategy of Model-Based Science.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):725-740.
  25. Returning to the Central ‘Essentialist’ Question in Achieving Overlapping Consensus on Human Rights: A Comparison of Charles Beitz and Martha Nussbaum.James P. O’Sullivan - 2022 - Wiley: The Heythrop Journal 63 (3):438-451.
    The Heythrop Journal, Volume 63, Issue 3, Page 438-451, May 2022.
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  26. Education or Indoctrination? Montaigne and Emerson on Preserving Freedom in the Teacher-Student Relationship.Rebecca Sullivan - 2019 - Philosophy of Education 75:666-679.
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  27. Classifying Psychopathology: Mental Kinds and Natural Kinds.Harold Kincaid & Jacqueline Anne Sullivan - 2014 - In Harold Kincaid & Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (eds.), Classifying Psychopathology: Mental Kinds and Natural Kinds. MIT Press. pp. 1-10.
    In this volume, leading philosophers of psychiatry examine psychiatric classification systems, including the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, asking whether current systems are sufficient for effective diagnosis, treatment, and research. Doing so, they take up the question of whether mental disorders are natural kinds, grounded in something in the outside world. Psychiatric categories based on natural kinds should group phenomena in such a way that they are subject to the same type of causal explanations and respond similarly to (...)
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  28.  23
    Sullivan on the Principle That Everything Has a Cause.M. J. García-Encinas - 2002 - Dialogue 41 (3):427-.
    RÉSUMÉ: Cet article examine l'argumentation de Sullivan en faveur du principe que toute chose a une cause. On soutient que les critiques de Smith et d'Allen ne lui rendent pas justice et que Sullivan est justifié de maintenir que nous n'avons pas de bonnes raisons de nier la vérité de ce principe. Sa défense finale, cependant, qui semble basée sur une approche thomiste, échoue. Être contingent et être causé sont séparables. Il semble au bout du compte que nous (...)
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  29. Against Time Bias.Preston Greene & Meghan Sullivan - 2015 - Ethics 125 (4):947-970.
    Most of us display a bias toward the near: we prefer pleasurable experiences to be in our near future and painful experiences to be in our distant future. We also display a bias toward the future: we prefer pleasurable experiences to be in our future and painful experiences to be in our past. While philosophers have tended to think that near bias is a rational defect, almost no one finds future bias objectionable. In this essay, we argue that this hybrid (...)
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  30.  48
    Philosophy of Biology.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2013 - Princeton University Press.
    • "Conditions for Evolution by Natural Selection " (2007) . Evolution by natural selection is usually said to require three ingredients: variation, heredity, and fitness differences. But things are not so simple. Here I discuss various problem cases and their consequences.
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  31.  27
    Jacques Lacan and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Ellie Ragland-Sullivan - 1986 - Urbana : University of Illinois Press.
    Offers an analysis of Jacques Lacan's thought for the English-speaking world. Using empirical data as well as Lacan's texts, this title demonstrates how Lacan's teachings constitute a new epistemology that goes far beyond conventional thinking in psychoanalysis, psychology, philosophy, and linguistics.
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  32. Common Interest and Signaling Games: A Dynamic Analysis.Manolo Martínez & Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (3):371-392.
    We present a dynamic model of the evolution of communication in a Lewis signaling game while systematically varying the degree of common interest between sender and receiver. We show that the level of common interest between sender and receiver is strongly predictive of the amount of information transferred between them. We also discuss a set of rare but interesting cases in which common interest is almost entirely absent, yet substantial information transfer persists in a *cheap talk* regime, and offer a (...)
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  33.  18
    Democritus and the Impossibility of Collision.Raymond Godfrey - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (252):212 - 217.
  34.  53
    Domination and Dialogue in Merleau‐Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception.Shannon Sullivan - 1997 - Hypatia 12 (1):1-19.
    Merleau-Ponty's claim in Phenomenology of Perception (1962) that the anonymous body guarantees an intersubjective world is problematic because it omits the particularities of bodies. This omission produces an account of "dialogue" with another in which I solipsistically hear only myself and dominate others with my intentionality. This essay develops an alternative to projective intentionality called "hypothetical construction," in which meaning is socially constructed through an appreciation of the differences of others.
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  35. A Modern History Theory of Functions.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 1994 - Noûs 28 (3):344-362.
    Biological functions are dispositions or effects a trait has which explain the recent maintenance of the trait under natural selection. This is the "modern history" approach to functions. The approach is historical because to ascribe a function is to make a claim about the past, but the relevant past is the recent past; modern history rather than ancient.
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  36. Vesey, Godfrey, Et Al. , "Understanding Wittgenstein". [REVIEW]Joseph Agassi - 1978 - Erkenntnis 13:305.
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  37. Recent Advances in Constraints Joint Ercim/Colognet International Workshop on Constraint Solving and Constraint Logic Programming, Cork, Ireland, June 19-21, 2002 : Selected Papers. [REVIEW]B. O'sullivan - 2003
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  38. Individualist and Multi-Level Perspectives on Selection in Structured Populations.Benjamin Kerr & Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):477-517.
    Recent years have seen a renewed debate over the importance of groupselection, especially as it relates to the evolution of altruism. Onefeature of this debate has been disagreement over which kinds ofprocesses should be described in terms of selection at multiple levels,within and between groups. Adapting some earlier discussions, we presenta mathematical framework that can be used to explore the exactrelationships between evolutionary models that do, and those that donot, explicitly recognize biological groups as fitness-bearing entities.We show a fundamental set (...)
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  39. Models and Fictions in Science.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):101 - 116.
    Non-actual model systems discussed in scientific theories are compared to fictions in literature. This comparison may help with the understanding of similarity relations between models and real-world target systems. The ontological problems surrounding fictions in science may be particularly difficult, however. A comparison is also made to ontological problems that arise in the philosophy of mathematics.
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  40.  59
    Bioethics: An African Perspective.Godfrey B. Tangwa - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (3):183–200.
    In this paper I have attempted to open a window on an African approach to Bioethics — that of the Nso' of the Bamenda Highlands of Kamerun — from the vantage position of someone who has familiarity with both African and Western cultures. Because of its scientific-cum-technological sophistication and its proselytising character, Western culture, as well as Western systems of thought and practice, have greatly affected and influenced other cultures, particularly African culture. But Western culture, systems of thought and practice, (...)
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  41.  85
    Science Fictions: Comment on Godfrey-Smith.Arthur Fine - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):117 - 125.
    This is a comment on Peter Godfrey-Smith’s, “Models and Fictions in Science”. The comments explore problems he raises if we treat model systems as fictions in a naturalized and deflationary framework.
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  42. Yoga.Godfrey Devereux - 1997 - Element.
    Godfrey Devereux clearly explains the theory and practice behind the forms of yoga and includes postures specially created for this book. He presents the history and theory behind yoga, various forms and practices, an exclusive illustrated exercise section, how yoga can help in modern life and yoga and sex.
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  43.  6
    Ebola Vaccine Trials.Godfrey B. Tangwa, Katharine Browne & Doris Schroeder - 2018 - In Doris Schroeder, Julie Cook, François Hirsch, Solveig Fenet & Vasantha Muthuswamy (eds.), Ethics Dumping: Case Studies From North-South Research Collaborations. Springer. pp. 49-60.
    The Ebola epidemic that broke out inWest Africa West AfricaAfrica towards the end of 2013 had been brought under reasonable control by 2015. The epidemic had severely affected three countries. This case study is about a phase I/II clinical trial Phase I/II clinical trial of a candidate Ebola virus vaccine in 2015 in a sub-Saharan AfricanSub-Saharan Africa country which had not registered any cases of the Ebola virus disease. The study was designed as a randomized double-blinded trialRandomized double blinded trial. (...)
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  44. Meghan Sullivan, Time Biases: A Theory of Rational Planning and Personal Persistence.Travis Timmerman - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (6):690-694.
  45. Go Out and Meet God: A Commentary on the Book of Exodus.Godfrey W. Ashby & J. Gerald Janzen - 1998
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  46.  27
    Island Songs: A Global Repertoire.Godfrey Baldacchino (ed.) - 2011 - Scarecrow Press.
    "Through the close analysis of musical performance and tradition, the scholarly contributiors to Island Songs provide a global review of how island songs, their lyrics, and their singers engage with the challenges of modernity, migration , ...
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  47. Godfrey Vesey, Editor. "Understanding Wittgenstein". [REVIEW]Judith Genova - 1978 - Man and World 11 (1):199.
     
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  48. Three Kinds of Adaptationism.Peter Godfrey-Smith - unknown
    Debate about adaptationism in biology continues, in part because within “the” problem of assessing adaptationism, three distinct problems are mixed together. The three problems concern the assessment of three distinct adaptationist positions, each of which asserts the central importance of adaptation and natural selection to the study of evolution, but conceives this importance in a different way. As there are three kinds of adaptationism, there are three distinct "anti-adaptationist" positions as well. Or putting it more formally, there are three different (...)
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  49.  21
    Giving Voice to African Thought in Medical Research Ethics.Godfrey Tangwa - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (2):101-110.
    In this article, I consider the virtual absence of an African voice and perspective in global discourses of medical research ethics against the backdrop of the high burden of diseases and epidemics on the continent and the fact that the continent is actually the scene of numerous and sundry medical research studies. I consider some reasons for this state of affairs as well as how the situation might be redressed. Using examples from the HIV/AIDS and Ebola epidemics, I attempt to (...)
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  50. Functions: Consensus Without Unity.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 1993 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 74 (3):196-208.
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