41 found
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  1. Epistemic Vigilance.Dan Sperber, Fabrice Clément, Christophe Heintz, Olivier Mascaro, Hugo Mercier, Gloria Origgi & Deirdre Wilson - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (4):359-393.
    Humans massively depend on communication with others, but this leaves them open to the risk of being accidentally or intentionally misinformed. To ensure that, despite this risk, communication remains advantageous, humans have, we claim, a suite of cognitive mechanisms for epistemic vigilance. Here we outline this claim and consider some of the ways in which epistemic vigilance works in mental and social life by surveying issues, research and theories in different domains of philosophy, linguistics, cognitive psychology and the social sciences.
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  2. Evolution, communication, and the proper function of language.Gloria Origgi & Dan Sperber - unknown
    Language is both a biological and a cultural phenomenon. Our aim here is to discuss, in an evolutionary perspective, the articulation of these two aspects of language. For this, we draw on the general conceptual framework developed by Ruth Millikan (1984) while at the same time dissociating ourselves from her view of language.
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  3. [Book Chapter] (in Press).Gloria Origgi & Dan Sperber - 2000
  4. Epistemic Injustice and Epistemic Trust.Gloria Origgi - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (2):221-235.
    Miranda Fricker has introduced the insightful notion of epistemic injustice in the philosophical debate, thus bridging concerns of social epistemology with questions that arise in the area of social and cultural studies. I concentrate my analysis of her treatment of testimonial injustice. According to Fricker, the central cases of testimonial injustice are cases of identity injustice in which hearers rely on stereotypes to assess the credibility of their interlocutors. I try here to broaden the analysis of that testimonial injustice by (...)
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  5. Is Trust an Epistemological Notion?Gloria Origgi - 2004 - Episteme 1 (1):61-72.
    Although there is widespread agreement that our epistemic dependence on other people's knowledge is a key ingredient of our cognitive life, the role of trust in this dependence is much more open to debate. Is trust in epistemic authority—or “epistemic trust” for short—an epistemological notion in any sense, or is it simply a bridge-concept that connects our epistemological concerns to moral issues? Should we depict it in terms of the more familiar sociological notion of trust as a basis for cooperation?
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  6.  18
    Reputation: What It Is and Why It Matters.Gloria Origgi - 2017 - Princeton University Press.
    A compelling exploration of how reputation affects every aspect of contemporary life Reputation touches almost everything, guiding our behavior and choices in countless ways. But it is also shrouded in mystery. Why is it so powerful when the criteria by which people and things are defined as good or bad often appear to be arbitrary? Why do we care so much about how others see us that we may even do irrational and harmful things to try to influence their opinion? (...)
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  7. Why Trust Raoult? How Social Indicators Inform the Reputations of Experts.T. Y. Branch, Gloria Origgi & Tiffany Morisseau - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (3):299-316.
    The COVID-19 crisis has highlighted the considerable challenge of sourcing expertise and determining which experts to trust. Dissonant information fostered controversy in public discourse and encouraged an appeal to a wide range of social indicators of trustworthiness in order to decide whom to trust. We analyze public discourse on expertise by examining how social indicators inform the reputation of Dr. Didier Raoult, the French microbiologist who rose to international prominence as an early advocate for using hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19. To (...)
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  8.  61
    Telling Propaganda from Legitimate Political Persuasion.Amelia Godber & Gloria Origgi - 2023 - Episteme 20 (3):778-797.
    How does propaganda differ from the legitimate persuasive practices that animate a healthy democracy? The question is especially salient as digital technologies facilitate new modes of political persuasion and the public square saturates with information factual and fabricated alike. In answer, we propose a typology based on the rhetorical strategies that propaganda and its legitimate counterpart each employ. We argue that the point of contrast between the phenomena turns on two key features: whether the rhetorical strategy sufficiently engages our deliberative (...)
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  9. The social indicators of the reputation of an expert.Gloria Origgi - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (5):541-549.
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  10. Trust, authority and epistemic responsibility.Gloria Origgi - 2008 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 23 (1):35-44.
    In this paper I argue that the epistemology of trust and testimony should take into account the pragmatics of communication in order to gain insight about the responsibilities speakers and hearers share in the epistemic access they gain through communication. Communication is a rich process of information exchange in which epistemic standards are negotiated by interlocutors. I discuss examples which show the contextual adjustment of these standards as the conversation goes on. Our sensitivity to the contextual dimension of epistemic standards (...)
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  11.  30
    Qu'est-ce que la confiance?Gloria Origgi - 2008 - Librairie Philosophique Vrin.
    La notion de confiance est ici examinée dans des dimensions à la fois personnelle, morale, scientifique et politique. Avec des textes de A. Baier et D. Hume.
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  12.  35
    The Social Indicators of the Reputation of an Expert.Gloria Origgi - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (5):541-549.
    A notion that comes from the toolbox of social sciences, trust has become a mainstream epistemological concept in the last 15 years. The notion of epistemic trust has been distinguished from the notion of moral and social trust, the former involves kinds of inferences about the others that are rationally justifiable. If I trust a scientist about the efficacy of a vaccine against COVID-19, I must have an epistemic justification. I am therefore rationally justified in trusting her because I have (...)
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  13. What does it mean to trust in epistemic authority?Gloria Origgi - unknown
  14.  32
    The LL game: The curious preference for low quality and its norms.Diego Gambetta & Gloria Origgi - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (1):3-23.
    We investigate a phenomenon which we have experienced as common when dealing with an assortment of Italian public and private institutions: people promise to exchange high-quality goods and services, but then something goes wrong and the quality delivered is lower than had been promised. While this is perceived as ‘cheating’ by outsiders, insiders seem not only to adapt to, but to rely on this outcome. They do not resent low-quality exchanges; in fact, they seem to resent high-quality ones, and are (...)
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  15.  55
    Epistemic Vigilance and Epistemic Responsibility in the Liquid World of Scientific Publications.Gloria Origgi - 2010 - Social Epistemology 24 (3):149-159.
    In this paper I try to challenge some received views about the role and the function of the traditional academic practice of publishing papers in peer?reviewed journals. I argue that our publishing practices today are rather based on passively accepted social norms and humdrum work habits than on actual needs for communicating the advancements of our research. By analysing some examples of devices and practices that are based on tacitly accepted norms, such as the Citation Index and the new role (...)
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  16. A Social Epistemology of Reputation.Gloria Origgi - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (3-4):399-418.
    We monitor the informational environment and catch reputational cues, gather signals from our informants and develop our trustful attitudes in context. I present an epistemology of reputation as a way of using social configurations to acquire information. I review the definitions of reputation that exist in the social sciences, stress the importance of the relational/social dimension of reputation as a property of entities, and put forward a definition of reputation suitable for epistemology. I then sketch social configurations that allow us (...)
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  17.  34
    Fear of principles? A cautious defense of the Precautionary Principle.Gloria Origgi - 2014 - Mind and Society 13 (2):215-225.
    Should fear guide our actions and governments’ political decisions? A leitmotiv of common sense is that emotions are tricky, they blur our rational capacity of estimating utilities in order to plan action and thus they should be banned from any account of our rational expectations. In this paper I argue that an “heuristic of fear” is the appropriate attitude to adopt in order to cope with extreme risks. I thus defend the Precautionary Principle against the criticism put forward by Cass (...)
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  18.  50
    What Is An Expert That A Person May Trust Her? Towards A Political Epistemology Of Expertise.Gloria Origgi - 2015 - Humana Mente 8 (28).
    I present a definition of expertise that involves both epistemic and political authority. I argue that these two forms of authority require different treatments and defend a political epistemology that articulates a division of cognitive labor between political and epistemic authority.
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  19. Social Indicators of Trust in the Age of Informational Chaos.T. Y. Branch & Gloria Origgi - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (5):533-540.
    Expert knowledge regularly informs personal and civic-decision making. To decide which experts to trust, lay publics —including policymakers and experts from other domains—use different epistemic and non-epistemic cues. Epistemic cues such as honesty, like when experts are forthcoming about conflicts of interest, are a popular way of understanding how people evaluate and decide which experts to trust. However, many other epistemic cues, like the evidence supporting information from experts, are inaccessible to lay publics. Therefore, lay publics simultaneously use second-order social (...)
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  20.  36
    What's in my common sense?Gloria Origgi - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (3):327-335.
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  21. Wine Epistemology. The Role of Reputation and Rating Systems in the World of Wine.Gloria Origgi - 2007 - In Barry C. Smith (ed.), Questions of Taste: The Philosophy of Wine. Oxford University Press. pp. 236--53.
  22.  17
    Reputation in Moral Philosophy and Epistemology.Gloria Origgi - 2019 - In Francesca Giardini & Rafael Wittek (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Gossip and Reputations. Oxford Handbooks.
    This chapter analyzes the philosophical import of the notion of reputation along two main axes: (1) reputation as a motivation for action, and (2) reputation as a special kind of social information. Is reputation a rational motive of action? Can it be an ultimate aim or is it always reducible to some kind of self-interest? Is reputation a rational means to extract information from the social world? Should we rely on other’s evaluations? By reconstructing the philosophy of reputation in the (...)
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  23.  38
    Introduction: Folk epistemologies.Noga Arikha & Gloria Origgi - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (3):299-301.
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  24. Interdisciplines.Peter Dominey, Gloria Origgi & A. Reboul (eds.) - 2004
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  25.  8
    Caccia alla verità: persuasione e propaganda ai tempi del virus e della guerra.Gloria Origgi - 2022 - Milano: Egea.
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  26. Comments on Paul Dumouchel.Gloria Origgi - unknown
    I discuss Dumouchel's defense of a notion of trust as an action.
     
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  27.  9
    Comments on Ruth Millikan's Language: A Biological Model.Gloria Origgi - 2006 - SWIF Philosophy of Mind Review 5 (2).
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  28.  35
    3.2 Collective Quality: How to design collective standards of knowledge?Gloria Origgi - forthcoming - Common Knowledge: The Challenge of Transdisciplinarity.
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  29. Dictionnaire des Passions Sociales.Gloria Origgi (ed.) - 2018
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  30. Interdisciplines.Gloria Origgi & Dan Sperber (eds.) - 2005
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  31.  3
    La post-vérité.Gloria Origgi - 2021 - Cahiers Philosophiques 1:123-131.
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  32. Narrative Memory, Episodic Memory and W.G. Sebald's idea of Memory.Gloria Origgi - unknown
    Cet article a été présenté au "Lunch Seminar" de l'Italian Academy for Advanced Studies, Columbia University, le 20 Avril 2005.
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  33.  8
    Peut-on être anti-réductionniste à propos du témoignage?Gloria Origgi - 2006 - Philosophie 88 (1):47-57.
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  34.  7
    Peut-on être anti-réductionniste à propos du témoignage?Gloria Origgi - 2005 - Philosophie 88 (1):47-57.
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  35.  59
    Scientific Publications 2.0. The End of the Scientific Paper?Gloria Origgi & Judith Simon - 2010 - Social Epistemology 24 (3):145-148.
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  36.  20
    The Departed di Martin Scorsese.Gloria Origgi & Andrea Panzavolta - 2007 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 20 (1):177-186.
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  37. The Duty to Trust and the Duty to be Trustful.Gloria Origgi - unknown
    Trust is a complex attitude that has emotional, cognitive and moral dimensions. A difficulty to reduce trust to a simple emotional attitude is that trust raises normative pressures: if someone asks you to be trusted you feel the normative pressure of not letting him or her down, and if someone trusts you, you feel the normative pressure of honoring his or her trust. These normative pressures seem to have an irreducibly social character: pressures are effective insofar as they may raise (...)
     
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  38. Theories of theories of mind.Gloria Origgi - manuscript
     
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  39. Transgender trouble. A transdisciplinary approach to transsexual rights.Gloria Origgi & Sandra Martini Vial - 2013 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 42 (1-3):119-137.
  40.  23
    Vergogna di John Maxwell Coetzee.Gloria Origgi & Nicoletta Salomon - 2010 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 23 (1):171-178.
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  41. on Umberto Eco's The Prague Cemetery.Ugo Volli & Gloria Origgi - 2011 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 3 (5):173-180.
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