64 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Giuseppe Longo [62]Giuseppe O. Longo [2]
See also
Giuseppe Longo
École Normale Supérieure
  1. The Deluge of Spurious Correlations in Big Data.Cristian S. Calude & Giuseppe Longo - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (3):595-612.
    Very large databases are a major opportunity for science and data analytics is a remarkable new field of investigation in computer science. The effectiveness of these tools is used to support a “philosophy” against the scientific method as developed throughout history. According to this view, computer-discovered correlations should replace understanding and guide prediction and action. Consequently, there will be no need to give scientific meaning to phenomena, by proposing, say, causal relations, since regularities in very large databases are enough: “with (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  2.  4
    Perspectives On Organisms: Biological Time, Symmetries And Singularities.Maël Montévil & Giuseppe Longo - 2014 - Springer.
    This authored monograph introduces a genuinely theoretical approach to biology. Starting point is the investigation of empirical biological scaling including their variability, which is found in the literature, e.g. allometric relationships, fractals, etc. The book then analyzes two different aspects of biological time: first, a supplementary temporal dimension to accommodate proper biological rhythms; secondly, the concepts of protension and retention as a means of local organization of time in living organisms. Moreover, the book investigates the role of symmetry in biology, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  3. Marriages of Mathematics and Physics: A Challenge for Biology.Arezoo Islami & Giuseppe Longo - 2017 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131:179-192.
    The human attempts to access, measure and organize physical phenomena have led to a manifold construction of mathematical and physical spaces. We will survey the evolution of geometries from Euclid to the Algebraic Geometry of the 20th century. The role of Persian/Arabic Algebra in this transition and its Western symbolic development is emphasized. In this relation, we will also discuss changes in the ontological attitudes toward mathematics and its applications. Historically, the encounter of geometric and algebraic perspectives enriched the mathematical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  4.  13
    How Future Depends on Past and Rare Events in Systems of Life.Giuseppe Longo - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (3):443-474.
    The dependence on history of both present and future dynamics of life is a common intuition in biology and in humanities. Historicity will be understood in terms of changes of the space of possibilities as well as by the role of diversity in life’s structural stability and of rare events in history formation. We hint to a rigorous analysis of “path dependence” in terms of invariants and invariance preserving transformations, as it may be found also in physics, while departing from (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  5. From Physics to Biology by Extending Criticality and Symmetry Breakings.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 106:340 - 347.
    Symmetries play a major role in physics, in particular since the work by E. Noether and H. Weyl in the first half of last century. Herein, we briefly review their role by recalling how symmetry changes allow to conceptually move from classical to relativistic and quantum physics. We then introduce our ongoing theoretical analysis in biology and show that symmetries play a radically different role in this discipline, when compared to those in current physics. By this comparison, we stress that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  6. Protention and Retention in Biological Systems.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Theory in Biosciences 130:107-117.
    This article proposes an abstract mathematical frame for describing some features of cognitive and biological time. We focus here on the so called “extended present” as a result of protentional and retentional activities (memory and anticipation). Memory, as retention, is treated in some physical theories (relaxation phenomena, which will inspire our approach), while protention (or anticipation) seems outside the scope of physics. We then suggest a simple functional representation of biological protention. This allows us to introduce the abstract notion of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7. The Inert Vs. The Living State of Matter: Extended Criticality, Time Geometry, Anti-Entropy - An Overview.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2012 - Frontiers in Physiology 3:39.
    The physical singularity of life phenomena is analyzed by means of comparison with the driving concepts of theories of the inert. We outline conceptual analogies, transferals of methodologies and theoretical instruments between physics and biology, in addition to indicating significant differences and sometimes logical dualities. In order to make biological phenomenalities intelligible, we introduce theoretical extensions to certain physical theories. In this synthetic paper, we summarize and propose a unified conceptual framework for the main conclusions drawn from work spanning a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  8.  5
    Letter to Turing.Giuseppe Longo - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (6):73-94.
    This personal, yet scientific, letter to Alan Turing, reflects on Turing's personality in order to better understand his scientific quest. It then focuses on the impact of his work today. By joining human attitude and particular scientific method, Turing is able to “immerse himself” into the phenomena on which he works. This peculiar blend justifies the epistolary style. Turing makes himself a “human computer”, he lives the dramatic quest for an undetectable imitation of a man, a woman, a machine. He (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9.  5
    Scientific Thought and Absolutes: For an Image of the Sciences, Between Computing and Biology.David Gauthier & Giuseppe Longo - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (3):120-130.
    We propose a reflection on the construction of scientific knowledge and in so doing an image of this knowledge. This will allow us to develop a comparative analysis of some of the main principles underpinning the constitution of the different sciences. We will highlight the role of critical thought in science, or even “negative results,” which pose limits and hence open new trajectories. In particular, we will address a misleading point of view, based on some informal concepts taken from computer (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  16
    Set-Theoretical Models of Lambda-Calculus: Theories, Expansions, Isomorphisms.Giuseppe Longo - 1983 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 24 (2):153.
  11. A 2-Dimensional Geometry for Biological Time.Francis Bailly, Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2011 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 106:474 - 484.
    This paper proposes an abstract mathematical frame for describing some features of biological time. The key point is that usual physical (linear) representation of time is insufficient, in our view, for the understanding key phenomena of life, such as rhythms, both physical (circadian, seasonal …) and properly biological (heart beating, respiration, metabolic …). In particular, the role of biological rhythms do not seem to have any counterpart in mathematical formalization of physical clocks, which are based on frequencies along the usual (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  12
    Quantifying the World and Its Webs: Mathematical Discrete Vs Continua in Knowledge Construction.Giuseppe Longo - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (6):63-72.
    This short paper is meant to be an introduction to the ‘Letter to Alan Turing’ that follows it. It summarizes some basic ideas in information theory and very informally hints at their mathematical properties. In order to introduce Turing’s two main theoretical contributions, in Theory of Computation and in Morphogenesis, the fundamental divide between discrete vs. continuous structures in mathematics is presented, as it is also a divide in his scientific life. The reader who is familiar with these notions, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13. The Mathematical Continuum, From Intuition to Logic.Giuseppe Longo - 1999 - In Jean Petitot, Franscisco J. Varela, Barnard Pacoud & Jean-Michel Roy (eds.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  14.  57
    The Differential Method and the Causal Incompleteness of Programming Theory in Molecular Biology.Giuseppe Longo & Pierre-Emmanuel Tendero - 2007 - Foundations of Science 12 (4):337-366.
    The “DNA is a program” metaphor is still widely used in Molecular Biology and its popularization. There are good historical reasons for the use of such a metaphor or theoretical model. Yet we argue that both the metaphor and the model are essentially inadequate also from the point of view of Physics and Computer Science. Relevant work has already been done, in Biology, criticizing the programming paradigm. We will refer to empirical evidence and theoretical writings in Biology, although our arguments (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15.  23
    Symmetries and Symmetry-Breakings: The Fabric of Physical Interactions and the Flow of Time. [REVIEW]Giuseppe Longo - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (4):331-333.
    This short note develops some ideas along the lines of the stimulating paper by Heylighen (Found Sci 15 4(3):345–356, 2010a ). It summarizes a theme in several writings with Francis Bailly, downloadable from this author’s web page. The “geometrization” of time and causality is the common ground of the analysis hinted here and in Heylighen’s paper. Heylighen adds a logical notion, consistency, in order to understand a possible origin of the selective process that may have originated this organization of natural (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16. Randomness Increases Order in Biological Evolution.Giuseppe Longo & Maël Montévil - 2012 - In M. Dinneen, B. Khoussainov & A. Nies (eds.), Computation, Physics and Beyond. Berlin Heidelberg: pp. 289-308.
    n this text, we revisit part of the analysis of anti-entropy in Bailly and Longo (2009} and develop further theoretical reflections. In particular, we analyze how randomness, an essential component of biological variability, is associated to the growth of biological organization, both in ontogenesis and in evolution. This approach, in particular, focuses on the role of global entropy production and provides a tool for a mathematical understanding of some fundamental observations by Gould on the increasing phenotypic complexity along evolution. Lastly, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Mathematical Intuition and the Cognitive Roots of Mathematical Concepts.Giuseppe Longo & Arnaud Viarouge - 2010 - Topoi 29 (1):15-27.
    The foundation of Mathematics is both a logico-formal issue and an epistemological one. By the first, we mean the explicitation and analysis of formal proof principles, which, largely a posteriori, ground proof on general deduction rules and schemata. By the second, we mean the investigation of the constitutive genesis of concepts and structures, the aim of this paper. This “genealogy of concepts”, so dear to Riemann, Poincaré and Enriques among others, is necessary both in order to enrich the foundational analysis (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  26
    What is Turing's Comparison Between Mechanism and Writing Worth?Jean Lassègue & Giuseppe Longo - 2012 - In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. pp. 450--461.
  19.  26
    Mathematical Intelligence, Infinity and Machines: Beyond Godelitis.Giuseppe Longo - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    We informally discuss some recent results on the incompleteness of formal systems. These theorems, which are of great importance to contemporary mathematical epistemology, are proved using a variety of conceptual tools provably stronger than those of finitary axiomatisations. Those tools require no mathematical ontology, but rather constitute particularly concrete human constructions and acts of comprehending infinity and space rooted in different forms of knowledge. We shall also discuss, albeit very briefly, the mathematical intelligence both of God and of computers. We (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  41
    Solomon Feferman. Weyl vindicated: “Das Kontinuum” 70 years later. Atti del congresso, Temi e prospettive della logica e della filosofia della scienza contemporanee, Organizzato dalla Società Italiana di Logica e Filosofia delle Scienze , Cesena, 7–10 gennaio 1987, Volume I, Logica, edited by Carlo Cellucci and Giovanni Sambin, CLUEB, Bologna1988, pp. 59–93. [REVIEW]Giuseppe Longo - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):1085-1086.
    Direct download (6 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  42
    Big Data E Intelligenza Artificiale: Che Futuro Ci Aspetta?Giuseppe Longo - 2018 - Scienza E Filosofia 20.
    BIG DATA AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: A LOOK INTO THE FUTURE To say or write something innovative on the ongoing revolution in the fields of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence is very difficult. The advent of these two new technologies is in fact among the most relevant events in human history since in a little more than a decade it will likely lead to the creation of the First Artificial Intelligence of the Fourth level: i.e capable to think and create autonomously. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  11
    Scientific Thought and Absolutes.Giuseppe Longo & Translated by David Gauthier - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (3):120-130.
    We propose a reflection on the construction of scientific knowledge and in so doing an image of this knowledge. This will allow us to develop a comparative analysis of some of the main principles u...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Logic Colloquium '82 Proceedings of the Colloquium Held in Florence, 23-28 August, 1982.G. Lolli, Giuseppe Longo & A. Marcja - 1984
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Antinomie e polarità, determinazione e aleatorietà nel processo vivente della materia.Giuseppe Longo - 2009 - Discipline Filosofiche 19 (1).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Andata e ritorno dalla finanza alle matematiche passando per la biologia.Giuseppe Longo - 2011 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 29 (4).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Che cosa narrano le scienze?Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 18 (1):67-76.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Di fronte alla tecnologia.Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 18 (4):90-101.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Dal Golem a Godel e ritorno.Giuseppe Longo - 1994 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 12 (4):28-38.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Francesco Lerda e l'intelligenza artificiale.Giuseppe Longo - 1994 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 12 (4):13-16.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Giuseppe O. Longo.Giuseppe Longo - 2001 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 19 (2):71-81.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Homo technologicus: tecnologia ed evoluzione.Giuseppe Longo - 1996 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 14 (1/2):145-155.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Intelligenza della mente intelligenza del corpo.Giuseppe O. Longo - 2000 - Studium 96 (3/4):509-531.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. L'intelligenza Artificiale Forte. É Utile Discuterne?Giuseppe Longo - 1988 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 6 (1/2):131-134.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. L'idolatria Della Parola.Giuseppe Longo - 2005 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 23 (2):25-35.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. L'irragionevole Efficacia Della Matematica E L'efficace Irragionevolezza Del Computer.Giuseppe Longo - 2000 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 18 (3):50-69.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. La scoperta dell’informazione.Giuseppe Longo - 2007 - Discipline Filosofiche 17 (1).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Ambiguità tra scienza e filosofia.Giuseppe Longo - 1993 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 11 (3/4).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Mathematical Concepts and Physical Objects.Giuseppe Longo - 2007 - In Luciano Boi, Pierre Kerszberg & Frédéric Patras (eds.), Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness (Phaenomenologica) (English and French Edition). Springer. pp. 195-228.
  39. Matematica e scienze della natura, a partire da Enriques.Giuseppe Longo - 2003 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 21 (4):19-38.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Riduzionismo informazionale e postumano.Giuseppe Longo - 2006 - Kainós 6.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Tecnologia e mutamento culturale.Giuseppe Longo - 2002 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 20 (3/4).
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. In questo scenario: Cifre, icone e macchine.Vittorio Marchis, Umberto Bottazzini, Fabio Toscano, Massimo Negrotti & Giuseppe Longo - 2010 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 28 (1).
    SAGGI DI VITTORIO MARCHIS, UMBERTO BOTTAZZINI, FABIO TOSCANO, MASSIMO NEGROTTI, GIUSEPPE O. LONGO, STEFANO A. E. LEONI, ALBERTO CASADEI, SILVANO TAGLIAGAMBE.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  15
    Boris Trakhtenbrot. Comparing the Church and Turing Approaches: Two Prophetical Messages. The Universal Turing Machine, A Half-Century Survey, Edited by Rolf Herken, Kammerer & Unversagt, Hamburg and Berlin, and Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York, 1988, Pp. 603–630. [REVIEW]Giuseppe Longo - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (4):1434-1436.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  25
    Epistemology of the Inert and Epistemology of the Living.Roberta Lanfredini & Giuseppe Longo - 2016 - Humana Mente (31):37-55.
    The intellectual act of imposing borders to contain and delimit objects has been a constituent factor in physics since its origins, and is also fundamental for philosophical reflection. However, the characteristics of the conceptual universe thus constructed (tendency towards the ideal limit, invariance in variation, a conception of matter as residue, etc.) seem inadequate in biology. The essential characteristic of the living thing is, in fact, that of having a history: that is, of being the concrete trace of a memory. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  31
    The Mathematics of Computing Between Logic and Physics.Giuseppe Longo & Thierry Paul - 2011 - In S. B. Cooper & Andrea Sorbi (eds.), Computability in Context: Computation and Logic in the Real World. World Scientific.
  46. Rhythms, Retention and Protention: Philosophical Reflections on Geometrical Schemata for Biological Time.Nicole Perret & Giuseppe Longo - 2018 - In David Danks & Emiliano Ippoliti (eds.), Building Theories: Heuristics and Hypotheses in Sciences. Springer Verlag.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  11
    C. P. J. Koymans. Models of the Lambda Calculus. CWI Tract No. 9. Centrum Voor Wiskunde En Informatica, Amsterdam1984, Iii + 181 Pp. [REVIEW]Giuseppe Longo - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):284-285.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  18
    The Web and its Sorceries.Giuseppe Longo - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (1):135-136.
  49.  21
    On Church's Formal Theory of Functions and Functionals: The Λ-Calculus: Connections to Higher Type Recursion Theory, Proof Theory, Category Theory.Giuseppe Longo - 1988 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 40 (2):93-133.
  50.  13
    Fondamenti cognitivi Della matematica E analisi matematiche Del vivente.Giuseppe Longo - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 37:113-124.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 64