Results for 'Giulio Ongaro'

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  1.  45
    An enactive account of placebo effects.Giulio Ongaro & Dave Ward - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (4):507-533.
    Placebos are commonly defined as ineffective treatments. They are treatments that lack a known mechanism linking their properties to the properties of the condition on which treatment aims to intervene. Given this, the fact that placebos can have substantial therapeutic effects looks puzzling. The puzzle, we argue, arises from the relationship placebos present between culturally meaningful entities, our intentional relationship to the environment and bodily effects. How can a mere attitude toward a treatment result in appropriate bodily changes? We argue (...)
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  2. Why the extended mind is nothing special but is central.Giulio Ongaro, Doug Hardman & Ivan Deschenaux - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-23.
    The extended mind thesis states that the mind is not brain-bound but extends into the physical world. The philosophical debate around the thesis has mostly focused on extension towards epistemic artefacts, treating the phenomenon as a special capacity of the human organism to recruit external physical resources to solve individual tasks. This paper argues that if the mind extends to artefacts in the pursuit of individual tasks, it extends to other humans in the pursuit of collective tasks. Mind extension to (...)
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  3. Giulio Preti: Filosofo Europeo.Alberto Peruzzi & Giulio Preti (eds.) - 2004 - L.S. Olschki.
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  4. Sara Di Giulio, Alberto Frigo (Hrsg.), Kasuistik und Theorie des Gewissens. Von Pascal bis Kant.Sara Di Giulio & Alberto Frigo (eds.) - 2020
    Kant scholars have rarely addressed the centuries-old tradition of casuistry and the concept of conscience in Kant’s writings. This book offers a detailed exploration of the period from Pascal’s Provincial Letters to Kant’s critique of probabilism and discusses his proposal of a (new) casuistry as part of an moral education. / Trotz der Hinweise an wichtigen Stellen in Kants Schriften richtet die Kantforschung ihre Aufmerksamkeit nur selten auf die Jahrhunderte währende Tradition der Kasuistik und den Begriff des Gewissens, der in (...)
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  5. Video meliora proboque, deteriora sequor. Zur Irreführung des Gewissens bei Kant“, in: Sara Di Giulio, Alberto Frigo (Hrsg.), Kasuistik und Theorie des Gewissens. Von Pascal bis Kant, Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter 2020, S. 233–287.Sara Di Giulio - 2020 - In Sara Di Giulio & Alberto Frigo (eds.), Kasuistik und Theorie des Gewissens. Von Pascal bis Kant. Berlino, Germania: pp. 233–287.
    In juxtaposition with the myth and tragedy of Ovid’s Medea, this paper investigates the possibility within the Kantian conception of agency of understanding moral evil as acting against one’s better judgment. It defends the thesis that in Kant self-deception, i. e. the intentional untruthfulness to oneself, provides the fundamental structure for choosing against the moral law. I argue that, as Kant’s thought progresses, self-deception slowly proceeds to become the paradigmatic case of moral evil. This is discussed with regard to two (...)
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  6. Giulio Preti. Un filosofo contro i dogmi.Maria Teresa Marcialis, Alberto Granese, Pier Luigi Lecis, Paolo Parrini, Alberto Peruzzi, Luca M. Scarantino & Giulio Preti - 2006 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 61 (3).
     
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  7. Analisi nominale e analisi verbale nel «Sofista» di Platane.Michele Esposti Ongaro - 2008 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 4 (2):240-254.
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  8. The information integration theory of consciousness.Giulio Tononi - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 287--299.
  9. Giulio Racah and theoretical physics in Jerusalem.Nissan Zeldes - 2009 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 63 (3):289-323.
    The present article considers Giulio Racah’s contributions to general physical theory and his establishment of theoretical physics as a discipline in Israel. Racah developed mathematical methods that are based on tensor operators and continuous groups. These methods revolutionized spectroscopy. Currently, these are essential research tools in atomic, nuclear and elementary particle physics. He himself applied them to modernizing theoretical atomic spectroscopy. Racah laid the foundations of theoretical physics in Israel. He educated several generations of Israeli physicists, and put Israel (...)
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  10. Complexity and coherency: integrating information in the brain.Giulio Tononi, Gerald M. Edelman & Olaf Sporns - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (12):474-484.
    The brains of higher mammals are extraordinary integrative devices. Signals from large numbers of functionally specialized groups of neurons distributed over many brain regions are integrated to generate a coherent, multimodal scene. Signals from the environment are integrated with ongoing, patterned neural activity that provides them with a meaningful context. We review recent advances in neurophysiology and neuroimaging that are beginning to reveal the neural mechanisms of integration. In addition, we discuss concepts and measures derived from information theory that lend (...)
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  11.  26
    Giulio Preti (Pavia 1911 – Djerba 1972): A Critical Rationalist.Luca Maria Scarantino - 2004 - Diogenes 51 (2):141-147.
    This appreciation outlines the life and work of Giulio Preti, a philosopher of the critical rationalist movement. His was a tormented and conflictual philosophical itinerary from his intellectual roots in 1930s Italy, via the philosophical journal Studi filosofici in the 1940s, to his major works Praxis and Empiricism and Rhetoric and Logic in the 1950s and 1960s. His anxiety about the ambiguity of contemporary reality, it is suggested, is also ours.
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  12.  32
    Giulio Enòizi: Le Odi di Orazio: Traduzione Metrica. Pp. 454; 104 headpieces in line-drawing by A. Bertini. Reggio Emilia: printed for the author, 1946. Paper, L. 500. [REVIEW]L. P. Wilkinson - 1948 - The Classical Review 62 (3-4):162-.
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  13.  1
    A brief introduction to the study of human nature.Giulio Aleni - 2020 - Boston: Brill.
    Thierry Meynard and Dawei Pan offer a highly detailed annotated translation of one of the major works of Giulio Aleni, a Jesuit missionary in China. Referred to by his followers as "Confucius from the West", Aleni made his presence felt in the early modern encounter between China and Europe. The two translators outline the complexity of the intellectual challenges that Aleni faced and the extensive conceptual resources on which he built up a fine-grained framework with the aim of bridging (...)
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  14.  13
    Making policy decisions under plural uncertainty: responding to the COVID-19 pandemic.Malvina Ongaro - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (2):1-5.
    In this paper, I contend that the uncertainty faced by policy-makers in the COVID-19 pandemic goes beyond the one modelled in standard decision theory. A philosophical analysis of the nature of this uncertainty could suggest some principles to guide policy-making.
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  15.  19
    IIT, half masked and half disfigured.Giulio Tononi, Melanie Boly, Matteo Grasso, Jeremiah Hendren, Bjorn E. Juel, William G. P. Mayner, William Marshall & Christof Koch - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    The target article misrepresents the foundations of integrated information theory and ignores many essential publications. It, thus, falls to this lead commentary to outline the axioms and postulates of IIT and correct major misconceptions. The commentary also explains why IIT starts from phenomenology and why it predicts that only select physical substrates can support consciousness. Finally, it highlights that IIT's account of experience – a cause–effect structure quantified by integrated information – has nothing to do with “information transfer.”.
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  16.  4
    Giulio Preti e la verità del discorso.Carlo Sini - 2022 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 14 (1).
    The paper focuses on Giulio Preti’s idea of discourse. According to Preti, everyday speech is the basis for scientific and logical research. The logical signs are not linguistic signs, are not a language, are not able to substitute the human language. Common speech contains historical presuppositions and fleeting figures of truth.
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  17.  15
    The Interpretation of Probability in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.Malvina Ongaro - 2021 - Wittgenstein-Studien 12 (1):131-144.
    In this paper, I propose an assessment of the interpretation of the mathematical notion of probability that Wittgenstein presents in TLP. I start by presenting his definition of probability as a relation between propositions. I claim that this definition qualifies as a logical interpretation of probability, of the kind defended in the same years by J. M. Keynes. However, Wittgenstein’s interpretation seems prima facie to be safe from two standard objections moved to logical probability, i. e. the mystic nature of (...)
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  18. Investigating neural correlates of conscious perception by frequency-tagged neuromagnetic responses.Giulio Srinivasan Tononi, Russell R. & Edelman D. P. - 1998 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 95:3198-3203.
  19.  78
    Schizophrenia and the mechanisms of conscious integration.Giulio Srinivasan Tononi & Gerald M. Edelman - 2000 - Brain Research Reviews 31 (2):391-400.
  20.  37
    Meaningful human control as reason-responsiveness: the case of dual-mode vehicles.Giulio Mecacci & Filippo Santoni de Sio - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (2):103-115.
    In this paper, in line with the general framework of value-sensitive design, we aim to operationalize the general concept of “Meaningful Human Control” in order to pave the way for its translation into more specific design requirements. In particular, we focus on the operationalization of the first of the two conditions investigated: the so-called ‘tracking’ condition. Our investigation is led in relation to one specific subcase of automated system: dual-mode driving systems. First, we connect and compare meaningful human control with (...)
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  21. Il critico e le dense trame del mondo Ritrovare La Production de l'espace di Henri Lefebvre.Giulio Iacoli - 2009 - Società Degli Individui 35:145-149.
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  22.  39
    Consciousness, information integration and the brain.Giulio Srinivasan Tononi - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  23.  62
    Consciousness and the integration of information in the brain.Giulio Srinivasan Tononi & Gerald M. Edelman - 1998 - In H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci & S. Rossignol (eds.), Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven.
  24.  38
    Giulio Romano, Giovanni da udine and Raphael: Some influences from the minor arts of antiquity.Toby Yuen - 1979 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 42 (1):263-272.
  25.  2
    “Something More Lively and Animated Than the Law”: Institutionalism and Formalism in Santi Romano’s Jurisprudence.Giulio Itzcovich - 2020 - Ratio Juris 33 (2):241-257.
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  26.  18
    Stimulating the Self: The Influence of Conceptual Frameworks on Reactions to Deep Brain Stimulation.Giulio Mecacci & W. F. G. Haselager - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):30-39.
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  27.  8
    Husserl’s Phenomenology between Physics and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Giulio Marchegiani - 2022 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 53 (4):504-505.
    In the framework of the current epistemological, ontological and metaphysical debate about the relationship between reality and physical theories about it, a certain tendency to fix a conceptuality...
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  28.  5
    Meaningful and meaningless rights proclamations.Giulio Fornaroli - 2022 - Jurisprudence 13 (4):545-568.
    Rights proclamations are often alleged to be meaningless – ‘nonsense upon stilts’. But what makes a rights proclamation meaningful? In general, I argue, meaningful rights proclamations presuppose the existence of both a duty – directed from some party to another – and an interest whose protection is at least a non-redundant element in the justification of why the duty exists. Further conditions of meaningfulness apply for specifically moral rights proclamations. Here, the interest must be of such moral relevance to ground, (...)
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  29.  20
    Postponement of $$mathsf {}$$ and Glivenko’s Theorem, Revisited.Giulio Guerrieri & Alberto Naibo - 2019 - Studia Logica 107 (1):109-144.
    We study how to postpone the application of the reductio ad absurdum rule ) in classical natural deduction. This technique is connected with two normalization strategies for classical logic, due to Prawitz and Seldin, respectively. We introduce a variant of Seldin’s strategy for the postponement of \, which induces a negative translation from classical to intuitionistic and minimal logic. Through this translation, Glivenko’s theorem from classical to intuitionistic and minimal logic is proven.
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  30. Saint-Pierre, British pacifism and the quest for perpetual peace.Giulio Talini - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (8):1165-1182.
    ABSTRACT This article analyses the abbé de Saint-Pierre as a mediator of ideas between France and England. The political proposal of the Projet pour rendre la paix perpétuelle en Europe circulated in Great Britain just before the signing of the peace treaties of Utrecht and Aachen, attesting the influence that Saint-Pierre’s proposal exerted on British thought and politics. The abbé was engaged in dialogue with Quaker pacifists and, in particular, with the projects put forward by William Penn and John Bellers, (...)
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  31.  4
    Jean Grondin et Garth Green, dir., Religion et vérité. La philosophie de la religion à l’'ge séculier, Strasbourg, Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg, coll. « Philosophie de la religion », 2017, 282 pages. [REVIEW]Giulio Mellana - 2018 - Philosophiques 45 (1):310.
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  32.  33
    Postponement of Reduction ad Absurdum and Glivenko’s Theorem, Revisited.Giulio Guerrieri & Alberto Naibo - forthcoming - Studia Logica:1-36.
    We study how to postpone the application of the reductio ad absurdum rule (RAA) in classical natural deduction. This technique is connected with two normalization strategies for classical logic, due to Prawitz and Seldin, respectively. We introduce a variant of Seldin’s strategy for the postponement of RAA, which induces a negative translation from classical to intuitionistic and minimal logic. Through this translation, Glivenko’s theorem from classical to intuitionistic and minimal logic is proven.
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  33.  46
    Sleep and synaptic homeostasis.Giulio Tononi & Chiara Cirelli - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):85-85.
    We propose that sleep is linked to synaptic homeostasis. Specifically, we propose that: (1) Wakefulness is associated with synaptic potentiation in cortical circuits; (2) synaptic potentiation is tied to the homeostatic regulation of slow wave activity; (3) slow wave activity is associated with synaptic downscaling; and (4) synaptic downscaling is tied to several beneficial effects of sleep, including performance enhancement.
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  34. Est-ética latinoamericana en el pensamiento de Rodolfo Kusch.Claudio Ongaro Haelterman - 2016 - In José Tasat, Juan Pablo Pérez & Rodolfo Kusch (eds.), Arte, estética, literatura y teatro en Rodolfo Kusch. Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero.
     
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  35.  41
    Identifying Criteria for the Evaluation of the Implications of Brain Reading for Mental Privacy.Giulio Mecacci & Pim Haselager - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):443-461.
    Contemporary brain reading technologies promise to provide the possibility to decode and interpret mental states and processes. Brain reading could have numerous societally relevant implications. In particular, the private character of mind might be affected, generating ethical and legal concerns. This paper aims at equipping ethicists and policy makers with conceptual tools to support an evaluation of the potential applicability and the implications of current and near future brain reading technology. We start with clarifying the concepts of mind reading and (...)
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  36.  36
    Ideology and Iconology.Giulio Carlo Argan & Rebecca West - 1975 - Critical Inquiry 2 (2):297-305.
    Is it possible to compose a history of images? It is obvious that history can be composed only from that which is intrinsically historical; history has an order of its own because it interprets and clarifies an order which already exists in the facts. But is there an order in the birth, multiplication, combination, dissolution and re-synthesis of images? Mannerism had discredited or demystified form with its pretense of reproducing an order which does not exist in reality. But is the (...)
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  37.  13
    Giulio Preti ou le Tournant Pragmatique de la Philosophie.Luca Maria Scarantino - 2011 - Revue de Synthèse 132 (2):233-254.
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  38. GIULIO A. LEVI: "Il comico". [REVIEW]G. A. G. A. - 1917 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 9 (3):278.
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  39. Giulio Preti: a cinquant'anni da Praxis e empirismo: Relatori: Salvatore Veca, Jean Petitot, Alberto Peruzzi, Roberta Lanfredini, Luca Maria Scarantino. Staff - 2007 - Humana Mente 1 (3).
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  40.  4
    Leiden meer beheersautonomie en resultaatsturing tot een meer innovatieve cultuur bij publieke organisaties?Jan Wynen, Koen Verhoest, Eduardo Ongaro & Sandra van Thiel - 2013 - Res Publica 55 (4):521-537.
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  41.  35
    Giulio Castellani (1528-1586): A Sixteenth-Century Opponent of Scepticism.Charles B. Schmitt - 1967 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 5 (1):15-39.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Giulio Castellani (1528-1586): A Sixteenth-Century Opponent of Scepticism CHARLES B. SCH1VHTT THE PROBLEMOF THE ORIGINS of scepticism in early modern philosophy has been a much debated issue. Sanches, Montaigne, Charron, and Bayle all contributed to the milieu which made it possible for the sceptical direction of thought to develop into such a potent force by the time of David Hume. The actual origins of modern scepticism, which seem (...)
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  42.  13
    The Passionate Beliefs. A Defense of the Cognitive-Evaluative Theory of Emotions.Giulio Sacco - 2021 - Philosophia 50 (3):1391-1411.
    The philosophy of emotions has long been dominated by the view called «cognitivism». According to it, emotions are characterized not by mere physical impulses but by a cognitive evaluation of their object. However, despite their success, cognitive theories have to deal with various objections and are divided on how to answer to them. In this essay I want to defend the form of cognitivism claimed by Martha Nussbaum from the most common criticisms. After a brief summary of her account, I (...)
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  43.  10
    Non-Empirical Uncertainties in Evidence-Based Decision Making.Malvina Ongaro & Mattia Andreoletti - 2022 - Perspectives on Science 30 (2):305-320.
    The increasing success of the evidence-based policy movement is raising the demand of empirically informed decision making. As arguably any policy decision happens under conditions of uncertainty, following our best available evidence to reduce the uncertainty seems a requirement of good decision making. However, not all the uncertainty faced by decision makers can be resolved by evidence. In this paper, we build on a philosophical analysis of uncertainty to identify the boundaries of scientific advice in policy decision making. We start (...)
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  44. Alle origini del razionalismo critico: Diderot.Giulio A. Lucchetta - 1981 - Filosofia Oggi 4 (3):374-419.
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  45. Giulio Bajamonti, un vichiano dalmata.Sanja Roic - 1994 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 24:195-203.
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  46. Giulio Preti: una poesia del cosmo e una scienza dell'uomo.Maria Santagostino - 2021 - [Florence]: PortoSeguroeditore.
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  47.  7
    From Gender Difference to Equal Humanity. A Reading of Edith Stein’s Anthropology in the Light of the Most Recent Feminist Orientations.Giulio Sacco - 2021 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 63 (1):107-122.
    Feminist thinkers have commonly interpreted Edith Stein’s “dual anthropology” as a form of essentialism and difference feminism. For them, men and women have (or should have) different functions and capabilities. The article argues against this traditional account. Starting from two distinct criticisms of difference feminism – that of Judith Butler and that of Martha Nussbaum – it claims that the best way to read Stein’s position is to consider it a liberal feminism, for the emphasis that she puts on the (...)
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  48.  6
    Using Overt and Covert Items in Self-Report Personality Tests: Susceptibility to Faking and Identifiability of Possible Fakers.Giulio Vidotto, Pasquale Anselmi, Luca Filipponi, Marco Tommasi & Aristide Saggino - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  49. A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination.Gerald Edelman & Giulio Tononi - 2000 - Basic Books.
    A Nobel Prize-winning scientist and a leading brain researcher show how the brain creates conscious experience.
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  50.  19
    A Reason To Be Free: Operationalizing ‘Free Action’.Giulio Mecacci & Pim Haselager - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (3):327-334.
    Recent Libet-style experiments are of limited relevance to the debate about free action and free will, and should be understood as investigations of arbitrary actions or guesses. In Libet-style experiments, the concept of 'free action' is commonly taken to refer to a 'self-initiated voluntary act', where the self prompts an action without being prompted. However, this idea is based on the problematic assumption that the conscious self needs to be free from every constraint in order to be actually free. We (...)
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