21 found
Order:
  1.  71
    Gestation, equality and freedom: ectogenesis as a political perspective.Giulia Cavaliere - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):76-82.
    The benefits of full ectogenesis, that is, the gestation of human fetuses outside the maternal womb, for women ground many contemporary authors’ arguments on the ethical desirability of this practice. In this paper, I present and assess two sets of arguments advanced in favour of ectogenesis: arguments stressing ectogenesis’ equality-promoting potential and arguments stressing its freedom-promoting potential. I argue that although successfully grounding a positive case for ectogenesis, these arguments have limitations in terms of their reach and scope. Concerning their (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  2.  79
    Genome editing and assisted reproduction: curing embryos, society or prospective parents?Giulia Cavaliere - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (2):215-225.
    This paper explores the ethics of introducing genome-editing technologies as a new reproductive option. In particular, it focuses on whether genome editing can be considered a morally valuable alternative to preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Two arguments against the use of genome editing in reproduction are analysed, namely safety concerns and germline modification. These arguments are then contrasted with arguments in favour of genome editing, in particular with the argument of the child’s welfare and the argument of parental reproductive autonomy. In addition (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  3.  84
    Lesbian motherhood and mitochondrial replacement techniques: reproductive freedom and genetic kinship.Giulia Cavaliere & César Palacios-González - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):835-842.
    In this paper, we argue that lesbian couples who wish to have children who are genetically related to both of them should be allowed access to mitochondrial replacement techniques. First, we provide a brief explanation of mitochondrial diseases and MRTs. We then present the reasons why MRTs are not, by nature, therapeutic. The upshot of the view that MRTs are non-therapeutic techniques is that their therapeutic potential cannot be invoked for restricting their use only to those cases where a mitochondrial (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  4.  57
    A 14-day limit for bioethics: the debate over human embryo research.Giulia Cavaliere - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):38.
    BackgroundThis article explores the reasons in favour of revising and extending the current 14-day statutory limit to maintaining human embryos in culture. This limit is enshrined in law in over a dozen countries, including the United Kingdom. In two recently published studies, scientists have shown that embryos can be sustained in vitro for about 13 days after fertilisation. Positive reactions to these results have gone hand in hand with calls for revising the 14-day rule, which only allows embryo research until (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  5.  50
    Ectogenesis and gender‐based oppression: Resisting the ideal of assimilation.Giulia Cavaliere - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (7):727-734.
    In a recent article in this journal, Kathryn MacKay advances a defence of ectogenesis that is grounded in this technology’s potential to end—or at least mitigate the effects of—gender‐based oppression. MacKay raises important issues concerning the socialization of women as ‘mothers’, and the harms that this socialization causes. She also considers ectogenesis as an ethically preferable alternative to gestational surrogacy and uterine transplantation, one that is less harmful to women and less subject to being co‐opted to further oppressive ends. In (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  6.  22
    Involuntary Childlessness, Suffering, and Equality of Resources: An Argument for Expanding State-funded Fertility Treatment Provision.Giulia Cavaliere - 2023 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 48 (4):335-347.
    Assessing what counts as infertility has practical implications: access to (state-funded) fertility treatment is usually premised on meeting the criteria that constitute the chosen definition of infertility. In this paper, I argue that we should adopt the expression “involuntary childlessness” to discuss the normative dimensions of people’s inability to conceive. Once this conceptualization is adopted, it becomes clear that there exists a mismatch between those who experience involuntary childlessness and those that are currently able to access fertility treatment. My concern (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  7. Looking into the shadow: The eugenics argument in debates on reproductive technologies and practices.Giulia Cavaliere - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 36 (1-4):1-22.
    Eugenics is often referred to in debates on the ethics of reproductive technologies and practices, in relation to the creation of moral boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable technologies, and acceptable and unacceptable uses of these technologies. Historians have argued that twentieth century eugenics cannot be reduced to a uniform set of practices, and that no simple lessons can be drawn from this complex history. Some authors stress the similarities between past eugenics and present reproductive technologies and practices (what I define (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  8.  36
    The problem with reproductive freedom. Procreation beyond procreators’ interests.Giulia Cavaliere - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):131-140.
    Reproductive freedom plays a pivotal role in debates on the ethics of procreation. This moral principle protects people’s interests in procreative matters and allows them discretion over whether to have children, the number of children they have and, to a certain extent, the type of children they have. Reproductive freedom’s theoretical and political emphasis on people’s autonomy and well-being is grounded in an individual-centred framework for discussing the ethics of procreation. It protects procreators’ interests and significantly reduces the permissible grounds (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  9.  32
    Misunderstanding moral status: a reply to Robinson.Giulia Cavaliere & Francesca Cesarano - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (1):24-25.
    In Pregnancy and superior moral status: A proposal for two thresholds of personhood, Robinson argues that pregnant women are unique beings with superior moral status (MS) to that of other adult human beings. Robinson’s defence of this view relies on metaphysical and moral claims. The first set of claims concerns the ontological status of the pregnant woman, whom she considers a ‘unique organism’,‘more than just one person’and ‘numerically increased’.1 The second set of claims concerns the ‘superior’ MS of the pregnant (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  24
    Fertility treatment, valuable life projects and social norms: In defence of defending (reproductive) preferences.Giulia Cavaliere - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    Fertility treatment enables involuntary childless people to have genetically related children, something that, for many, is a valuable life project. In this paper, I respond to two sets of objections that have been raised against expanding state-funded fertility treatment provision for existing treatments, such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and against funding new treatments, such as uterine transplantation (UTx). Following McTernan, I refer to the first set of objections as the ‘one good among many’ objection. It purports that it is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  25
    Can bioethics be an honest way of making a living? A reflection on normativity, governance and expertise.Silvia Camporesi & Giulia Cavaliere - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (3):159-163.
    The authority of bioethics as a field of inquiry and of bioethicists as scholars with a distinctive expertise is being questioned on various fronts. Sarah Franklin’s 2019 Nature commentary ‘Ethical research – the long and bumpy road from shirked to shared’ is the latest example. In this paper, we respond to these challenges by focusing on two key issues. First, we discuss the theory and practice of bioethics. We argue that both of these endeavours are fundamental components of this field (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  51
    Regulating Genome Editing: For an Enlightened Democratic Governance.Giulia Cavaliere, Katrien Devolder & Alberto Giubilini - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (1):76-88.
    How should we regulate genome editing in the face of persistent substantive disagreement about the moral status of this technology and its applications? In this paper, we aim to contribute to resolving this question. We first present two diametrically opposed possible approaches to the regulation of genome editing. A first approach, which we refer to as “elitist,” is inspired by Joshua Greene’s work in moral psychology. It aims to derive at an abstract theoretical level what preferences people would have if (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13.  25
    Age-discriminated IVF Access and Evidence-based Ageism: Is There a Better Way?James Rupert Fletcher & Giulia Cavaliere - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (5):986-1010.
    Access to state-funded fertility treatments is age-restricted in many countries based on epidemiological evidence showing age-associated fertility decline and aimed at administering scarce resources. In this article, we consider whether age-related restrictions can be considered ageist and what this entails for a normative appraisal of access criteria. We use the UK as a case study due to the state-funded and centrally regulated nature of in vitro fertilization provision. We begin by reviewing concepts of ageism and age discrimination in gerontological scholarship (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  39
    Migration and Cooperative Infrastructures.Lorenzo Del Savio, Giulia Cavaliere & Matteo Mameli - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (3):425-444.
    A proper understanding of the moral and political significance of migration requires a focus on global inequalities. More specifically, it requires a focus on those global inequalities that affect people’s ability to participate in the production of economic goods and non-economic goods. We call cooperative infrastructures the complex material and immaterial technologies that allow human beings to cooperate in order to generate human goods. By enabling migrants to access high-quality cooperative infrastructures, migration contributes to the diffusion of technical and socio-political (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15.  50
    ‘Yes’ to mitochondrial replacement techniques and lesbian motherhood: a reply to Françoise Baylis.César Palacios-González & Giulia Cavaliere - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (4):280-281.
    In a recent paper – Lesbian motherhood and mitochondrial replacement techniques: reproductive freedom and genetic kinship – we argued that lesbian couples who wish to have children who are genetically related to both of them should be allowed access to mitochondrial replacement techniques. Françoise Baylis wrote a reply to our paper –‘No’ to lesbian motherhood using human nuclear genome transfer– where she challenges our arguments on the use of MRTs by lesbian couples, and on MRTs more generally. In this reply (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  24
    Disciplining Bioethics: The Debate Over Human Embryo Research: A Review of J. Benjamin Hurlbut, 2017, Experiments in Democracy: Human Embryo Research and the Politics of Bioethics, Columbia University Press.Giulia Cavaliere - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (1):163-165.
    J. Benjamin Hurlbut’s book Experiments in Democracy: Human Embryo Research and the Politics of Bioethics is an historiographical analysis of the American debate over embryo research. It covers more than four decades of this debate and uses key actors, bodies, and events as empirical evidence for its analysis. At a first glance, it might seem like a book that tells a story, but Experiments in Democracy is much more than that. Hurlbut uses the chapters of this narrative as case studies (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17.  42
    Persons and women, not womb‐givers: Reflections on gestational surrogacy and uterus transplantation.Giulia Cavaliere - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):989-996.
    In a recent article in this journal, Alex Mullock, Elizabeth Chloe Romanis and Dunja Begović provide an analysis of gestational surrogacy and uterus transplantation (UTx) from the perspective of those who may decide to act as gestational surrogates and womb donors, referred to as ‘womb‐givers’. In this article, I advance two sets of claims aimed at critically engaging with some aspects of their analysis. Firstly, I argue that the expression ‘womb‐givers’ obscures the biologically, socially and politically salient issue that those (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  22
    Assisted gestative technologies, or on treating unlike cases alike.Giulia Cavaliere - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (7):452-453.
    In the paper Assisted Gestative Technologies, Elizabeth Chloe Romanis advocates for the creation of a new category, which includes technological interventions that allow ‘persons who want to reproduce, potentially using their own genetic material, but are unable, or potentially unwilling, to undertake gestation’.1 Romanis conceptualises these technologies as a unified kind, a ‘genus’, and argues that they ‘collectively raise distinct ethical, legal and social issues from those related to assisted conception’.1 As I understand Romanis’ paper, her aims are twofold. The (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  6
    A Path Through the Morass.Giulia Cavaliere - 2018 - In Matthias Braun, Hannah Schickl & Peter Dabrock (eds.), Between Moral Hazard and Legal Uncertainty: Ethical, Legal and Societal Challenges of Human Genome Editing. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 203-225.
    In this chapter, I discuss the possibility of using genome editing technologies in the context of assisted reproduction. I present the most prominent arguments in favour of and against this use of genome editing technologies, and explore two strategies used in bioethics in the event of moral disagreement to analyse the questions at hand and to develop morally sound policies. These strategies are: the clarification of the facts regarding a new technology and the formulation of the best philosophical argument. I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  32
    ‘Gestation, Equality and Freedom: Ectogenesis as a Political Perspective’ response to commentaries.Giulia Cavaliere - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):91-92.
    Let me begin by thanking the Journal of Medical Ethics editors and the four commentators for taking time to read, reflect and offer thoughtful comments on my paper. The issues they raise warrant careful attention. Regrettably, I am only able to address some of their key concerns due to space constraints. In my paper, ‘Gestation, Equality and Freedom: Ectogenesis as a Political Perspective’, I outline two sets of critiques of liberal defences of ectogenesis and contend that these defences are limited (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  8
    The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research by Katrien Devolder Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 176, £30 ISBN: 978-0-19-9547999. [REVIEW]Giulia Cavaliere - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (4):609-613.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark