Results for 'Gian-Vittorio Caprara'

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  1.  55
    Corporate Transgressions through Moral Disengagement.Albert Bandura, Gian-Vittorio Caprara & Laszlo Zsolnai - 2000 - Journal of Human Values 6 (1):57-64.
    Corporate transgression is a well-known phenomenon in today's business world. Some corporations are involved in violations of law and moral rules that produce organizational practices and products that take a toll on the public. Social cognitive theory of moral agency provides a conceptual framework for analyzing how otherwise pro-social managers adopt socially injurious corporate practices. This is achieved through selective disengagement of moral self-sanctions from transgressive conduct. This article documents moral disengagement practices in four famous cases of corporate transgressions and (...)
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  2.  24
    The Positivity Scale: Concurrent and Factorial Validity Across Late Childhood and Early Adolescence.Antonio Zuffianò, Belén López-Pérez, Flavia Cirimele, Jana Kvapilová & Gian Vittorio Caprara - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  3.  53
    Do You Know What I Mean? Brain Oscillations and the Understanding of Communicative Intentions.Marcella Brunetti, Filippo Zappasodi, Laura Marzetti, Mauro Gianni Perrucci, Simona Cirillo, Gian Luca Romani, Vittorio Pizzella & Tiziana Aureli - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  4.  35
    Integrative Processing of Touch and Affect in Social Perception: An fMRI Study.Sjoerd J. H. Ebisch, Anatolia Salone, Giovanni Martinotti, Leonardo Carlucci, Dante Mantini, Mauro G. Perrucci, Aristide Saggino, Gian Luca Romani, Massimo Di Giannantonio, Georg Northoff & Vittorio Gallese - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  5.  13
    Insecure adult attachment and reflective functioning as mechanisms of the relationship between traumatic life events and suicidal ideation: A path analysis.Alessandro Musetti, Luca Pingani, Andrea Zagaria, Daniele Uberti, Salvatore Meli, Vittorio Lenzo, Alessio Gori, Christian Franceschini & Gian Maria Galeazzi - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The relationship between traumatic life events and increased suicide risk has been well reported in literature. However, the complex nature of suicidality phenomena still hinders our ability to comprehend the mediation mechanism underlying this association. In this study, we examined the mediating role of adult attachment and reflective functioning in the relationship between traumatic life events and suicidal ideation. Nine hundred and fifty Italian adults completed an online survey evaluating traumatic life events, adult attachment, reflective functioning and suicidal ideation. The (...)
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  6. Medical futility at the end of life: the perspectives of intensive care and palliative care clinicians.Ralf J. Jox, Andreas Schaider, Georg Marckmann & Gian Domenico Borasio - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):540-545.
    Objectives Medical futility at the end of life is a growing challenge to medicine. The goals of the authors were to elucidate how clinicians define futility, when they perceive life-sustaining treatment (LST) to be futile, how they communicate this situation and why LST is sometimes continued despite being recognised as futile. Methods The authors reviewed ethics case consultation protocols and conducted semi-structured interviews with 18 physicians and 11 nurses from adult intensive and palliative care units at a tertiary hospital in (...)
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  7. Intertrial Variability in the Premotor Cortex Accounts for Individual Differences in Peripersonal Space.Francesca Ferri, Marcello Costantini, Zirui Huang, Mauro Gianni Perrucci, Antonio Ferretti, Gian Luca Romani & Georg Northoff - 2015 - Journal of Neuroscience 35 (50):16328-16339.
  8. Development and Validation of a Self-Determination Theory-Based Measure of Motivation to Exercise and Diet in Children.Giada Pietrabissa, Alessandro Rossi, Maria Borrello, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Stefania Mannarini, Gianluca Castelnuovo & Enrico Molinari - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Objective: to develop and test the factorial structure of a new self-determination theory-based measure of behavioral regulation in children. Method: 590 (F = 51.7%) children aged 7-11 years completed the Motivation to Exercise and Diet (MED-C) questionnaire, which comprises 16 items (8 for exercise and 8 for diet) grouped into eight-factors (5 motivations and 3 needs). Psychometric testing included confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency. Measurement invariance analyses were also performed to evaluate whether the factorial structure of the MED-C was (...)
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  9.  57
    Chronic care management of globesity: promoting healthier lifestyles in traditional and mHealth based settings.Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Stefania Corti, Martina Ceccarini, Maria Borrello, Emanuele M. Giusti, Margherita Novelli, Roberto Cattivelli, Nicole A. Middleton, Susan G. Simpson & Enrico Molinari - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  10.  18
    The Design of GDPR-Abiding Drones Through Flight Operation Maps: A Win–Win Approach to Data Protection, Aerospace Engineering, and Risk Management.Eleonora Bassi, Nicoletta Bloise, Jacopo Dirutigliano, Gian Piero Fici, Ugo Pagallo, Stefano Primatesta & Fulvia Quagliotti - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (4):579-601.
    Risk management is a well-known method to face technological challenges through a win–win combination of protective and proactive approaches, fostering the collaboration of operators, researchers, regulators, and industries for the exploitation of new markets. In the field of autonomous and unmanned aerial systems, or UAS, a considerable amount of work has been devoted to risk analysis, the generation of ground risk maps, and ground risk assessment by estimating the fatality rate. The paper aims to expand this approach with a tool (...)
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  11.  32
    Verbindlichkeit der Patientenverfügung im Urteil ihrer Verfasser.Ralf J. Jox, Mirjam Krebs, Jürgen Bickhardt, Karlo Heßdörfer, Susanne Roller & Gian Domenico Borasio - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (1):21-31.
    Die Verbindlichkeit von Patientenverfügungen (PV) wird kontrovers diskutiert. Dabei ist nicht bekannt, wie verbindlich PV von denen gewollt sind, die sie verfassen. Mit Hilfe eines anonymen Fragebogens wurden Verfasser von PV in bayerischen Palliativeinrichtungen und Beratungsstellen hierzu befragt. Von den 402 Befragten gaben 69,1% an, dass ihre PV auch für Bevollmächtigte und Betreuer strikt verbindlich sein soll. Demgegenüber räumten 23,9% ihrem Stellvertreter ein, von der PV abzuweichen. Die lebensbedrohlich Erkrankten unter den Befragten legten nicht weniger, sondern signifikant mehr Wert auf (...)
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  12.  83
    Brief Strategic Therapy for Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder: A Clinical and Research Protocol.Giada Pietrabissa, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Jeffrey B. Jackson, Alessandro Rossi, Gian Mauro Manzoni & Padraic Gibson - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Background: although cognitive behavioural therapy is the gold standard treatments for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED), evidence for its long-term efficacy is weak. Empirical research support the efficacy of brief strategic therapy (BST) in treating BN and BED symptoms, but its statistical significance still need to be investigated. Objective: to statistically test the long-term efficacy of the BST treatment protocols for BN and BED through one-year post-treatment. Methods: a two-group longitudinal study will be conducted. Participants will be (...)
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  13. Opiniones cruzadas: conflictos mundiales por el control del agua.David B. Brooks, Laura Vea Rodríguez, Gian Carlo Delgado Ramos & Marcel Kitissou - 2009 - Contrastes: Revista Cultural 56:135-152.
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  14.  6
    Alexithymia and Somatization in Chronic Pain Patients: A Sequential Mediation Model.Roberta Lanzara, Chiara Conti, Martina Camelio, Paolo Cannizzaro, Vittorio Lalli, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Raoul Saggini & Piero Porcelli - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  15.  77
    Treating the mind to improve the heart: the summon to cardiac psychology.J. P. Ginsberg, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni & Gianluca Castelnuovo - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16. Vittorio Stella testimone del Novecento.Vittorio Lido Chiusano - 2004 - Filosofia Oggi 27 (105):29-52.
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  17.  16
    Law Without Law or “Just” Limit Theorems?Sergio Caprara & Angelo Vulpiani - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (9):1112-1127.
    About 35 years ago Wheeler introduced the motto “law without law” to highlight the possibility that Physics may be understood only following regularity principles and few relevant facts, rather than relying on a treatment in terms of fundamental theories. Such a proposal can be seen as part of a more general attempt summarized by the slogan “it from bit”, which privileges the information as the basic ingredient. Apparently it seems that it is possible to obtain, without the use of physical (...)
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  18.  34
    Renaissance Ideas and the Idea of the RenaissanceThe Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy.Renaissance Humanism: Foundations, Forms and Legacy. Volume 1: Humanism in Italy. Volume 2: Humanism Beyond Italy. Volume 3: Humanism and the Disciplines.Supplementum Festivum: Studies in Honor of Paul Oskar Kristeller.Renaissance Studies in Honor of Craig Hugh Smyth. Volume I: History, Literature, Music. Volume II: Art, Architecture.Marsilio Ficino e il ritorno di Platone: Manoscritti, stampe e documenti.Marsilio Ficino e il ritorno di Platone: Studi e documenti. [REVIEW]Charles Trinkaus, Quentin Skinner, Eckhard Kessler, Charles B. Schmitt, Albert Rabil, James Hankins, John Monfasani, Frederick Purnell, Andrew Morrogh, Fiorella Superbi Gioffredi, Piero Morselli, Eve Borsook, S. Gentile, S. Niccoli, P. Viti & Gian Carlo Garfagnini - 1990 - Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (4):667.
  19. The brain's concepts: The role of the sensory-motor system in conceptual knowledge.Vittorio Gallese & George Lakoff - 2007 - Cognitive Neuropsychology 22 (3-4):455-479.
    Concepts are the elementary units of reason and linguistic meaning. They are conventional and relatively stable. As such, they must somehow be the result of neural activity in the brain. The questions are: Where? and How? A common philosophical position is that all concepts—even concepts about action and perception—are symbolic and abstract, and therefore must be implemented outside the brain’s sensory-motor system. We will argue against this position using (1) neuroscientific evidence; (2) results from neural computation; and (3) results about (...)
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  20. A unifying view of the basis of social cognition.Vittorio Gallese, Christian Keysers & Giacomo Rizzolatti - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):396-403.
    In this article we provide a unifying neural hypothesis on how individuals understand the actions and emotions of others. Our main claim is that the fundamental mechanism at the basis of the experiential understanding of others' actions is the activation of the mirror neuron system. A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others.
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  21. The 'shared manifold' hypothesis: From mirror neurons to empathy.Vittorio Gallese - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):33-50.
    My initial scope will be limited: starting from a neurobiological standpoint, I will analyse how actions are possibly represented and understood. The main aim of my arguments will be to show that, far from being exclusively dependent upon mentalistic/linguistic abilities, the capacity for understanding others as intentional agents is deeply grounded in the relational nature of action. Action is relational, and the relation holds both between the agent and the object target of the action , as between the agent of (...)
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  22. The phenomenology of mathematical beauty.Gian-Carlo Rota - 1997 - Synthese 111 (2):171-182.
    It has been observed that whereas painters and musicians are likely to be embarrassed by references to the beauty in their work, mathematicians instead like to engage in discussions of the beauty of mathematics. Professional artists are more likely to stress the technical rather than the aesthetic aspects of their work. Mathematicians, instead, are fond of passing judgment on the beauty of their favored pieces of mathematics. Even a cursory observation shows that the characteristics of mathematical beauty are at variance (...)
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  23. Mirror neurons and the simulation theory of mind-reading.Vittorio Gallese & Alvin I. Goldman - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (12):493-501.
    A new class of visuomotor neuron has been recently discovered in the monkey’s premotor cortex: mirror neurons. These neurons respond both when a particular action is performed by the recorded monkey and when the same action, performed by another individual, is observed. Mirror neurons appear to form a cortical system matching observation and execution of goal-related motor actions. Experimental evidence suggests that a similar matching system also exists in humans. What might be the functional role of this matching system? One (...)
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  24.  18
    From Suicide Due to an Economic-Financial Crisis to the Management of Entrepreneurial Health: Elements of a Biographical Change Management Service and Clinical Implications.Gian Piero Turchi, Antonio Iudici & Elena Faccio - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  25. Il filosofo talmudista: note critiche sulla perizia di Hermann Cohen nel processo di Marburgo del 1888.Gian Pio Mattogno - 2020 - Genova: Effepi.
     
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  26.  43
    Backwards Forwards Induction.Gian Aldo Antonelli & Cristina Bicchieri - unknown
    Gian Aldo Antonelli and Cristina Bicchieri. Backwards Forwards Induction.
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  27. The pernicious influence of mathematics upon philosophy.Gian-Carlo Rota - 1991 - Synthese 88 (2):165 - 178.
    We shall argue that the attempt carried out by certain philosophers in this century to parrot the language, the method, and the results of mathematics has harmed philosophy. Such an attempt results from a misunderstanding of both mathematics and philosophy, and has harmed both subjects.
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  28. What is so special about embodied simulation?Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):512-519.
    Simulation theories of social cognition abound in the literature, but it is often unclear what simulation means and how it works. The discovery of mirror neurons, responding both to action execution and observation, suggested an embodied approach to mental simulation. Over the last years this approach has been hotly debated and alternative accounts have been proposed. We discuss these accounts and argue that they fail to capture the uniqueness of embodied simulation (ES). ES theory provides a unitary account of basic (...)
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  29.  80
    Developing a Multidimensional Scale for Ethical Decision Making.Gian Luca Casali - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):485-497.
    This article reports on the development of the managerial ethical profile (MEP) scale. The MEP scale is a multilevel, self-reporting scale measuring the perceived influence that different dimensions of common ethical frameworks have on managerial decision making. The MEP scale measures on eight subscales: economic egoism, reputational egoism, act utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism, self-virtue of self, virtue of others, act deontology, and rule deontology. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to provide evidence of scale validity. Future research needs and the value (...)
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  30.  6
    Indiscrete Thoughts.Gian-Carlo Rota - 1997 - Birkhauser.
    Offers a glimpse into the world of science and technology between 1950 and 1990 as seen through the eyes of a mathematician, and debunks various myths of scientific philosophy. Portrays some of the great scientific personalities of the period, including Stanislav Ulam, who patented the hydrogen bomb, and Jack Schwartz, one of the founders of computer science. Also discusses phenomenology of mathematics, and philosophy and computer science. Includes book reviews. For students and academics. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, (...)
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  31. Torture, terrorism and the state: A refutation of the ticking-bomb argument.Vittorio Bufacchi & Jean Maria Arrigo - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):355–373.
    abstract Much of the literature on torture in recent years takes the position of denouncing the barbarity of torture, while allowing for exceptions to this veto in extreme circumstances. The ticking‐bomb argument, where a terrorist is tortured in order to extract information of a primed bomb located in a civilian area, is often invoked as one of those extreme circumstances where torture becomes justified. As the War on Terrorism intensifies, the ticking‐bomb argument has become the dominant line of reasoning used (...)
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  32.  57
    A Revision-Theoretic Analysis of the Arithmetical Hierarchy.Gian Aldo Antonelli - 1994 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (2):204-218.
    In this paper we apply the idea of Revision Rules, originally developed within the framework of the theory of truth and later extended to a general mode of definition, to the analysis of the arithmetical hierarchy. This is also intended as an example of how ideas and tools from philosophical logic can provide a different perspective on mathematically more “respectable” entities. Revision Rules were first introduced by A. Gupta and N. Belnap as tools in the theory of truth, and they (...)
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  33. Contextuality, Nonlocality and Counterfactual Arguments.Gian Carlo Ghirardi & Karl Wienand - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (7):776-789.
    In this paper, following an elementary line of thought which somewhat differs from the usual one, we prove once more that any deterministic theory predictively equivalent to quantum mechanics unavoidably exhibits a contextual character. The purpose of adopting this perspective is that of paving the way for a critical analysis of the use of counterfactual arguments when dealing with nonlocal physical processes.
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  34. On a Recent Proof of Nonlocality Without Inequalities.Gian Carlo Ghirardi - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (8):1309-1317.
    Recently a quite stimulating paper (Heaney et al. arXiv:0911.0770v2 [quant-ph], 2010) dealing with the possibility of exploiting the nonlocal aspects of a superposition of states of a single photon appeared. We regard as greatly relevant the results which have been obtained. However we think that the presentation of the matter and the way to derive the conclusion are not fully satisfactory and do not put the necessary emphasis on some subtle basic aspects like locality and realism. In view of its (...)
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  35.  7
    Al fuoco!: per una critica della ragione monumentale.Gian Piero Jacobelli - 2020 - [Bologna]: Luca Sossella editore.
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  36.  9
    Coleridge and German idealism.Gian Napoleone Giordano Orsini - 1969 - Carbondale,: Southern Illinois University Press.
    Professor Orsini’s book enters the controversy that has marked the changing response to Coleridge’s work during the past forty years, stimulated recently by the accessibility of Coleridge manuscripts and by the publication of hitherto unpublished works. Professor Orsini himself contributes to our new knowl­edge by publishing here for the first time texts from the note­books. His book is of importance and interest because it examines problems which are rooted in world-wide intellectual developments of recent times. Counterposing his argument against the (...)
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  37. How to do philosophy informationally.Gian Maria Greco, Gianluca Paronitti, Matteo Turilli & Luciano Floridi - 2005 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3782:623–634.
    In this paper we introduce three methods to approach philosophical problems informationally: Minimalism, the Method of Abstraction and Constructionism. Minimalism considers the specifications of the starting problems and systems that are tractable for a philosophical analysis. The Method of Abstraction describes the process of making explicit the level of abstraction at which a system is observed and investigated. Constructionism provides a series of principles that the investigation of the problem must fulfil once it has been fully characterised by the previous (...)
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  38.  14
    Uno stile per l’Eneide.Gian Biagio Conte - 2022 - Hermes 150 (3):351.
    In the Aeneid, Virgil sets out to achieve a new sublime style, paradoxically steeped in the common parlance. He aims for the spontaneity of everyday language to win readers’ involvement, while elaborating a discourse both expressively taut and stylistically marked, that avoids a register too colloquial or prosaic. Above all, he tirelessly deploys an array of subtle strategies – below the threshold of perception – that defamiliarize language in order to elevate its style. The present paper furnishes a selection of (...)
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  39. Before and below 'theory of mind': embodied simulation and the neural correlates of social cognition.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
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  40. Some Possible Problems in Vittorio Villa's Version of Relativism.Vittorio Villa - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (146).
     
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  41.  9
    The government of time: theories of plural temporality in the Marxist tradition.Vittorio Morfino & Peter D. Thomas (eds.) - 2017 - Boston: Brill.
    Can the Marxist tradition still provide new resources for thinking the specificity of historical time? This volume proposes to transform our understanding of Marxism by reconnecting with the 'subterranean currents' of plural temporalities that have traversed its development. From Rousseau and Sieyès to Marx, from Bloch to Althusser, from Gramsci to Pasolini and Postcolonialism, the chapters in this volume seek both to valorise neglected resources from Marxism's contradictory history, and also to read against the grain its orthodox and heterodox currents. (...)
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  42. On non-contemporaneity : Marx, Bloch, Althusser.Vittorio Morfino - 2017 - In Vittorio Morfino & Peter D. Thomas (eds.), The government of time: theories of plural temporality in the Marxist tradition. Boston: Brill.
     
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  43. The inner sense of action: Agency and motor representations.Vittorio Gallese - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (10):23-40.
    Discusses the possibility of reconciling different articulations of intentionality from a neurobiological perspective. The author analyzes the relationship between agency and representation and how representation is intrinsically related to action control. The author also presents a new account of action, arguing against what is still commonly held as its proper definition, namely the final outcome of a cascade-like process that starts from the analysis of sensory data, incorporates the result of decision processes, and ends up with responses (actions) to externally-or (...)
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  44.  64
    The Bodily Self as Power for Action.Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2010 - Neuropsychologia.
    The aim of our paper is to show that there is a sense of body that is enactive in nature and that enables to capture the most primitive sense of self. We will argue that the body is primarily given to us as source or power for action, i.e., as the variety of motor potentialities that define the horizon of the world in which we live, by populating it with things at hand to which we can be directed and with (...)
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  45.  98
    Motor ontology: The representational reality of goals, actions and selves.Vittorio Gallese & Thomas Metzinger - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (3):365 – 388.
    The representational dynamics of the brain is a subsymbolic process, and it has to be conceived as an "agent-free" type of dynamical self-organization. However, in generating a coherent internal world-model, the brain decomposes target space in a certain way. In doing so, it defines an "ontology": to have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting the world, possesses an ontology too. It decomposes target space (...)
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  46. Syntax, semantics, and the problem of the identity of mathematical objects.Gian-Carlo Rota, David H. Sharp & Robert Sokolowski - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (3):376-386.
    A plurality of axiomatic systems can be interpreted as referring to one and the same mathematical object. In this paper we examine the relationship between axiomatic systems and their models, the relationships among the various axiomatic systems that refer to the same model, and the role of an intelligent user of an axiomatic system. We ask whether these relationships and this role can themselves be formalized.
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  47.  3
    Informazione come struttura: una critica dello scientismo.Gian Luigi Brena - 2016 - Padova: Facoltà teologica del Triveneto.
  48.  29
    The Phenomenology of Mathematical Proof.Gian_carlo Rota - 1997 - Synthese 111 (2):183-196.
  49.  22
    Undecidability of the Spectral Gap: An Epistemological Look.Emiliano Ippoliti & Sergio Caprara - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (1):157-170.
    The results of Cubitt et al. on the spectral gap problem add a new chapter to the issue of undecidability in physics, as they show that it is impossible to decide whether the Hamiltonian of a quantum many-body system is gapped or gapless. This implies, amongst other things, that a reductionist viewpoint would be untenable. In this paper, we examine their proof and a few philosophical implications, in particular ones regarding models and limitative results. In more detail, we examine the (...)
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  50.  57
    Forward Induction.Gian Aldo Antonelli & Cristina Bicchieri - unknown
    Gian Aldo Antonelli and Cristina Bicchieri. Forward Induction.
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