Results for 'Gerd Mattenklott'

934 found
Order:
  1. Ästhetische Erfahrung im Zeichen der Entgrenzung der Künste. Epistemische, ästhetische und religiöse Formen von Erfahrung im Vergleich.Gerd Mattenklott (ed.) - 2004 - Meiner.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  55
    Domain-Specific Reasoning: Social Contracts, Cheating, and Perspective Change.Gerd Gigerenzer & Klaus Hug - 1992 - Cognition 43 (2):127-171.
    What counts as human rationality: reasoning processes that embody content-independent formal theories, such as propositional logic, or reasoning processes that are well designed for solving important adaptive problems? Most theories of human reasoning have been based on content-independent formal rationality, whereas adaptive reasoning, ecological or evolutionary, has been little explored. We elaborate and test an evolutionary approach, Cosmides' social contract theory, using the Wason selection task. In the first part, we disentangle the theoretical concept of a “social contract” from that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   189 citations  
  3. Homo Heuristicus: Why Biased Minds Make Better Inferences.Gerd Gigerenzer & Henry Brighton - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):107-143.
    Heuristics are efficient cognitive processes that ignore information. In contrast to the widely held view that less processing reduces accuracy, the study of heuristics shows that less information, computation, and time can in fact improve accuracy. We review the major progress made so far: the discovery of less-is-more effects; the study of the ecological rationality of heuristics, which examines in which environments a given strategy succeeds or fails, and why; an advancement from vague labels to computational models of heuristics; the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   116 citations  
  4.  72
    On the Supposed Evidence for Libertarian Paternalism.Gerd Gigerenzer - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):361-383.
    Can the general public learn to deal with risk and uncertainty, or do authorities need to steer people’s choices in the right direction? Libertarian paternalists argue that results from psychological research show that our reasoning is systematically flawed and that we are hardly educable because our cognitive biases resemble stable visual illusions. For that reason, they maintain, authorities who know what is best for us need to step in and steer our behavior with the help of “nudges.” Nudges are nothing (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  5.  33
    From Tools to Theories: A Heuristic of Discovery in Cognitive Psychology.Gerd Gigerenzer - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):254-267.
  6. Moral Satisficing: Rethinking Moral Behavior as Bounded Rationality.Gerd Gigerenzer - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):528-554.
    What is the nature of moral behavior? According to the study of bounded rationality, it results not from character traits or rational deliberation alone, but from the interplay between mind and environment. In this view, moral behavior is based on pragmatic social heuristics rather than moral rules or maximization principles. These social heuristics are not good or bad per se, but solely in relation to the environments in which they are used. This has methodological implications for the study of morality: (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  7.  13
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Gerd Gigerenzer, Peter M. Todd & A. B. C. Research Group - 1999 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press USA.
    Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart invites readers to embark on a new journey into a land of rationality that differs from the familiar territory of cognitive science and economics. Traditional views of rationality tend to see decision makers as possessing superhuman powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and all of eternity in which to ponder choices. To understand decisions in the real world, we need a different, more psychologically plausible notion of rationality, and this book provides it. It is about (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   263 citations  
  8. Metaphysics and Philosophy of Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Essays for Gerd Buchdahl.Gerd Buchdahl & R. S. Woolhouse - 1988
  9. Evolution – the Extended Synthesis.Massimo Pigliucci & Gerd B. Müller (eds.) - 2010 - MIT Press.
    In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley's Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant developments within the core theoretical framework of the discipline. As a result, evolutionary theory today includes concepts and even entire new fields that were not part of the foundational structure of the Modern Synthesis. In this volume, sixteen leading evolutionary biologists and philosophers of science survey the conceptual changes that have emerged since Huxley's (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   139 citations  
  10.  8
    Reduction-Realization: A Key to the Structure of Kant’s Thought.Gerd Buchdahl - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (2):39-98.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11.  80
    The Role of Representation in Bayesian Reasoning: Correcting Common Misconceptions.Gerd Gigerenzer & Ulrich Hoffrage - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):264-267.
    The terms nested sets, partitive frequencies, inside-outside view, and dual processes add little but confusion to our original analysis (Gigerenzer & Hoffrage 1995; 1999). The idea of nested set was introduced because of an oversight; it simply rephrases two of our equations. Representation in terms of chances, in contrast, is a novel contribution yet consistent with our computational analysis System 1.dual process theory” is: Unless the two processes are defined, this distinction can account post hoc for almost everything. In contrast, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  12.  73
    Inductivist Versus Deductivist Approaches in the Philosophy of Science as Illustrated by Some Controversies Between Whewell and Mill.Gerd Buchdahl - 1971 - The Monist 55 (3):343-367.
    The contrast between the two approaches alluded to in the title has gained a certain prominence in our own day. With the knowledge of hindsight it will be of interest therefore to study its incidence in an earlier period, in the writings of Whewell and Mill, Which may thus yield added significance for a later generation. Right at the start there is a difficulty. Not all inductivists agree on their principles, or their interpretation of the logic of scientific reasoning, and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  13.  24
    The Fable as Figure: Christian Wolff's Geometric Fable Theory and Its Creative Reception by Lessing and Herder.Caroline Torra-Mattenklott - 2005 - Science in Context 18 (4):525-552.
  14.  79
    An Approach to Quantum Mechanics Via Conditional Probabilities.Gerd Niestegge - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (3):241-256.
    The well-known proposal to consider the Lüders-von Neumann measurement as a non-classical extension of probability conditionalization is further developed. The major results include some new concepts like the different grades of compatibility, the objective conditional probabilities which are independent of the underlying state and stem from a certain purely algebraic relation between the events, and an axiomatic approach to quantum mechanics. The main axioms are certain postulates concerning the conditional probabilities and own intrinsic probabilistic interpretations from the very beginning. A (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  15.  94
    Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science: The Classical Origins, Descartes to Kant.Gerd Buchdahl - 1969 - Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
  16.  6
    The Empire of Chance: How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life.Gerd Gigerenzer, Zeno Swijtink, Theodore Porter, Lorraine Daston, John Beatty & Lorenz Kruger - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Empire of Chance tells how quantitative ideas of chance transformed the natural and social sciences, as well as daily life over the last three centuries. A continuous narrative connects the earliest application of probability and statistics in gambling and insurance to the most recent forays into law, medicine, polling and baseball. Separate chapters explore the theoretical and methodological impact in biology, physics and psychology. Themes recur - determinism, inference, causality, free will, evidence, the shifting meaning of probability - but (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   103 citations  
  17. Extended Synthesis: Theory Expansion or Alternative?Gerd Muller & Massimo Pigliucci - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (3):275-276.
    A response to Lindsay Craig's essay, The So-Called Extended Synthesis and Population Genetics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  18.  35
    Rationality for Mortals: How People Cope with Uncertainty.Gerd Gigerenzer - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    This volume collects Gigerenzer's recent articles on the psychology of rationality. This volume should appeal, like the earlier volumes, to a broad mixture of cognitive psychologists, philosophers, economists, and others who study decision making.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   70 citations  
  19.  48
    How to Improve Bayesian Reasoning Without Instruction: Frequency Formats.Gerd Gigerenzer & Ulrich Hoffrage - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (4):684-704.
  20.  42
    Reasoning the Fast and Frugal Way: Models of Bounded Rationality.Gerd Gigerenzer & Daniel G. Goldstein - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):650-669.
    Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon's notion of satisficing, the authors have proposed a family of algorithms based on a simple psychological mechanism: one-reason decision making. These fast and frugal algorithms violate fundamental tenets of classical rationality: They neither look up nor integrate all information. By computer simulation, the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   216 citations  
  21.  44
    Reduction-Realization: A Key to the Structure of Kant’s Thought.Gerd Buchdahl - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (2):39-98.
  22.  23
    Intuitive and Deliberate Judgments Are Based on Common Principles.Arie W. Kruglanski & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):97-109.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  23.  22
    Probabilistic Mental Models: A Brunswikian Theory of Confidence.Gerd Gigerenzer, Ulrich Hoffrage & Heinz Kleinbölting - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (4):506-528.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   156 citations  
  24.  24
    EvoDevo Shapes the Extended Synthesis.Gerd B. Müller - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (2):119-121.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  25. The Essential Wittgenstein.Gerd Brand - 1979 - Basic Books.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  26.  46
    In Search of a Better World: Lectures and Essays From Thirty Years.Gerd Buchdahl - 1994 - Philosophy 69 (267):116-118.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  27.  38
    Greater Patient, Family and Surrogate Involvement in Clinical Ethics Consultation: The Model of Clinical Ethics Liaison Service as a Measure for Preventive Ethics. [REVIEW]Gerd Richter - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (4):327-340.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  28.  45
    On Narrow Norms and Vague Heuristics: A Reply to Kahneman and Tversky.Gerd Gigerenzer - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (3):592-596.
  29.  26
    Lindsay Craig—The So-Called Extended Synthesis and Population Genetics : Extended Synthesis: Theory Expansion or Alternative?Gerd B. Müller & Massimo Pigliucci - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (3):275-276.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  30. Grundprobleme der Wissenschaftslehre Über Die Struktur der Physik, Kausalität. Im Auftrag des Hönigswald-Archivs Hrsg. Von Gerd Wolandt Und Herbert Schmitt.Richard Hönigswald, Gerd Wolandt & Herbert Schmitt - 1965 - H. Bouvier.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  33
    A Representation of Quantum Measurement in Order-Unit Spaces.Gerd Niestegge - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (9):783-795.
    A certain generalization of the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics beyond operator algebras is considered. The approach is based on the concept of conditional probability and the interpretation of the Lüders-von Neumann quantum measurement as a probability conditionalization rule. A major result shows that the operator algebras must be replaced by order-unit spaces with some specific properties in the generalized approach, and it is analyzed under which conditions these order-unit spaces become Jordan algebras. An application of this result provides a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  32. Ausgewählte Schriften. Hrsg. Von Gottfried Martin Und Gerd Hergen Lübben.Ernst Marcus, Gottfried Martin & Gerd Hergen Lübben - 1969 - H. Bouvier.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. How (Far) Can Rationality Be Naturalized?Gerd Gigerenzer & Thomas Sturm - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):243-268.
    The paper shows why and how an empirical study of fast-and-frugal heuristics can provide norms of good reasoning, and thus how (and how far) rationality can be naturalized. We explain the heuristics that humans often rely on in solving problems, for example, choosing investment strategies or apartments, placing bets in sports, or making library searches. We then show that heuristics can lead to judgments that are as accurate as or even more accurate than strategies that use more information and computation, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  34.  26
    Gerd B. Müller and Massimo Pigliucci—Extended Synthesis: Theory Expansion or Alternative? : Criticism of the Extended Synthesis: A Response to Müller and Pigliucci.Lindsay R. Craig - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (4):395-396.
  35.  26
    Homo Heuristicus: Why Biased Minds Make Better Inferences.Gerd Gigerenzer & Henry Brighton - 2009 - Cognitive Science.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  36.  36
    Kant and the Dynamics of Reason: Essays on the Structure of Kant's Philosophy.Gerd Buchdahl - 1992 - Blackwell.
  37.  42
    A New Synthesis of Knowledge and Faith.Gerd Theissen - 1994 - Zygon 29 (3):389-399.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  53
    A Generalized Quantum Theory.Gerd Niestegge - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (11):1216-1229.
    In quantum mechanics, the selfadjoint Hilbert space operators play a triple role as observables, generators of the dynamical groups and statistical operators defining the mixed states. One might expect that this is typical of Hilbert space quantum mechanics, but it is not. The same triple role occurs for the elements of a certain ordered Banach space in a much more general theory based upon quantum logics and a conditional probability calculus (which is a quantum logical model of the Lüders-von Neumann (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  36
    Crossing the Finite Provinces of Meaning. Experience and Metaphor.Gerd Sebald - 2011 - Human Studies 34 (4):341-352.
    Schutz’s references to literature and arts in his theoretical works are manifold. But literature and theory are both a certain kind of a finite province of meaning, that means they are not easily accessible from the paramount reality of everyday life. Now there is another kind of referring to literature: metaphorizing it. Using it, as may be said with Lakoff and Johnson, to understand and to experience one kind of thing in terms of another. Literally metapherein means “to carry over”. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  40.  9
    Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science.Gerd Buchdahl - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (1):79-80.
  41.  86
    Three-Slit Experiments and Quantum Nonlocality.Gerd Niestegge - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (6):805-812.
    An interesting link between two very different physical aspects of quantum mechanics is revealed; these are the absence of third-order interference and Tsirelson’s bound for the nonlocal correlations. Considering multiple-slit experiments—not only the traditional configuration with two slits, but also configurations with three and more slits—Sorkin detected that third-order (and higher-order) interference is not possible in quantum mechanics. The EPR experiments show that quantum mechanics involves nonlocal correlations which are demonstrated in a violation of the Bell or CHSH inequality, but (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  15
    Sustainable Development as a Challenge for Undergraduate Students: The Module “Science Bears Responsibility” in the Leuphana Bachelor’s Programme: Commentary on “A Case Study of Teaching Social Responsibility to Doctoral Students in the Climate Sciences”.Gerd Michelsen - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (4):1505-1511.
    The Leuphana Semester at Leuphana University Lüneburg, together with the module “Science bears responsibility” demonstrate how innovative methods of teaching and learning can be combined with the topic of sustainable development and how new forms of university teaching can be introduced. With regard to module content, it has become apparent that, due to the complexity of the field of sustainability, a single discipline alone is unable to provide analyses and solutions. If teaching in higher education is to adequately deal with (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43.  1
    Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World.Gerd Gigerenzer - 2000 - Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
    Together, these collected papers develop the idea that human thinking - from scientific creativity to simply understanding what a positive HIV test means - "happens" partly outside the mind.".
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  44.  21
    The Standardization Theorem for Λ-Calculus.Gerd Mitschke - 1979 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 25 (1-2):29-31.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45.  21
    How to Explain Behavior?Gerd Gigerenzer - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (4):1363-1381.
    Unlike behaviorism, cognitive psychology relies on mental concepts to explain behavior. Yet mental processes are not directly observable and multiple explanations are possible, which poses a challenge for finding a useful framework. In this article, I distinguish three new frameworks for explanations that emerged after the cognitive revolution. The first is called tools‐to‐theories: Psychologists' new tools for data analysis, such as computers and statistics, are turned into theories of mind. The second proposes as‐if theories: Expected utility theory and Bayesian statistics (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  46.  29
    The Taming of Content: Some Thoughts About Domains and Modules.Gerd Gigerenzer - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 1 (4):324 – 333.
  47.  9
    Philosophy of Nature.Gerd Buchdahl - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):257-266.
  48.  14
    Life, Brain, and Consciousness: New Perceptions Through Targeted Systems Analysis.Gerd Sommerhoff - 1990 - Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
    In this volume the author tackles this problem in a rigorous analysis which begins with the general dynamics of living systems and leads the reader step-by-step ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  49.  25
    Axiomatic Rationality and Ecological Rationality.Gerd Gigerenzer - 2019 - Synthese 198 (4):3547-3564.
    Axiomatic rationality is defined in terms of conformity to abstract axioms. Savage limited axiomatic rationality to small worlds, that is, situations in which the exhaustive and mutually exclusive set of future states S and their consequences C are known. Others have interpreted axiomatic rationality as a categorical norm for how human beings should reason, arguing in addition that violations would lead to real costs such as money pumps. Yet a review of the literature shows little evidence that violations are actually (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  50.  10
    Liberté, Egalité, Modularité: In Memory of Werner Callebaut.Gerd B. Müller - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (1):1-4.
1 — 50 / 934