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  1.  69
    The Order of Public Reason: A Theory of Freedom and Morality in a Diverse and Bounded World.Gerald F. Gaus - 2010 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In this innovative and important work, Gerald Gaus advances a revised and more realistic account of public reason liberalism, showing how, in the midst of fundamental disagreement about values and moral beliefs, we can achieve a moral and political order that treats all as free and equal moral persons. The first part of this work analyzes social morality as a system of authoritative moral rules. Drawing on an earlier generation of moral philosophers such as Kurt Baier and Peter Strawson as (...)
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  2. Justificatory liberalism: an essay on epistemology and political theory.Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book advances a theory of personal, public and political justification. Drawing on current work in epistemology and cognitive psychology, the work develops a theory of personally justified belief. Building on this account, it advances an account of public justification that is more normative and less "populist" than that of "political liberals." Following the social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Kant, the work then argues that citizens have conclusive reason to appoint an umpire to resolve disputes arising from inconclusive (...)
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  3. The roles of religious conviction in a publicly justified polity: The implications of convergence, asymmetry and political institutions.Gerald F. Gaus & Kevin Vallier - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (1-2):51-76.
    Our concern in this essay are the roles of religious conviction in what we call a “publicly justified polity” — one in which the laws conform to the Principle of Public Justification, according to which (in a sense that will become clearer) each citizen must have conclusive reason to accept each law as binding. According to “justificatory liberalism,”1 this public justification requirement follows from the core liberal commitment of respect for the freedom and equality of all citizens.2 To respect each (...)
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  4.  38
    Value and Justification: The Foundations of Liberal Theory.Gerald F. Gaus - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This important new book takes as its points of departure two questions: What is the nature of valuing? and What morality can be justified in a society that deeply disagrees on what is truly valuable? In Part One, the author develops a theory of value that attempts to reconcile reason with passions. Part Two explores how this theory of value grounds our commitment to moral action. The author argues that rational moral action can neither be seen as a way of (...)
  5.  20
    An Essay on Rights.Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):203.
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  6.  4
    Social Philosophy.Gerald F. Gaus - 1999 - Routledge.
    This accessible, college-level introduction to the major theories of public morality begins with a discussion of why we should seek a publicly justified public morality and how we might go about publicly justifying social principles. The latter part of the volume considers the basic principles of public morality, evaluating the concepts of J.S. Mill, Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume, John Rawls, David Gauthier, and Joel Feinberg, as well as contemporary philosophers. Theories addressed include game theory, social choice (...)
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  7.  65
    The moral foundations of liberal neutrality.Gerald F. Gaus - 2009 - In Thomas Christiano & John Philip Christman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 91--2.
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  8. Backwards into the future: Neorepublicanism as a postsocialist critique of market society.Gerald F. Gaus - 2003 - Social Philosophy and Policy 20 (1):59-91.
    A. Two conceptions of moral legitimacy Socialism, understood as the rejection of markets based on private property in favor of comprehensive centralized economic planning, is no longer a serious political option. If the core of capitalism is the organization of the economy primarily through market competition based on private property, then capitalism has certainly defeated socialism. Markets have been accepted—and central planning abandoned—throughout most of the “third world” and the formerly Communist states. In the advanced industrial states of the West, (...)
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  9.  8
    Perfectionism and Neutrality: Essays in Liberal Theory.Bruce Ackerman, Richard J. Arneson, Ronald W. Dworkin, Gerald F. Gaus, Kent Greenawalt, Vinit Haksar, Thomas Hurka, George Klosko, Charles Larmore, Stephen Macedo, Thomas Nagel, John Rawls, Joseph Raz & George Sher - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Editors provide a substantive introduction to the history and theories of perfectionism and neutrality, expertly contextualizing the essays and making the collection accessible.
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  10. Property, Rights, and Freedom*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):209-240.
    William Perm summarized the Magna Carta thus: “First, It asserts Englishmen to be free; that's Liberty. Secondly, they that have free-holds, that's Property.” Since at least the seventeenth century, liberals have not only understood liberty and property to be fundamental, but to be somehow intimately related or interwoven. Here, however, consensus ends; liberals present an array of competing accounts of the relation between liberty and property. Many, for instance, defend an essentially instrumental view, typically seeing private property as justified because (...)
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  11. Reasonable pluralism and the domain of the political: How the weaknesses of John Rawls's political liberalism can be overcome by a justificatory liberalism.Gerald F. Gaus - 1999 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):259 – 284.
    Under free institutions the exercise of human reason leads to a plurality of reasonable, yet irreconcilable doctrines. Rawls's political liberalism is intended as a response to this fundamental feature of modern democratic life. Justifying coercive political power by appeal to any one (or sample) of these doctrines is, Rawls believes, oppressive and illiberal. If we are to achieve unity without oppression, he tells us, we must all affirm a public political conception that is supported by these diverse reasonable doctrines. The (...)
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  12. The rational, the reasonable and justification.Gerald F. Gaus - 1995 - Journal of Political Philosophy 3 (3):234–258.
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  13.  83
    Are Property Rights Problematic?Gerald F. Gaus & Loren E. Lomasky - 1990 - The Monist 73 (4):483-503.
  14.  65
    On justifying the moral rights of the moderns: A case of old wine in new bottles.Gerald F. Gaus - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):84-119.
    In this essay I sketch a philosophical argument for classical liberalism based on the requirements of public reason. I argue that we can develop a philosophical liberalism that, unlike so much recent philosophy, takes existing social facts and mores seriously while, at the same time, retaining the critical edge characteristic of the liberal tradition. I argue that once we develop such an account, we are led toward a vindication of “old” (qua classical) liberal morality—what Benjamin Constant called the “liberties of (...)
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  15. What is deontology? Part one: Orthodox views. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (1):27-42.
  16.  88
    What is deontology? Part two: Reasons to act. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (2):179-193.
  17. The Demands of Impartiality and the Evolution of Morality.Gerald F. Gaus - 2010 - In Brian Feltham & John Cottingham (eds.), Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World. Oxford University Press.
     
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  18.  76
    Why all Welfare States Are Unreasonable*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):1-33.
    Liberal political theory is all too familiar with the divide between classical and welfare-state liberals. Classical liberals, as we all know, insist on the importance of small government, negative liberty, and private property. Welfare-state liberals, on the other hand, although they too stress civil rights, tend to be sympathetic to “positive liberty,” are for a much more expansive government, and are often ambivalent about private property. Although I do not go so far as to entirely deny the usefulness of this (...)
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  19. The (severe) limits of deliberative democracy as the basis for political choice.Gerald F. Gaus - 2008 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 55 (117):26-53.
    This essay analyses optimal voting rules for one form of deliberative democracy. Drawing on public choice analysis, it is argued that the voting rule that best institutionalises deliberative democracy is a type of a supermajority rule. Deliberative democracy is also committed to the standard neutrality condition according to which if x votes are enough to select alternative A, x votes must be enough to select not-A. Taken together, these imply that deliberative democracy will often be indeterminate. This result shows that (...)
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  20.  48
    Mill's theory of moral rules.Gerald F. Gaus - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (3):265 – 279.
    David lyons has recently argued that mill's ethics is an alternative to both act and rule utilitarianism. In the first part of this paper I argue that lyons makes mill out to be far too much of a rule utilitarian. The second part of the article then provides an account of mill's theory of moral rules based on an analysis of the four functions rules serve in his ethics. On this reading mill's theory is a hybrid of act and rule (...)
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  21.  3
    Human Morality.Gerald F. Gaus - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):380-383.
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  22.  12
    A System of Rights. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (1):241-244.
    Rex Martin has written the most important analysis and justification of political authority and obligation since T. H. Green’s Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation [hereafter LPO]. Indeed, defying a good deal of contemporary philosophical orthodoxy, Martin resurrects some fundamental claims of Green’s political philosophy.
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  23.  27
    Public reason.Fred D'Agostino & Gerald F. Gaus (eds.) - 1998 - Brookfield, VT: Ashgate.
    The essays that make up this volume, explore the idea of public reason. The task of identifying a distinctively public reason has become pressing in our deeply pluralistic society, just because doubt has arisen whether what is good reasoning for one must be good reasoning for all. Examining the theories of Hobbes and Kant, and also using more recent work such as the comments and theories of John Rawls and David Gauthier, this book explores aspects of the idea of public (...)
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  24.  2
    The Modern Liberal Theory of Man.Gerald F. Gaus - 1983 - Routledge.
    First published in 1983. The primary argument of this book is that there is a coherent tradition of liberal thinking that extends from L. S. Mill, through liberals like T. H. Green, Bernard Bosanquet, L. T. Hobhouse and John Dewey to John Rawls. The author places Rawls within a longstanding tradition of liberal thinking, while also arguing that Green and Hobhouse are not simply of historical interest but represent genuine and interesting attempts to develop a modern liberal theory. It is (...)
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  25.  41
    The Common Mind: An Essay on Psychology, Society and Politics. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 1997 - Ethics 107 (4):752-754.
  26.  31
    The Rational and the Moral Order: The Social Roots of Reason and Morality.Gerald F. Gaus - 1995 - Ethics 106 (3):633-636.
  27.  24
    Looking for the Best and Finding None Better.Gerald F. Gaus - 1997 - Modern Schoolman 74 (4):277-284.
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  28.  6
    Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation.Gerald F. Gaus & Robert B. Louden - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):390.
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  29.  50
    The Routledge companion to social and political philosophy.Gerald F. Gaus & Fred D'Agostino (eds.) - 2013 - New York: Routledge.
    The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy is a comprehensive, definitive reference work, providing an up-to-date survey of the field, charting its history and key figures and movements, and addressing enduring questions as ...
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  30.  8
    Are Property Rights Problematic?Gerald F. Gaus & Loren E. Lomasky - 1990 - The Monist 73 (4):483-503.
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  31.  40
    The convergence of rights and utility: The case of Rawls and mill.Gerald F. Gaus - 1981 - Ethics 92 (1):57-72.
  32.  11
    An Essay on Rights by Hillel Steiner. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):203-207.
  33. The limits of homo economicus : the conflict of values and principles.Gerald F. Gaus - 2010 - In Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.), Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects. Stanford Economics and Finance.
     
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  34.  89
    Truth, politics, morality: Pragmatism and deliberation. Cheryl Misak.Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):796-799.
  35. Introduction.Fred D’Agostino & Gerald F. Gaus - forthcoming - Public Reason.
     
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  36.  2
    Public Reason and Diversity: Reinterpretations of Liberalism.Gerald F. Gaus - 2022 - Cambridge, United Kingdom ;: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Kevin Vallier.
    Gerald Gaus was one of the leading liberal theorists of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. He developed a pioneering defence of the liberal order based on its unique capacity to handle diversity and disagreement, and he presses the liberal tradition towards a principled openness to pluralism and diversity. This book brings together Gaus's most seminal and creative essays in a single volume for the first time. It also covers a broad span of his career, including essays published shortly (...)
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  37.  7
    Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy.Gerald F. Gaus & Fred D'Agostino (eds.) - 2012 - London: Routledge.
    The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy is a comprehensive, definitive reference work, providing an up-to-date survey of the field, charting its history and key figures and movements, and addressing enduring questions as well as contemporary research. Features unique to the Companion are: an extensive coverage of the history of social and political thought, including separate chapters on the development of political thought in the Islamic world, India, and China as well in modern Germany, France, and Britain a focus (...)
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  38.  1
    Morality: The Why and the What of It: The Why and the What of It.James P. Sterba & Gerald F. Gaus - 2012 - Routledge.
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  39. Public Reason in Political Philosophy: Classic Sources and Contemporary Commentaries.Piers Norris Turner & Gerald Gaus (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    When people of good faith and sound mind disagree deeply about moral, religious, and other philosophical matters, how can we justify political institutions to all of them? The idea of public reason—of a shared public standard, despite disagreement—arose in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in the work of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Kant. At a time when John Rawls’ influential theory of public reason has come under fire but its core idea remains attractive to many, it is important not to (...)
     
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  40. Public justification and democratic adjudication.Gerald F. Gaus - 2009 - In Matt Zwolinski (ed.), Arguing About Political Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 106--122.
  41.  23
    Book ReviewsAndrew Reeve,, and Andrew Williams,, eds. Real Libertarianism Assessed: Political Theory after Van Parijs.Houndsmill, Basingstoke: Pelgrave, 2003. Pp. x+223. $68.00. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):830-836.
  42.  51
    Louis Kaplow and Steven Shavell, fairness versus welfare (cambridge, MA: Harvard university press, 2002), pp. XXII + 544.Gerald F. Gaus - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (2):233-236.
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  43.  37
    Desmond King, In the Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the United States and Britain, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. xiii + 340.Gerald F. Gaus - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (3):371.
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  44.  41
    Reasonable utility functions and playing the cooperative way.Gerald F. Gaus - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (2):215-234.
    In this essay I dispute the widely held view that utility theory and decision theory are formalizations of instrumental rationality. I show that the decision theoretic framework has no deep problems accommodating the ?reasonable? qua a preference to engage in fair cooperation as such. All evaluative criteria relevant to choice can be built into a von Neumann?Morgenstern utility function. I focus on the claim that, while rational choice?driven agents are caught in the Pareto?inferior outcome, reasonable agents could ?solve? the PD (...)
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  45.  27
    Review essay/taking drugs and rights seriously.Gerald F. Gaus - 1995 - Criminal Justice Ethics 14 (1):63-72.
    Douglas N. Husak, Drugs and Rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, vii + 312 pp.
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  46.  15
    An Essay on Rights by Hillel Steiner. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):203-207.
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  47.  23
    Review essay / A libertarian alternative to liberal justice.Gerald F. Gaus - 2000 - Criminal Justice Ethics 19 (2):32-43.
    Randy E. Burnett, The Structure of Liberty Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998, xi + 347pp.
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  48. Principles, goals and symbols: Nozick on practical rationality.Gerald F. Gaus - 2002 - In David Schmidtz (ed.), Robert Nozick. Cambridge University Press. pp. 105--130.
     
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  49.  18
    Review of Christopher McMahon, Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning[REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (6).
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  50.  88
    Handbook of political theory.Gerald F. Gaus & Chandran Kukathas (eds.) - 2004 - Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
    `This volume combines remarkable coverage and distinguished contributors. The inclusion of thematic, conceptual, and historical chapters will make it a valuable resource for scholars as well as students' - Professor George Klosko, Department of Politics, University of Virginia This major new Handbook provides a definitive state-of-the-art review to political theory, past and present. It offers a complete guide to all the main areas and fields of political and philosophical inquiry today by the world's leading theorists. The Handbook is divided into (...)
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