Results for 'George Polya'

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  1. Methodology or heuristics, strategy or tactics.Georges Polya - 1971 - Archives de Philosophie 34 (4):623-629.
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  2.  91
    Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning: Induction and analogy in mathematics.George Pólya - 1954 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    Here the author of How to Solve It explains how to become a "good guesser." Marked by G. Polya's simple, energetic prose and use of clever examples from a wide range of human activities, this two-volume work explores techniques of guessing, inductive reasoning, and reasoning by analogy, and the role they play in the most rigorous of deductive disciplines.
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  3.  42
    Mathematics and plausible reasoning.George Pólya - 1954 - Princeton, N.J.,: Princeton University Press.
    2014 Reprint of 1954 American Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. This two volume classic comprises two titles: "Patterns of Plausible Inference" and "Induction and Analogy in Mathematics." This is a guide to the practical art of plausible reasoning, particularly in mathematics, but also in every field of human activity. Using mathematics as the example par excellence, Polya shows how even the most rigorous deductive discipline is heavily dependent on techniques of guessing, (...)
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  4.  28
    Julia Robinson. On the decision problem for algebraic rings. Studies in mathematical analysis and related topics, Essays in honor of George Pólya, edited by Gabor Szegö, Charles Loewner, Stefan Bergman, Menahem Max Schiffer, Jerzy Neyman, David Gilbarg, and Herbert Solomon, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 1962, pp. 297–304. [REVIEW]V. H. Dyson - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):475-476.
  5. Lógica Matemática y el Método de Polya para resolver problemas matemáticos.Franklin Galindo - 2022 - Dissertation,
    La siguiente ponencia-taller tiene por finalidad explicar cómo podría aplicarse el Método de George Polya para resolver problemas (matemáticos) en el contexto de la Lógica Matemática, especialmente en la lógica Matemática elemental (la lógica de primer orden con identidad). Es una propuesta pedagógica experimental (además de las ya existentes) que tal vez pueda ser útil para la enseñanza de la lógica matemática en ciencias o en humanidades. Dicha ponencia se presentó (vía web) con motivo de la celebración del (...)
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  6.  4
    Probability in 1919/20: the von Mises-Pólya-Controversy.Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze - 2006 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 60 (5):431-515.
    The correspondence between Richard von Mises and George Pólya of 1919/20 contains reflections on two well-known articles by von Mises on the foundations of probability in the Mathematische Zeitschrift of 1919, and one paper from the Physikalische Zeitschrift of 1918. The topics touched on in the correspondence are: the proof of the central limit theorem of probability theory, von Mises' notion of randomness, and a statistical criterion for integer-valuedness of physical data. The investigation will hint at both the fruitfulness (...)
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  7.  3
    How to Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method (Princeton Science Library) vol. 1.G. Polya - 2004 - Princeton University Press.
    Outlines a method of solving mathematical problems for teachers and students based upon the four steps of understanding the problem, devising a plan, carrying out the plan, and checking the results.
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  8.  12
    Preliminary remarks on a logic of plausible inference.G. Pólya - 1949 - Dialectica 3 (1‐2):28-35.
    It is shown by examples that inductive procedures which are commonly noticed only in the experimental sciences, are heuristically applicable also to purely mathematical questions. Similar processes are pointed out in inventive and everyday reasoning. A simple pattern of plausible inference is formulated and the bearing of these remarks on the current philosophical discussion of probability is hinted at. ‐ G. P.
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  9.  44
    Sorites paradox and conscious experience.Tamás Pólya & László Tarnay - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):165-165.
    The theory of consciousness proposed by O'Brien & Opie is open to the Sorites paradox, for it defines a consciousness system internally in terms of computationally relevant units which add up to consciousness only if sufficient in number. The Sorites effect applies on the assumed level of features.
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  10. Les mathématiques et le raisonnement plausible.G. Polya - 1958 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:119-121.
     
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  11.  30
    Sur Les types Des propositions composees.G. Pólya - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (3):98 - 103.
    Il s'agit d'un problème combinatoire de logique formelle, formulé par Jevons; il sera expliqué en détails dans ce qui suit (voir no. 1). Jevona luimême n'a traité le problème que dans les cas les plus simples (n= 1, 2, 3); un cas plus difficile (n= 4) a été traité par Clifford; le cas général (nquelconque) a été à peine abordé.Le but de ce travail est de faire remarquer que ce problème de Jevons et de Clifford est contenu comme cas particutier (...)
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  12. A Theory of the a Priori.George Bealer - 1999 - Philosophical Perspectives 13:29-55.
    The topic of a priori knowledge is approached through the theory of evidence. A shortcoming in traditional formulations of moderate rationalism and moderate empiricism is that they fail to explain why rational intuition and phenomenal experience count as basic sources of evidence. This explanatory gap is filled by modal reliabilism -- the theory that there is a qualified modal tie between basic sources of evidence and the truth. This tie to the truth is then explained by the theory of concept (...)
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  13.  57
    The phenomenology of mind.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1910 - Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications. Edited by J. B. Baillie.
    Idealist philosopher Georg Hegel defied the traditional epistemological distinction of objective from subjective and developed his own dialectical alternative. Remarkable for its breadth and profundity, this work combines aspects of psychology, logic, moral philosophy, and history to form a comprehensive view that encompasses all forms of civilization. Its three divisions consist of the subjective mind (dealing with anthropology and psychology), the objective mind (concerning philosophical issues of law and morals), and the absolute mind (covering fine arts, religion, and philosophy). Wide-ranging (...)
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  14. Schopenhauer and Nietzsche.Georg Simmel - 1907 - Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    TRANSLATORS PREFACE THE PRESENT TRANSLATION OF GEORG SIMMEL'S Schopen- hauer und Nietzsche: Ein Vortragszyklus (1907), ...
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  15.  24
    Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism.George A. Akerlof & Robert J. Shiller - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    "This book is a sorely needed corrective. Animal Spirits is an important--maybe even a decisive--contribution at a difficult juncture in macroeconomic theory.
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  16. Mind and anti-mind: Why thinking has no functional definition.George Bealer - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):283-328.
    Functionalism would be mistaken if there existed a system of deviant relations (an “anti-mind”) that had the same functional roles as the standard mental relations. In this paper such a system is constructed, using “Quinean transformations” of the sort associated with Quine’s thesis of the indeterminacy of translation. For example, a mapping m from particularistic propositions (e.g., that there exists a rabbit) to universalistic propositions (that rabbithood is manifested). Using m, a deviant relation thinking* is defined: x thinks* p iff (...)
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  17.  33
    Computability and Logic.George S. Boolos, John P. Burgess & Richard C. Jeffrey - 1974 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Edited by John P. Burgess & Richard C. Jeffrey.
  18.  14
    How Can Physics Underlie the Mind?: Top-Down Causation in the Human Context.George Ellis - 2016 - Berlin, Heidelberg: Imprint: Springer.
    Physics underlies all complexity, including our own existence: how is this possible? How can our own lives emerge from interactions of electrons, protons, and neutrons? This book considers the interaction of physical and non-physical causation in complex systems such as living beings, and in particular in the human brain, relating this to the emergence of higher levels of complexity with real causal powers. In particular it explores the idea of top-down causation, which is the key effect allowing the emergence of (...)
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  19.  13
    Desert.George Sher - 1987 - Princeton University Press.
    The description for this book, Desert, will be forthcoming.
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  20.  10
    The works of George Berkeley..George Berkeley & Alexander Campbell Fraser - 1871 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press. Edited by Alexander Campbell Fraser.
    George Berkeley (1685-1753) is the superstar of Irish Philosophy. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1700 and became a fellow in 1707. In 1724 he resigned his Fellowship to become Dean of Derry, and in 1734 he was made Bishop of Cloyne. He settled in Oxford in 1752 and died the following year. The work of George Berkeley is marked by its diversity and range. His writings take in such topics as mathematics, psychology, politics, health, economics, deism and (...)
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  21.  4
    Vernunftlehre.Georg Friedrich Meier - 1752 - Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag. Edited by Riccardo Pozzo.
  22.  11
    Georges Sorel's study on Vico.Georges Sorel - 2020 - Boston: Brill. Edited by Eric Brandom, Tommaso Giordani & Georges Sorel.
    Georges Sorel's Study on Vico is a revelatory document of the depths and stakes of French social thought at the end of the 19th century. What brought Sorel to the 18th century Neapolitan theorist of history? Acute awareness of the limitations of Marxist thought in his day, a profound concern with the material underpinnings of language, law, and culture, and the imperative to understand the possibilities of revolutionary change. We find here a different Sorel, one who speaks in surprising ways (...)
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  23.  4
    Hauptprobleme der philosophie.Georg Simmel - 1910 - Leipzig,: G.J. Göschen.
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  24.  21
    Hegel's Philosophy of right.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & Samuel Walters Dyde - 1896 - London: George Bell and Sons. Edited by S. W. Dyde.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be (...)
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  25. Justification and Knowledge: New Studies in Epistemology.George Pappas (ed.) - 1979 - Boston: D. Reidel.
    Many epistemologists have been interested in justification because of its presumed close relationship to knowledge. This relationship is intended to be ...
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  26. Kripke on Wittgenstein and normativity.George M. Wilson - 1994 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):366-390.
  27.  14
    Language and Silence: Essays on Language, Literature, and the Inhuman.George Steiner - 1998 - Yale University Press.
    How do we evaluate the power and utility of language when it has been made to articulate falsehoods in certain totalitarian regimes or has been charged with vulgarity and imprecision in a mass-consumer democracy? How will language react to the increasingly urgent claims of more exact speech such as mathematics and symbolic notation? These are some of the questions Steiner addresses in this elegantly written book, first published in 1967 to international acclaim.
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  28.  76
    Varieties of Group Cognition.Georg Theiner - 2014 - In Lawrence A. Shapiro (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition. New York: Routledge. pp. 347-357.
    Benjamin Franklin famously wrote that “the good [that] men do separately is small compared with what they may do collectively” (Isaacson 2004). The ability to join with others in groups to accomplish goals collectively that would hopelessly overwhelm the time, energy, and resources of individuals is indeed one of the greatest assets of our species. In the history of humankind, groups have been among the greatest workers, builders, producers, protectors, entertainers, explorers, discoverers, planners, problem-solvers, and decision-makers. During the late 19th (...)
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  29.  14
    Lacan and race: racism, identity and psychoanalytic theory.Sheldon George & Derek Hook (eds.) - 2022 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    This edited volume draws upon Lacanian psychoanalytic theory to examine the conscious and unconscious forces underlying race as a social formation, conceptualizing race, racial identity, and racism in ways that go beyond traditional modes of psychoanalytic thought Featuring contributions from Lacanian scholars from diverse geographical and disciplinary contexts, chapters span a wide breadth of topics including white nationalism and contemporary debates over confederate monuments; emergent theories of race rooted in Afropessimism and postcolonialism; Latinx and other racialized groups; apartheid and American (...)
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  30.  28
    Action.George Wilson & Samuel Shpall - 2014 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
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  31.  5
    Technology and Justice.George Parkin Grant (ed.) - 1986 - [Toronto]: House of Anansi.
    George GrantÑphilosopher, conservative, Canadian nationalist, ChristianÑwas one of Canada’s most significant thinkers, and the author of Lament for a Nation, Technology and Empire, and English-Speaking Justice. Admirers and critics of the author will welcome these compelling essays about society’s traditional values in a technological age.
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  32. Kenneth Burke's permanence and change: a critical companion.Ann George - 2018 - Columbia, South Carolina: The University of South Carolina Press.
    Since its publication in 1935, Kenneth Burke's Permanence and Change, a text that can serve as an introduction to all of Burke's theories, has become a landmark of rhetorical study. Using new archival sources and by contextualizing the theory in the past and present, Ann George offers the first sustained exploration of Burke's work and seeks to clarify the notoriously difficult book for both amateurs and scholars of rhetoric in Kenneth Burke's Permanence and Change: A Critical Companion.
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  33.  5
    Heidegger et la langue allemande.Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt - 2016 - Paris: CNRS éditions.
    De récents travaux ont éclairé sans équivoque aucune l'adhésion de Martin Heidegger au totalitarisme hitlérien. Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt, traducteur de Kafka et de Nietzsche, reprend la question par un biais plus personnel, dans les pas de Victor Klemeperer, l'auteur de la Lingua Tertii Imperrii (1947). "Gefolgschaft", "Einsatz", "Ereignis" : autant de termes appartenant à la fois au vocabulaire nazi et au système philosophique heideggerien. L'appropriation d'un tel langage n'a rien d'opportuniste ou d'occasionnel, mais marque un engagement profond. Cet ouvrage rare et (...)
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  34. Internalist vs. Externalist Conceptions of Epistemic Justification.George S. Pappas - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  35. Returning to the Root: The Formative Political Career and Intellectual Development of Nie Bao, 1487-1548.George L. Israel - 2024 - The World of the Orient 122 (1):145-172.
     
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  36.  79
    The Extended Mind.Georg Theiner - 2017 - In Bryan S. Turner (ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social Theory. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
    The ‘extended mind’ thesis asserts that cognitive processes are not bound by the skull or even skin of biological individuals, but actively incorporate environmental structures such as symbols, tools, artifacts, media, cultural practices, norms, groups, or institutions. By distributing cognition across space, time, and people in canny ways, we circumvent or overcome the biological limitations of our brains. Human beings are creative, albeit opportunistic experts in cognitive ‘self-transcendence.’ This entry surveys discussions of EM in philosophy of mind and cognitive science (...)
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  37. L'esprit, le soi et la société.George H. Mead, J. Cazeneuve, E. Kaelin & G. Thibault - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:90-90.
     
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  38.  5
    Philosophie des Abschieds: die Differenz denken.Jutta Georg - 2021 - Paderborn: Brill, Wilhelm Fink.
    In der Philosophiegeschichte findet sich keine detailliert ausformulierte Philosophie des Abschieds. Die Publikation liefert hierzu die Spur des Abschieds, die als ein abwesend anwesendes Phänomen nachzuzeichnen ist. Neben der Rekonstruktion der relevanten philosophischen Thanatologien von der Antike bis ins 20. Jahrhundert, der Phänomenologie von Leiden und Schmerz, des Trostes und der Trauer werden vorrangig über Nietzsches Philosophie der tragischen Bejahungpraxis philosophische Orientierungen für ein souveränes Verhaltengegenüber dem existentiellen Phänomen des Abschieds präsentiert"--Page 4 of cover.
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  39.  4
    Why should we obey the law?George Klosko - 2018 - Medford, MA, USA: Polity Press.
    Consent theory -- The principle of fair play -- Multiple principle theory -- Limits of political obligation.
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  40. Istorīi︠a︡ filosofii.George Henry Lewes - 1897 - Edited by Vladimir Dmitrievich Volʹfson.
     
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  41.  1
    Perplexing Paradoxes: Unraveling Enigmas in the World Around Us.George G. Szpiro - 2024 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    This book will examine paradoxes in diverse areas of thought: philosophy, mathematics, physics, economics, political science, psychology, computer science, logic, statistics, linguistics, law, etc. Though the treatment of each paradox is rigorous, the book will be written accessibly with a lighthearted and humorous tone so as to keep the reader engaged. Each chapter will focus on a single paradox, structured roughly like so: 1. A question is asked in the context of a story. As an answer, the paradox is presented (...)
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  42. Islamic philosophy and the crisis of modernity: Leo Strauss's relationship with al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.Georges Tamer - 2024 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Unveils the profound influence of medieval Islamic philosophy on the thought of Leo Strauss.
     
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  43.  19
    Praecepta, decreta and happiness in Schopenhauer and Seneca: a short comparative study.George Felipe Bernardes Barbosa Borges - 2023 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 33:03328-03328.
    There is an important part in Schopenhauer's bibliography dedicated to reflections on a good life. Between 1826 and 1829, the German philosopher started to think about a eudemonology, an unfinished project, which relied on the rescue of the thought of ancient philosophers. In his discussions there is a great appreciation for Stoic thinking in order to produce a life as little unhappy as possible. Therefore, it seems relevant to revisit Schopenhauer's ideas and compare them with Seneca, who focused on the (...)
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  44.  12
    The Nested States Model: An Empirical Framework for Integrating Brain and Mind.George H. Denfield & Evan J. Kyzar - 2024 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 31 (3):28-55.
    Philosophy of mind has made substantial progress on biologically-rooted approaches to understanding the mind and subjectivity through the enactivist perspective, but research on subjectivity within neuroscience has not kept apace. Indeed, we possess no principled means of relating experiential phenomena to neurophysiological processes. Here, we present the Nested States Model as a framework to guide empirical investigation into the relationship between subjectivity and neurobiology. Building on recent work in phenomenology and philosophy of mind, we develop an account of experiential states (...)
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  45. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1905 - Leipzig,: Dürr'sche buchhandlung. Edited by Georg Lasson.
     
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  46.  17
    Genuine pretending: on the philosophy of the Zhuangzi.Hans-Georg Moeller - 2017 - New York: Columbia University Press. Edited by Paul J. D'Ambrosio.
    This book presents an innovative reading of Daoist philosophy that highlights the critical and therapeutic functions of satire and humor. Moeller and D'Ambrosio show how the Zhuangzi expounds the Daoist art of "genuine pretending" the paradoxical skill of enacting social roles without submitting to them or letting them define one's identity.
  47. Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics.Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2007 - New York ;: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Robert P. George.
    Profoundly important ethical and political controversies turn on the question of whether biological life is an essential aspect of a human person, or only an extrinsic instrument. Lee and George argue that human beings are physical, animal organisms - albeit essentially rational and free - and examine the implications of this understanding of human beings for some of the most controversial issues in contemporary ethics and politics. The authors argue that human beings are animal organisms and that their personal (...)
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  48. Hegel's Philosophy of right.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel & T. M. Knox - 1896 - London: George Bell and Sons. Edited by S. W. Dyde.
  49.  11
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: The Phenomenology of Spirit.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (ed.) - 2017 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Hegel's The Phenomenology of Spirit is one of the most influential texts in the history of modern philosophy. In it, Hegel proposed an arresting and novel picture of the relation of mind to world and of people to each other. Like Kant before him, Hegel offered up a systematic account of the nature of knowledge, the influence of society and history on claims to knowledge, and the social character of human agency itself. A bold new understanding of what, after Hegel, (...)
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  50. Onwards and Upwards with the Extended Mind: From Individual to Collective Epistemic Action.Georg Theiner - 2013 - In L. Caporael, J. Griesemer & W. Wimsatt (eds.), Scaffolding in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 191-208.
    In recent years, philosophical developments of the notion of distributed and/or scaffolded cognition have given rise to the “extended mind” thesis. Against the popular belief that the mind resides solely in the brain, advocates of the extended mind thesis defend the claim that a significant portion of human cognition literally extends beyond the brain into the body and a heterogeneous array of physical props, tools, and cultural techniques that are reliably present in the environment in which people grow, think, and (...)
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