Results for 'George F. Sowers Jr'

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  1. The Demise of the Doomsday Argument.George F. Sowers Jr - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):37-46.
    A refutation of the doomsday argument is offered. Through a simple thought experiment analysed in Bayesian terms the fallacy is shown to be the assumption that a currently living person represents a random sample from the population of all persons who will ever have existed. A more general version of the counter argument is then given. Previous arguments that purport to answer this concern are also addressed. One result is determining criteria for the applicability of time sampling arguments, i.e., under (...)
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  2.  40
    The Demise of the Doomsday Argument.George F. Sowers Jr - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):37 - 45.
    A refutation of the doomsday argument is offered. Through a simple thought experiment analysed in Bayesian terms the fallacy is shown to be the assumption that a currently living person represents a random sample from the population of all persons who will ever have existed. A more general version of the counter argument is then given. Previous arguments that purport to answer this concern are also addressed. One result is determining criteria for the applicability of time sampling arguments, i.e., under (...)
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  3.  8
    In the Absence of Fantasia: Troeltsch's Relation to Hegel.George J. Yamin Jr - 1993 - University Press of Florida.
    This work examines the complex relationship between two influential modern thinkers, G.W.F. Hegel and Ernst Troeltsch, one of Hegel's interpreters and a figure who has not received the attention he deserves.
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  4.  38
    Book Reviews Section 2.Robert Cowen, Sean D. Healy, Edgar B. Gumbert, Geoffrey M. Ibim, Fannie R. Cooley, Stuart J. Cohen, Maurice F. Freehill, Evan R. Powell, Virginia K. Wiegand, Geraldine Johncich Clifford, Charles E. Mcclelland, George C. Stone, Glenn C. Atkyns, Barbara Finkelstein, Gene P. Agre, Alton Harrison Jr & William G. Williams - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (4):210-221.
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  5.  41
    Book Reviews Section 2.Martin Levit, David Neil Silk, Francesco Cordasco, George Bernstein, Paul F. Black, Hyman Kuritz, David Gottlieb, Mary Dunn, James L. Jarrett, Sandra Gadell, John Gadell, Glen Hass, Ronald H. Mueller, Robert Acosta, Sylvester Kohut Jr, Ralph H. Hunkins, Robert B. Girvan, Frederick S. Buchanan, Albert Nissman & H. J. Prince - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (1):21-35.
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  6.  25
    Origins of Psychometry: Johan Jacob De Jaager, Student of F. C. Donders, on Reaction Time and Mental Processes Josef Brožek Maarten S. Sibinga. [REVIEW]George Stocking Jr - 1972 - Isis 63 (1):125-125.
  7. George Graham.Peter R. Killeen, Robert Epstein, Willard F. Day Jr, K. Richard Garrett, Max Hocutt, Wv Quine, Roger Schna1tter, Donald Baer, William Baum & David Begelman - 1985 - Behaviorism 13.
  8.  26
    Russell's Realist Theory of Remote Memory.Ray Perkins Jr - 1976 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 14 (3):358-360.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:358 HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY und k6nnen es nur sein. Das Gleiche ist der Fall mit den Erfahrungstatsachen des wissenschaftlichen Versuches und im Grunde aller Wissenschaft gibt es nichts anderes und kann es nichts anderes geben. Mag ein gewandter Dialektiker die Voraussetzungen, yon denen er ausgeht, noch so sehr durcheinanderwirbeln, sie verbinden und zu Schliissen aufeinandertiirmen: Was er erhiilt, wird stets wieder eine Aussage sein. Niemals wird er zu einem (...)
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  9. On the Nature of Emergent Reality.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  10.  10
    Philosophical Essays in Honor of Edgar Arthur Singer, Jr by F. P. Clarke; M. C. Nahm. [REVIEW]George Berry - 1944 - Isis 35:197-198.
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  11.  42
    After the Suicide Attempt: Offering Patients Another Chance.George F. Blackall, Rebecca L. Volpe & Michael J. Green - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):14 - 16.
    We applaud Brown, Elliott, and Paine (2013) for their overarching goal of providing ethical justification for decisions to withdraw nonfutile life-sustaining medical treatments in some cases after...
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  12.  4
    The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer by Georges Ifrah; David Bellos; E. F. Harding; Sophie Wood; Ian Mark. [REVIEW]Ernest Zebrowski Jr - 2001 - Isis 92:584-585.
  13.  10
    Reading Philosophy for the XXIst Century.George F. Mclean - 1989
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  14.  4
    Morality, Metaphysics and Chinese Culture: Metaphysics, Culture and Morality Vol. 1.George F. Mclean - 1994 - Crvp.
    Includes bibliographical references and index.
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  15.  22
    Kitāb ar-radd 'alā l-ǧahmīyaKitab ar-radd 'ala l-gahmiya.George F. Hourani, Abū Sa'īd 'Utmān B. Sa'īd ad-Dārimī, Gösta Vitestam, Abu Sa'id 'Utman B. Sa'id ad-Darimi & Gosta Vitestam - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (4):566.
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  16. Medicine, philosophy of.Kenneth F. Schaffner & H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Genealogy to Iqbal. Routledge. pp. 264-269.
     
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  17.  13
    Conjectanea Talmudica: Notes on Rev. 13:18; Matt. 23:35 f.; 28:1; 2 Cor. 2:14-16; Jubilees 34:4, 7; 7:4.George F. Moore - 1905 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 26:315-333.
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  18.  32
    Ancient Races of Baluchistan, Panjab, and Sind.George F. Dales & S. S. Sarkar - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (3):647.
  19.  18
    Neolithic Cattle-Keepers of South India: A Study of the Deccan Ashmounds.George F. Dales & F. R. Allchin - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (1):93.
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  20.  1
    Shamgar and Sisera.George F. Moore - 1898 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 19:159-160.
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  21.  30
    Rational Public Opinion or its Manufacture? Reply to Page.George F. Bishop - 2008 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 20 (1-2):141-157.
    ABSTRACT Benjamin Page's thoughtful critique of my book, The Illusion of Public Opinion, strives to reassure readers that all is well—despite the book's extensive documentation of measurement‐error artifacts in numerous public opinion surveys. Page's own careful polling practices are not followed outside of elite academic survey centers. Moreover, even in such well‐run surveys, the respondents are often ignorant of the issues being probed. The fact that nonrandom reasons of some sort must be determining on‐the‐spot survey responses may allow us to (...)
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  22.  5
    Introspective Analysis of certain tactual phenomena.George F. Arps - 1912 - Psychological Review 19 (5):337-351.
  23.  21
    Long-Acting Contraceptives Rationale, Current Development, and Ethical Implications.George F. Brown - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):S12.
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  24.  12
    Preferences for sequences of outcomes.George F. Loewenstein & Dražen Prelec - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (1):91-108.
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  25.  24
    The “extended amygdala” as a receptor area for psychotherapeutic drugs.George F. Alheid & Lennart Heimer - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):208-208.
  26.  19
    Steroid hormone receptors and In vitro transcription.George F. Allan, Sophia Y. Tsai, Bert W. O'Malley & Ming-Jer Tsai - 1991 - Bioessays 13 (2):73-78.
    Steroid hormone receptors are ligand‐inducible transcription factors that exhibit potent effects on gene expression in living cells. Precise dissection of their mode of action at the molecular level can best be carried out in functional cell‐free systems. This article will describe the benefits of such systems and review their development up to the recent establishment of steroid receptor‐dependent in vitro transcription. Subsequent advances in our knowledge of receptor function arising from the exploitation of this powerful experimental tool will be described. (...)
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  27.  11
    A preliminary report on "work with knowledge versus work without knowledge of results".George F. Arps - 1917 - Psychological Review 24 (6):449-455.
  28.  19
    Geometrization of Gauge Fields.George F. Chapline - 1980 - In A. R. Marlow (ed.), Quantum Theory and Gravitation. Academic Press. pp. 1--177.
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  29.  40
    “Difficult” Patients or Difficult Relationships?George F. Blackall & Michael J. Green - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):8-9.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 8-9, May 2012.
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  30. Finite Homogeneous Strain, Flow, and Rupture of Rocks.George F. Becker - 1892 - The Monist 3:480.
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  31.  2
    The Diagnosis of Dying.George F. Davis - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (3):262-263.
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  32.  66
    Philosophy and Humanism. Renaissance Essays in Honor of Paul Oskar Kristeller. [REVIEW]F. W. J. - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (2):436-438.
    This Festschrift in Professor Kristeller’s honor consists of contributions by scholars who have had some connection with Columbia University, his "intellectual home in the United States for three decades." It also includes a Tabula Gratulatoria listing many other friends from the United States and Europe. The editor’s opening essay provides an interesting and informative account of this scholar’s academic career, and should be read together with the complete annotated bibliography of his publications through 1974. The latter lists 149 "major publications" (...)
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  33. On the nature of emergent reality.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  30
    The Function and Spirituality of Bonaventure's "Treatise" on the Miracles of St. Francis.George F. Rambow - 2017 - Franciscan Studies 75:323-341.
    A notion that was prevalent throughout the twentieth century and persists into the present, is that Bonaventure compiled the Legenda maior as a means to make peace between two quarreling factions within the Franciscan order—the Spirituals and the Conventuals.2 Some have suggested a twofold function: "restoration of peace and harmony within the order" and the "[vindication of] the friars in the eyes of the world."3 Others prefer to regard the political implications of the Legenda as incidental, focusing instead on the (...)
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  35.  35
    Abortion, society, and the law.David F. Walbert - 1973 - Cleveland [Ohio]: Press of Case Western Reserve University. Edited by J. Douglas Butler.
    George, B. J. Jr. The evolving law of abortion.--Guttmacher, A. F. The genesis of liberalized abortion in New York: a personal insight.--Callahan, D. Abortion: some ethical issues.--Jakobovits, I. Jewish views on abortion.--Drinan, R. F. The inviolability of the right to be born.--Schwartz, R. A. Abortion on request: the psychiatric implications.--Fleck, S. A psychiatrist's views on abortion.--Niswander, K. R. Abortion practices in the United States: a medical viewpoint.--Macintyre, M. N. Genetic risk, prenatal diagnosis, and selective abortion.--Messerman, G. A. Abortion counselling: (...)
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  36.  80
    Mirrors, portals, and multiple realities.George F. MacDonald, John L. Cove, Charles D. Laughlin & John McManus - 1989 - Zygon 24 (1):39-64.
    A biogenetic structural explanation is offered for the cross‐culturally common mystical experience called portalling, the experience of moving from one reality to another via a tunnel, door, aperture, hole, or the like. The experience may be evoked in shamanistic and meditative practice by concentration upon a portalling device (mirror, mandala, labyrinth, skrying bowl, pool of water, etc.). Realization of the portalling experience is shown to be fundamental to the phenomenology underlying multiple reality cosmologies in traditional cultures and is explained in (...)
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  37.  58
    Emergence of Time.George F. R. Ellis & Barbara Drossel - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (3):161-190.
    Microphysical laws are time reversible, but macrophysics, chemistry and biology are not. This paper explores how this asymmetry arises due to the cosmological context, where a non-local Direction of Time is imposed by the expansion of the universe. This situation is best represented by an Evolving Block Universe, where local arrows of time emerge in concordance with the Direction of Time because a global Past Condition results in the Second Law of Thermodynamics pointing to the future. At the quantum level, (...)
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  38.  22
    A Road Not Taken: Mass Belief Systems Reconsidered.George F. Bishop - 2008 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 20 (1-2):37-55.
    ABSTRACT Critics of Converse’s agenda‐setting 1964 essay underexplored the seemingly technical issue of measurement error. Down this road not taken lie serious questions about the evidence for both of Converse’s main theses. First, a thorough reexamination of the exact questions posed to a mass sample of the electorate and to an elite sample of congressional candidates suggests that the mass/elite difference in ideological constraint reported by Converse could be, in significant part, a measurement‐error artifact caused by differences in question form. (...)
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  39.  2
    A Road Not Taken: Mass Belief Systems Reconsidered.George F. Bishop - 2008 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 20 (1-2):37-55.
    ABSTRACT Critics of Converse’s agenda‐setting 1964 essay underexplored the seemingly technical issue of measurement error. Down this road not taken lie serious questions about the evidence for both of Converse’s main theses. First, a thorough reexamination of the exact questions posed to a mass sample of the electorate and to an elite sample of congressional candidates suggests that the mass/elite difference in ideological constraint reported by Converse could be, in significant part, a measurement‐error artifact caused by differences in question form. (...)
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  40.  23
    Reconstructing Globalization in an Illiberal Era.George F. DeMartino - 2018 - Ethics and International Affairs 32 (3):361-375.
    In their new indictments of global neoliberalism and the economic profession's culpability in its harms, Dani Rodrik and Joseph Stiglitz press the case for reconstructed globalization that generates benefits for all and not just for corporate and financial elites. Both books are deeply consistent with the insights of Karl Polanyi, who had identified the inherent contradictions of the project to create what he called a self-regulating economy. Like Polanyi, Rodrik and Stiglitz are attentive to the inadequacies of neoliberalism, and both (...)
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  41.  20
    Physics, Determinism, and the Brain.George F. R. Ellis - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 157-214.
    This chapter responds to claims that causal closure of the underlying microphysics determines brain outcomes as a matter of principle, even if we cannot hope to ever carry out the needed calculations in practice. The reductionist position is that microphysics alone determines all, specifically the functioning of the brain. Here I respond to that claim in depth, claiming that if one firstly takes into account the difference between synchronic and diachronic emergence, and secondly takes seriously the well established nature of (...)
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  42.  61
    The Causal Closure of Physics in Real World Contexts.George F. R. Ellis - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (10):1057-1097.
    The causal closure of physics is usually discussed in a context free way. Here I discuss it in the context of engineering systems and biology, where strong emergence takes place due to a combination of upwards emergence and downwards causation. Firstly, I show that causal closure is strictly limited in terms of spatial interactions because these are cases that are of necessity strongly interacting with the environment. Effective Spatial Closure holds ceteris parabus, and can be violated by Black Swan Events. (...)
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  43. Physics and the Real World.George F. R. Ellis - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (2):227-262.
    Physics and chemistry underlie the nature of all the world around us, including human brains. Consequently some suggest that in causal terms, physics is all there is. However, we live in an environment dominated by objects embodying the outcomes of intentional design (buildings, computers, teaspoons). The present day subject of physics has nothing to say about the intentionality resulting in existence of such objects, even though this intentionality is clearly causally effective. This paper examines the claim that the underlying physics (...)
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  44.  74
    From Alan Turing to modern AI: practical solutions and an implicit epistemic stance.George F. Luger & Chayan Chakrabarti - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (3):321-338.
    It has been just over 100 years since the birth of Alan Turing and more than 65 years since he published in Mind his seminal paper, Computing Machinery and Intelligence. In the Mind paper, Turing asked a number of questions, including whether computers could ever be said to have the power of “thinking”. Turing also set up a number of criteria—including his imitation game—under which a human could judge whether a computer could be said to be “intelligent”. Turing’s paper, as (...)
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  45.  15
    Between Man and Man.George F. Thomas - 1949 - Philosophical Review 58 (1):82.
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  46.  44
    Physical, Logical, and Mental Top-Down Effects.George F. R. Ellis & Markus Gabriel - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 3-37.
    In this paper, we explore the architecture of downward causation on the basis of three central cases. We set out by answering the question of how top-down causation is possible in the universe. The universe is not causally closed, because of irreducible randomness at the quantum level. What is more, contextual effects can already be observed at the level of quantum physics, where higher levels can modify the nature of lower-level elements by changing their context, or even creating them. As (...)
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  47. Ancient Western Philosophy the Hellenic Emergence [by] George F. Mclean [and] Patrick J. Aspell. --.George F. Mclean & Patrick J. Aspell - 1971 - Appleton-Century-Crofts.
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  48.  27
    Greek into Arabic. Essays on Islamic Philosophy.George F. Hourani, Richard Walzer, S. M. Stern & R. Walzer - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (4):564.
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  49. Thrasymachus' Definition of Justice in Plato's Republic.George F. Hourani - 1962 - Phronesis 7 (1):110-120.
  50.  43
    Is God Exclusively a Father?George F. Isham - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (2):266-271.
    William Harper presents five reasons for concluding that God should be referred to exclusively in male terms. To the contrary, I argue that: (1) by devaluating the feminine gender, Harper is guilty of the same reductionist and dichotomous thinking as his protagonists, (2) Harper’s view of God is contrary to “the Biblical example,” and (3) Harper’s position rests on a number of logical confusions. I conclude that Harper’s view should be rejected by both men and women of Christian convictions.
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