Results for 'Geoffrey E. Hinton'

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  1.  58
    A learning algorithm for boltzmann machines.David H. Ackley, Geoffrey E. Hinton & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):147-169.
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  2.  22
    Lesioning an attractor network: Investigations of acquired dyslexia.Geoffrey E. Hinton & Tim Shallice - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (1):74-95.
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  3.  6
    Connectionist learning procedures.Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 40 (1-3):185-234.
  4.  30
    A Distributed Connectionist Production System.David S. Touretzky & Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):423-466.
    DCPS is a connectionist production system interpreter that uses distributed representations. As a connectionist model it consists of many simple, richly interconnected neuron‐like computing units that cooperate to solve problems in parallel. One motivation for constructing DCPS was to demonstrate that connectionist models are capable of representing and using explicit rules. A second motivation was to show how “coarse coding” or “distributed representations” can be used to construct a working memory that requires far fewer units than the number of different (...)
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  5.  5
    Preface to the special issue on connectionist symbol processing.Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 46 (1-2):1-4.
  6.  15
    Inferring the meaning of direct perception.Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):387-388.
  7.  22
    Three frames suffice.Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):296-297.
  8.  16
    The Unity of Consciousness: A Connectionist Account.Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1991 - In William Kessen, Andrew Ortony & Fergus I. M. Craik (eds.), Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions: Essays in Honor of George Mandler. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 245.
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  9. Science in the forest, science in the past.Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd & Aparecida Vilaça (eds.) - 2020 - Chicago: HAU Books.
    This collection brings together leading anthropologists, historians, philosophers, and artificial-intelligence researchers to discuss the sciences and mathematics used in various Eastern, Western, and Indigenous societies, both ancient and contemporary. The authors analyze prevailing assumptions about these societies and propose more faithful, sensitive analyses of their ontological views about reality--a step toward mutual understanding and translatability across cultures and research fields. Science in the Forest, Science in the Past is a pioneering interdisciplinary exploration that will challenge the way readers interested in (...)
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  10.  3
    Tooth decay in the developing world: could a vaccine help prevent cavities?Geoffrey E. Smith - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (3):440.
  11.  11
    Elementary arithmetic.Geoffrey E. Ostrin & Stanley S. Wainer - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 133 (1):275-292.
    There is a very simple way in which the safe/normal variable discipline of Bellantoni–Cook recursion [S. Bellantoni, S. Cook, A new recursion theoretic characterization of the polytime functions, Computational Complexity 2 97–110] can be imposed on arithmetical theories like PA: quantify over safes and induct on normals. This weakens the theory severely, so that the provably recursive functions become more realistically computable . Earlier results of D. Leivant [Intrinsic theories and computational complexity, in: D. Leivant , Logic and Computational Complexity, (...)
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  12.  4
    Fluoride, the environment, and human health.Geoffrey E. Smith - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (4):560-572.
  13. Epilogue: The Way Ahead.Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd & Aparecida Vilaça - 2020 - In Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd & Aparecida Vilaça (eds.), Science in the forest, science in the past. Chicago: HAU Books.
     
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  14. Preface.Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd & Aparecida Vilaça - 2020 - In Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd & Aparecida Vilaça (eds.), Science in the forest, science in the past. Chicago: HAU Books.
     
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  15. The Clash of Ontologies and the Problems of Translation and Mutual Intelligibility.Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd - 2020 - In Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd & Aparecida Vilaça (eds.), Science in the forest, science in the past. Chicago: HAU Books.
     
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  16.  18
    Academic freedom and permanent tenure in academic appointments.Geoffrey Caston, S. E., Keith & S. G. Fleet - 1985 - Minerva 23 (1):96-150.
  17.  28
    Some Demonstrations of the Effects of Structural Descriptions in Mental Imagery.Geoffrey Hinton - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (3):231-250.
    A visual imagery task is presented which is beyond the limits of normal human ability, and some of the factors contributing to its difficulty are isolated by comparing the difficulty of related tasks. It is argued that complex objects are assigned hierarchical structural descriptions by being parsed into parts, each of which has its own local system of significant directions. Two quite different schemas for a wire‐frame cube are used to illustrate this theory, and some striking perceptual differences to which (...)
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  18.  59
    Where Do Features Come From?Geoffrey Hinton - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1078-1101.
    It is possible to learn multiple layers of non-linear features by backpropagating error derivatives through a feedforward neural network. This is a very effective learning procedure when there is a huge amount of labeled training data, but for many learning tasks very few labeled examples are available. In an effort to overcome the need for labeled data, several different generative models were developed that learned interesting features by modeling the higher order statistical structure of a set of input vectors. One (...)
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  19. Explaining Norms (paperback).Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin & Nicholas Southwood - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK.
    Norms are a pervasive yet mysterious feature of social life. In Explaining Norms, four philosophers and social scientists team up to grapple with some of the many mysteries, offering a comprehensive account of norms: what they are; how and why they emerge, persist and change; and how they work.
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  20.  16
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Richard Olmsted, Paula A. Cordeiro, Robert W. Johns, C. David Lisman, Bettye Macphail-Wilcox, Margaret Gillett, Ruth Hayhoe, Delbert H. Long, Joseph S. Malikail & Geoffrey E. Mills - 1991 - Educational Studies 22 (1):65-109.
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  21.  30
    Imagery without arrays.Geoffrey Hinton - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):555-556.
  22. Discovering Binary Codes for Documents by Learning Deep Generative Models.Geoffrey Hinton & Ruslan Salakhutdinov - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):74-91.
    We describe a deep generative model in which the lowest layer represents the word-count vector of a document and the top layer represents a learned binary code for that document. The top two layers of the generative model form an undirected associative memory and the remaining layers form a belief net with directed, top-down connections. We present efficient learning and inference procedures for this type of generative model and show that it allows more accurate and much faster retrieval than latent (...)
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  23.  16
    Unsupervised Discovery of Nonlinear Structure Using Contrastive Backpropagation.Geoffrey Hinton, Simon Osindero, Max Welling & Yee-Whye Teh - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (4):725-731.
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  24.  5
    Boundary objects and beyond: working with Leigh Star.Geoffrey C. Bowker, Stefan Timmermans, Adele E. Clarke & Ellen Balka (eds.) - 2015 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    The multifaceted work of the late Susan Leigh Star is explored through a selection of her writings and essays by friends and colleagues. Susan Leigh Star (1954–2010) was one of the most influential science studies scholars of the last several decades. In her work, Star highlighted the messy practices of discovering science, asking hard questions about the marginalizing as well as the liberating powers of science and technology. In the landmark work Sorting Things Out, Star and Geoffrey Bowker revealed (...)
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  25.  56
    Anderson, Greg. The Athenian Experiment: Building an Imagined Political Com-munity in Ancient Attica, 508–490 BC Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003. xviii+ 307 pp. 26 black-and-white figs. Cloth, $60. Balme, Maurice, and Gilbert Lawall. Athenaze: An Introduction to Ancient Greek. 2d ed. 2 vols. With drawings by Catherine Balme. New York: Oxford University. [REVIEW]Franco Bellandi, Jacques Boulogne, Daniel Delattre, William Bowden, Jacques Brunschwig & Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd - 2004 - American Journal of Philology 125:297-302.
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  26.  6
    The Effects of Statistical Training on Thinking about Everyday Problems.Geoffrey T. Fong Richard E. Nisbett & David H. Krantz - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates.
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  27.  44
    Mitonuclear Mate Choice: A Missing Component of Sexual Selection Theory?Geoffrey E. Hill - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (3):1700191.
    The fitness of a eukaryote hinges on the coordinated function of the products of its nuclear and mitochondrial genomes in achieving oxidative phosphorylation. I propose that sexual selection plays a key role in the maintenance of mitonuclear coadaptation across generations because it enables pre-zygotic sorting for coadapted mitonuclear genotypes. At each new generation, sexual reproduction creates new combinations of nuclear and mitochondrial genes, and the potential arises for mitonuclear incompatibilities and reduced fitness. In reviewing the literature, I hypothesize that individuals (...)
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  28.  36
    In defence of generalized Darwinism.Howard E. Aldrich, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, David L. Hull, Thorbjørn Knudsen, Joel Mokyr & Viktor J. Vanberg - 2008 - Journal of Evolutionary Economics 18:577-596.
    Darwin himself suggested the idea of generalizing the core Darwinian principles to cover the evolution of social entities. Also in the nineteenth century, influential social scientists proposed their extension to political society and economic institutions. Nevertheless, misunderstanding and misrepresentation have hindered the realization of the powerful potential in this longstanding idea. Some critics confuse generalization with analogy. Others mistakenly presume that generalizing Darwinism necessarily involves biological reductionism. This essay outlines the types of phenomena to which a generalized Darwinism applies, and (...)
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  29.  16
    What The Papers Say: Conservation of RNA polymerase.Geoffrey C. Rowland & Robert E. Glass - 1990 - Bioessays 12 (7):343-346.
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  30.  12
    An Essay on the Social Costs and Benefits of Technology Evolution.Geoffrey Skoll & Maximiliano E. Korstanje - 2013 - Human and Social Studies 2 (2):13-39.
    After the Chernobyl’s and Three Miles’s accidents, the relation between technology and risk started to be questioned. Social scientist posited considerable criticism against technology and how its interventions may engender new dangers. However, these views ignored the fact that risks are not just a result of technology, but also depend upon the trust and knowledge. Any risk, first, should be defined as a narrative which is enrooted in a previous cultural and stereotyped framework. By itself, technology is only an instrument (...)
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  31. Title I: Compensatory Education at the Crossroads.Geoffrey D. Borman, Samuel C. Stringfield & Robert E. Slavin (eds.) - 2001 - Routledge.
    This volume presents the most recent research on Title I federal compensatory education programs. Over the past three decades, Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act has served as the cornerstone of the federal commitment to equality of opportunity. It is the federal government's single largest investment in America's schools. As Title I begins a new century, this book documents the program's history and points to the potential for its future, building on 35 years of research, development, and (...)
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  32.  18
    Colony Collapse Disorder in context.Geoffrey R. Williams, David R. Tarpy, Dennis vanEngelsdorp, Marie-Pierre Chauzat, Diana L. Cox-Foster, Keith S. Delaplane, Peter Neumann, Jeffery S. Pettis, Richard E. L. Rogers & Dave Shutler - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (10):845-846.
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  33.  13
    Pain’s Description: Beginning Grammar and Biological Philology.Devon E. Hinton - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):322-323.
    How can pain complaints be elicited and analyzed so as to increase the empathic bond between patient and clinician? I will argue that though Wierzbicka’s approach to this question is useful—an exploration of certain abstract dimensions of pain’s meaning—it fails to examine key aspects that are the most useful and crucial for cultural analysis and for building empathic bonds between the clinician and patient. Not just a grammar of pain is needed; rather a biological philology of pain.
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  34.  4
    Postcolonialism and Islam: theory, literature, culture, society and film.Geoffrey Nash, Kathleen Kerr-Koch & Sarah E. Hackett (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    With a focus on the areas of theory, literature, culture, society and film, this collection of essays examines, questions and broadens the applicability of Postcolonialism and Islam from a multifaceted and cross-disciplinary perspective.Topics covered include the relationship between Postcolonialism and Orientalism, theoretical perspectives on Postcolonialism and Islam, the position of Islam within postcolonial literature, Muslim identity in British and European contexts, and the role of Islam in colonial and postcolonial cinema in Egypt and India. At a time at which Islam (...)
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  35.  8
    Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture.Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Geoffrey Lloyd engages in a wide-ranging exploration of what we can learn from the study of ancient civilisations that is relevant to fundamental problems, both intellectual and moral, that we still face today. How far is it possible to arrive at an understanding of alien systems of belief? Is it possible to talk meaningfully of 'science' and of its various constituent disciplines, 'astronomy', 'geography', 'anatomy', and so on, in the ancient world? Are logic and its laws universal? Is there (...)
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  36.  24
    Right Fronto-Subcortical White Matter Microstructure Predicts Cognitive Control Ability on the Go/No-go Task in a Community Sample.Kendra E. Hinton, Benjamin B. Lahey, Victoria Villalta-Gil, Brian D. Boyd, Benjamin C. Yvernault, Katherine B. Werts, Andrew J. Plassard, Brooks Applegate, Neil D. Woodward, Bennett A. Landman & David H. Zald - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  37.  13
    Adversaries and Authorities: Investigations into Ancient Greek and Chinese Science.G. E. R. Lloyd & Geoffrey Ernest Richard Lloyd - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Did science and philosophy develop differently in ancient Greece and ancient China? If so, can we say why? This book consists of a series of detailed studies of cosmology, natural philosophy, mathematics and medicine that suggest the answer to the first question is yes. To answer the second, the author relates the science produced in each ancient civilization first to the values of the society in question and then to the institutions within which the scientists and philosophers worked.
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  38. Improving inductive inference.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Geoffrey T. Fong - 1982 - In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  39. Is there a Duty to Vote?Loren E. Lomasky & Geoffrey Brennan - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (1):62.
    The genre of public service advertisements that appear with two- and four-year cyclical regularity is familiar. Cameras pan across scenes of marines hoisting the flag on Iwo Jima, a bald eagle soaring in splendid flight, rows of grave markers at Arlington. The somber-voiced announcer remonstrates: “ They did their part; now you do yours.” Once again it is the season to fulfill one's civic duty, to vote.
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  40.  52
    What is Different about Socially Responsible Funds? A Holdings-Based Analysis.Jacquelyn E. Humphrey, Geoffrey J. Warren & Junyan Boon - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (2):263-277.
    We provide a comprehensive analysis of differences between socially responsible investment and conventional funds in terms of manager characteristics, performance and fund styles. We use holdings-based analysis to evaluate fund performance and style, which allows us to perform a more in-depth analysis than the extant literature. We find that SRI managers have longer tenure and are more likely to be a female. However, these differences do not result in any significant difference in the performance of SRI and conventional funds. Further, (...)
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  41. Scientific Theories as Bayesian Nets: Structure and Evidence Sensitivity.Patrick Grim, Frank Seidl, Calum McNamara, Hinton E. Rago, Isabell N. Astor, Caroline Diaso & Peter Ryner - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (1):42-69.
    We model scientific theories as Bayesian networks. Nodes carry credences and function as abstract representations of propositions within the structure. Directed links carry conditional probabilities and represent connections between those propositions. Updating is Bayesian across the network as a whole. The impact of evidence at one point within a scientific theory can have a very different impact on the network than does evidence of the same strength at a different point. A Bayesian model allows us to envisage and analyze the (...)
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  42.  75
    Bargaining over beliefs.Robert E. Goodin & Geoffrey Brennan - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):256-277.
  43.  25
    is achieved. Prior to stabilization, neural networks do not jump around between points in activation space. Stabiliza-tion is the process whereby a network first generates a de-terminate activation pattern, and thereby arrives at a point in activation space. [REVIEW]D. E. Rumelhart, P. Smolensky, J. L. McClelland & G. E. Hinton - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27:2.
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  44.  17
    ’Seeing a stranger’: Does eye-contact reflect intimacy?Janet Swain, Geoffrey M. Stephenson & Michael E. Dewey - 1982 - Semiotica 42 (2-4).
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  45.  5
    Athletic CriticismBeyond Formalism.Philip E. Lewis & Geoffrey H. Hartman - 1971 - Diacritics 1 (2):2.
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  46.  34
    The rhetorical organization of verbal and nonverbal behavior in emotion talk.L. E. E. Victoria & Geoffrey Beattie - 1998 - Semiotica 120 (1-2):39-92.
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  47.  10
    Preface: New Frontiers in Semiotics.Donna E. West & Geoffrey Ross Owens - forthcoming - Semiotics:v-ix.
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  48.  8
    Modern Japanese Stories: An Anthology.Charles E. Hamilton, Ivan Morris, Edward Seidensticker, George Saitō, Geoffrey Sargent & George Saito - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (2):270.
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  49.  49
    New books. [REVIEW]P. F. Strawson, W. B. Gallie, Geoffrey Hunter, C. D. Rollins, Peter Winch, J. M. Hinton, W. H. Walsh, J. H. S. Armstrong & O. R. Jones - 1960 - Mind 69 (275):416-432.
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  50.  14
    Doctors' perceptions of laboratory monitoring in office practice.Roberta E. Goldman, Christine S. Soran, Geoffrey L. Hayward & Steven R. Simon - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1136-1141.
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