Results for 'Geoff Childers'

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  1. What’s wrong with the evolutionary argument against naturalism?Geoff Childers - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (3):193-204.
    Alvin Plantinga has argued that evolutionary naturalism (the idea that God does not tinker with evolution) undermines its own rationality. Natural selection is concerned with survival and reproduction, and false beliefs conjoined with complementary motivational drives could serve the same aims as true beliefs. Thus, argues Plantinga, if we believe we evolved naturally, we should not think our beliefs are, on average, likely to be true, including our beliefs in evolution and naturalism. I argue herein that our cognitive faculties are (...)
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  2. .Geoff Nunberg - 2004
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  3.  3
    Govemment Funding of the Arts.Donna E. Childers - 1993 - Social Philosophy Today 8:313-327.
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  4.  6
    Looking forward: The university in a democratic south Africa.Geoff Budlender - 1979 - Philosophical Papers 8 (1):20-35.
  5.  3
    Transcending subjects: Augustine, Hegel, and theology.Geoff Holsclaw - 2016 - Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Transcending Subjects: Augustine, Hegel and Theology engages the seminal figures of Hegel and Augustine around the theme of subjectivity, with consideration toward the theology and politics of freedom.
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  6.  13
    Two Odes. Pindar & Translated by Chris Childers - 2013 - Arion 21 (2):1-10.
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  7.  96
    Understanding Foucault.Geoff Danaher - 2000 - Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Edited by Tony Schirato & Jen Webb.
    Derided and disregarded by many of his contemporaries, Michel Foucault is now regarded as probably the most influential thinker of the twentieth century, his work is studied across the humanities and social sciences. Reading Foucault, however, can be a challenge, as can writing about him, but in Understanding Foucault, the authors offer an entertaining and informative introduction to his thinking. They cover all the issues Foucault dealt with, including power, knowledge, subjectivity and sexuality and discuss the development of his analysis (...)
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  8.  8
    Perspectives from tech industry: designer Geoff Stead on Iteration as a built-in goal of mobile app design.Geoff Stead & Clare Foster - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-5.
    A symposium was held at the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities at the University of Cambridge on June 12th 2019, ‘Rethinking Repetition in a Digital Age’, at which Geoff Stead, a leading mobile tech designer, was a keynote speaker. The focus of the Cambridge UK event was on how the potentials of digital technologies—whose harms have received widespread attention—could be redirected for the social good. For Stead, this is precisely what Babbel are doing in (...)
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  9. Pragmatic Contextualism.Geoff Pynn - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (1):26-51.
    Contextualism in epistemology has traditionally been understood as the view that “know” functions semantically like an indexical term, encoding different contents in contexts with different epistemic standards. But the indexical hypothesis about “know” faces a range of objections. This article explores an alternative version of contextualism on which “know” is a semantically stable term, and the truth-conditional variability in knowledge claims is a matter of pragmatic enrichment. The central idea is that in contexts with stringent epistemic standards, knowledge claims are (...)
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  10. Why Trolley Problems Matter for the Ethics of Automated Vehicles.Geoff Keeling - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):293-307.
    This paper argues against the view that trolley cases are of little or no relevance to the ethics of automated vehicles. Four arguments for this view are outlined and rejected: the Not Going to Happen Argument, the Moral Difference Argument, the Impossible Deliberation Argument and the Wrong Question Argument. In making clear where these arguments go wrong, a positive account is developed of how trolley cases can inform the ethics of automated vehicles.
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  11. The Pragmatics of Deferred Interpretation.Geoff Nunberg - 2004 - In . pp. 344--364.
    Traditional approaches tend to regard figuration (and by extension, deference in general) as an essentially marked or playful use of language, which is associated with a pronounced stylistic effect. For linguistic purposes, however, there is no reason for assigning a special place to deferred uses that are stylistically notable — the sorts of usages that people sometimes qualify with a phrase like "figuratively speaking." There is no important linguistic difference between using redcoat to refer to a British soldier and using (...)
     
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  12.  25
    Ideology and Curriculum.Geoff Whitty & Michael W. Apple - 1982 - British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):248.
  13.  32
    Listeners, not Leeches: What Virginia Tech Survivors Needed from Journalists.Kim Walsh-Childers, Norman P. Lewis & Jeffrey Neely - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (3):191 - 205.
    Journalists covering the 2007 shootings at Virginia Tech aggravated the trauma felt by victims' families and survivors, raising ethical questions about the role of media at major news events in an Internet-enabled era of continuous coverage. Some journalists breached professional norms by knocking on doors at 6 a.m., claiming a hidden camera was a breast pump and bullying reluctant interviewees. Even conscientious journalists, however, exacerbated the ordeal through their overabundance. By forcing survivors to endure repetitious interviews and making mourners feel (...)
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  14. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography.Geoff Nunberg - unknown
    The phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful domain for examining the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches to description. We consider here the process that provides for systematic conversion of count to mass nouns in English (a chicken Æ chicken, an oak Æ oak etc.). From the point of view of lexicology, we argue, standard syntactic and pragmatic tests suggest the phenomenon should be described by means of a single unindividuated transfer function that does not distinguish between interpretations (...)
     
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  15.  6
    The Parthenon and liberal education.Geoff Lehman - 2018 - Albany: SUNY Press. Edited by Michael Weinman.
    Discusses the importance of the early history of Greek mathematics to education and civic life through a study of the Parthenon and dialogues of Plato.
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  16. Nietzsche with Dostoevsky : unrequited collaborators in crime without punishment.Geoff Waite & Francesca Cernia Slovin - 2016 - In Jeff Love & Jeffrey Metzger (eds.), Nietzsche and Dostoevsky: philosophy, morality, tragedy. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
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  17. Reporting on Drugs, Diets, Devices and Other Health Interventions.Kim Walsh-Childers - 2019 - In Ann Luce (ed.), Ethical reporting of sensitive topics. New York: Routledge, Taylor Francis Group.
     
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  18. The Bayesian explanation of transmission failure.Geoff Pynn - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1519-1531.
    Even if our justified beliefs are closed under known entailment, there may still be instances of transmission failure. Transmission failure occurs when P entails Q, but a subject cannot acquire a justified belief that Q by deducing it from P. Paradigm cases of transmission failure involve inferences from mundane beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is red) to the denials of skeptical hypotheses relative to those beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is not white (...)
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  19.  23
    Timing, Sequencing, and Transitional Justice Impact: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Latin America.Geoff Dancy & Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (4):321-342.
    Transitional justice scholars are increasingly concerned with measuring the impact of transitional justice initiatives. Scholars often assume that TJ mechanisms must be properly designed and ordered to achieve lasting effect, but the impact of TJ timing and sequencing has attracted relatively little theoretical or empirical attention. Focusing on Latin America, this article explores variation within the region as to when TJ occurs and the order in which mechanisms are implemented. We utilize qualitative comparative analysis to assess the impact of TJ (...)
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  20.  8
    The logic languages of the TPTP world.Geoff Sutcliffe - 2023 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 31 (6):1153-1169.
    The Thousands of Problems for Theorem Provers (TPTP) World is a well-established infrastructure that supports research, development and deployment of automated theorem proving systems. This paper provides an overview of the logic languages of the TPTP World, from classical first-order form (FOF), through typed FOF, up to typed higher-order form, and beyond to non-classical forms. The logic languages are described in a non-technical way and are illustrated with examples using the TPTP language.
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  21.  56
    Popper: Philosophy, Politics and Scientific Method.Geoff Stokes - 1998 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    Karl Popper is a philosopher of knowledge and politics, rationality and freedom. His ideas have won acceptance and provoked controversy among an academic as well as a more general audience. This book aims to broaden our understanding of Popper's philosophy. It is one of the few studies to present his work as an evolving "system of ideas", and to take account of the full range of his writings. The book discusses Popper's early philosophy of politics, science and social science, as (...)
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  22. Unassertability And The Appearance Of Ignorance.Geoff Pynn - 2014 - Episteme 11 (2):125-143.
    Whether it seems that you know something depends in part upon practical factors. When the stakes are low, it can seem to you that you know that p, but when the stakes go up it'll seem to you that you don't. The apparent sensitivity of knowledge to stakes presents a serious challenge to epistemologists who endorse a stable semantics for knowledge attributions and reject the idea that whether you know something depends on how much is at stake. After arguing that (...)
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  23. Demonstratives and Indexicals.Geoff Georgi - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Demonstratives and Indexicals In the philosophy of language, an indexical is any expression whose content varies from one context of use to another. The standard list of indexicals includes pronouns such as “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “it”, “this”, “that”, plus adverbs such as “now”, “then”, “today”, “yesterday”, “here”, and “actually”. Other candidates include the tenses … Continue reading Demonstratives and Indexicals →.
     
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  24.  18
    The paradox of evidence-based medicine. Commentary on Gupta (2003), A critical appraisal of evidence-based medicine: some ethical considerations. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9, 111-121.Geoff Norman - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):129-132.
  25. The Intuitive Basis for Contextualism.Geoff Pynn - 2017 - In Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism. Routledge. pp. 32--43.
  26.  83
    Autonomy, nudging and post-truth politics.Geoff Keeling - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):721-722.
    In his excellent essay, ‘Nudges in a post-truth world’, Neil Levy argues that ‘nudges to reason’, or nudges which aim to make us more receptive to evidence, are morally permissible. A strong argument against the moral permissibility of nudging is that nudges fail to respect the autonomy of the individuals affected by them. Levy argues that nudges to reason do respect individual autonomy, such that the standard autonomy objection fails against nudges to reason. In this paper, I argue that Levy (...)
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  27.  69
    Legal Necessity, Pareto Efficiency & Justified Killing in Autonomous Vehicle Collisions.Geoff Keeling - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):413-427.
    Suppose a driverless car encounters a scenario where harm to at least one person is unavoidable and a choice about how to distribute harms between different persons is required. How should the driverless car be programmed to behave in this situation? I call this the moral design problem. Santoni de Sio defends a legal-philosophical approach to this problem, which aims to bring us to a consensus on the moral design problem despite our disagreements about which moral principles provide the correct (...)
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  28.  45
    Enabling Fairness in Healthcare Through Machine Learning.Geoff Keeling & Thomas Grote - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (3):1-13.
    The use of machine learning systems for decision-support in healthcare may exacerbate health inequalities. However, recent work suggests that algorithms trained on sufficiently diverse datasets could in principle combat health inequalities. One concern about these algorithms is that their performance for patients in traditionally disadvantaged groups exceeds their performance for patients in traditionally advantaged groups. This renders the algorithmic decisions unfair relative to the standard fairness metrics in machine learning. In this paper, we defend the permissible use of affirmative algorithms; (...)
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  29.  77
    Logic for Languages Containing Referentially Promiscuous Expressions.Geoff Georgi - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (4):429-451.
    Some expressions of English, like the demonstratives ‘this’ and ‘that’, are referentially promiscuous: distinct free occurrences of them in the same sentence can differ in content relative to the same context. One lesson of referentially promiscuous expressions is that basic logical properties like validity and logical truth obtain or fail to obtain only relative to a context. This approach to logic can be developed in just as rigorous a manner as David Kaplan’s classic logic of demonstratives. The result is a (...)
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  30.  13
    Digital sovereignty, digital infrastructures, and quantum horizons.Geoff Gordon - 2024 - AI and Society 39 (1):125-137.
    This article holds that governmental investments in quantum technologies speak to the imaginable futures of digital sovereignty and digital infrastructures, two major areas of change driven by related technologies like AI and Big Data, among other things, in international law today. Under intense development today for future interpolation into digital systems that they may alter, quantum technologies occupy a sort of liminal position, rooted in existing assemblages of computational technologies while pointing to new horizons for them. The possibilities they raise (...)
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  31.  13
    Balibar, citizenship, and the return of right populism.Geoff Pfeifer - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (3):323-341.
    Arendt famously pointed out that only citizenship actually confers rights in the modern world. To be a citizen is to be one who has the ‘right to have rights’. Arendt’s analysis emerges out of her recognition that there is a contradiction between this way of conferring rights as tied to the nation-state system and the more philosophical and ethical conceptions of the ‘rights of man’ and notions of ‘human rights’ like those championed by thinkers such as Immanuel Kant who understands (...)
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  32.  47
    From Puzzling Pleasures to Moral Practices: Aristotle and Abhinavagupta on the Aesthetics and Ethics of Tragedy.Geoff Ashton & Sonja Tanner - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (1):13-39.
    For well over a thousand years, countless audiences have taken pleasure in watching unfold the following fearful event:Filled with dread, desperately tossing unchewed grass from its mouth, looking back at the hunting king, a beautiful deer springs into flight to escape a fast-approaching chariot from which repeated arrows fly — one of which will inevitably lodge in the deer’s defenseless body. This is not a scene from “National Geographic” or an episode from some sadly popular TV hunting show. Indeed, this (...)
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  33.  74
    Is “Argument” subject to the product/process ambiguity?Geoff Goddu - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (2):75-88.
    The product/process distinction with regards to “argument” has a longstanding history and foundational role in argumentation theory. I shall argue that, regardless of one’s chosen ontology of arguments, arguments are not the product of some process of arguing. Hence, appeal to the distinction is distorting the very organizational foundations of argumentation theory and should be abandoned.
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  34. From the Politics of Production to the Production of Politics.Geoff Dow, Stewart Clegg & Paul Boreham - 1984 - Thesis Eleven 9 (1):16-32.
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  35.  13
    Virtue at Work: Ethics for Individuals, Managers, and Organizations.Geoff Moore - 2017 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    This book provides an integrated and philosophically-grounded framework which enables a coherent approach to organizations and organizational ethics from the perspective of practitioners in the workplace, from the perspective of managers in organizations, as well as from the perspective of organizations themselves.
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  36.  10
    Forcing the issue: Little psychological influence in a magician’s paradigm.Geoff G. Cole - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 84:103002.
  37.  14
    Values into Practice in Special Education.Geoff Lindsay & David Thompson - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (4):455-456.
  38.  11
    Humanism and the future: A personal perspective.Geoff Allshorn - 2014 - Australian Humanist, The 113:1.
    Allshorn, Geoff I believe the year in which I was born to be a very important year, perhaps not surprisingly, but particularly because of other events which would ultimately become significant in my own life.
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  39.  26
    Against Leben’s Rawlsian Collision Algorithm for Autonomous Vehicles.Geoff Keeling - 2017 - In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Philosophy and theory of artificial intelligence 2017. Berlin: Springer.
    Suppose that an autonomous vehicle encounters a situation where imposing a risk of harm on at least one person is unavoidable; and a choice about how to allocate risks of harm between different persons is required. What does morality require in these cases? Derek Leben defends a Rawlsian answer to this question. I argue that we have reason to reject Leben’s answer.
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  40.  51
    Psychedelic integration: An analysis of the concept and its practice.Geoff J. Bathje, Eric Majeski & Mesphina Kudowor - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The concept of integration has garnered increased attention in the past few years, despite a long history of only brief mention. Integration services are offered by therapists, coaches, and other practitioners, or may be self-guided. There are many definitions of psychedelic integration, and the term encompasses a range of practices and techniques. This seems to have led to confusion about what integration is and how it is best practiced. The primary focus of this manuscript is the presentation of the first (...)
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  41.  30
    Demonstratives in First-Order Logic.Geoff Georgi - 2020 - In Tadeusz Ciecierski & Pawel Grabarczyk (eds.), The Architecture of Context and Context-Sensitivity. Springer. pp. 125-148.
    In an earlier defense of the view that the fundamental logical properties of logical truth and logical consequence obtain or fail to obtain only relative to contexts, I focused on a variation of Kaplan’s own modal logic of indexicals. In this paper, I state a semantics and sketch a system of proof for a first-order logic of demonstratives, and sketch proofs of soundness and completeness. (I omit details for readability.) That these results obtain for the first-order logic of demonstratives shows (...)
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  42.  18
    Marcus Aurelius in the Historia Augusta and Beyond.Geoff W. Adams - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book will be of interest to any person, whether an interested party, student, or scholar of the Roman Empire. It highlights the way in which we should consider ancient figures—be they good or bad.
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  43.  7
    Marcus Aurelius in the Historia Augusta and Beyond.Geoff W. Adams - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book will be of interest to any person, whether an interested party, student, or scholar of the Roman Empire. It highlights the way in which we should consider ancient figures—be they good or bad.
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  44.  22
    Hinduism and Environmental Ethics: Law, Literature, and Philosophy by Christopher G. Framarin.Geoff Ashton - 2014 - Environmental Ethics 36 (3):369-372.
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  45.  4
    Renewed Optimism in Persons through South-East Comparative Philosophy.Geoff Ashton - 2016 - Journal of World Philosophies 1 (1):150-151.
    Though the term “comparative philosophy” often brings to mind the relatively recent “East-West” encounter, the experience of cultural difference has helped to invigorate philosophical inquiry throughout human history. Doug Berger’s Encounters of Mind highlights this. Over the course of six chapters, Berger follows “the trek of [Vijñānavāda] Buddhism from South to East Asian worlds,” tracing the development of the idea of luminous mind and its centrality to the question of personhood in Chinese Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism. Rather than simply rehash antiquated (...)
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  46.  31
    A managerial philosophy of technology: technology and humanity in symbiosis.Geoff Crocker - 2012 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ;: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A Managerial Philosophy of Technology offers a unique combination of a review of academic work in the philosophy of technology with practical methodologies for business management of technology strategy.
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  47.  56
    True Collective Intelligence? A Sketch of a Possible New Field.Geoff Mulgan - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):133-142.
    Collective intelligence is much talked about but remains very underdeveloped as a field. There are small pockets in computer science and psychology and fragments in other fields, ranging from economics to biology. New networks and social media also provide a rich source of emerging evidence. However, there are surprisingly few useable theories, and many of the fashionable claims have not stood up to scrutiny. The field of analysis should be how intelligence is organised at large scale—in organisations, cities, nations and (...)
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  48.  53
    Against Leben’s Rawlsian Collision Algorithm for Autonomous Vehicles.Geoff Keeling - 2017 - In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Philosophy and theory of artificial intelligence 2017. Berlin: Springer. pp. 259-272.
    Suppose that an autonomous vehicle encounters a situation where (i) imposing a risk of harm on at least one person is unavoidable; and (ii) a choice about how to allocate risks of harm between different persons is required. What does morality require in these cases? Derek Leben defends a Rawlsian answer to this question. I argue that we have reason to reject Leben’s answer.
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  49. Humanizing Business.Geoff Moore - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (2):237-255.
    The paper begins by exploring whether a “tendency to avarice” exists in most capitalist business organisations. It concludes that it does and that this is problematic. The problem centres on the potential threat to the integrity of human character and the disablement of community.What, then, can be done about it? Building on previous work (Moore, 2002) in which MacIntyre’s notions of practice and institution were explored (MacIntyre, 1985), the paper offers a philosophically based argument in favour of the rediscovery of (...)
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  50.  52
    My decision to sell the family farm.Geoff Kuehne - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):203-213.
    This paper presents a discussion of my personal experiences of selling a family farm and analyses those experiences using the layered account form of autoethnographic writing. I describe how the cultural influences from family farming led me, a farmer’s son, to also become a farmer, why farmers may choose to continue in their occupation sometimes against increasingly negative economic pressures, why I continued farming for as long as I did, and the thoughts and feelings associated with my decision to sell (...)
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