Results for 'Geoff Chambers'

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Geoff Chambers
Université de Perpignan
  1.  46
    The species problem: seeking new solutions for philosophers and biologists.Geoff Chambers - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):755-765.
    The new millennium has opened with a perfectly splendid decade of scholarship relating to the ‘Species Problem’. So, at least we now have a clear idea of what this is, but still no clear solution that will suit both biologists and philosophers. Richards has recently attempted to capture this story and to fill the void with two projects in one book. The first project is a descriptive and analytical history of the problem, which provides links to other recent works and (...)
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  2.  3
    Perspectives from tech industry: designer Geoff Stead on Iteration as a built-in goal of mobile app design.Geoff Stead & Clare Foster - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-5.
    A symposium was held at the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities at the University of Cambridge on June 12th 2019, ‘Rethinking Repetition in a Digital Age’, at which Geoff Stead, a leading mobile tech designer, was a keynote speaker. The focus of the Cambridge UK event was on how the potentials of digital technologies—whose harms have received widespread attention—could be redirected for the social good. For Stead, this is precisely what Babbel are doing in (...)
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  3. Chapter Three From the Desire for Recognition to a Politics of Resistance Geoff Boucher.Geoff Boucher - 2007 - In Julie Connolly, Michael Leach & Lucas Walsh (eds.), Recognition in Politics: Theory, Policy and Practice. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 50.
  4.  15
    Solving China's Peasant Issues Requires a New Way of Thinking: A Conversation Between Yu Jianrong and Geoff Raby.Yu Jianrong & Geoff Raby - 2014 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 46 (1):23-36.
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  5. Echo chambers and epistemic bubbles.C. Thi Nguyen - 2020 - Episteme 17 (2):141-161.
    Recent conversation has blurred two very different social epistemic phenomena: echo chambers and epistemic bubbles. Members of epistemic bubbles merely lack exposure to relevant information and arguments. Members of echo chambers, on the other hand, have been brought to systematically distrust all outside sources. In epistemic bubbles, other voices are not heard; in echo chambers, other voices are actively undermined. It is crucial to keep these phenomena distinct. First, echo chambers can explain the post-truth phenomena in (...)
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  6.  13
    How famous names originated: Chambers on Chambers “My own commencement in business”.William Chambers - 2007 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 18 (4):188-193.
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  7.  10
    How famous names originated: Chambers on Chambers “My own commencement in business”.William Chambers - 2007 - Logos 18 (4):188-193.
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  8.  54
    My friend was a poem: A philosophical memoir: Chambers My friend was a poem.Timothy Chambers - 2007 - Think 5 (15):31-36.
    The ‘Problem of Evil’ has been the focus of a number of articles in Think. Here, Timothy Chambers offers an unusual perspective on this seemingly intractable difficulty facing theists. ‘Did not I weep for him whose day was hard? Was not my soul grieved for the poor? But when I looked for good, evil came; and when I waited for light, darkness came.’.
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  9. Echo Chambers and Audio Signal Processing.Benjamin Elzinga - 2020 - Episteme:1-21.
    Following Cass Sunstein's popular treatment of the concept, echo chambers are often defined as environments which exclude contrary opinions through omission. C. Thi Nguyen contests the popular usage and defines echo chambers in terms of in-group trust and out-group distrust. In this paper, I argue for a more comprehensive treatment. While both exclusion by omission and out-group distrust help sustain echo chambers, neither defines the phenomenon. I develop a social network model of echo chambers which focuses (...)
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  10. Echo Chambers, Ignorance and Domination.Breno R. G. Santos - 2021 - Social Epistemology 35 (2):109-119.
    My aim in this paper is to engage with C. Thi Nguyen’s characterization of the echo chamber and to propose two things. First, I argue that a proper reading of his concept of echo chamber should make use of the notion of ignorance in the form of a structural epistemic insensitivity. My main contention is that ignorance as a substantive structural practice accounts for the epistemically deleterious effects of echo chambers. Second, I propose that from the talk of ignorance (...)
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  11. .Geoff Nunberg - 2004
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  12.  5
    Reasonable Democracy Jurgen Habermas and the Politics of Discourse.Simone Chambers - 1996 - Cornell University Press.
    In Reasonable Democracy, Simone Chambers describes, explains, and defends a discursive politics inspired by the work of Jürgen Habermas. In addition to comparing Habermas's ideas with other non-Kantian liberal theories in clear and accessible prose, Chambers develops her own views regarding the role of discourse and its importance within liberal democracies. Beginning with a deceptively simple question—"Why is talking better than fighting?"—Chambers explains how the idea of talking provides a rich and compelling view of morality, rationality, and (...)
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  13. Why Trolley Problems Matter for the Ethics of Automated Vehicles.Geoff Keeling - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):293-307.
    This paper argues against the view that trolley cases are of little or no relevance to the ethics of automated vehicles. Four arguments for this view are outlined and rejected: the Not Going to Happen Argument, the Moral Difference Argument, the Impossible Deliberation Argument and the Wrong Question Argument. In making clear where these arguments go wrong, a positive account is developed of how trolley cases can inform the ethics of automated vehicles.
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  14.  89
    Understanding Foucault.Geoff Danaher - 2000 - Sage Publications.
    Derided and disregarded by many of his contemporaries, Michel Foucault is now regarded as probably the most influential thinker of the twentieth century, his work is studied across the humanities and social sciences. Reading Foucault, however, can be a challenge, as can writing about him, but in Understanding Foucault, the authors offer an entertaining and informative introduction to his thinking. They cover all the issues Foucault dealt with, including power, knowledge, subjectivity and sexuality and discuss the development of his analysis (...)
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  15.  81
    New Perspectives on Adam Smith's the Theory of Moral Sentiments.Geoff Cockfield, Ann Firth & John Laurent (eds.) - 2007 - Edward Elgar.
    1. Introduction Geoff Cockfield, Ann Firth and John Laurent -/- 2. The Role of Thumos in Adam Smith’s System Lisa Hill -/- 3. Adam Smith’s Treatment of the Greeks in The Theory of Moral Sentiments: The Case of Aristotle Richard Temple-Smith -/- 4. Adam Smith, Religion and the Scottish Enlightenment Pete Clarke -/- 5. The ‘New View’ of Adam Smith and the Development of his Views Over Time James E. Alvey -/- 6. The Moon Before the Dawn: A Seventeenth-Century (...)
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  16.  9
    Quality Control in Teacher Education.Geoff Whitty - 1992 - British Journal of Educational Studies 40 (1):38 - 50.
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  17. The Pragmatics of Deferred Interpretation.Geoff Nunberg - 2004 - In . pp. 344--364.
    Traditional approaches tend to regard figuration (and by extension, deference in general) as an essentially marked or playful use of language, which is associated with a pronounced stylistic effect. For linguistic purposes, however, there is no reason for assigning a special place to deferred uses that are stylistically notable — the sorts of usages that people sometimes qualify with a phrase like "figuratively speaking." There is no important linguistic difference between using redcoat to refer to a British soldier and using (...)
     
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  18. Systematic polysemy in lexicology and lexicography.Geoff Nunberg - unknown
    The phenomenon of systematic polysemy offers a fruitful domain for examining the theoretical differences between lexicological and lexicographic approaches to description. We consider here the process that provides for systematic conversion of count to mass nouns in English (a chicken Æ chicken, an oak Æ oak etc.). From the point of view of lexicology, we argue, standard syntactic and pragmatic tests suggest the phenomenon should be described by means of a single unindividuated transfer function that does not distinguish between interpretations (...)
     
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  19. Pragmatic Contextualism.Geoff Pynn - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (1):26-51.
    Contextualism in epistemology has traditionally been understood as the view that “know” functions semantically like an indexical term, encoding different contents in contexts with different epistemic standards. But the indexical hypothesis about “know” faces a range of objections. This article explores an alternative version of contextualism on which “know” is a semantically stable term, and the truth-conditional variability in knowledge claims is a matter of pragmatic enrichment. The central idea is that in contexts with stringent epistemic standards, knowledge claims are (...)
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  20. What’s wrong with the evolutionary argument against naturalism?Geoff Childers - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (3):193-204.
    Alvin Plantinga has argued that evolutionary naturalism (the idea that God does not tinker with evolution) undermines its own rationality. Natural selection is concerned with survival and reproduction, and false beliefs conjoined with complementary motivational drives could serve the same aims as true beliefs. Thus, argues Plantinga, if we believe we evolved naturally, we should not think our beliefs are, on average, likely to be true, including our beliefs in evolution and naturalism. I argue herein that our cognitive faculties are (...)
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  21.  9
    Humanism and the future: A personal perspective.Geoff Allshorn - 2014 - Australian Humanist, The 113:1.
    Allshorn, Geoff I believe the year in which I was born to be a very important year, perhaps not surprisingly, but particularly because of other events which would ultimately become significant in my own life.
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  22.  1
    Teaching Secondary Science: Theory and Practice.Geoff Woolcott & Robert Whannell (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Teaching Secondary Science: Theory and Practice provides a dynamic approach to preparing preservice science teachers for practice. Divided into two parts - theory and practice - the text allows students to first become confident in the theory of teaching science before showing how this theory can be applied to practice through ideas for implementation, such as sample lesson plans. These examples span a variety of age levels and subject areas, allowing preservice teachers to adapt each exercise to suit their needs (...)
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  23.  12
    The paradox of evidence-based medicine. Commentary on Gupta (2003), A critical appraisal of evidence-based medicine: some ethical considerations. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9, 111-121.Geoff Norman - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):129-132.
  24.  6
    Forcing the issue: Little psychological influence in a magician’s paradigm.Geoff G. Cole - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 84:103002.
  25.  16
    Geoff Eley: Nazism as Fascism. Violence, Ideology and the Ground of Consent in Germany 1930-1945, New York: Routledge 2013, 233 S. [REVIEW]Thomas Rohkrämer - 2014 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 66 (2):200-203.
  26.  58
    Legal Necessity, Pareto Efficiency & Justified Killing in Autonomous Vehicle Collisions.Geoff Keeling - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):413-427.
    Suppose a driverless car encounters a scenario where harm to at least one person is unavoidable and a choice about how to distribute harms between different persons is required. How should the driverless car be programmed to behave in this situation? I call this the moral design problem. Santoni de Sio defends a legal-philosophical approach to this problem, which aims to bring us to a consensus on the moral design problem despite our disagreements about which moral principles provide the correct (...)
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  27.  8
    Geoff Boucher, Adorno Reframed.Camilla Flodin - 2014 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 51 (1):146-148.
    A review of Geoff Boucher´s Adorno Reframed (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 2013, 166 pp. ISBN 978-1-84885-947-0).
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  28.  53
    Autonomy, nudging and post-truth politics.Geoff Keeling - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):721-722.
    In his excellent essay, ‘Nudges in a post-truth world’, Neil Levy argues that ‘nudges to reason’, or nudges which aim to make us more receptive to evidence, are morally permissible. A strong argument against the moral permissibility of nudging is that nudges fail to respect the autonomy of the individuals affected by them. Levy argues that nudges to reason do respect individual autonomy, such that the standard autonomy objection fails against nudges to reason. In this paper, I argue that Levy (...)
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  29.  11
    Marcus Aurelius in the Historia Augusta and Beyond.Geoff W. Adams - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book will be of interest to any person, whether an interested party, student, or scholar of the Roman Empire. It highlights the way in which we should consider ancient figures—be they good or bad.
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  30.  1
    Marcus Aurelius in the Historia Augusta and Beyond.Geoff W. Adams - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book will be of interest to any person, whether an interested party, student, or scholar of the Roman Empire. It highlights the way in which we should consider ancient figures—be they good or bad.
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  31.  62
    Is “Argument” subject to the product/process ambiguity?Geoff Goddu - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (2):75-88.
    The product/process distinction with regards to “argument” has a longstanding history and foundational role in argumentation theory. I shall argue that, regardless of one’s chosen ontology of arguments, arguments are not the product of some process of arguing. Hence, appeal to the distinction is distorting the very organizational foundations of argumentation theory and should be abandoned.
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  32.  9
    Geoff Rayner-Canham: The periodic table: past present, and future: World Scientific Publishing, New Jersey, 2020.Eric Scerri - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 23 (2):293-295.
  33.  46
    Hives and horseshoes, Mintzberg or MacIntyre: what future for corporate social responsibility?Geoff Moore - 2003 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 12 (1):41-53.
    A horseshoe is regarded as a lucky, perhaps even romantic, symbol of our industrial heritage. Why is it, then, that much of English literature, from Mandeville's ‘Grumbling Hive’ on, portrays business in a murky light? The paper begins with an analysis of this phenomenon and concludes that it is the institutionalisation and legitimisation of avarice and its consequential effects that gives rise to such a portrayal. A horseshoe has also been used as a convenient means of conceptualising an answer to (...)
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  34.  12
    Timing, Sequencing, and Transitional Justice Impact: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Latin America.Geoff Dancy & Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (4):321-342.
    Transitional justice scholars are increasingly concerned with measuring the impact of transitional justice initiatives. Scholars often assume that TJ mechanisms must be properly designed and ordered to achieve lasting effect, but the impact of TJ timing and sequencing has attracted relatively little theoretical or empirical attention. Focusing on Latin America, this article explores variation within the region as to when TJ occurs and the order in which mechanisms are implemented. We utilize qualitative comparative analysis to assess the impact of TJ (...)
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  35. The Bayesian explanation of transmission failure.Geoff Pynn - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1519-1531.
    Even if our justified beliefs are closed under known entailment, there may still be instances of transmission failure. Transmission failure occurs when P entails Q, but a subject cannot acquire a justified belief that Q by deducing it from P. Paradigm cases of transmission failure involve inferences from mundane beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is red) to the denials of skeptical hypotheses relative to those beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is not white (...)
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  36.  20
    Ideology and Curriculum.Geoff Whitty & Michael W. Apple - 1982 - British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):248.
  37.  18
    Power and Status - (I.) Mennen Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193–284. (Impact of Empire 12.) Pp. xiv + 305. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2011. Cased, €103, US$141. ISBN: 978-90-04-20359-4. [REVIEW]Geoff W. Adams - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):606-607.
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  38.  41
    True Collective Intelligence? A Sketch of a Possible New Field.Geoff Mulgan - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):133-142.
    Collective intelligence is much talked about but remains very underdeveloped as a field. There are small pockets in computer science and psychology and fragments in other fields, ranging from economics to biology. New networks and social media also provide a rich source of emerging evidence. However, there are surprisingly few useable theories, and many of the fashionable claims have not stood up to scrutiny. The field of analysis should be how intelligence is organised at large scale—in organisations, cities, nations and (...)
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  39.  9
    Balibar, citizenship, and the return of right populism.Geoff Pfeifer - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (3):323-341.
    Arendt famously pointed out that only citizenship actually confers rights in the modern world. To be a citizen is to be one who has the ‘right to have rights’. Arendt’s analysis emerges out of her recognition that there is a contradiction between this way of conferring rights as tied to the nation-state system and the more philosophical and ethical conceptions of the ‘rights of man’ and notions of ‘human rights’ like those championed by thinkers such as Immanuel Kant who understands (...)
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  40.  9
    Indie 2.0: Change and Continuity in Contemporary American Indie Film.Geoff King - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    Following the American indie cinema boom of the 1990s and the creation of "specialty" divisions by several Hollywood studios, many predicted an end to both the indie sector's viability and the making of films with ambitions beyond the commercial mainstream. Yet, as Geoff King demonstrates, plenty of distinct indie productions continue to thrive, even in the face of difficult economic circumstances. Recasting the term "indie" to denote a particular form of independent feature production that has risen to prominence in (...)
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  41.  11
    Values into Practice in Special Education.Geoff Lindsay & David Thompson - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (4):455-456.
  42.  7
    Enabling Fairness in Healthcare Through Machine Learning.Geoff Keeling & Thomas Grote - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (3):1-13.
    The use of machine learning systems for decision-support in healthcare may exacerbate health inequalities. However, recent work suggests that algorithms trained on sufficiently diverse datasets could in principle combat health inequalities. One concern about these algorithms is that their performance for patients in traditionally disadvantaged groups exceeds their performance for patients in traditionally advantaged groups. This renders the algorithmic decisions unfair relative to the standard fairness metrics in machine learning. In this paper, we defend the permissible use of affirmative algorithms; (...)
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  43.  1
    Logic Languages of the TPTP World.Geoff Sutcliffe - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    The Thousands of Problems for Theorem Provers (TPTP) World is a well-established infrastructure that supports research, development and deployment of automated theorem proving systems. This paper provides an overview of the logic languages of the TPTP World, from classical first-order form (FOF), through typed FOF, up to typed higher-order form, and beyond to non-classical forms. The logic languages are described in a non-technical way and are illustrated with examples using the TPTP language.
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  44. Unassertability And The Appearance Of Ignorance.Geoff Pynn - 2014 - Episteme 11 (2):125-143.
    Whether it seems that you know something depends in part upon practical factors. When the stakes are low, it can seem to you that you know that p, but when the stakes go up it'll seem to you that you don't. The apparent sensitivity of knowledge to stakes presents a serious challenge to epistemologists who endorse a stable semantics for knowledge attributions and reject the idea that whether you know something depends on how much is at stake. After arguing that (...)
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  45.  35
    Against Leben’s Rawlsian Collision Algorithm for Autonomous Vehicles.Geoff Keeling - 2017 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Philosophy and theory of artificial intelligence 2017. Springer. pp. 259-272.
    Suppose that an autonomous vehicle encounters a situation where (i) imposing a risk of harm on at least one person is unavoidable; and (ii) a choice about how to allocate risks of harm between different persons is required. What does morality require in these cases? Derek Leben defends a Rawlsian answer to this question. I argue that we have reason to reject Leben’s answer.
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  46.  1
    Geoff Rayner‐Canham. The periodic table: Past, present, and future. Singapore: World Scientific, 2020, 312 pp. ISBN : 9789811218484. [REVIEW]Annette Lykknes - 2021 - Centaurus 63 (3):613-614.
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  47.  3
    Virtue at Work: Ethics for Individuals, Managers, and Organizations.Geoff Moore - 2017 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    This book provides an integrated and philosophically-grounded framework which enables a coherent approach to organizations and organizational ethics from the perspective of practitioners in the workplace, from the perspective of managers in organizations, as well as from the perspective of organizations themselves.
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  48.  70
    Logic for Languages Containing Referentially Promiscuous Expressions.Geoff Georgi - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (4):429-451.
    Some expressions of English, like the demonstratives ‘this’ and ‘that’, are referentially promiscuous: distinct free occurrences of them in the same sentence can differ in content relative to the same context. One lesson of referentially promiscuous expressions is that basic logical properties like validity and logical truth obtain or fail to obtain only relative to a context. This approach to logic can be developed in just as rigorous a manner as David Kaplan’s classic logic of demonstratives. The result is a (...)
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  49. Demonstratives and Indexicals.Geoff Georgi - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Demonstratives and Indexicals In the philosophy of language, an indexical is any expression whose content varies from one context of use to another. The standard list of indexicals includes pronouns such as “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “it”, “this”, “that”, plus adverbs such as “now”, “then”, “today”, “yesterday”, “here”, and “actually”. Other candidates include the tenses … Continue reading Demonstratives and Indexicals →.
     
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  50.  23
    Artificial intelligence and collective intelligence: the emergence of a new field.Geoff Mulgan - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (4):631-632.
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