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Genoveva Martí
ICREA And University Of Barcelona
  1. Against semantic multi-culturalism.Genoveva Marti - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):42-48.
    E. Machery, R. Mallon, S. Nichols and S. Stich, have argued that there is empirical evidence against Kripke’s claim that names are not descriptive. Their argument is based on an experiment that compares the intuitions about proper name use of a group of English speakers in Hong Kong with those of a group of non-Chinese American students. The results of the experiment suggest that in some cultures speakers use names descriptively. I argue that such a conclusion is incorrect, for the (...)
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  2. Realism, reference & perspective.Carl Hoefer & Genoveva Martí - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (3):1-22.
    This paper continues the defense of a version of scientific realism, Tautological Scientific Realism, that rests on the claim that, excluding some areas of fundamental physics about which doubts are entirely justified, many areas of contemporary science cannot be coherently imagined to be false other than via postulation of radically skeptical scenarios, which are not relevant to the realism debate in philosophy of science. In this paper we discuss, specifically, the threats of meaning change and reference failure associated with the (...)
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  3.  43
    Empty Representations: Reference and Non-Existence.Manuel García-Carpintero & Genoveva Martí (eds.) - 2014 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The contents of linguistic and mental representations may seem to be individuated by what they are about. But a problem arises with regard to representation of the non-existent - words and thoughts that are about things that don't exist. Fourteen new essays get to grips with this much-debated problem.
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  4. Rigidity and general terms.Genoveva Marti - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):131-148.
    In this paper I examine two ways of defining the rigidity of general terms. First I discuss the view that rigid general terms express essential properties. I argue that the view is ultimately unsatisfactory, although not on the basis of the standard objections raised against it. I then discuss the characterisation in terms of sameness of designation in every possible world. I defend that view from two objections but I argue that the approach, although basically right, should be interpreted cautiously.
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  5. Water has a microstructural essence after all.Genoveva Martí & Carl Hoefer - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):1-15.
    In recent years attacks on the Kripke-Putnam approach to natural kinds and natural kind terms have proliferated. In a recent paper, Häggqvist and Wikforss (The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 1–23, 2017) attack the once-dominant essentialist account of natural kinds. Häggqvist & Wikforss also suggest that it is time to return to some sort of cluster-based descriptivist semantics for natural kind terms, thus targeting both the metaphysical and semantic tenets that underpin the Kripke-Putnam approach. In our paper we (...)
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  6.  75
    Empirical Data and the Theory of Reference.Genoveva Marti - 2012 - In William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.), Reference and Referring: Topics in Contemporary Philosophy, Volume 10. MIT Press. pp. 63-82.
    This paper is an extended response to Machery, Olivola and De Blanc (2009). I argue that the concerns I raised about Machery, Mallon, Nichols and Stich (2004) in Marti (2009) still stand.
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  7.  96
    The essence of genuine reference.Genoveva Marti - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (3):275-289.
    We have witnessed a fundamental change of perspective in the conception of reference. What the proponents of the new approach criticized and what they proposed to abandon is relatively clear; it is much less clear though what is at the heart of the philosophy that inspired the change. The proponents of the new approach all agreed in disagreeing with Frege: natural languages may, and in fact do, contain expressions that refer without the mediation of a Fregean sense. The core motto (...)
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  8.  51
    Do Modal Distinctions Collapse in Carnap’s System?Genoveva Marti - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (6):575 - 593.
    Føllesdal (1966 and 1969) claims that modal distinctions collapse, that is that p and Necessarily p are equivalent, in any system of modal logic that incorporates a standard theory of definite descriptions, like the one proposed by Carnap in M&N. I argue that his argument fails.
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  9. The Question of Rigidity in New Theories of Reference.Genoveva Martí - 2003 - Noûs 37 (1):161 - 179.
    In the semantic revolution that has led many philosophers of language away from Fregeanism and towards the acceptance of direct reference, the notion of rigidity introduced by Saul Kripke in Naming and Necessity has played a crucial role. The notions of rigidity and direct reference are indeed different, but proponents of new theories of reference agree that there is a one way connection between them: although not all rigid terms are directly referential (witness rigid definite descriptions), all directly referential terms (...)
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  10.  92
    Referencia - preprint.Genoveva Martí - forthcoming - In Temas de Filosofía del Lenguaje.
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  11. Reference without Cognition.Genoveva Marti - 2015 - In Andrea Bianchi (ed.), On Reference. Oxford University Press. pp. 93-107.
    This paper discusses critically a proposal by David Kaplan and others to ground reference in an antecedent having in mind and it examines the commitments of a conception of reference freed of cognition.
     
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  12. Direct Reference and Definite Descriptions.Genoveva Marti - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):43-57.
    According to Donnellan the characteristic mark of a referential use of a definite description is the fact that it can be used to pick out an individual that does not satisfy the attributes in the description. Friends and foes of the referential/attributive distinction have equally dismissed that point as obviously wrong or as a sign that Donnellan's distinction lacks semantic import. I will argue that, on a strict semantic conception of what it is for an expression to be a genuine (...)
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  13.  93
    General terms, rigidity and the trivialization problem.Genoveva Martí & José Martínez-Fernández - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):277 - 293.
    We defend the view that defines the rigidity of general terms as sameness of designated universal across possible worlds from the objection that such a characterization is incapable of distinguishing rigid from non-rigid readings of general terms and, thus, that it trivializes the notion of rigidity. We also argue that previous attempts to offer a solution to the trivialization problem do no succeed.
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  14. Names, Descriptions and Causal Descriptions. Is the Magic Gone?Genoveva Martí - 2020 - Topoi 39 (2):1-9.
    Some of the fundamental lessons of the so-called revolution against descriptivism that occurred in the 70s are negative and it is not immediately apparent what kind of semantic theory should emerge as regards proper names, the alleged paradigms of genuinely referential terms. Some of the claims about names, most notably Ruth Barcan Marcus’ characterization of names as tags, appear to be too picturesque to provide the basis for a positive theory and, without a theory, it would seem that the referential (...)
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  15. Reference and Experimental Semantics.Genoveva Marti - 2014 - In Edouard Machery & Elizabeth O’Neill (eds.), Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 17-26.
    Experimental semanticists have concluded that there is wide variation in referential intuitions among speakers, for it appears that some speakers display referential intuitions that are in line with descriptivism, whereas other speakers’ intuitions are in line with the predictions of the causal-historical picture. In this chapter, I first situate the debate by comparing descriptivist and non-descriptivist approaches to reference. After examining some of the experimental results, I argue that the tests conducted do not elicit data that are relevant for semantic (...)
     
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  16. How to Test the Ship of Theseus.Marta Campdelacreu, Ramón García-Moya, Genoveva Martí & Enrico Terrone - 2020 - Dialectica 74 (3).
    The story of the Ship of Theseus is one of the most venerable conundrums in philosophy. Some philosophers consider it a genuine puzzle. Others deny that it is so. It is, therefore, an open question whether there is or there is not a puzzle in the Ship of Theseus story. So, arguably, it makes sense to test empirically whether people perceive the case as a puzzle. Recently, David Rose, Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich and forty-two other researchers from different countries have (...)
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  17. General terms, hybrid theories and ambiguitiy. A discussion of some experimental results.Genoveva Marti - 2015 - In Jussi Haukioja (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Language. New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 157-172.
    I examine two sets of experimental results about the semantics of general terms, by Genone and Lombrozo (2012) and by Nichols, Pinillos and Mallon (forthcoming) that allegedly reveal significant variations in semantic intuitions as regards the correct application of general terms. The two sets of authors propose two entirely different semantic treatments: Genone and Lombrozo espouse a hybrid semantics whereas Nichols, Pinillos and Mallon are inclined towards an appeal to ambiguity. I cast some doubts on the coherence of a hybrid (...)
     
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  18.  41
    Tolerance, flexibility and the application of kind terms.Genoveva Martí & Lorena Ramírez-Ludeña - 2018 - Synthese (Suppl 12):1-14.
    We explore two ways of distinguishing the semantic operation of kind terms. First, we focus on a distinction between terms with a flexible versus terms with an inflexible semantics. Flexibility depends on whether some changes in the domain of application are taken to be possible while being consistent with past usage and what is intuitively the same meaning. On the other hand we discuss terms whose mode of operation is tolerant, in that the cohabitation in the speakers’ community of more (...)
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  19.  13
    The representation of gappy sentences in four-valued semantics.Genoveva Martí & José Martínez-Fernández - 2021 - Semiotica 2021 (240):145-163.
    Three-valued logics are standardly used to formalize gappy languages, i.e., interpreted languages in which sentences can be true, false or neither. A three-valued logic that assigns the same truth value to all gappy sentences is, in our view, insufficient to capture important semantic differences between them. In this paper we will argue that there are two different kinds of pathologies that should be treated separately and we defend the usefulness of a four-valued logic to represent adequately these two types of (...)
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  20. Legal Disagreements and Theories of Reference.Genoveva Marti & Lorena Ramírez-Ludeña - 2016 - In Francesca Poggi (ed.), Pragmatics and Law. Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology. Springer. pp. 121-139.
    In this work we examine critically how two competing approaches to meaning account for disagreements. We will argue that Hart's conventionalist stance does not commit him to descriptivism. That non-descriptivist theories of reference, properly understood, can account for a vast array of cases of interpretive disagreement and that and that an account of different kinds of disagreement can be provided from a conventionalist perspective within the framework of non-descriptivist theories of reference.
     
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  21.  69
    Aboutness and Substitutivity.Genoveva Marti - 1989 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):127-139.
    The following Principle of Substitutivity holds for the former, but not for the latter sentence: (PS) The truth value of (the proposition expressed by) a sentence that contains an occurrence of t1 remains constant when t2 is substituted for t1, provided that t1 and t2 are codesignative singular terms. It is an undeniable fact that different sentences behave differently when it comes to which substitutions preserve their truth value. What is curious is that this fact has been presented by the (...)
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  22. The Problem of Taste to the Experimental Test.Filippo Contesi, Enrico Terrone, Marta Campdelacreu, Ramón García-Moya & Genoveva Martí - forthcoming - Analysis.
    A series of recent experimental studies have cast doubt on the existence of a traditional tension that aestheticians have noted in our aesthetic judgments and practices, viz. the problem of taste. The existence of the problem has been acknowledged since Hume and Kant, though not enough has been done to analyse it in depth. In this paper, we remedy this by proposing six possible conceptualizations of it. Drawing on our analysis of the problem of taste, we argue that the experimental (...)
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  23.  67
    On modality and reference: Ruth Barcan Marcus (1921-2012).Genoveva Martí - 2012 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):203-212.
    Obituary. Ruth Barcan Marcus' contributions to modal logic and to semantics are discussed.
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  24. General Terms and Non-Trivial Rigid Designation.Genoveva Marti & José Martínez-Fernández - 2007 - In C. Martínez (ed.), Current Topics in Logic and Analytic Philosophy. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. pp. 103-116.
    we explore the view that defines rigidity of general terms as sameness of designation across possible worlds. On this view, a general term is rigid just in case it designates the same universal (species, substance or property) in every possible world. This view has been proposed most notably by Bernard Linsky, Nathan Salmon and more recently by Joseph LaPorte, and it has been criticised by several philosophers, including Stephen Schwartz and Scott Soames.
     
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  25. Rigidity and the Description of Counterfactual Situations.Genoveva Martí - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (3):477-490.
    In this paper I discuss two approaches to rigidity. I argue that they differ in the general conception of semantics that each embraces. Moreover, I argue that they differ in how each explains the rigidity of general terms, and in what each presupposes in that explanation.
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  26.  46
    Rethinking Quine’s Argument on the Collapse of Modal Distinctions.Genoveva Martí - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (2):276-294.
    This paper examines and discusses an argument for the collapse of modal distincions offered by Quine in "Reference and Modality" and in Word and Object that relies exclusively on a version of the Principle of Substitution. It is argued that the argument does not affect its historical targets: Carnap's treatment of modality, presented in Meaning and Necessity, and Church's Logic of Sense and Denotation, developed by Kaplan; nor does it affect a treatment of modality inspired in Frege's treatment of oblique (...)
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  27.  48
    For the Disunity of Semantics.Genoveva Martí - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (4):485-489.
    John Hawthorne and David Manley (The Reference Book, OUP 2012) endorse a unified treatment of the semantics of four kinds of expressions that can be said to have referential uses: specific indefinite descriptions, definite descriptions, demonstratives and proper names. The semantic theory the authors propose treats all these expressions as having a quantificational structure that achieves uniqueness of application via the presence of covert material contributing to the restriction of the domain of quantification. I argue that there are reasons to (...)
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  28. Editor's Introduction.Genoveva Martí - 2013 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 28 (3):357-357.
    Editor's introduction to a section devoted to Ruth Barcan Marcus (1921-2012).
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  29. The source of intensionality.Genoveva Marti - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:197-206.
    There are obvious differences between (1) Mary is talking to the Dean and (2) Mary is looking for the Dean. In (1) we can replace "the Dean" by any other coextensional term and preserve truth value; also, from (1) we can infer that there is someone Mary is talking to. Such behavior breaks down in (2): neither intersubstitution of coextensional terms nor existential generalization guarantee preservation of truth value in a sentence like (2). (1) is purely extensional; (2) is intensional.
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  30.  12
    Names, Descriptions and Causal Descriptions. Is the Magic Gone?Genoveva Martí - 2020 - Topoi 39 (2):357-365.
    Some of the fundamental lessons of the so-called revolution against descriptivism that occurred in the 70s are negative and it is not immediately apparent what kind of semantic theory should emerge as regards proper names, the alleged paradigms of genuinely referential terms. Some of the claims about names, most notably Ruth Barcan Marcus’ characterization of names as tags, appear to be too picturesque to provide the basis for a positive theory and, without a theory, it would seem that the referential (...)
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  31. Deflationism.Genoveva Marti - 2005 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Elsevier Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. 2nd edition. Elsevier. pp. 412-415.
     
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  32. Enciclopedia Ibero-Americana de Filosofía. Vol. 16.Genoveva Marti - 1999 - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.
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  33. Forma Lógica.Genoveva Marti - 1999 - In Enciclopedia Ibero-Americana de Filosofía. Vol. 16. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. pp. 157-168.
     
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  34.  16
    Guest editor’s presentation.Genoveva Martí - 2018 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 33 (3):471.
    Guest editor's introduction to the Monographic Section: "Delia Graff Fara. A celebration of her life and career".
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  35. Informativeness and Multiple Senses.Genoveva Marti - 2014 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Special Issue on Frege’s Puzzle (136):27-32.
    Stavroula Glezakos (2009) argues that Frege himself could not pose Frege’s puzzle without relying on the distinction between sense and reference, a distinction that the puzzle was supposed to motivate, not presuppose. In this paper I argue that there are still some puzzling questions about the informativeness of identity sentences, and I discuss a problem generated by the Fregean contention that one and the same proper name can have different senses for different speakers an issue that, in my view, Frege (...)
     
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  36. New Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol 8.Genoveva Marti - 1998
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  37.  24
    On whales and fish. Two models of interpretation.Genoveva Martí & Lorena Ramírez-Ludeña - 2019 - Jurisprudence 11 (1):63-75.
    We discuss the 1818 case in which the jury sided with inspector J. Maurice, who had demanded payment for inspecting casks of whale oil. The verdict is arguably incorrect: as several experts argued,...
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  38. Rigidity and Genuine Reference.Genoveva Marti - 1996 - In C. Martínez Vidal, U. Rivas Monroy & L. Villegas Forero (eds.), Verdad, Lógica, Representación y Mundo. Publicaciones de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.
     
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  39. Substitutivity.Genoveva Marti - 1989 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    This dissertation examines critically the assumptions of extensionalism and the traditional doctrine of substitutivity, according to which codesignativeness or coextensionality of terms should be a sufficient condition to guarantee intersubstitution of expression salva veritate. First, the discussion focuses on the traditional justifications of the extensionalist principles of substitutivity. The following alleged sources of support for extensionalism are examined: the claim that the extensionalist approach to substitutivity relies on fundamental principles outside the domain of semantics, like the Law of Indiscernibility of (...)
     
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  40. Sense and Reference.Genoveva Marti - 1998 - In New Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol 8. pp. 684-688.
  41.  38
    Substitution, Identity, and the Subject-Predicate Structure.Genoveva Martı - 2007 - In Michael O'Rourke Corey Washington (ed.), Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry. pp. 93.
    One of the many important tasks of semantics is to provide an account of the substitution patterns of a language—that is, to furnish an explanation of the conditions under which semantic values of complexes are preserved when components are replaced. The importance of this issue is plain: we only have to recall the debates regarding substitutivity between proponents of direct reference theories and advocates of some version of Fregeanism, as well as the disagreements among different proponents of direct reference theories (...)
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  42.  70
    The significance of the distinction between concept mastery and concept possession.Genoveva Marti - 1998 - Philosophical Issues 9:163-167.
    A discussion of Higginbotham's distinction between mastering and possessing a concept.
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  43. Use Theories of Meaning.Genoveva Marti - 2005 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Elsevier Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. 2nd edition. Elsevier.
     
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  44.  45
    ​The Nature and Structure of Content, by Jeffrey King, Oxford University Press, 2007. [REVIEW]Genoveva Martí & Dan Zeman - 2010 - Mind 119 (475):814-819.
  45. Review of Lecturas Filosóficas de Ciencia Cognitiva (edited by Luis A. Pérez Miranda). [REVIEW]Genoveva Marti - 2011 - Investigación y Ciencia:93.
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  46.  43
    Review of Scott Soames, Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity[REVIEW]Genoveva Marti - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (12):392.
  47.  29
    Stern, David. Wittgenstein on Mind and Language. [REVIEW]Genoveva Martí - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):922-923.
  48.  45
    Weak and strong directness: reference and thought. [REVIEW]Genoveva Marti - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):730-737.
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  49.  5
    Wittgenstein on Mind and Language. [REVIEW]Genoveva Martí - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):922-922.
    --This essay explores some aspects of the transition between the Tractatus and the Investigations. The argument in the book relies on a general methodological thesis: that the nonfinal versions of Wittgenstein's thoughts should not be conceived as imperfect expositions of views that were polished in the final versions and, hence, they are not just of anecdotal interest to Wittgenstein's scholars. Rather, they contain missing pieces of the philosophical puzzle, and they are essential to interpret the final remarks. This is so (...)
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