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Gavin Rae
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  1.  13
    Ontology in Heidegger and Deleuze: a comparative analysis.Gavin Rae - 2014 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan, an imprint of Macmillan Publishers.
    Prince of Networks is the rst treatment of Bruno Latour speci cally as a philosopher. Part One covers four key works that display Latour’s underrated contributions to metaphysics: Irreductions, Science in Action, We Have Never Been Modern, and Pandora’s Hope. Harman contends that Latour is one of the central gures of contemporary philosophy, with a highly original ontology centred in four key concepts: actants, irreduction, translation, and alliance.
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  2.  8
    Poststructuralist Agency: The Subject in Twentieth-Century Theory.Gavin Rae - 2020 - Edinburgh University Press.
    Gavin Rae shows that the problematic status of agency caused by the poststructuralist decentring of the subject is a central concern for poststructuralist thinkers. He shows how this plays out in the thinking of Deleuze, Derrida and Foucault, and find the best explanation of agency for the founded subject in the work of Castoriadis.
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  3.  20
    Judith Butler and the Politics of Epistemic Frames.Gavin Rae - 2022 - Critical Horizons 23 (2):172-187.
    ABSTRACT Judith Butler’s work has tended to be read through two axes: an early gender theory/later ethical theory division, and/or an ethical/political divide. In contrast, I aim to undercut both hermeneutical strategies by turning to her epistemology, as manifested through her analyses of normativity and “frames,” to argue that the latter acts as the hinge uniting her so-called early and later works and the ethical and political dimensions of her thinking. From this premise, I maintain that Butler affirms that these (...)
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  4.  63
    Heidegger’s influence on posthumanism: The destruction of metaphysics, technology and the overcoming of anthropocentrism.Gavin Rae - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (1):51-69.
    While Jacques Derrida’s influence on posthumanist theory is well established in the literature, given Martin Heidegger’s influence on Derrida, it is surprising to find that Heidegger’s relationship to posthumanist theory has been largely ignored. This article starts to fill this lacuna by showing that Heidegger’s writings not only influences but also has much to teach posthumanism, especially regarding the relationship between humanism and posthumanism. By first engaging with Heidegger’s destruction of metaphysics and related critique of anthropocentrism, I show that, while (...)
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  5.  66
    Overcoming Philosophy: Heidegger, Metaphysics, and the Transformation to Thinking.Gavin Rae - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (2):235-257.
    Heidegger’s critique of metaphysics is central to his attempt to re-instantiate the question of being. This paper examines Heidegger’s critique of metaphysics by looking at the relationship between metaphysics and thought. This entails an identification of the intimate relationship Heidegger maintains exists between philosophy and metaphysics, an analysis of Heidegger’s critique of this association, and a discussion of his proposal that philosophy has been so damaged by its association with metaphysics that it must be replaced with meditative thinking. It is (...)
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  6.  15
    Freud and Heidegger on the ‘Origins’ of Sexuality.Gavin Rae - 2019 - Human Studies 42 (4):543-563.
    While Freud and Heidegger were antipathetic towards one another’s ideas, a number of commentators have argued that the Freud–Heidegger relation is actually quite complementary. This paper contributes to this position by engaging with the relationship through the mediation of their respective views on the ‘origins’ of sexuality; a topic that is implicit to Freudian psychoanalytic theory and which is often taken to be absent from Heidegger’s, with the consequence that it has been ignored when bringing them into conversation. Having shown (...)
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  7. Re-thinking the human: Heidegger, fundamental ontology, and humanism.Gavin Rae - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (1):23-39.
    This essay engages with Heidegger’s attempt to re-think the human being. It shows that Heidegger re-thinks the human being by challenging the way the human being has been thought, and the mode of thinking traditionally used to think about the human being. I spend significant time discussing Heidegger’s attempt before, in the final section, asking some critical questions of Heidegger’s endeavour and pointing out how his analysis can re-invigorate contemporary attempts to understand the human being.
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  8.  17
    Realizing freedom: Hegel, Sartre, and the alienation of human being.Gavin Rae - 2011 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A first in English, this book engages with the ways in which Hegel and Sartre answer the difficult questions: What is it to be human? What place do we have in the world? How should we live? What can we be?
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  9.  26
    Being and Technology: Heidegger on the Overcoming of Metaphysics.Gavin Rae - 2012 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 43 (3):305-325.
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  10.  57
    Alienation, authenticity and the self.Gavin Rae - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (4):21-36.
    While many commentators have held that the concept ‘alienation’ is of crucial importance when attempting to understand human existence, others have held that it is an inherently empty concept that we should abandon. In this article, I refute the latters’ charge by showing that each conception of ‘alienation’ is underpinned by a normative ontological conception of the preferable, or authentic, self and show that the concept ‘alienation’ has ethical, existential and socio-political uses. From this I conclude that, when properly understood, (...)
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  11.  76
    Hegel, Alienation, and the Phenomenological Development of Consciousness.Gavin Rae - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (1):23-42.
    While it has long been recognized that the concept ‘alienation’ plays a crucial role in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit and indeed his overall philosophical project, too often commentators simply note its importance without providing an in-depth discussion of this important concept. I aim to remedy this by providing an extended discussion of the role that alienation plays in the phenomenological development of consciousness. To do so, I first, briefly, outline the project that Hegel undertakes in the Phenomenology of Spirit, before (...)
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  12.  42
    The “New” Materialisms of Jacques Lacan and Judith Butler.Gavin Rae - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3).
    This article defends Jacques Lacan and Judith Butler against the long-standing but recently reiterated charge that they affirm a linguistic idealism or foundationalism. First outlining the parameters of Lacan’s thinking on this topic through his comments on the materiality inherent in the imaginary, symbolic, real schema to show that he offers an account built around the tension between the real and symbolic, I then move to Butler to argue that she more coherently identifies the parameters of the problem before offering (...)
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  13.  20
    The Equivocity of Being: Heidegger, Multiplicity, and Fundamental Ontology.Gavin Rae - 2021 - Human Studies 44 (3):351-371.
    The Heidegger–Deleuze relationship has attracted significant attention of late. This paper contributes to this line of research by examining Deleuze’s claim, recently reiterated and developed by Philip Tonner, that Heidegger offers a univocal conception of Being where there is one sense of Being that is said throughout all entities. Although these authors maintain that this claim holds across Heidegger’s oeuvre, I purposefully adopt a conservative hermeneutical strategy that focuses on two writings from the 1927–1928 period—Being and Time and the following (...)
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  14.  21
    The Problem of Political Foundations in Carl Schmitt and Emmanuel Levinas.Gavin Rae - 2016 - New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    In this book, Gavin Rae analyses the foundations of political life by undertaking a critical comparative analysis of the political theologies of Carl Schmitt and Emmanuel Levinas. In so doing, Rae contributes to key debates in contemporary political philosophy, specifically those relating to the nature of, and the relationship between, the theological, the political, and the ethical, as well as those questioning the existence of ahistoric metaphysical, ontological, and epistemological foundations. While the theological is often associated with belief in a (...)
  15.  58
    Traces of Identity In Deleuze’s Differential Ontology.Gavin Rae - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (1):86-105.
    Deleuze’s differential ontology is a sustained attempt to think and affirm difference as opposed to the unity of identity he insists philosophical thought has tended to privilege. However, by distinguishing between three senses of identity, termed identity of the identical, same, and common, I show that, while Deleuze’s differential ontology offers a powerful critique of identity in the senses of the identical and same, at numerous points in his analysis, such as the virtual-actual movement, the transcendental conditions defining different forms (...)
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  16.  92
    The Philosophical Roots of Donna Haraway’s Cyborg Imagery: Descartes and Heidegger Through Latour, Derrida, and Agamben.Gavin Rae - 2014 - Human Studies 37 (4):505-528.
    The purpose of this paper is to highlight some of the main philosophical roots of Donna Haraway’s thinking, an issue she rarely discusses and which is frequently ignored in the literature, but which will allow us to not only better understand her thinking, but also locate it within the philosophical tradition. In particular, it suggests that Haraway’s thinking emanates from a Cartesian and Heideggerian heritage whereby it, implicitly, emanates from Heidegger’s destruction of metaphysical anthropocentrism to critique the divisions between human, (...)
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  17.  6
    Disharmonious Continuity.Gavin Rae - 2017 - Sartre Studies International 23 (2).
  18.  96
    Sartre the Other: Conflict, Conversion, Language the We.Gavin Rae - 2009 - Sartre Studies International 15 (2):54-77.
    Sartre's phenomenological ontology discloses that understanding consciousness and its mode of being requires an analysis of its relation with other consciousnesses. The primordial manner in which the Other relates to consciousness is through the look. Sartre claims that consciousness tends to adopt a pre-reflective fundamental project that leads it to view the Other as a threat to its pure subjective freedom. This creates a conflictual social relation in which each consciousness tries to objectify the Other to maintain its subjective freedom. (...)
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  19.  4
    Independence, Alliance, and Echo: Deleuze on the Relationship between Philosophy, Science, and Art.Gavin Rae - 2020 - In Guillaume Collet (ed.), Deleuze, Guattari, and the Problem of Transdisciplinarity. London: pp. 239–263.
  20.  22
    Merleau-Ponty on the Sexed Body.Gavin Rae - 2020 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 51 (2):162-183.
    This paper engages with Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s account of the sexed body in the Phenomenology of Perception. I focus on his notion of the sexual schema to show that, contrary to a number of feminist critiques, it does not posit a neutral body overcoded by culturally-contingent sexual determinations or erase the feminine body, but is informed by Merleau-Ponty particular version of the phenomenological reduction whereby factic determinations are “bracketed” to permit the object under study to reveal itself as it is rather (...)
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  21.  62
    Sartre, Group Formations, and Practical Freedom: The Other in the Critique of Dialectical Reason.Gavin Rae - 2011 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 3 (2):183-206.
    In this essay, I attempt to remedy the relative neglect that has befallen Sartre’s analysis of social relations in the Critique of Dialectical Reason. I show that, contrary to the interpretation of certain commentators, Sartre’s analysis of social relations in this text does not contradict his earlier works. While his early work focuses on individual-to-individual social relations, the Critique of Dialectical Reason complements this by focusing on the way various group formations constrain or enhance the individual’s practical freedom. To outline (...)
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  22.  21
    The Meanings of Violence: Introduction.Gavin Rae - 2019 - In Gavin Rae and Emma Ingala (ed.), The Meanings of Violence: From Critical Theory to Biopolitics. New York: pp. 1-9.
  23.  21
    Taming the Little Screaming Monster: Castoriadis, Violence, and the Creation of the Individual.Gavin Rae - 2019 - In Gavin Rae and Emma Ingala (ed.), The Meanings of Violence: From Critical Theory to Biopolitics. New York: pp. 171-190.
  24.  15
    The Meanings of Violence: From Critical Theory to Biopolitics.Gavin Rae & Emma Ingala (eds.) - 2018 - London: Routledge.
    Violence has long been noted to be a fundamental aspect of the human condition. Traditionally, however, philosophical discussions have tended to approach it through the lens of warfare and/or limit it to physical forms. This changed in the twentieth century as the nature and meaning of 'violence' itself became a conceptual problem. Guided by the contention that Walter Benjamin's famous 1921 'Critique of Violence' essay inaugurated this turn to an explicit questioning of violence, this collection brings together an international array (...)
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  25. Sartre on Authentic and Inauthentic Love.Gavin Rae - 2012 - Existential Analysis: Journal of the Society for Existential Analysis 23 (1):75–88.
    This paper shows that while Sartre's account of love relations in Being and Nothingness is famously conflictual, his Notebooks for an Ethics offers a far more positive account. It pays particular attention to the role that each lover's pre-reflective fundamental project plays in shaping the content of their love relationship.
     
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  26.  17
    The politics of justice: Levinas, violence, and the ethical–political relation.Gavin Rae - 2018 - Contemporary Political Theory 17 (1):49-68.
    In the early and often ignored 1934 essay ‘Reflections on the Philosophy of Hitlerism’, Levinas identifies a historically dominant form of politics rooted in the ontological reduction of the other to the same that provides intellectual justification for physical violence against the other. The ethical relation aims to overcome this political violence by thinking from the alterity of the other. The turn away from the political to the ethical does, however, lead to a problem – the third – that cannot (...)
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  27.  3
    Subjectivity and the Political: Contemporary Perspectives.Gavin Rae & Emma Ingala (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    Despite, or quite possibly because of, the structuralist, post-structuralist, and deconstructionist critiques of subjectivity, master signifiers, and political foundations, contemporary philosophy has been marked by a resurgence in interest in questions of subjectivity and the political. Guided by the contention that different conceptions of the political are, at least _implicitly_, committed to specific conceptions of subjectivity while different conceptions of subjectivity have different political implications, this collection brings together an international selection of scholars to explore these notions and their connection. (...)
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  28.  19
    Authoritarian and Anthropocentric: Examining Derrida’s Critique of Heidegger.Gavin Rae - 2015 - Critical Horizons 16 (1):27-51.
    In Of Spirit, Jacques Derrida claims that Heidegger's attempted deconstruction of metaphysical anthropocentrism remains anthropocentric and, as such, is inherently authoritarian. This paper takes up these charges to engage with whether Derrida is justified in coming to this conclusion. To do so, it briefly outlines Heidegger's critique of anthropocentrism and subsequent re-thinking of human being in line with the question of being, before suggesting that Derrida is correct to suggest that Heidegger's thinking remains anthropocentric. It then engages with whether Heidegger's (...)
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  29.  28
    Anthropocentrism.Gavin Rae - 2014 - In Henk ten Have (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. Dordrecht, Países Bajos: pp. 1-12.
    Anthropocentrism is a concept with a long history. This chapter briefly outlines this history to identify what it entails and show its historical importance. It then engages with its ethical significance by, first, engaging with the ways its proponents have justified it, before, subsequently, examining a number of criticisms that have been made against it.
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  30. Violence, Territorialization, and Signification: The Political from Carl Schmitt and Gilles Deleuze,.Gavin Rae - 2013 - Theoria and Praxis: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Thought 1 (1):1-17.
    While Carl Schmitt is one of the main proponents of the question of the political with the consequence that his thinking on the subject has garnered much attention, not only is the question of the political in Gilles Deleuze relatively underdeveloped, but there has been virtually no work done on the relationship between the two. The orientating contention of this paper is that thinking the question of the political from the works of these two, very different, thinkers will not only (...)
     
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  31.  7
    Agency and will in Agamben’s coming politics.Gavin Rae - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 44 (9):978-996.
    Those commentators who accept that Agamben offers an affirmative political project tend to hold that its realization depends upon pre-personal messianic or ontological alterations. I argue that there is another option based around the notion of individual agency that has received relatively little attention, but which clarifies whether or not Agamben holds that the transition is one that agents can participate in. By engaging with the texts “On Potentiality,” “Bartleby, or On Contingency,” and Opus Dei, I first show that he (...)
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  32.  5
    All power to the imagination: Sartre and Castoriadis.Gavin Rae - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Despite Jean-Paul Sartre and Cornelius Castoriadis placing the imagination centre stage in their respective conceptual theories, little work has been done to bring them into conversation on this issue or, indeed, any other. This is perhaps not surprising given Sartre’s early work on this topic has tended to be downplayed in favour of his affirmation of freedom, while Castoriadis not only denigrates Sartre’s thinking generally and his account of the imagination specifically but also posits their relationship as one of opposition. (...)
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  33.  4
    Between Failure and Redemption: Emmanuel Levinas on the Political.Gavin Rae - 2018 - In Gavin Rae and Emma Ingala (ed.), Subjectivity and the Political: Contemporary Perspectives. pp. 55-74.
  34.  8
    Critiquing Sovereign Violence: Law, Biopolitics and Bio-Juridicalism.Gavin Rae - 2019 - Edimburgo, Reino Unido: Edinburgh University Press.
    Gavin Rae offers an original approach to sovereign violence by looking at a wide range of thinkers, which he organises into three models. Benjamin, Schmitt, Arendt, Deleuze and Guattari form the radical-juridical perspective; Foucault and Agamben the biopolitical; Derrida the bio-juridical – which Rae argues produces the most nuanced account.
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  35.  8
    Editor’s Introduction: Between Subjectivity and the Political.Gavin Rae - 2018 - In Gavin Rae and Emma Ingala (ed.), Subjectivity and the Political: Contemporary Perspectives. pp. 1-11.
  36.  3
    Evil in the Western Philosophical Tradition.Gavin Rae - 2019 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Gavin Rae analyses the history of Western conceptions of evil, showing it to be remarkably complex, differentiated and contested. He traces the problem of evil from early and Medieval Christian philosophy to modern philosophy, German Idealism, post-structuralism and contemporary analytic philosophy and secularisation.
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  37.  12
    Forming the Individual: Lacan and Castoriadis on the Socio-Symbolic Function of Violence.Gavin Rae - 2019 - In Laura Smith Lode Lauwaert (ed.), Violence and Meaning. New York: pp. 239–265.
    This chapter explores the ways in which Jacques Lacan and Cornelius Castoriadis understand the role(s) that violence plays in the formation of the individual. While the majority of the literature tends to focus on their accounts of the symbolic and imaginary to highlight the differences between them, this chapter claims that a different and more harmonious relationship appears once we focus on their respective claims regarding the roles that violence plays in relation to the formation of the individual. For Lacan, (...)
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  38.  20
    Hannah Arendt, evil, and political resistance.Gavin Rae - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (3):125-144.
    While Hannah Arendt claimed to have abandoned her early conception of radical evil for a banal one, recent scholarship has questioned that conclusion. This article contributes to the debate by arguing that her conceptual alteration is best understood by engaging with the structure of norms subtending each conception. From this, I develop a compatibilist understanding that accounts for Arendt’s movement from a radical to a banal conception of evil, by claiming that it was because she came to reject the foundationalism (...)
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  39.  83
    Hegel, Sartre, & the ontological structure of consciousness.Gavin Rae - unknown
    This thesis provides a comparative analysis of the different ways Hegel and Sartre understand that consciousness can be alienated. Because understanding the various ways Hegel and Sartre hold that consciousness can be alienated is not possible without first understanding what each thinker understands by consciousness, I first identify and outline the different ways Hegel and Sartre conceptualise consciousness’s ontological structure before identifying the various ways each thinker understands that consciousness can be alienated. The general argument developed shows that while Hegel (...)
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  40.  7
    Historical Traces and Future Pathways of Poststructuralism: Aesthetics, Ethics, Politics.Gavin Rae & Emma Ingala - 2020 - Routledge.
    This volume brings together an international array of scholars to reconsider the meaning and place of poststructuralism historically and demonstrate some of the ways in which it continues to be relevant, especially for debates in aesthetics, ethics, and politics. The book's chapters focus on the works of Butler, Deleuze, Derrida, Foucault, Irigaray, Kristeva, Lacan, and Lyotard-in combination with those of Agamben, Luhman, Nancy, and Nietzsche-and examine issues including biopolitics, culture, embodiment, epistemology, history, music, temporality, political resistance, psychoanalysis, revolt, and the (...)
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  41. Kierkegaard, the Self, Authenticity and the Teleological Suspension of the Ethical.Gavin Rae - 2010 - Critical Horizons 11 (1):75-97.
    In Fear and Trembling Kierkegaard outlines and defends a faith-based religious ethic, belief in which justifies transgressing the universal ethical norms of the community. In contrast to certain commentators who maintain that Kierkegaard’s argument is about the individual’s relation to God, I understand that this aspect of Kierkegaard’s argument is only important because he maintains that faith in God is a necessary aspect of authentic being. Thus, I argue that Kierkegaard’s argument is about the role faith plays in the formation (...)
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  42.  8
    Laclau on misunderstanding and the genesis of collective identity.Gavin Rae - 2022 - Thesis Eleven 170 (1):117-135.
    This article defends Ernesto Laclau against the charge that his work, manifested most clearly in On Populist Reason, affirms an authoritarian politics to account for the genesis of collective identity. To outline this, I read Laclau’s thought through three logics – termed the logics of universal imposition, negation, and symbolic mediation – to argue that he rejects the first but adopts the latter two, with the logic of symbolic mediation being particularly important. Rather than unity resulting when distinct groups agree (...)
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  43.  45
    Marcuse, Aesthetics, and the Logic of Modernity.Gavin Rae - 2010 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (2):383-398.
    Herbert Marcuse is a thinker associated with one of the most radical and totalising critiques of modernity ever produced. Marcuse maintains that contemporary capitalist society is a one-dimensional prison that is capable of perpetuating itself by incorporating any criticism into its logic. Despite this totalisation, Marcuse insists that the realm of aesthetics is capable of escaping the logic of modern capitalism and establishing an alternative society that is grounded in an alternative non-repressive logic. However, it is argued that not only (...)
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  44.  67
    Much Ado About Nothing: The Bergsonian and Heideggerian Roots of Sartre’s Conception of Nothingness.Gavin Rae - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (2):249-268.
    The question of nothingness occupies the thinking of a number of philosophers in the first half of the twentieth-century, with three of the most important responses being those of Henri Bergson, Martin Heidegger, and Jean-Paul Sartre. Surprisingly, however, there has been little discussion of their specific comments on nothingness either individually or comparatively. This paper starts to remedy this by suggesting that, while Bergson dismisses nothingness as a pseudo-problem based in a flawed metaphysical understanding, Heidegger, in What is Metaphysics?, claims (...)
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  45.  27
    Maternal and paternal functions in the formation of subjectivity: Kristeva and Lacan.Gavin Rae - 2019 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (4):412-430.
    The Kristeva–Lacan relationship has been a difficult one, with commentators tending to either collapse the former into the latter or insist on an absolute division wherein Kristeva emphasizes the m...
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  46.  19
    Questioning the Phallus: Jacques Lacan and Judith Butler.Gavin Rae - 2020 - Studies in Gender and Sexuality 21 (1):12-26.
    This article engages with the relationship between Lacanian psychoanalytic theory and poststructuralist gender theory by comparing and contrasting the questioning of the symbolic phallus (function) undertaken by Jacques Lacan and Judith Butler. The debate takes place through Lacan’s 1958 paper “The Signification of the Phallus,” to which Butler responded critically in Gender Trouble and Bodies That Matter, published in 1990 and 1993, respectively. Lacan explains that the symbolic phallic function is the “anchor”’ from and around which the symbolic works and (...)
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  47.  15
    Strategies of Political Resistance: Agamben and Irigaray.Gavin Rae - 2021 - In Gavin Rae and Emma Ingala (ed.), Historical Traces and Future Pathways of Poststructuralism: Aesthetics, Ethics, Politics. New York: pp. 223–245.
  48.  18
    The Ethical Self in the Later Foucault: the Question of Normativity.Gavin Rae - 2022 - Sophia 62 (2):381-403.
    Michel’s Foucault’s later work has been the subject of much critical interest regarding the question of whether it provides a normative stance that prescribes how the self ought to act. Having first outlined the nature of the debate, I engage with Foucault’s comparative analysis of the ethical systems of ancient Greeks and Christianity to show that he holds that the former maintains that the ethical subject was premised not on adherence to a priori rules as in Christianity, but from and (...)
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  49.  2
    22 The Phantasmatic Fiction: Derrida on the Ground of Politics.Gavin Rae - 2021 - In Luke Collison (ed.), Derrida's Politics of Friendship: Amity and Enmity. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 281-292.
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  50.  40
    The Problem of Grounding: Schelling on the Metaphysics of Evil.Gavin Rae - 2018 - Sophia 57 (2):233-248.
    Long neglected, Schelling’s 1809 Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom has been the subject of renewed contemporary interest with scholars linking it to debates in ontology, psychology, and social philosophy. This paper argues, however, that its fundamental importance lies in bringing to our attention the way in which our moral categories are grounded in conceptions of metaphysics. To do so, it suggests that Schelling focuses on two questions: first, does evil have positive being? And second, why do some (...)
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