Results for 'Gary John Ostertag'

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  1.  64
    Meaning by Courtesy: LLM-Generated Texts and the Illusion of Content.Gary Ostertag - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (10):91-93.
    Contrary to how it may seem when we observe its output, an [LLM] is a system for haphazardly stitching together sequences of linguistic forms it has observed in its vast training data, according to...
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  2.  58
    A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics.Gary Ostertag - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (3):628-631.
    Volume 97, Issue 3, September 2019, Page 628-631.
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  3.  98
    Emily Elizabeth Constance Jones.Gary Ostertag - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4.  28
    E. E. Constance Jones on the dualism of practical reason.Gary Ostertag & Amanda Favia - 2021 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (2):327-342.
    E. E. Constance Jones, a regular contributor to Mind and the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, and the author of several textbooks and a monograph, worked in both philosophical l...
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  5.  69
    Structured propositions and the logical form of predication.Gary Ostertag - 2019 - Synthese 196 (4):1475-1499.
    Jeffrey King, Scott Soames, and others have recently challenged the familiar identification of a Russellian proposition, such as the proposition that Brutus stabbed Caesar, with an ordered sequence constructed out of objects, properties, and relations. There is, as they point out, a surplus of candidate sequences available that are each equally serviceable. If so, any choice among these candidates will be arbitrary. In this paper, I show that, unless a controversial assumption is made regarding the nature of nonsymmetrical relations, none (...)
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  6.  19
    Rejoinder to Dejnožka's Reply.Gary Ostertag - 2001 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 21 (1):66-67.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:66 Discussion REJOINDER TO DEJNOZKA'S REPLY GARY OSTERTAG Philosophy/ New YorkU. New York,NY 10003, USA [email protected] It is common knowledge that Russell does not explicitly endorse modal logic in any of his major logical writings. Nor does my review of BertrandRusseli onModalityand LogicalRelevance' suggest that Jan Dejnozka denies or is somehow unaware of this. On the contrary, I assume it to be obvious that any commitment Russell (...)
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  7.  93
    Two aspects of propositional unity.Gary Ostertag - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5):518-533.
    (2013). Two aspects of propositional unity. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 518-533.
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  8.  40
    Meanings and Other Things: Themes From the Work of Stephen Schiffer.Gary Ostertag (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    In Meanings and Other Things fourteen leading philosophers explore central themes in the writings of Stephen Schiffer, a leading figure in philosophy since the 1970s. Topics range from theories of meaning to moral cognitivism, the nature of paradox, and the problem of vagueness. Schiffer's responses set out his current thinking.
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  9.  74
    Critical Study Julian Dodd. Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).Gary Ostertag - 2012 - Noûs 46 (2):355-374.
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  10. Propositional Platitudes.Gary Ostertag - 2016 - In Meanings and Other Things: Themes From the Work of Stephen Schiffer. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
  11.  70
    A Puzzle About Disbelief.Gary Ostertag - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (11):573-593.
    According to the naive theory of belief reports, our intuition that “Lois believes that Kent flies” is false results from our mistakenly identifying what this sentence implicates, which is false, with what it says, which is true. Whatever the merits of this proposal, it is here argued that the naive theory’s analysis of negative belief reports—sentences such as “Lois doesn't believe that Kent flies”—gives rise to equally problematic clashes with intuition, but that in this case no “pragmatic” explanation is available. (...)
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  12.  48
    Pleonastic propositions and de re belief.Gary Ostertag - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (11):3529-3547.
    In The Things We Mean, Stephen Schiffer defends a novel account of the entities to which belief reports relate us and to which their that-clauses refer. For Schiffer, the referred-to entities—propositions—exist in virtue of contingencies of our linguistic practices, deriving from “pleonastic restatements” of ontologically neutral discourse. Schiffer’s account of the individuation of propositions derives from his treatment of that -clause reference. While that -clauses are referential singular terms, their reference is not determined by the speaker’s referential intentions. Rather, their (...)
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  13. The 'Gödel' effect.Gary Ostertag - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (1):65-82.
    In their widely discussed paper, “Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style”, Machery et al. argue that Kripke’s Gödel–Schmidt case, generally thought to undermine the description theory of names, rests on culturally variable intuitions: while Western subjects’ intuitions conflict with the description theory of names, those of East Asian subjects do not. Machery et al. attempt to explain this discrepancy by appealing to differences between Western and East Asian modes of categorization, as identified in an influential study by Nisbett et al. I claim that (...)
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  14. A problem for Russellian theories of belief.Gary Ostertag - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 146 (2):249 - 267.
    Russellianism is characterized as the view that ‘that’-clauses refer to Russellian propositions, familiar set-theoretic pairings of objects and properties. Two belief-reporting sentences, S and S*, possessing the same Russellian content, but differing in their intuitive truthvalue, are provided. It is argued that no Russellian explanation of the difference in apparent truthvalue is available, with the upshot that the Russellian fails to explain how a speaker who asserts S but rejects S* can be innocent of inconsistency, either in what she says (...)
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  15. Quine and Russell.Gary Ostertag - 2013 - In Ernie Lepore & Gilbert Harman (eds.), A Companion to W. V. O. Quine. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 403-431.
  16.  26
    Russell's Modal Logic? [review of Jan Dejnožka, Bertrand Russell on Modality and Logical Relevance ].Gary Ostertag - 2000 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 20 (2).
  17. Relation to Other Philosophers. Quine and Russell.Gary Ostertag - 2013 - In Gilbert Harman & Ernest LePore (eds.), A Companion to W. V. O. Quine. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.
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  18. Definite Descriptions: A Reader.Gary Ostertag - 1998 - MIT Press.
    Bertrand Russell's theory of definite descriptions sparked an ongoing debate concerning the proper logical and linguistic analysis of definite descriptions. While it is now widely acknowledged that, like the indexical expressions 'I', 'here', and 'now', definite descriptions in natural language are context-sensitive, there is significant disagreement as to the ultimate challenge this context-sensitivity poses to Russell's theory.This reader is intended both to introduce students to the philosophy of language via the theory of descriptions, and to provide scholars in analytic philosophy (...)
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  19.  9
    Quine and Russell.Gary Ostertag - 2013 - In Ernie Lepore & Gilbert Harman (eds.), A Companion to W. V. O. Quine. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 401–431.
    Peter Pagin: Indeterminacy of Translation: We discuss the content of the indeterminacy thesis, Quine's arguments for it and his associated behaviorism, consequences of the thesis, and some objections against it.
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  20.  71
    The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy.Gary Ostertag - 2019 - Analysis 79 (3):560-571.
  21. A scorekeeping error.Gary Ostertag - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 96 (2):123-146.
  22.  67
    Descriptions and Logical Form.Gary Ostertag - 2002 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), A Companion to Philosophical Logic. Malden, MA, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 177–193.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Preliminaries Descriptions and Quantification Descriptions and Predication Conclusion.
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  23.  73
    Cruelty and kinds: Scalia and Dworkin on the constitutionality of capital punishment.Gary Ostertag - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (4):422-443.
    I here revisit a debate between Antonin Scalia and Ronald Dworkin concerning the constitutionality of capital punishment. As is well known, Scalia maintained that the consistency of capital punishment with the Eighth Amendment can be established on purely textualist principles; Dworkin denied this. There are, Dworkin maintained, two readings of the Eighth Amendment available to the textualist. But only on one of these readings is the constitutionality of capital punishment secured; on the other, ‘principled’, reading it is not. Moreover, breaking (...)
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  24.  33
    Russell's Modal Logic? Review of Jan Dejnožka, Bertrand Russell on Modality and Logical Relevance.Gary Ostertag - 2000 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 20 (2):165-72.
  25.  29
    Bioethics is Philosophy.Rosamond Rhodes & Gary Ostertag - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):22-25.
    In their target article, Blumenthal-Barby et al. (2022) address the view that bioethics as a philosophical discipline is obsolete. Indeed, their discussion was prompted by a recent bioethics confer...
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  26. Has the problem of incompleteness rested on a mistake?Ray Buchanan & Gary Ostertag - 2005 - Mind 114 (456):889-913.
    A common objection to Russell's theory of descriptions concerns incomplete definite descriptions: uses of (for example) ‘the book is overdue’ in contexts where there is clearly more than one book. Many contemporary Russellians hold that such utterances will invariably convey a contextually determined complete proposition, for example, that the book in your briefcase is overdue. But according to the objection this gets things wrong: typically, when a speaker utters such a sentence, no facts about the context or the speaker's communicative (...)
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  27.  37
    Review of Keefe, Theories of Vagueness. [REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2002 - History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (4):291-2.
  28.  88
    Review of Anne Bezuidenhout (ed.), Marga Reimer (ed.), Descriptions and Beyond[REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (8).
  29.  75
    Review of Robert Fiengo, Robert may, De Lingua Belief[REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (9).
  30.  48
    In the Realm of Sense [review of Gideon Makin, The Metaphysicians of Meaning: Russell and Frege on Sense and Denotation ]. [REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2001 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 21 (2):167-75.
  31.  92
    Review of Jason Stanley, Language in Context: Selected Essays[REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (5).
  32.  86
    Review of Fine, Kit, Semantic Relationism, Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007, pp. vii + 160, US$74.95. [REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):345-349.
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  33.  41
    Review of Scott Soames, Philosophical Essays, Volume 1: Natural Language: What It Means and How We Use It[REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (7).
  34. Review of Kit Fine, Semantic Relationism. [REVIEW]Gary Ostertag - 2009 - Austrlasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):345-9.
  35.  67
    The Philosophers’ Brief on Elephant Personhood.Gary Comstock, G. K. D. Crozier, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert C. Jones, Nathan Nobis, David M. Peña-Guzmán, James Rocha, Bernard E. Rollin & Jeff Sebo - 2020 - New York State Appellate Court.
    We submit this brief in support of the Nonhuman Rights Project’s efforts to secure habeas corpus relief for the elephant named Happy. We reject arbitrary distinctions that deny adequate protections to other animals who share with protected humans relevantly similar vulnerabilities to harms and relevantly similar interests in avoiding such harms. We strongly urge this Court, in keeping with the best philosophical standards of rational judgment and ethical standards of justice, to recognize that, as a nonhuman person, Happy should be (...)
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  36.  19
    Autonomic determinism: The modes of autonomic control, the doctrine of autonomic space, and the laws of autonomic constraint.Gary G. Berntson, John T. Cacioppo & Karen S. Quigley - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (4):459-487.
  37.  30
    Developing CSR Giving as a Dynamic Capability for Salient Stakeholder Management.John Ehsman Cantrell, Elias Kyriazis & Gary Noble - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (2):403-421.
    In this paper, we draw upon the emerging view of strategic cognition and issue salience and show that CSR giving has evolved into more than an altruistic response to being asked for support, to one which is embedded in the strategic frames of management and which supports organizational identity. The managerial action as a result of such strategic cognition suggests that modern organizations are seeking to develop CSR giving processes that provide them with a competitive advantage. We draw on the (...)
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  38.  20
    Public Engagement in Shaping Bioethics Policy: Reasons for Skepticism.Rosamond Rhodes & Gary Ostertag - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (7):68-72.
    Conley et al. (2023) analyze the attempts at public engagement (PE) by five governance groups. These projects were conducted by organizations that endorse both the goals and values of PE. The autho...
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  39.  27
    John Locke, An essay concerning human understanding in focus.Gary Fuller, Robert Stecker & John P. Wright (eds.) - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding is among the most important books in philosophy ever written. It is a difficult work dealing with many themes, including the origin of ideas; the extent and limits of human knowledge; the philosophy of perception; and religion and morality. This volume focuses on the last two topics and provides a clear and insightful survey of these overlooked aspects of Locke's best-known work. Four eminent Locke scholars present authoritative discussions of Locke's view on the (...)
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  40.  10
    Transformations of Urban and Suburban Landscapes: Perspectives From Philosophy, Geography, and Architecture.Gary Backhaus & John Murungi (eds.) - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    The study of landscape and place has become an increasingly fertile realm of inquiry in the humanities and social sciences. In this new book of essays, selected from presentations at the first annual meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Geography, scholars investigate the experiences and meanings that inscribe urban and suburban landscapes. Gary Backhaus and John Murungi bring philosophy and geography into a dialogue with a host of other disciplines to explore a fundamental dialectic: while our collective (...)
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  41.  22
    Feedback in Music Performance Teaching.Gary E. McPherson, Jennifer Blackwell & John Hattie - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The purpose of this article is to provide one prominent perspective from the research literature on a conception of feedback in educational psychology as proposed by John Hattie and colleagues, and to then adapt these concepts to develop a framework that can be applied in music performance teaching at a variety of levels. The article confronts what we see as a lack of understanding about the importance of this topic in music education and provides suggestions that will help music (...)
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  42.  1
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XIII (1997).John J. Cleary & Gary M. Gurtler (eds.) - 1999 - BRILL.
    This latest volume of _BACAP Proceedings_ contains some innovative research by international scholars on Plato, Aristotle, and Sophocles. It covers such themes as Plato on the philosopher ruler, and Aristotle on essence and necessity in science._ This publication has also been published in hardback, please click here_ for details.
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  43.  2
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume Xxi.John J. Cleary & Gary Gurtler (eds.) - 2006 - Brill.
    This volume contains papers and commentaries originally presented to the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy during the 2004-5 academic year. Of the seven colloquia in the volume, two deal with Plato while the rest are dedicated to Aristotle.
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  44. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XXIII (2007).John J. Cleary & Gary Gurtler (eds.) - 2008 - BRILL.
    With one exception, the papers in this volume were originally presented to the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy during 2006-7. Five colloquia deal directly with Plato, while another discusses Heidegger's interpretation of Plato. Two colloquia deal with the Epicurean notion of preconception and with the Stoic conception of the good.
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  45. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XIV (1998).John J. Cleary & Gary Gurtler (eds.) - 1999 - BRILL.
    This volume represents some of the activities of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy from the academic year 1997-98. It contains nine colloquia that were hosted by eight different colleges and universities in the greater Boston area. Discussions of the works of Plato dominate this volume, with six of the nine colloquia based on Platonic texts. Appropriately, the colloquia begin with an analysis of division in the ancient atomists. Later, a study of truth in Aristotle gives a counterpoint to (...)
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  46. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XVII (2001).John J. Cleary & Gary M. Gurtler (eds.) - 2002 - BRILL.
    This volume of BACAP Proceedings contains recent research by international scholars on Empedocles, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus and some Hellenistic philosophers. It covers such topics as Epicurean methods of managing mental pain, moral nostalgia in Plato' s Republic, and empty terms in Aristotelian logic._ This publication has also been published in paperback, please click here_ for details.
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  47. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XIX (2003).John J. Cleary & Gary M. Gurtler (eds.) - 2004 - BRILL.
    This volume of the Proceedings continues the success of the Colloquium in providing a venue where a wide range of classical themes and figures is examined from the multiple perspectives of the current philosophical scene. This diversity gives the Proceedings a unique appeal to all those, philosophers and classicists, interested in the long tradition of ancient thought in both Greek and Latin._ This publication has also been published in paperback, please click here_ for details.
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  48. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XXI (2005).John J. Cleary & Gary M. Gurtler (eds.) - 2006 - BRILL.
    This volume contains papers and commentaries originally presented to the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy during the 2004-5 academic year. Of the seven colloquia in the volume, two deal with Plato while the rest are dedicated to Aristotle.
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  49.  8
    Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy: Volume Xiii.John J. Cleary & Gary Gurtler (eds.) - 1999 - Brill.
    This latest volume of _BACAP Proceedings_ contains some innovative research by international scholars on Plato, Aristotle, and Sophocles. It covers such themes as Plato on the philosopher ruler, and Aristotle on essence and necessity in science._ This publication has also been published in hardback, please click here_ for details.
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  50.  6
    Congress, Consistency, and Environmental Law.John Lemons, Donald A. Brown & Gary E. Varner - 1990 - Environmental Ethics 12 (4):311-327.
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