Results for 'Gary Goh'

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  1. Varner, Gary E. "Do Species Have Standing?" Environmental Ethics 9 (1987): Pp. 57-72.Gary Varner - manuscript
    In his recent article Should Trees Have Standing? Revisited" Christopher D. Stone has effectively withdrawn his proposal that natural objects be granted legal rights, in response to criticism from the Feinberg/McCloskey camp. Stone now favors a weaker proposal that natural objects be granted what he calls legal "considerateness". I argue that Stone's retreat is both unnecessary and undesirable. I develop the notion of a "de facto" legal right and argue that species already have de facto legal rights as statutory beneficiaries (...)
     
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  2.  34
    Capitalism and the Democratic Economy*: Gary A. Dymski and John E. Elliott.Gary A. Dymski - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (1):140-164.
    Mainstream economics evaluates capitalism primarily from the perspective of efficiency. Social philosophy typically applies other or additional normative criteria, such as equality, democracy, and community. This essay examines the implications of these contrasting sets of criteria in the evaluation of capitalism. Its first two sections consider the criteria themselves, assuming that a trade-off exists between them. The last three sections question whether such a trade-off necessarily occurs, and explore the claim that improvements in nonefficiency dimensions of capitalist society may enhance, (...)
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  3.  27
    By Gary Null, PhD, and Martin Feldman, MD.Gary Null - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
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  4.  49
    Reinhold and the Promise of a Higher Metaphysics.Kienhow Goh - 2018 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (2):193-215.
    While Reinhold was no doubt interested in harnessing Kantian practical reason as a rational ground for our fundamental religious convictions, it remains unclear as to whether he reserves any role for theoretical or speculative reason in moral faith, and if so, what. This paper argues that he continues to assign an important role to speculative reason in the establishment and dissemination of a “religion of reason” in his efforts across three major texts of the Jena period (namely, the 1786-87 Letters (...)
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  5. Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays.Gary Watson - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the 1970s Gary Watson has published a series of brilliant and highly influential essays on human action, examining such questions as: in what ways are we free and not free, rational and irrational, responsible or not for what we do? Moral philosophers and philosophers of action will welcome this collection, representing one of the most important bodies of work in the field.
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  6. Joshua Hoffman Gary S. Rosenkrantz.Gary S. Rosenkrantz - 2003 - In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 46.
     
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  7.  46
    Review of Gary Varner, Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two-Level Utilitarianism. [REVIEW]Gary Comstock - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (3):417-420.
    With his 1998 book, In Nature’s Interests? Gary Varner proved to be one of our most original and trenchant of environmental ethicists. Here, in the first of a promised two volume set, he makes his mark on another field, animal ethics, leaving an even deeper imprint. Thoroughly grounded in the relevant philosophical and scientific literatures, Varner is as precise in analysis as he is wide-ranging in scope. His writing is clear and rigorous, and he explains philosophical nuances with extraordinary (...)
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  8.  49
    Between Determinism and Indeterminism: The Freedom of Choice in Fichte's Das System Der Sittenlehre.Kien-How Goh - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):439-455.
    This paper examines Fichte's conception of the freedom of choice in Das System der Sittenlehre of 1798 as a solution to the dilemma posed by determinism and indeterminism. It show that Fichte does not simply affirm an indifferent power of voluntary choice, but demonstrates how such a power might co-exist with the measure of regularity and lawfulness we normally admit of human choices. Particular choices do not occur at random, but are based on general reasons. These reasons are in turn (...)
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  9.  26
    Spoken Word Recognition in Early Childhood: Comparative Effects of Vowel, Consonant and Lexical Tone Variation.Leher Singh, Hwee Hwee Goh & Thilanga D. Wewalaarachchi - 2015 - Cognition 142:1-11.
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  10.  65
    Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting.Gary Watson - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (9):517-522.
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  11.  60
    Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism.Gary E. Varner - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Drawing heavily on recent empirical research to update R.M. Hare's two-level utilitarianism and expand Hare's treatment of "intuitive level rules," Gary Varner considers in detail the theory's application to animals while arguing that Hare should have recognized a hierarchy of persons, near-persons, & the merely sentient.
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  12.  7
    But, Socrates-Gary W. Gilbert Doesn't Seem to Know the Form.Gary W. Gilbert - 2009 - Philosophy Now 74:33.
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  13. Occurrent States.Gary Bartlett - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (1):1-17.
    The distinction between occurrent and non-occurrent mental states is frequently appealed to by contemporary philosophers, but it has never been explicated in any significant detail. In the literature, two accounts of the distinction are commonly presupposed. One is that occurrent states are conscious states. The other is that non-occurrent states are dispositional states, and thus that occurrent states are manifestations of dispositions. I argue that neither of these accounts is adequate, and therefore that another account is needed. I propose that (...)
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  14.  77
    A Spreading-Activation Theory of Retrieval in Sentence Production.Gary S. Dell - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (3):283-321.
  15.  26
    Gary L. Hardcastle, Review of Osiris, Volume 10: Constructing Knowledge in the History of Science by Arnold Thackray. [REVIEW]Gary L. Hardcastle - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):373-375.
  16.  5
    Infant Discrimination of Humanoid Robots.Goh Matsuda, Hiroshi Ishiguro & Kazuo Hiraki - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  17.  4
    Alcyone, by Gary Shapiro.Gary Banham - 1994 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 25 (3):306-309.
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  18.  28
    A Solution to the Tag-Assignment Problem for Neural Networks.Gary W. Strong & Bruce A. Whitehead - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):381-397.
    Purely parallel neural networks can model object recognition in brief displays – the same conditions under which illusory conjunctions have been demonstrated empirically. Correcting errors of illusory conjunction is the “tag-assignment” problem for a purely parallel processor: the problem of assigning a spatial tag to nonspatial features, feature combinations, and objects. This problem must be solved to model human object recognition over a longer time scale. Our model simulates both the parallel processes that may underlie illusory conjunctions and the serial (...)
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  19. Cognitive Penetrability of Perception in the Age of Prediction: Predictive Systems Are Penetrable Systems.Gary Lupyan - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):547-569.
    The goal of perceptual systems is to allow organisms to adaptively respond to ecologically relevant stimuli. Because all perceptual inputs are ambiguous, perception needs to rely on prior knowledge accumulated over evolutionary and developmental time to turn sensory energy into information useful for guiding behavior. It remains controversial whether the guidance of perception extends to cognitive states or is locked up in a “cognitively impenetrable” part of perception. I argue that expectations, knowledge, and task demands can shape perception at multiple (...)
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  20. In Nature’s Interests: Interests, Animal Rights, and Environmental Ethics.Gary E. Varner - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a powerful response to what Varner calls the "two dogmas of environmental ethics"--the assumptions that animal rights philosophies and anthropocentric views are each antithetical to sound environmental policy. Allowing that every living organism has interests which ought, other things being equal, to be protected, Varner contends that some interests take priority over others. He defends both a sentientist principle giving priority to the lives of organisms with conscious desires and an anthropocentric principle giving priority to certain very (...)
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  21.  44
    Resurrection Claims in Non-Christian Religions: GARY R. HABERMAS.Gary R. Habermas - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (2):167-177.
    While Christian beliefs are presumably much more widely known, especially in the Western world, some adherents to the major non-Christian religions also make claims that some of their historical rabbis, prophets, gurus or ‘messiahs’ rose from the dead. Judging from the relevant religious literature, it appears that such non-Christian claims are often ignored, perhaps because there is little awareness of them. Even if the existence of such beliefs is recognized, almost never is there any in-depth answer to the question of (...)
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  22. The Animal Rights Debate: Abolition or Regulation?Gary L. Francione & Robert Garner - 2010 - Columbia University Press.
    Gary L. Francione is a law professor and leading philosopher of animal rights theory. Robert Garner is a political theorist specializing in the philosophy and politics of animal protection. Francione maintains that we have no moral justification for using nonhumans and argues that because animals are property—or economic commodities—laws or industry practices requiring "humane" treatment will, as a general matter, fail to provide any meaningful level of protection. Garner favors a version of animal rights that focuses on eliminating animal (...)
     
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  23.  11
    Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation.Gary L. Francione - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    A prominent and respected philosopher of animal rights law and ethical theory, Gary L. Francione is known for his criticism of animal welfare laws and regulations, his abolitionist theory of animal rights, and his promotion of veganism and nonviolence as the baseline principles of the abolitionist movement. In this collection, Francione advances the most radical theory of animal rights to date. Unlike Peter Singer, Francione maintains that we cannot morally justify using animals under any circumstances, and unlike Tom Regan, (...)
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  24.  12
    Animals and the Moral Community: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Kinship.Gary Steiner - 2008 - Columbia University Press.
    Gary Steiner argues that ethologists and philosophers in the analytic and continental traditions have largely failed to advance an adequate explanation of animal behavior.
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  25. Far-Persons.Gary Comstock - 2017 - In Andrew Woodhall & Gabriel Garmendia da Trindade (eds.), Ethical and Political Approaches to Nonhuman Animal Issues. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 39-71.
    I argue for the moral relevance of a category of individuals I characterize as far-persons. Following Gary Varner, I distinguish near-persons, animals with a " robust autonoetic consciousness " but lacking an adult human's " biographical sense of self, " from the merely sentient, those animals living "entirely in the present." I note the possibility of a third class. Far-persons lack a biographical sense of self, possess a weak autonoetic consciousness, and are able to travel mentally through time a (...)
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  26. The Potentials and Limitations of Rational Choice Theory: An Interview with Gary Becker.Gary Becker - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):73-86.
     
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  27.  58
    Discrepancy Between Participants' Understanding and Desire to Know in Informed Consent: Are They Informed About What They Really Want to Know?Jiwon Koh, Eurah Goh, Kyung-Sang Yu, Belong Cho & Jeong Hee Yang - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):102-106.
    Background Participants' understanding of clinical trials is important in informed consent. However, little is known about what information participants really want to know. Aims To demonstrate the existence of a discrepancy between participants' understanding and their desire to know. Methods The participants in clinical trials at Seoul National University Hospital were surveyed. The survey consisted of 11 statements based on the essential elements of informed consent. The participants gave two responses to each statement on a five-point Likert scale to rate (...)
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  28. Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation.Gary L. Francione - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    A prominent and respected philosopher of animal rights law and ethical theory, Gary L. Francione is known for his criticism of animal welfare laws and regulations, his abolitionist theory of animal rights, and his promotion of veganism and nonviolence as the baseline principles of the abolitionist movement. In this collection, Francione advances the most radical theory of animal rights to date. Unlike Peter Singer, Francione maintains that we cannot morally justify using animals under any circumstances, and unlike Tom Regan, (...)
     
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  29.  19
    Mikhail Bakhtin: Creation of a Prosaics.Gary Saul Morson, Caryl Emerson, Michael F. Bernard-Donals, L. A. Gogotišvili & P. S. Gurevič - 1990 - Studies in East European Thought 49 (4):305-317.
  30. The Work of the Will.Gary Watson - 2003 - In Sarah Stroud & Christine Tappolet (eds.), Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality. Oxford Clarendon Press.
    The first part of the essay explores the relations between the will and practical reason or judgement. The second part takes up decision in the realm of belief, i.e. deciding that such and such is so. This phenomenon raises two questions. Since we decide that as well as to, should we speak of a doxastic will? Secondly, should we regard ourselves as active in the formation of our judgements as in the formation of our intentions? The author's answer to these (...)
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  31. Foucault, Gary Becker and the Critique of Neoliberalism.David Newheiser - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (5):3-21.
    Although Foucault’s 1979 lectures on The Birth of Biopolitics promised to treat the theme of biopolitics, the course deals at length with neoliberalism while mentioning biopolitics hardly at all. Some scholars account for this elision by claiming that Foucault sympathized with neoliberalism; I argue on the contrary that Foucault develops a penetrating critique of the neoliberal claim to preserve individual liberty. Following Foucault, I show that the Chicago economist Gary Becker exemplifies what Foucault describes elsewhere as biopolitics: a form (...)
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  32.  18
    GeorGe Quasha In DIaloGue WIth Gary hIll.Gary Hill - 2011 - In Thomas Bartscherer (ed.), Switching Codes. Chicago University Press. pp. 249.
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  33.  42
    Truth and Words.Gary Ebbs - 2009 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Gary Ebbs shows that this appearance is illusory.
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  34.  97
    Made-Up Minds: A Constructivist Approach to Artificial Intelligence.Gary L. Drescher - 1991 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Made-Up Minds addresses fundamental questions of learning and concept invention by means of an innovative computer program that is based on the cognitive ...
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  35. Anthropocentrism and its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy.Gary Steiner - 2005 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    _Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents_ is the first-ever comprehensive examination of views of animals in the history of Western philosophy, from Homeric Greece to the twentieth century. In recent decades, increased interest in this area has been accompanied by scholars’ willingness to conceive of animal experience in terms of human mental capacities: consciousness, self-awareness, intention, deliberation, and in some instances, at least limited moral agency. This conception has been facilitated by a shift from behavioral to cognitive ethology, and by attempts to (...)
     
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  36. Jus Post Bellum.Gary J. Bass - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):384-412.
  37.  12
    Embeddings Between Well-Orderings: Computability-Theoretic Reductions.Jun Le Goh - 2020 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 171 (6):102789.
    We study the computational content of various theorems with reverse mathematical strength around Arithmetical Transfinite Recursion (ATR_0) from the point of view of computability-theoretic reducibilities, in particular Weihrauch reducibility. Our main result states that it is equally hard to construct an embedding between two given well-orderings, as it is to construct a Turing jump hierarchy on a given well-ordering. This answers a question of Marcone. We obtain a similar result for Fraïssé's conjecture restricted to well-orderings.
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  38.  83
    Quine Versus Davidson: Truth, Reference, and Meaning.Gary Kemp - 2012 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Gary Kemp presents a penetrating investigation of key issues in the philosophy of language, by means of a comparative study of two great figures of late twentieth-century philosophy. He reveals unexplored tensions between the views of Quine and Davidson, and presents a powerful argument in favour of Quine and methodological naturalism.
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  39. Animals.Gary Hatfield - 2008 - In Janet Broughton & John Carriero (eds.), Companion to Descartes. Blackwell. pp. 404–425.
    This chapter considers philosophical problems concerning non-human (and sometimes human) animals, including their metaphysical, physical, and moral status, their origin, what makes them alive, their functional organization, and the basis of their sensitive and cognitive capacities. I proceed by assuming what most of Descartes’s followers and interpreters have held: that Descartes proposed that animals lack sentience, feeling, and genuinely cognitive representations of things. (Some scholars interpret Descartes differently, denying that he excluded sentience, feeling, and representation from animals, and I consider (...)
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  40.  14
    Lexical Access in Aphasic and Nonaphasic Speakers.Gary S. Dell, Myrna F. Schwartz, Nadine Martin, Eleanor M. Saffran & Deborah A. Gagnon - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):801-838.
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  41.  9
    Animals and the Limits of Postmodernism.Gary Steiner - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    In Animals and the Limits of Postmodernism, Gary Steiner illuminates postmodernism's inability to produce viable ethical and political principles.
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  42. The Passions of the Soul and Descartes’s Machine Psychology.Gary Hatfield - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1):1-35.
    Descartes developed an elaborate theory of animal physiology that he used to explain functionally organized, situationally adapted behavior in both human and nonhuman animals. Although he restricted true mentality to the human soul, I argue that he developed a purely mechanistic (or material) ‘psychology’ of sensory, motor, and low-level cognitive functions. In effect, he sought to mechanize the offices of the Aristotelian sensitive soul. He described the basic mechanisms in the Treatise on man, which he summarized in the Discourse. However, (...)
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  43.  77
    What is This Thing Called Philosophy of Language?Gary Kemp - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosophy of language explores some of the fundamental yet most technical problems in philosophy, such as meaning and reference, semantics, and propositional attitudes. Some of its greatest exponents, including Gottlob Frege, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell are amongst the major figures in the history of philosophy. In this clear and carefully structured introduction to the subject Gary Kemp explains the following key topics: the basic nature of philosophy of language and its historical development early arguments concerning the role of (...)
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  44.  20
    Positive Feedback in Hierarchical Connectionist Models: Applications to Language Production.Gary S. Dell - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):3-23.
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  45. Radical Empiricism, Critical Realism, and American Functionalism: James and Sellars.Gary Hatfield - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):129-53.
    As British and American idealism waned, new realisms displaced them. The common background of these new realisms emphasized the problem of the external world and the mind-body problem, as bequeathed by Reid, Hamilton, and Mill. During this same period, academics on both sides of the Atlantic recognized that the natural sciences were making great strides. Responses varied. In the United States, philosophical response focused particularly on functional psychology and Darwinian adaptedness. This article examines differing versions of that response in William (...)
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  46.  13
    Stages of Lexical Access in Language Production.Gary S. Dell & Padraig G. O'Seaghdha - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):287-314.
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  47.  79
    How Language Programs the Mind.Gary Lupyan & Benjamin Bergen - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):408-424.
    Many animals can be trained to perform novel tasks. People, too, can be trained, but sometime in early childhood people transition from being trainable to something qualitatively more powerful—being programmable. We argue that such programmability constitutes a leap in the way that organisms learn, interact, and transmit knowledge, and that what facilitates or enables this programmability is the learning and use of language. We then examine how language programs the mind and argue that it does so through the manipulation of (...)
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  48. Ontological Realism: Methodology or Misdirection?Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied ontology 5 (2):79-108.
    In a series of papers over a period of several years Barry Smith andWerner Ceusters have offered a number of cogent criticisms of historical approaches to creating, maintaining, and applying biomedical terminologies and ontologies. And they have urged the adoption of what they refer to as a “realism-based” approach. Indeed, at times they insist that the realism-based approach not only offers clear advantages and a well-founded methodological basis for ontology development and evaluation, but that such a realist perspective is in (...)
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  49.  29
    Does the Voluntary Adoption of Corporate Governance Mechanisms Improve Environmental Risk Disclosures? Evidence From Greenhouse Gas Emission Accounting.Gary F. Peters & Andrea M. Romi - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (4):1-30.
    Prior research suggests that voluntary environmental governance mechanisms operate to enhance a firm’s environmental legitimacy as opposed to being a driver of proactive environmental performance activities. To understand how these mechanisms contribute to the firm’s environmental legitimacy, we investigate whether environmental corporate governance characteristics are associated with voluntary environmental disclosure. We examine an increasingly important attribute of a firm’s disclosure setting, namely the disclosure of greenhouse gas (GHG) information. GHG information represents proprietary non-financial information about the firm’s exposure to environmental (...)
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  50.  3
    How We Think About Temporal Words: A Gestural Priming Study in English and Chinese.Melvin M. R. Ng, Winston D. Goh, Melvin J. Yap, Chi-Shing Tse & Wing-Chee So - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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