Results for 'Gareth J. Barker'

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  1. 1 H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Normal Appearing White Matter in Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis.Siobhan M. Leary, Charles A. Davie, Geoff J. M. Parker, Valerie L. Stevenson, Liqun Wang, Gareth J. Barker, David H. Miller & A. J. Thompson - 1999 - Journal of Neurology 246 (11).
    Recent magnetic resonance imaging and pathological studies have indicated that axonal loss is a major contributor to disease progression in multiple sclerosis. 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy, through measurement of N -acetyl aspartate, a neuronal marker, provides a unique tool to investigate this. Patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis have few lesions on conventional MRI, suggesting that changes in normal appearing white matter, such as axonal loss, may be particularly relevant to disease progression in this group. To test this hypothesis (...)
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  2.  1
    The Interaction of Child Abuse and Rs1360780 of the FKBP5 Gene is Associated with Amygdala Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Young Adults.Christiane Wesarg, Ilya M. Veer, Nicole Y. L. Oei, Laura S. Daedelow, Tristram A. Lett, Tobias Banaschewski, Gareth J. Barker, Arun L. W. Bokde, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Antoine Grigis, Hugh Garavan, Rüdiger Brühl, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H. Fröhner, Michael N. Smolka, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Andreas Heinz & Henrik Walter - 2021 - Human Brain Mapping 42 (10).
    Extensive research has demonstrated that rs1360780, a common single nucleotide polymorphism within the FKBP5 gene, interacts with early-life stress in predicting psychopathology. Previous results suggest that carriers of the TT genotype of rs1360780 who were exposed to child abuse show differences in structure and functional activation of emotion-processing brain areas belonging to the salience network. Extending these findings on intermediate phenotypes of psychopathology, we examined if the interaction between rs1360780 and child abuse predicts resting-state functional connectivity between the amygdala and (...)
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  3.  8
    High-Resolution Seismic Velocity Analysis as a Tool for Exploring Gas Hydrate Systems: An Example From New Zealand’s Southern Hikurangi Margin.Gareth J. Crutchley, Guy Maslen, Ingo A. Pecher & Joshu J. Mountjoy - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (1):SA1-SA12.
    The existence of free gas and gas hydrate in the pore spaces of marine sediments causes changes in acoustic velocities that overprint the background lithological velocities of the sediments themselves. Much previous work has determined that such velocity overprinting, if sufficiently pronounced, can be resolved with conventional velocity analysis from long-offset, multichannel seismic data. We used 2D seismic data from a gas hydrate province at the southern end of New Zealand’s Hikurangi subduction margin to describe a workflow for high-resolution velocity (...)
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  4.  30
    G. J. Barker-Benfield. The Culture of Sensibility: Sex and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1992. Pp. Xxxiv + 520. ISBN 0-226-03713-4. £39.95, $57.50. [REVIEW]Christopher Lawrence - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (3):364-365.
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  5.  31
    The Odontode Explosion: The Origin of Tooth‐Like Structures in Vertebrates.Gareth J. Fraser, Robert Cerny, Vladimir Soukup, Marianne Bronner-Fraser & J. Todd Streelman - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (9):808-817.
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  6.  5
    A New Source for John Lyly's Euphues and His England.Gareth J. Roberts - 1979 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 42:286-289.
  7.  4
    The Effects of Planning and Handwriting Style on Quantity Measures in Secondary School Children’s Writing.Gareth J. Williams, Rebecca F. Larkin, Emily Coyne-Umfreville & Toni C. Herbert - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8.  12
    Covenons! We Owe Our Store to the Company's Soul..Charles J. Yoos ii & James R. Barker - 2008 - Journal of Human Values 14 (2):141-155.
    We argue that in contemporary business organizations, in which fundamental purpose is construed to be increased value—especially in ‘participative’ organizations, in which non–hierarchal interaction is the norm; and in ‘adaptive’ organizations, in which unpredictable change is the rule—a process of values covenanting will be much more valueable than just espoused values or even values covenants. We propose such a process model for organizational values covenanting and argue that such covenanting reflects an anthropomorphism of the human character development process, validated in (...)
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  9. Trémaux on Species: A Theory of Allopatric Speciation (and Punctuated Equilibrium) Before Wagner.John S. Wilkins & Gareth J. Nelson - 2008 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (1):179-206.
    Pierre Trémaux’s 1865 ideas on speciation have been unjustly derided following his acceptance by Marx and rejection by Engels, and almost nobody has read his ideas in a charitable light. Here we offer an interpretation based on translating the term sol as “habitat”, in order to show that Trémaux proposed a theory of allopatric speciation before Wagner and a punctuated equilibrium theory before Gould and Eldredge, and translate the relevant discussion from the French. We believe he may have influenced Darwin’s (...)
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  10.  16
    Induction and Hypothesis. A Study of the Logic of Confirmation.R. J. Hirst & S. F. Barker - 1960 - Philosophical Quarterly 10 (41):375.
  11.  8
    Brief Report: The Relationship Between Writing Transcription Skills and Writing Measures Differs Between Children Who Self-Report Being Monolingual or Bilingual.Emily Talbot, Gareth J. Williams & Rebecca F. Larkin - 2014 - Educational Studies 40 (1):116-120.
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  12.  1
    From Alexander to Constantine.Elias J. Bickerman & Ernest Barker - 1957 - American Journal of Philology 78 (3):325.
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  13. Well-Being, Disability, and Choosing Children.Matthew J. Barker & Robert A. Wilson - 2019 - Mind 128 (510):305-328.
    The view that it is better for life to be created free of disability is pervasive in both common sense and philosophy. We cast doubt on this view by focusing on an influential line of thinking that manifests it. That thinking begins with a widely-discussed principle, Procreative Beneficence, and draws conclusions about parental choice and disability. After reconstructing two versions of this argument, we critique the first by exploring the relationship between different understandings of well-being and disability, and the second (...)
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  14.  27
    Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Account by Stephen J. Barker.David Simpson - 2006 - Philosophical Books 47 (3):275-277.
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  15. Improved Imaging of Gas Hydrate Reservoirs and Their Plumbing System Using 2D Elastic Full-Waveform Inversion.Adnan Djeffal, Ingo A. Pecher, Satish C. Singh, Gareth J. Crutchley & Jari Kaipio - 2021 - Interpretation 9 (3):T955-T968.
    Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline materials that form under submarine environments of moderate pressure and low temperature. Another key factor to their formation is the abundance in gas supply from depth in addition to local biogenic gas. Detailed imaging and velocity analysis of the plumbing system of gas hydrates can provide confidence that amplitude anomalies in seismic data are related to gas hydrate accumulations. We have conducted 2D elastic full-waveform inversion along a 14 km long segment of a 2D multichannel (...)
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  16.  2
    Blurred Researcher–Participant Boundaries in Critical Research: Do Non-Clinicians and Clinicians Experience Similar Dual-Role Tensions?Jean Hay-Smith, Melanie Brown, Lynley Anderson & Gareth J. Treharne - 2018 - In Catriona Ida Macleod, Jacqueline Marx, Phindezwa Mnyaka & Gareth J. Treharne (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Ethics in Critical Research. Springer Verlag. pp. 145-161.
    Boundaries between research and clinical practice blur in health research conducted by clinician-researchers. We describe a typology, of clinician-researcher dual-role tensions, with two overarching catalysts: acting as a clinical resource for patient-participants and forming researcher–participant relationships mirroring clinician–patient relationships. Using the typology as an analytic template we explored blurred boundaries in five illustrative, non-clinician, critical studies. Like clinician-researchers, critical researchers act in ways that promote rapport and relationships with their participants, which can blur boundaries. While clinician-researchers see tension between clinician (...)
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  17.  6
    Non-Human Animals as Research Participants: Ethical Practice in Animal Assisted Interventions and Research in Aotearoa/New Zealand.Catherine M. Smith, Emma Tumilty, Peter Walker & Gareth J. Treharne - 2018 - In Catriona Ida Macleod, Jacqueline Marx, Phindezwa Mnyaka & Gareth J. Treharne (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Ethics in Critical Research. Springer Verlag. pp. 99-115.
    In this chapter we outline the need to develop ethical frameworks to guide research on the role of animal-orientated health, therapeutic, and service interventions. We discuss findings from our research on uses of animals in therapeutic settings and benefits of human–canine interactions for human health. These stories from the field reveal that current ethics review processes do not recognise the animal as an equal partner in the potential reciprocal benefits and risks of therapeutic human–animal relationships. We explore how these review (...)
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  18. When Traditional Essentialism Fails: Biological Natural Kinds.Robert A. Wilson, Matthew J. Barker & Ingo Brigandt - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):189-215.
    Essentialism is widely regarded as a mistaken view of biological kinds, such as species. After recounting why (sections 2-3), we provide a brief survey of the chief responses to the “death of essentialism” in the philosophy of biology (section 4). We then develop one of these responses, the claim that biological kinds are homeostatic property clusters (sections 5-6) illustrating this view with several novel examples (section 7). Although this view was first expressed 20 years ago, and has received recent discussion (...)
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  19.  70
    We Are Nearly Ready to Begin the Species Problem.Matthew J. Barker - forthcoming - In John S. Wilkins, Frank E. Zachos & Igor Ya Pavlinov (eds.), Species Problems and Beyond: Contemporary Issues in Philosophy and Practice. Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group.
    This paper isolates a hard, long-standing species problem: developing a comprehensive and exacting theory about the constitutive conditions of the species category, one that is accurate for most of the living world, and which vindicates the widespread view that the species category is of more theoretical import than categories such as genus, sub-species, paradivision, and stirp. The paper then uncovers flaws in several views that imply we have either already solved that hard species problem or dissolved it altogether – so-called (...)
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  20. Is Value Content a Component of Conventional Implicature?Stephen J. Barker - 2000 - Analysis 60 (3):268-279.
  21. Greek Political Theory: Plato and His Predecessors.J. H. S. & Ernest Barker - 1919 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 39 (1):238.
  22.  8
    Chris Barker, Educating Liberty: Democracy and Aristocracy in J. S. Mill's Political Thought (Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 2018). Pp. Viii, 267. $105.00. [REVIEW]D. N. Byrne - 2021 - Utilitas 33 (3):373-377.
  23.  73
    The Biological Notion of Individual.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Individuals are a prominent part of the biological world. Although biologists and philosophers of biology draw freely on the concept of an individual in articulating both widely accepted and more controversial claims, there has been little explicit work devoted to the biological notion of an individual itself. How should we think about biological individuals? What are the roles that biological individuals play in processes such as natural selection (are genes and groups also units of selection?), speciation (are species individuals?), and (...)
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  24.  26
    A New Model for the Origins of Chronic Disease.D. J. P. Barker - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):31-35.
    Living things are often plastic during their early development and are moulded by the environment. Many human fetuses have to adapt to a limited supply of nutrients, and in doing so they permanently change their physiology and metabolism. These programmed changes may be the origins of a number of diseases in later life, including coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and hypertension.
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  25. Cohesion, Gene Flow, and the Nature of Species.Matthew J. Barker & Robert A. Wilson - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (2):59-77.
    A far-reaching and influential view in evolutionary biology claims that species are cohesive units held together by gene flow. Biologists have recognized empirical problems facing this view; after sharpening the expression of the view, we present novel conceptual problems for it. At the heart of these problems is a distinction between two importantly different concepts of cohesion, what we call integrative and response cohesion. Acknowledging the distinction problematizes both the explanandum of species cohesion and the explanans of gene flow that (...)
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  26. Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1 (1).
    The impressive variation amongst biological individuals generates many complexities in addressing the simple-sounding question what is a biological individual? A distinction between evolutionary and physiological individuals is useful in thinking about biological individuals, as is attention to the kinds of groups, such as superorganisms and species, that have sometimes been thought of as biological individuals. More fully understanding the conceptual space that biological individuals occupy also involves considering a range of other concepts, such as life, reproduction, and agency. There has (...)
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  27.  1
    Covenons! We Owe Our Store to the Company's Soul..James R. Barker & Charles J. Yoos ii - 2008 - Journal of Human Values 14 (2):141-155.
    We argue that in contemporary business organizations, in which fundamental purpose is construed to be increased value—especially in ‘participative’ organizations, in which non–hierarchal interaction is the norm; and in ‘adaptive’ organizations, in which unpredictable change is the rule—a process of values covenanting will be much more valueable than just espoused values or even values covenants. We propose such a process model for organizational values covenanting and argue that such covenanting reflects an anthropomorphism of the human character development process, validated in (...)
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  28.  10
    The Place of the Bifactor Model in Confirmatory Factor Analysis Investigations Into Construct Dimensionality in Language Testing.Karen J. Dunn & Gareth McCray - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  29.  10
    Environmentally Virtuous Agriculture: How and When External Goods and Humility Ethically Constrain (or Favour) Technology Use.Matthew J. Barker & Alana Lettner - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (2):287-309.
    This paper concerns virtue-based ethical principles that bear upon agricultural uses of technologies, such as GM crops and CRISPR crops. It does three things. First, it argues for a new type of virtue ethics approach to such cases. Typical virtue ethics principles are vague and unspecific. These are sometimes useful, but we show how to supplement them with more specific virtue ethics principles that are useful to people working in specific applied domains, where morally relevant domain-specific conditions recur. We do (...)
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  30.  69
    Eliminative Pluralism and Integrative Alternatives: The Case of Species.Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (3):657-681.
    Pluralisms of various sorts are popular in philosophy of science, including those that imply some scientific concept x should be eliminated from science in favour of a plurality of concepts x1, x2, … xn. This article focuses on influential and representative arguments for such eliminative pluralism about the concept species. The main conclusions are that these arguments fail, that all other extant arguments also fail, and that this reveals a quite general dilemma, one that poses a defeasible presumption against many (...)
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  31. Barker, M-J., Gill, R., and Harvey, L. (2018). Mediated Intimacy: Sex Advice in Media Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press.Mediated Intimacy: Sex Advice in Media Culture. [REVIEW]Jamie Hakim - 2020 - Communications 45 (4):509-512.
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  32. Books for Review and for Listing Here Should Be Addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.Gareth B. Matthews New, Andrew R. Bailey, Sarah Buss, Steven M. Cahn, Howard Caygill, David J. Chalmers, John Christman, Michael Clark, David E. Cooper & Simon Critchley - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):403.
  33. Deep Conventionalism About Evolutionary Groups.Matthew J. Barker & Joel D. Velasco - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):971-982.
    We argue for a new conventionalism about many kinds of evolutionary groups, including clades, cohesive units, and populations. This rejects a consensus, which says that given any one of the many legitimate grouping concepts, only objective biological facts determine whether a collection is such a group. Surprisingly, being any one kind of evolutionary group typically depends on which of many incompatible values are taken by suppressed variables. This is a novel pluralism underlying most any one group concept, rather than a (...)
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  34. Specious intrinsicalism.Matthew J. Barker - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (1):73-91.
    Over the last 2,300 years or so, many philosophers have believed that species are individuated by essences that are at least in part intrinsic. Psychologists tell us most folks also believe this view. But most philosophers of biology have abandoned the view, in light of evolutionary conceptions of species. In defiance, Michael Devitt has attempted in this journal to resurrect a version of the view, which he calls Intrinsic Biological Essentialism. I show that his arguments for the resurrection fail, and (...)
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  35. Irony and the Dogma of Force and Sense.Stephen J. Barker & Mihaela Popa-Wyatt - 2015 - Analysis 75 (1):9-16.
    Frege’s distinction between force and sense is a central pillar of modern thinking about meaning. This is the idea that a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One is the proposition P that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it. The other is S’s illocutionary force. The force/sense distinction is associated with another thesis, the embedding principle, that implies that the only content that embeds in compound sentences is propositional content. We argue that (...)
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  36.  32
    New Books. [REVIEW]J. Lewis McIntyre, H. Barker, Joseph Rickaby, Foster Watson, Herbert W. Blunt, T. B., S. H., A. E. Taylor, B. Russell & C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1904 - Mind 13 (49):123-134.
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  37.  33
    New Books. [REVIEW]J. L. McIntyre, A. C. Haddon, Henry Barker, J. Rickaby, F. C. S. Schiller, R. F. Alfred Hoernle, John Burnet, W. Leslie Mackenzie, G. R. T. Ross & C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):109-124.
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  38.  12
    J. W. De Barker. The Fixed Point Approach in Semantics: Theory and Applications. Foundations of Computer Science, Edited by J. W. De Bakker, Mathematical Centre Tracts 63, Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam1975, Pp. 1–53. [REVIEW]Andrzej Blikle - 1977 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (3):419-420.
  39.  6
    J. W. De Barker. Recursive Procedures. Mathematical Centre Tracts, No. 24, Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam1971, Viii + 108 Pp. [REVIEW]Robin Milner - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (1):83.
  40.  22
    Species and Other Evolving Lineages as Feedback Systems.Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    This paper proposes a new and testable view about the nature of species and other evolving lineages, according to which they are feedback systems. On this view, it is a mistake to think gene flow, niche sharing, and trait frequency similarities between populations are among variables that interact to cause some further downstream variable that distinguishes evolving lineages from each other, some sort of “species cohesion” for example. Instead, gene flow, niche sharing, similarities between populations, and other causal variables feed (...)
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  41.  12
    New Books. [REVIEW]J. H. Muirhead, R. R. Marett, Alfred W. Benn, T. Loveday, F. C. S. Schiller, John Burnet, H. Barker, J. A. J. Drewitt & L. T. - 1900 - Mind 9 (36):539-557.
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  42. Global Expressivism: Language Agency Without Semantics, Reality Without Metaphysics.Stephen J. Barker - manuscript
    There is a wide-spread belief amongst theorists of mind and language. This is that in order to understand the relation between language, thought, and reality we need a theory of meaning and content, that is, a normative, formal science of meaning, which is an extension and theoretical deepening of folk ideas about meaning. This book argues that this is false, offering an alternative idea: The form of a theory that illuminates the relation of language, thought, and reality is a theory (...)
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  43.  47
    E. Barker : Aristotle, Politics. Revised with an Introduction and Notes by R. F. Stalley. Pp. Xlvii+423; 2 Maps. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Paper, £6.99. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):461-461.
  44. Semantics Without the Distinction Between Sense and Force.Stephen J. Barker - 2007 - In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), John Searle's Philosophy of Language: Force, Meaning, and Mind. Cambridge University Press. pp. 190-210.
    At the heart of semantics in the 20th century is Frege’s distinction between sense and force. This is the idea that the content of a self-standing utterance of a sentence S can be divided into two components. One part, the sense, is the proposition that S’s linguistic meaning and context associates with it as its semantic interpretation. The second component is S’s illocutionary force. Illocutionary forces correspond to the three basic kinds of sentential speech acts: assertions, orders, and questions. Forces (...)
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  45.  20
    Eyes That Bind Us: Gaze Leading Induces an Implicit Sense of Agency.Lisa J. Stephenson, S. Gareth Edwards, Emma E. Howard & Andrew P. Bayliss - 2018 - Cognition 172:124-133.
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  46. BARKER, Induction and Hypothesis. [REVIEW]J. Ch Simopoulos - 1958 - Hibbert Journal 57:98.
     
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  47. The Tidal Model: A Guide for Mental Health Professionals.Philip J. Barker - 2005 - Brunner-Routledge.
    The Tidal Model represents a significant alternative to mainstream mental health theories, emphasizing how those suffering from mental health problems can benefit from taking a more active role in their own treatment. Based on extensive research, The Tidal Model charts the development of this approach, outlining the theoretical basis of the model to illustrate the benefits of a holistic model of care which promotes self-management and recovery. Clinical examples are also employed to show how, by exploring rather than ignoring a (...)
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  48.  12
    Developing Mixed Methods Research in Sport and Exercise Psychology : Potential Contributions of a Critical Realist Perspective.Tatiana V. Ryba, Gareth Wiltshire, Julian North & Noora J. Ronkainen - forthcoming - International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.
    Notwithstanding diverse opinions and debates about mixing methods, mixed methods research is increasingly being used in sport and exercise psychology. In this paper, we describe MMR trends within leading sport and exercise psychology journals and explore critical realism as a possible underpinning framework for conducting MMR. Our meta-study of recent empirical mixed methods studies published in 2017–2019 indicates that eight of the 22 MMR studies explicitly stated a paradigmatic position. The remaining 14 studies did not report their underpinning research philosophical (...)
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  49.  63
    Connecting Applied and Theoretical Bayesian Epistemology: Data Relevance, Pragmatics, and the Legal Case of Sally Clark.Matthew J. Barker - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):242-262.
    In this article applied and theoretical epistemologies benefit each other in a study of the British legal case of R. vs. Clark. Clark's first infant died at 11 weeks of age, in December 1996. About a year later, Clark had a second child. After that child died at eight weeks of age, Clark was tried for murdering both infants. Statisticians and philosophers have disputed how to apply Bayesian analyses to this case, and thereby arrived at different judgments about it. By (...)
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  50.  81
    The Empirical Inadequacy of Species Cohesion by Gene Flow.Matthew J. Barker - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):654-665.
    This paper brings needed clarity to the influential view that species are cohesive entities held together by gene flow, and then develops an empirical argument against that view: Neglected data suggest gene flow is neither necessary nor sufficient for species cohesion. Implications are discussed. ‡I'm grateful to Rob Wilson, Alex Rueger and Lindley Darden for important comments on earlier drafts, and to Joseph Nagel, Heather Proctor, Ken Bond, members of the DC History and Philosophy of Biology reading group, and audience (...)
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