Results for 'G. C. Avena'

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  1.  32
    On the Information-Theoretical Meaning of Hill's Parametric Evenness.C. Ricotta & G. C. Avena - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (1):63-71.
    The degree to which abundances are divided equitably among community species or evenness is a basic property of any biological community. Several evenness indices have been proposed to summarize community structure. However, despite their potential applicability in ecological research, none seems to be generally preferred. In this paper we show that, unlike other evenness indices without any clear information-theoretical meaning, Hill's parametric diversity measure E ,0 has an immediate relation to Rényi's generalized information. Therefore, E ,0 might be adequate for (...)
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  2.  35
    An information-theoretical measure of taxonomic diversity.C. Ricotta & G. C. Avena - 2003 - Acta Biotheoretica 51 (1):35-41.
    Traditional diversity indices are computed from the abundances of species present and are insensitive to taxonomic differences between species. However, a community in which most species belong to the same genus is intuitively less diverse than another community with a similar number of species distributed more evenly between genera. In this paper, we propose an information-theoretical measure of taxonomic diversity that reflects both the abundances and taxonomic distinctness of the species. Unlike previous measures of taxonomic diversity, such as Rao's quadratic (...)
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  3.  1
    Über das Wesen der Naturgesetze.G. C. Zimmer - 1893 - De Gruyter.
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  4.  30
    MIND. A quarterly Review, etc., edit. by G. C. Robertson. October 1878.G. C. Robertson - 1879 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 7:98 - 101.
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  5.  31
    MIND: A quarterly Review, etc., edited by G. C. Robertson.G. C. Robertson - 1877 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 3:546 - 550.
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  6. Skepticism, relevant alternatives, and deductive closure.G. C. Stine - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (4):249--261.
  7. Time travel and changing the past: (Or how to kill yourself and live to tell the tale).G. C. Goddu - 2003 - Ratio 16 (1):16–32.
    According to the prevailing sentiment, changing the past is logically impossible. The prevailing sentiment is wrong. In this paper, I argue that the claim that changing the past entails a contradiction ultimately rests upon an empirical assumption, and so the conclusion that changing the past is logically impossible is to be resisted. I then present and discuss a model of time which drops the empirical assumption and coherently models changing the past. Finally, I defend the model, and changing the past, (...)
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  8.  43
    Linguistic Rules.G. C. J. Midgley - 1959 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 59:271 - 290.
    G. C. J. Midgley; XIV—Linguistic Rules, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 59, Issue 1, 1 June 1959, Pages 271–290, https://doi.org/10.1093/aristot.
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  9.  13
    XIV—Linguistic Rules.G. C. J. Midgley - 1959 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 59 (1):271-290.
    G. C. J. Midgley; XIV—Linguistic Rules, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 59, Issue 1, 1 June 1959, Pages 271–290, https://doi.org/10.1093/aristot.
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  10. Avoiding or changing the past.G. C. Goddu - 2011 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (1):11-17.
    Some philosophers argue that any attempt to model changing the past will either be contradictory or really model avoiding the past. Using Nicholas Smith's (1997) argument as a basis, I formulate a generic version of this Avoidance Argument. I argue that the Avoidance Argument fails because (i) it involves an equivocation of what is meant by ‘bifurcation of the time of an event’ and (ii) resolving the equivocation results in the falsity of at least one of the premises. Hence, the (...)
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  11. A treatise of human nature.David Hume & D. G. C. Macnabb (eds.) - 1977 - New York: Dutton.
    One of Hume's most well-known works and a masterpiece of philosophy, A Treatise of Human Nature is indubitably worth taking the time to read.
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  12. A General Argument Against Superluminal Transmission through the Quantum Mechanical Measurement Process.G. C. Ghirardi, A. Rimini & T. Weber - 1980 - Lettere Al Nuovo Cimento 27:294--298.
  13. Tractatus logico-philosophicus.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. C. M. Colombo & Bertrand Russell - 1975 - London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Edited by C. K. Ogden.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein is one of the greatest and most fascinating philosophers of all time. His Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, composed in a series of remarkable numbered propositions, was the only book he published in his lifetime. He tackles nothing less than the question of whether there is such a thing as a logically perfect language and, armed with it, what we can say about the nature of the world itself. Pushing the limits of language, logic and philosophy, the Tractatus is a brilliant, (...)
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  14.  3
    Sneaking a Look at God's Cards: Unraveling the Mysteries of Quantum Mechanics.G. C. Ghirardi - 2004
    Quantum mechanics, which describes the behavior of subatomic particles, seems to challenge common sense. Waves behave like particles; particles behave like waves. You can tell where a particle is, but not how fast it is moving--or vice versa. An electron faced with two tiny holes will travel through both at the same time, rather than one or the other. And then there is the enigma of creation ex nihilo, in which small particles appear with their so-called antiparticles, only to disappear (...)
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  15.  37
    Basis of the horizontal-vertical illusion.G. C. Avery & R. H. Day - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):376.
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  16.  9
    A minimax algorithm better than alpha-beta?G. C. Stockman - 1979 - Artificial Intelligence 12 (2):179-196.
  17. The New American Ideology.G. C. Lodge - 1975
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  18.  76
    Parameter dependence and outcome dependence in dynamical models for state vector reduction.G. C. Ghirardi, R. Grassi, J. Butterfield & G. N. Fleming - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (3):341-364.
    We apply the distinction between parameter independence and outcome independence to the linear and nonlinear models of a recent nonrelativistic theory of continuous state vector reduction. We show that in the nonlinear model there is a set of realizations of the stochastic process that drives the state vector reduction for which parameter independence is violated for parallel spin components in the EPR-Bohm setup. Such a set has an appreciable probability of occurrence (≈ 1/2). On the other hand, the linear model (...)
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  19.  25
    Do dynamical reduction models imply that arithmetic does not apply to ordinary macroscopic objects?G. C. Ghirardi & A. Bassi - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (1):49-64.
    We analyse a recent paper in which an alleged devastating criticism of the so called GRW proposal to account for the objectification of the properties of macroscopic systems has been presented and we show that the author has not taken into account the precise implications of the GRW theory. This fact makes his conclusions basically wrong. We also perform a survey of measurement theory aimed to focus better on the physical and the conceptual aspects of the so-called macro-objectification problem.
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  20.  37
    Time Travel and Changing the Past: (Or How to Kill Yourself and Live to Tell the Tale).G. C. Goddu - 2004 - Ratio 16 (1):16-32.
    According to the prevailing sentiment, changing the past is logically impossible. The prevailing sentiment is wrong. In this paper, I argue that the claim that changing the past entails a contradiction ultimately rests upon an empirical assumption, and so the conclusion that changing the past is logically impossible is to be resisted. I then present and discuss a model of time which drops the empirical assumption and coherently models changing the past. Finally, I defend the model, and changing the past, (...)
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  21.  78
    Refutation or comparison?G. C. Archibald - 1966 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (4):279-296.
  22.  11
    The Logical Problem of Induction.G. C. J. Midgley & G. H. Von Wright - 1959 - Philosophical Quarterly 9 (36):279.
  23.  20
    Changing, Annulling and Otherwising the Past.G. C. Goddu - 2021 - Philosophies 6 (3):71.
    Despite a growing number of models argument for the logical possibility of changing the past there continues to be resistance to and confusion surrounding the possibility of changing the past. In this paper I shall attempt to mitigate the resistance and alleviate at least some of the confusion by distinguishing changing the past from what Richard Hanley calls ‘annulling’ the past and distinguishing both from what I shall call ‘otherwising’ the past.
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  24.  39
    Meaning other than what we say and referring.G. C. Stine - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 33 (4):319 - 337.
  25.  30
    What is a “Real” Argument?G. C. Goddu - 2009 - Informal Logic 29 (1):1-14.
    Numerous informal logi- cians and argumentation theorists restrict their theorizing to what they call “real” arguments. But is there a clear distinction to be made between “real” and “non-real” arguments? Here I explore four possible accounts of the alleged distinction and argue that none can serve the theoretical uses to which the distinction is most often put. Résumé: Plusieurs logiciens construction formels et théoriciens de l’argument- ation limitent leur non de théories à ce qu’ils appellent des arguments « authentiques ». (...)
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  26.  26
    Method and appraisal in economics.G. C. Archibald - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (3):304-315.
  27.  44
    Exemplification and Argument.G. C. Goddu - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (3-4):235-254.
    Suppose you doubt that rationally persuasive arguments can have just premises that are obviously false. But now consider:(X) Grass is red. Some arguments have merely obviously false premises.'Grass is red' is the only premise and is obviously false, so (X) should convince you that there are arguments with merely obviously false premises. On the face of it, there is nothing irrational about being so convinced by (X). But then (X) is a rationally persuasive argument with merely obviously false premises.A cheap (...)
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  28. The Notion of an Ideal Audience in Legal Argument (TREVOR JM BENCH-CAPON).G. C. Christie - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (1):59-71.
  29. Unexpected examinations and unprovable statements.G. C. Nerlich - 1961 - Mind 70 (280):503-513.
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  30.  2
    The Oxford Handbook of Post-Keynesian Economics, Volume 2: Critiques and Methodology.G. C. Harcourt & Peter Kriesler (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This two volume Handbook contains chapters on the main areas to which Post-Keynesians have made sustained and important contributions. These include theories of accumulation, distribution, pricing, money and finance, international trade and capital flows, the environment, methodological issues, criticism of mainstream economics and Post-Keynesian policies. The Introduction outlines what is in the two volumes, in the process placing Post-Keynesian procedures and contributions in appropriate contexts.
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  31.  19
    Refining Hitchcock’s Definition of ‘Argument’.G. C. Goddu - unknown
    David Hitchcock, in his recent “Informal Logic and the Concept of Argument”, defends a recursive definition of ‘argument.’ I present and discuss several problems that arise for his definition. I argue that refining Hitchcock’s definition in order to resolve these problems reveals a crucial, but minimally explicated, relation that was, at best, playing an obscured role in the original definition or, at worst, completely absent from the original definition.
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  32.  19
    The Boole-De Morgan Correspondence 1842-1864.G. C. Smith - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (2):657-659.
  33.  30
    Loss of coherency of growing particles by the prismatic punching of dislocation loops.G. C. Weatherly - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (148):791-799.
  34. Gaia, nature worship and biocentric fallacies.G. C. Williams - 2014 - In Francisco José Ayala & John C. Avise (eds.), Essential readings in evolutionary biology. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  35. What exactly is logical pluralism?G. C. Goddu - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (2):218 – 230.
  36.  26
    C. O. Zuretti.— Sui dialetti letterari Greci. Turin, 1892.G. C. W. Warr - 1892 - The Classical Review 6 (04):179-.
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  37.  38
    Walton on Argument Structure.G. C. Goddu - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (1):5-26.
    In previous work I argued against (i) the likelihood of finding a theoretically sound foundation for the linked/convergent distinction and (ii) the utility of the distinction even if a sound theoretical basis could be found. Here I subject Douglas Walton’s comprehensive discussion of the linked/convergent distinction found in Argument Structure: A Pragmatic Theory to careful scrutiny and argue that at best Walton’s theory remains incomplete and that attempts to fill out the details will run afoul of at least one of (...)
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  38.  43
    An electron microscope investigation of the interfacial structure of semi-coherent precipitates.G. C. Weatherly & R. B. Nicholson - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (148):801-831.
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  39.  59
    Regress arguments in Plato.G. C. Nerlich - 1960 - Mind 69 (273):88-90.
  40.  42
    The 'Most Important and Fundamental' Distinction in Logic.G. C. Goddu - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (1).
    In this paper I argue that the debate over the purported distinction between deductive and inductive arguments can be bypassed because making the distinction is unnecessary for successfully evaluating arguments. I provide a foundation for doing logic that makes no appeal to the distinction and still performs all the relevant tasks required of an analysis of arguments. I also reply to objections to the view that we can dispense with the distinction. Finally, I conclude that the distinction between inductive and (...)
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  41.  21
    Greek Philosophy: the Hub and the Spokes. By W. K. C. Guthrie. (Cambridge University Press. 1953. Pp. 29. 3s. net.).G. C. Field - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (110):268-.
  42.  91
    Sameness, difference, and continuity.G. C. Nerlich - 1957 - Analysis 18 (June):144-149.
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  43. The puzzling entanglement of Schrödinger's wave function.G. C. Ghirardi, A. Rimini & T. Weber - 1988 - Foundations of Physics 18 (1):1-27.
    A brief review of the conceptual difficulties met by the quantum formalism is presented. The main attempts to overcome these difficulties are considered and their limitations are pointed out. A recent proposal based on the assumption of the occurrence of a specific type of wave function collapse is discussed and its consequences for the above-mentioned problems are analyzed.
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  44.  10
    Against the "Ordinary Summing" Test for Convergence.G. C. Goddu - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (3):215-236.
    One popular test for distinguishing linked and convergent argument structures is Robert Yanal's Ordinary Summing Test. Douglas Walton, in his comprehensive survey of possible candidates for the linked/convergent distinction, advocates a particular version of Yanal's test. In a recent article, Alexander Tyaglo proposes to generalize and verifY Yanal's algorithm for convergent arguments, the basis for Yanal's Ordinary Summing Test. In this paper I will argue that Yanal's ordinary summing equation does not demarcate convergence and so his Ordinary Summing Test fails. (...)
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  45.  8
    Plato and his contemporaries.G. C. Field - 1930 - London,: Methuen.
  46.  71
    Popper on law and natural necessity.G. C. Nerlich & W. A. Suchting - 1967 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (3):233-235.
  47.  9
    Still no solution to non-verbal measures of analogical reasoning: Reply to Walker and Gopnik.G. C. Glorioso, S. L. Kuznar, M. Pavlic & D. J. Povinelli - 2021 - Cognition 214 (C):104288.
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  48. Music Education and Youth Empowerment: A Conceptual Clarification.G. C. Abiogu, I. N. Mbaji & A. O. Adeogun - 2015 - Open Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):117-122.
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  49.  8
    The ageing of Dutch fertility: socio-medical and policy implications.G. C. Beets, N. van Nimwegen, E. R. te Velde, C. M. Worthman, C. L. Jenkins, J. F. Stallings, D. Lai, E. Bonilla, A. Rodriguez & M. King - 1993 - Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):425-43.
    SummaryIntense, sustained nursing lengthens inter-birth intervals and is causally linked with low natural fertility. However, in traditional settings, the effects of such nursing on fertility are difficult to disentangle from those of nutrition. Results from an prospective, direct observational study of reproductive function in well-nourished Amele women who nurse intensively and persistently but who also have high fertility are here presented. Endocrine measures show that ovarian activity resumes by median 11·0 months postpartum. Median duration of postpartum amenorrhoea is 11·3 months, (...)
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  50.  36
    Why We Still Do Not Know What a “Real” Argument Is.G. C. Goddu - 2014 - Informal Logic 34 (1):62-76.
    In his recent paper, “What a Real Argument is”, Ben Hamby attempts to provide an adequate theoretical account of “real” arguments. In this paper I present and evaluate both Hamby’s motivation for distinguishing “real” from non-“real” arguments and his articulation of the distinction. I argue that neither is adequate to ground a theoretically significant class of “real” arguments, for the articulation fails to pick out a stable proper subclass of all arguments that is simultaneously both theoretically relevant and a proper (...)
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