Results for 'G. Abrams'

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  1. Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing.S. Dehaene, A. G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams & L. Naccache - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
    Subjects classified visible 2-digit numbers as larger or smaller than 55. Target numbers were preceded by masked 2-digit primes that were either congruent (same relation to 55) or incongruent. Experiments 1 and 2 showed prime congruency effects for stimuli never included in the set of classified visible targets, indicating subliminal priming based on long-term semantic memory. Experiments 2 and 3 went further to demonstrate paradoxical unconscious priming effects resulting from task context. For example, after repeated practice classifying 73 as larger (...)
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  2.  37
    Priming of semantic classifications by novel subliminal prime words☆.Karl Christoph Klauer, Andreas B. Eder, Anthony G. Greenwald & Richard L. Abrams - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):63-83.
    Four experiments demonstrate category congruency priming by subliminal prime words that were never seen as targets in a valence-classification task and a gender-classification task . In Experiment 1, overlap in terms of word fragments of one or more letters between primes and targets of different valences was larger than between primes and targets of the same valence. In Experiments 2 and 3, the sets of prime words and target words were completely disjoint in terms of used letters. In Experiment 4, (...)
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  3.  48
    Parts outweigh the whole (word) in unconscious analysis of meaning.R. L. Abrams & Anthony G. Greenwald - 2000 - Psychological Science 11 (2):118-124.
  4. The Structure of Soviet Wages: A Study in Socialist Economics.Abram Bergson, G. Bienstock, S. M. Schwartz, A. Yugow, A. Feiler & J. Marschak - 1945 - Science and Society 9 (2):172-176.
     
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  5. Boethius of Dacia, 117 Bolton, R., 2, 6, 20.M. H. Abrams, J. G. Ackermann, C. Adam, P. Adam, P. Adamson, J. Aertsen, M. Alonso, Alphonso Vargas, F. Alquié & R. Andrews - 2008 - In Kärkkäinen Knuuttila (ed.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy.
     
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  6. Interdisciplinary health sciences and health systems.J. L. Terpstra, A. Best, D. Abrams & G. Moor - 2010 - In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  18
    Grief, Mindfulness and Neural Predictors of Improvement in Family Dementia Caregivers.Felipe A. Jain, Colm G. Connolly, Leonardo C. Moore, Andrew F. Leuchter, Michelle Abrams, Ramzi W. Ben-Yelles, Sarah E. Chang, Liliana A. Ramirez Gomez, Nora Huey, Helen Lavretsky & Marco Iacoboni - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  8. Omissive Overdetermination: Why the Act-Omission Distinction Makes a Difference for Causal Analysis.Yuval Abrams - 2022 - University of Western Australia Law Review 1 (49):57-86.
    Analyses of factual causation face perennial problems, including preemption, overdetermination, and omissions. Arguably, the thorniest, are cases of omissive overdetermination, involving two independent omissions, each sufficient for the harm, and neither, independently, making a difference. A famous example is Saunders, where pedestrian was hit by a driver of a rental car who never pressed on the (unbeknownst to the driver) defective (and, negligently, never inspected) brakes. Causal intuitions in such cases are messy, reflected in disagreement about which omission mattered. What (...)
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  9. Teleosemantics without natural selection.Marshall Abrams - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):97-116.
    Ruth Millikan and others advocate theories which attempt to naturalize wide mental content (e.g. beliefs.
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  10.  7
    Fostering medical staff reflection on the technological alienation of parents in the NICU.Abram Brummett & Annie B. Friedrich - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (4):449-451.
    We describe a case of parents refusing a tracheostomy for an otherwise healthy newborn. The refusal was not honored because permitting the refusal would have violated state law, which required a child to have a qualifying condition (e.g. a terminal diagnosis, permanent unconsciousness, incurable condition with severe suffering) to remove or withhold life-sustaining treatment. However, this case strained the relationship between the parents and medical staff, who worried about sending the newborn home with a tracheostomy where she was not wanted. (...)
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  11.  15
    Meaning and Interpretation: Wittgenstein, Henry James, and Literary Knowledge by G. L. Hagberg.M. H. Abrams - 2019 - Common Knowledge 25 (1-3):434-434.
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  12. A. Abram, Social England in the Fifteenth Century. [REVIEW]G. G. Coulton - 1909 - Hibbert Journal 8:694.
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  13.  59
    A response to Abrams.Janice G. Raymond - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (3):319-320.
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  14.  10
    Shusterman’s Somaesthetics: From Hip Hop Philosophy to Politics and Performance Art.Jerold J. Abrams (ed.) - 2022 - Boston: BRILL.
    _Shusterman’s Somaesthetics_ is a wide-ranging collection of penetrating essays by twelve scholars examining in rich detail the many dimensions of philosopher Richard Shusterman’s pragmatism and somaesthetics, complemented by his own chapter of responses to these scholars.
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  15. Intention.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1957 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This is a welcome reprint of a book that continues to grow in importance.
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  16. Modern Moral Philosophy.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (124):1 - 19.
    The author presents and defends three theses: (1) "the first is that it is not profitable for us at present to do moral philosophy; that should be laid aside at any rate until we have an adequate philosophy of psychology." (2) "the second is that the concepts of obligation, And duty... And of what is morally right and wrong, And of the moral sense of 'ought', Ought to be jettisoned if this is psychologically possible...." (3) "the third thesis is that (...)
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  17.  63
    Unconscious semantic priming in the absence of partial awareness☆.Richard L. Abrams & Jessica Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  18.  20
    Doctors on the edge: will your doctor break the rules for you?Fredrick R. Abrams - 2006 - Boulder, CO: Sentient Publications.
    A collection of dramatic accounts about doctors who have faced the moral dilemma of choosing between obeying rules and doing what is best for a patient offers insight into the essential principles of medical ethics and their impact on ...
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  19. Intention.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1957 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 57:321-332.
     
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  20. Should Positive Claims of Conscience Receive the Same Protection as Negative Claims of Conscience? Clarifying the Asymmetry Debate.Abram Brummett - 2020 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 31 (2).
    In the debate over clinicians’ conscience, there is a greater ethical, legal, and scholarly focus on negative, rather than positive, claims of conscience. This asymmetry produces a seemingly unjustified double standard with respect to clinicians’ conscience under the law. For example, a Roman Catholic physician working at a secular institution may refuse to provide physician-aid-in-dying on the basis of conscience, but a secular physician working at a Roman Catholic institution may not insist on providing physician-aid-in-dying on the basis of conscience. (...)
     
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  21. Modern Moral Philosophy.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1997 - In Thomas L. Carson & Paul K. Moser (eds.), Morality and the good life. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  22. .J. G. Manning - 2018
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  23.  11
    Prediction of recurrent sequences as related to level of irrelevant cues.Abram M. Barch - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (5):410.
  24.  16
    Introduction to elementary mathematical logic.Abram Aronovich Stolyar - 1983 - New York: Dover Publications. Edited by Elliott Mendelson.
    Lucid, non-intimidating presentation of propositional logic, propositional calculus and predicate logic by Russian scholar. Topics of concern in a variety of fields, including computer science, systems analysis, linguistics, etc. Accessible to high school students; valuable review of fundamentals for professionals. Exercises (no solutions). Preface. Three appendices. Indices. Bibliogaphy. 14 figures.
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  25.  29
    Secular Clinical Ethicists Should Not Be Neutral Toward All Religious Beliefs: An Argument for a Moral-Metaphysical Proceduralism.Abram L. Brummett - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (6):5-16.
    Moral pluralism poses a foundational problem for secular clinical ethics: How can ethical dilemmas be resolved in a context where there is disagreement not only on particular cases, but further, on...
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  26.  30
    Semantic and subword elements of unconscious priming: Commentary on Kouider and Dupoux (2007)☆.Richard L. Abrams & Jessica Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):957-958.
  27.  95
    The sophistic movement.G. B. Kerferd - 1981 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers an introduction to the Sophists of fifth-century Athens and a new overall interpretation of their thought. Since Plato first animadverted on their activities, the Sophists have commonly been presented as little better than intellectual mountebanks - a picture which Professor Kerferd forcefully challenges here. Interpreting the evidence with care, he shows them to have been part of an exciting and historically crucial intellectual movement. At the centre of their teaching was a form of relativism, most famously expressed (...)
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  28.  20
    The Quasi-religious Nature of Clinical Ethics Consultation.Abram Brummett - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (3):199-209.
    What is the proper role of a clinical ethics consultant’s religious beliefs in forming recommendations for clinical ethics consultation? Where Janet Malek has argued that religious belief should have no influence on the formation of a CEC’s recommendations, Clint Parker has argued a CEC should freely appeal to all their background beliefs, including religious beliefs, in formulating their recommendations. In this paper, I critique both their views by arguing the position envisioned by Malek puts the CEC too far from religion (...)
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  29.  34
    Is everyone upright? Erwin Straus’ “The Upright Posture” and disabled phenomenology.Thomas Abrams - 2014 - Human Affairs 24 (4):564-573.
    This paper provides a close reading of Erwin Straus’ “The Upright Posture” from a disability studies perspective. Straus argues that the upright posture dominates the human world. But he excludes those who dwell in it otherwise. By reviewing phenomenological disability literature, this paper asks what a disabled phenomenology would look like, one rooted in the problem of inclusion from the outset. Disabled phenomenology addresses ‘subjectivity’ critically, asking: what socio-material arrangements make subjectivity possible in the first place? This project is, I (...)
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  30. On Brute Facts.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1957 - Analysis 18 (3):69 - 72.
  31.  20
    Mapping the Moral Terrain of Clinical Deception.Abram Brummett & Erica K. Salter - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (1):17-25.
    Legal precedent, professional‐society statements, and even many medical ethicists agree that some situations may call for a clinician to engage in an act of lying or nonlying deception of a patient or patient's family member. Still, the moral terrain of clinical deception is largely uncharted, and when it comes to practical guidance for clinicians, many might think that ethicists offer nothing more than the rule never to deceive. This guidance is insufficient to meet the real‐world demands of clinical practice, and (...)
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  32.  12
    Two Troubling Trends in the Conversation Over Whether Clinical Ethics Consultants Have Ethics Expertise.Abram Brummett & Christopher J. Ostertag - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):157-169.
    In a recent issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, several scholars wrote on the topic of ethics expertise in clinical ethics consultation. The articles in this issue exemplified what we consider to be two troubling trends in the quest to articulate a unique expertise for clinical ethicists. The first trend, exemplified in the work of Lisa Rasmussen, is an attempt to define a role for clinical ethicists that denies they have ethics expertise. Rasmussen cites the dependence of ethical (...)
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  33. Kant, Fichte und die Aufklärung.G. Zöller - 2004 - In Carla De Pascale (ed.), Fichte und die Aufklärung. New York: G. Olms.
     
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  34.  25
    The logical structure of science.Abram Cornelius Benjamin - 1936 - London,: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co..
    The place of science.--The structure of science.--Nature: occurrents.--Nature: complexes.--Awareness.--Operations.--Meaning.--Meaning: correlational symbols.--Meaning: constructs and hypotheses.--The development of knowledge.--Models.--Description.--Explanation.--Quantitative methods.
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  35. Desire, the scapegoated other, and J.J. Abrams' The force awakens.John C. McDowell - 2021 - In Ryan G. Duns & T. Derrick Witherington (eds.), René Girard, theology, and pop culture / [edited by] Ryan G. Duns and T. Derrick Witherington. Lanham: Lexington Books/Fortress Academic.
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  36.  16
    Defending secular clinical ethics expertise from an Engelhardt-inspired sense of theoretical crisis.Abram Brummett - 2022 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 43 (1):47-66.
    The national standards for clinical ethics consultation set forth by the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities endorse an “ethics facilitation” approach, which characterizes the role of the ethicist as one skilled at facilitating consensus within the range of ethically acceptable options. To determine the range of ethically acceptable options, ASBH recommends the standard model of decision-making, which is grounded in the values of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr. has sharply criticized the standard model for presuming (...)
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  37.  43
    Reaching Across The ‘Deepest Divide’: Moral Acquaintanceship, Religion, And Bioethics.Abram Brummett - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (4):677-688.
  38. Conscious experience, awkwardness, and virtue : reply to Wielenburg.Edward L. Abrams - 2011 - In Adrianne Leigh McEvoy (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love, 1993-2003. New York, NY: Rodopi.
     
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  39. Introduction.Jerold J. Abrams - 2022 - In Shusterman’s Somaesthetics: From Hip Hop Philosophy to Politics and Performance Art. Boston: BRILL.
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  40. Somaesthetics and cinema : the man in gold in the film Walk the golden night.Jerold J. Abrams - 2022 - In Shusterman’s Somaesthetics: From Hip Hop Philosophy to Politics and Performance Art. Boston: BRILL.
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  41. Somaesthetics, photography and the man in gold.Jerold J. Abrams - 2022 - In Shusterman’s Somaesthetics: From Hip Hop Philosophy to Politics and Performance Art. Boston: BRILL.
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  42. Catholic Hospitals Should Permit Physicians to Provide Emergency Contraception to Rape Victims as an Act of Conscientious Provision.Abram Brummett, Marlee Mason-Maready & Victoria Whiting - 2022 - The Linacre Quarterly.
    While many Catholic hospitals permit the prescription of the emergency contraception drug levonorgestrel for rape victims, some continue to prohibit this practice as a matter of institutional conscience. While the standard approach to this issue has been to offer an argument that levonorgestrel either is or is not morally permissible, we have taken a different tack. We begin by briefly describing and acknowledging that reasonable disagreement exists on this question (part one), and then arguing that the reasonable disagreement itself can (...)
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  43. Conscientious objection and LGBTQ discrimination in the United States.Abram Brummett & Lisa Campo-Engelstein - 2021 - Journal of Public Health Policy 42 (2).
    Given recent legal developments in the United States, now is a critical time to draw attention to how ‘conscientious objection’ is sometimes used by health care providers to discriminate against the LGBTQ community. We review legal developments from 2019 and present several cases where health care providers used conscientious objection in ways that discriminate against the LGBTQ community, resulting in damaged trust by this underserved population. We then discuss two important conceptual points in this debate. The first involves the interpretation (...)
     
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  44. Non-Roman Catholic Physicians Should Be Permitted to Write Prescriptions for Birth Control in Roman Catholic Institutions.Abram Brummett - 2021 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 32 (3).
    The legal and ethical asymmetry between honoring positive claims of conscience versus negative claims of conscience was recently analyzed by several articles in this journal. The first author of this article (ALB) identified unique but defeasible reasons against honoring positive claims of conscience, such as the greater threat they post to institutional values and institutional resources than negative claims of conscience. However, ALB wrote, when these reasons can be overcome, positive claims of conscience should enjoy the same ethical and legal (...)
     
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  45.  7
    Der Begriff Transcendental in Kant's Kritik der reinen Vernunft.Abram Gideon - 1903 - Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, [Abt. Verl.].
  46.  38
    Taxonomizing Views of Clinical Ethics Expertise.Erica K. Salter & Abram Brummett - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):50-61.
    Our aim in this article is to bring some clarity to the clinical ethics expertise debate by critiquing and replacing the taxonomy offered by the Core Competencies report. The orienting question for our taxonomy is: Can clinical ethicists offer justified, normative recommendations for active patient cases? Views that answer “no” are characterized as a “negative” view of clinical ethics expertise and are further differentiated based on (a) why they think ethicists cannot give justified normative recommendations and (b) what they think (...)
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  47.  14
    What is the appropriate role of reason in secular clinical ethics? An argument for a compatibilist view of public reason.Abram Brummett - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (2):281-290.
    This article describes and rejects three standard views of reason in secular clinical ethics. The first, instrumental reason view, affirms that reason may be used to draw conceptual distinctions, map moral geography, and identify invalid forms of argumentation, but prohibits recommendations because reason cannot justify any content-full moral or metaphysical commitments. The second, public reason view, affirms instrumental reason, and claims ethicists may make recommendations grounded in the moral and metaphysical commitments of bioethical consensus. The third, comprehensive reason view, also (...)
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  48.  20
    An introduction to the philosophy of science.Abram Cornelius Benjamin - 1937 - New York,: The Macmillan company.
  49. Science, technology, and human values.Abram Cornelius Benjamin - 1965 - Columbia,: University of Missouri Press.
     
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  50. Traité de Psychologie, t. I.G. Dumas, Barat, Belot & Blondel - 1923 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 30 (4):1-2.
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