10 found
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  1.  6
    Serial reproduction of narratives preserves emotional appraisals.Fritz Breithaupt, Binyan Li & John K. Kruschke - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (4):581-601.
    We conducted the largest multiple-iteration retelling study to date (12,840 participants and 19,086 retellings) with two different studies that test how emotional appraisals are transmitted across retellings. We use a novel Bayesian model that tracks changes across retellings. Study 1 examines the preservation of appraisals of happy and sad stories and finds that retellings preserve the story’s degree of happiness and sadness even when length shrinks and aspects of story coherence and rationalisation deteriorate. Study 2 compared the transmission of appraisals (...)
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  2.  17
    Multiversionality: Considering multiple possibilities in the processing of narratives.Ben Hiskes, Milo Hicks, Samuel Evola, Cameron Kincaid & Fritz Breithaupt - 2022 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (3):1099-1124.
    This paper proposes a conceptual framework of multiversional narrative processing, or multiversionality. Multiversionality is the consideration of multiple possible event sequences for an incomplete narrative during reception, from reading a novel to listening to the story of a friend’s day. It occurs naturally and is experienced in a wide range of cases, such as suspense, surprise, counterfactuals, and detective stories. Receiving a narrative, we propose, is characterized by the spontaneous creation of competing interpretive models of the narrative that are then (...)
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  3. A Three-Person Model of Empathy.Fritz Breithaupt - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):84-91.
    This article proposes a three-step model of empathy. It assumes that people have various empathy-related mechanisms available and thus can be described as hyper-empathic (Step 1). Under these conditions, the question of blocking and controlling empathy becomes a central issue to channel empathic attention and to avoid self-loss (Step 2). It is assumed that empathy can be sustained only when these mechanisms of controlling empathy are bypassed (Step 3). In particular, the article proposes a three-person scenario with one observing a (...)
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  4.  17
    Fact vs. Affect in the Telephone Game: All Levels of Surprise Are Retold With High Accuracy, Even Independently of Facts.Fritz Breithaupt, Binyan Li, Torrin M. Liddell, Eleanor B. Schille-Hudson & Sarah Whaley - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:375712.
    When people retell stories, what guides their retelling? Most previous research on story retelling and story comprehension has focused on information accuracy as the key measure of stability in transmission. This paper suggests that there is a second, affective, dimension that provides stability for retellings, namely the audience affect of surprise. In a large-sample study with multiple iterations of retellings, we found evidence that people are quite accurate in preserving all degrees of surprisingness in serial reproduction – even when the (...)
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  5.  5
    Empathy and Aesthetics.Fritz Breithaupt - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 63 (1).
    This paper develops a theory of aesthetic experience from the perspective of the empathetic observer. It suggests that there are some experiences in which empathy and aesthetic experience are indistinguishable. The paper focusses on one of these experiences, namely that of narrative turning points. Empathy involves co-experiencing the situations of others and their emotional states, while aesthetics involves an intense experience from some distance. The two come together when emotions are shared between observer and observed and with some distance. Narratives (...)
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  6.  7
    High-stakes decisions do not require narrative conviction but narrative flexibility.Fritz Breithaupt, Milo Hicks, Benjamin Hiskes & Victoria Lagrange - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e85.
    We challenge Johnson et al.'s assumption that people reduce unclear situations to a single narrative explanation and that such reduction would be adaptive for decision-making under radical uncertainty. Instead, we argue that people imagine and maintain multiple narrative possibilities throughout the decision-making process and that this process provides cognitive flexibility and adaptive benefits within the proposed model.
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  7.  77
    Author reply: Empathy Does Provide Rational Support for Decisions. But Is It the Right Decision?Fritz Breithaupt - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (1):96-97.
    This article examines the relation of empathy and rational judgment. When people observe a conflict most are quick to side with one of the parties. Once a side has been taken, empathy with that party further solidifies this choice. Hence, it will be suggested that empathy is not neutral to judgment and rational decision-making. This does not mean, however, that the one who empathizes will necessarily have made the best choice.
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  8.  13
    Goethe and Wittgenstein: Seeing the World's Unity in Its Variety.Fritz Breithaupt & Richard Raatzsch - 2003 - Peter Lang Publishing.
    Frankfurt/M., Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien. Herausgegeben von Wilhelm Lutterfelds, Richard Raatzsch und Andreas Roser. The works of both Goethe and Wittgenstein are a permanent challenge. Goethe's lasting effectiveness is to be found in the alternative nature of his world-view (Weltan-Schauung), which may be characterized as a morphological access to the manifold of phenomena. Lasting in a similar way to the effect of Goethe, one could certainly say today that Wittgenstein's effect has lasted. This is no coincidence. The (...)
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  9.  38
    The invention of trauma in German romanticism.Fritz Breithaupt - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 32 (1):77-101.
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  10.  1
    Zu Martin Kolmars «Grenzbeschreitungen. Vom Sinn, dem gelingenden Leben und unserem Umgang mit Natur» (Wien und Köln 2021).Peter Seele, Anton Hügli, Fritz Breithaupt, Andreas Härter & Martin Kolmar - forthcoming - Schweizerische Zeitschrift Für Philosophie.
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