69 found
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  1.  53
    Laws of nature: essays on the philosophical, scientific and historical dimensions.Friedel Weinert (ed.) - 1995 - New York: Walter de Gruyter.
  2.  12
    Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: revolutions in the history and philosophy of science.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Note: Sections at a more advanced level are indicated by ∞. Preface ix Acknowledgments x Introduction 1 I Nicolaus Copernicus: The Loss of Centrality 3 1 Ptolemy and Copernicus 3 2 A Clash of Two Worldviews 4 2.1 The geocentric worldview 5 2.2 Aristotle’s cosmology 5 2.3 Ptolemy’s geocentrism 9 2.4 A philosophical aside: Outlook 14 2.5 Shaking the presuppositions: Some medieval developments 17 3 The Heliocentric Worldview 20 3.1 Nicolaus Copernicus 21 3.2 The explanation of the seasons 25 3.3 (...)
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  3.  31
    Compendium of Quantum Physics: Concepts, Experiments, History and Philosophy.Daniel Greenberger, Klaus Hentschel & Friedel Weinert (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    Concepts, Experiments, History and Philosophy Daniel Greenberger, Klaus Hentschel, Friedel Weinert. 5. W. Hittorf, Ueber die Elektricit ̈atsleitung der Gase , Annalen der Physik 136, 1–31, 197–234 (1869); Engl. transl. On the Conduction of ...
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  4.  8
    The Scientist as Philosopher: Philosophical Consequences of Great Scientific Discoveries.Friedel Weinert - 2004 - Springer Verlag.
    How do major scientific discoveries reshape their originators’, and our own, sense of reality and concept of the physical world? The Scientist as Philosopher explores the interaction between physics and philosophy. Clearly written and well illustrated, the book first places the scientist-philosophers in the limelight as we learn how their great scientific discoveries forced them to reconsider the time-honored notions with which science had described the natural world. Then, the book explains that what we understand by nature and science have (...)
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  5.  16
    Laws of Nature: Essays on the Philosophical, Scientific and Historical Dimensions.Friedel Weinert (ed.) - 1995 - New York: De Gruyter.
  6.  49
    The construction of atom models: Eliminative inductivism and its relation to falsificationism.Friedel Weinert - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (4):491-531.
    Falsificationism has dominated 20th century philosophy of science. It seemed to have eclipsed all forms of inductivism. Yet recent debates have revived a specific form of eliminative inductivism, the basic ideas of which go back to F. Bacon and J.S. Mill. These modern endorsements of eliminative inductivism claim to show that progressive problem solving is possible using induction, rather than falsification as a method of justification. But this common ground between falsificationism and eliminative inductivism has not led to a detailed (...)
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  7.  17
    The Scientist as Philosopher.Friedel Weinert - unknown
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  8.  22
    Theories, Models and Constraints.Friedel Weinert - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 30 (2):303-333.
  9.  86
    Wrong theory—Right experiment: The significance of the Stern-Gerlach experiments.Friedel Weinert - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (1):75-86.
  10.  6
    The Demons of Science: What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World.Friedel Weinert - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This book is the first all-encompassing exploration of the role of demons in philosophical and scientific thought experiments. In Part I, the author explains the importance of thought experiments in science and philosophy. Part II considers Laplace's Demon, whose claim is that the world is completely deterministic. Part III introduces Maxwell's Demon, who - by contrast - experiences a world that is probabilistic and indeterministic. Part IV explores Nietzsche's thesis of the cyclic and eternal recurrence of events. In each case (...)
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  11.  40
    Wrong theory—Right experiment: The significance of the Stern-Gerlach experiments.Friedel Weinert - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (1):75-86.
  12.  16
    Relativistic Thermodynamics and the Passage of Time.Friedel Weinert - 2010 - Humana Mente 4 (13):175-191.
    The debate about the passage of time is usually confined to Minkowski‟s geometric interpretation of space-time. It infers the block universe from the notion of relative simultaneity. But there are alternative interpretations of space-time – so-called axiomatic approaches –, based on the existence of „optical facts‟, which have thermodynamic properties. It may therefore be interesting to approach the afore-mentioned debate from the point of view of relativistic thermodynamics, in which invariant parameters exist, which may serve to indicate the passage of (...)
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  13. Einstein and Kant.Friedel Weinert - 2005 - Philosophy 80 (4):585-593.
    The paper aims to explain and illustrate why Einstein and Kant, relativity and transcendental idealism, came to be discussed in one breath after the Special theory of relativity had emerged in 1905. There are essentially three points of contact between the theory of relativity and Kant's objective idealism. The Special theory makes contact with Kantian views of time; the General theory requires a non-Kantian view of geometry; but both relativity theories endorse a quasi-Kantian view of the nature of scientific knowledge. (...)
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  14.  21
    Einstein and the Laws of Physics.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Physics and Philosophy.
    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of constraints in the theory of relativity and, in particular, what philosophical work they do for Einstein's views on the laws of physics. Einstein presents a view of local ``structure laws'' which he characterizes as the most appropriate form of physical laws. Einstein was committed to a view of science, which presents a synthesis between rational and empirical elements as its hallmark. If scientific constructs are free inventions of the human (...)
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  15.  7
    The march of time: evolving conceptions of time in the light of scientific discoveries.Friedel Weinert - 2013 - New York: Springer.
    The aim of this interdisciplinary study is to reconstruct the evolution of our changing conceptions of time in the light of scientific discoveries. It will adopt a new perspective and organize the material around three central themes, which run through our history of time reckoning: cosmology and regularity; stasis and flux; symmetry and asymmetry. It is the physical criteria that humans choose – relativistic effects and time-symmetric equations or dynamic-kinematic effects and asymmetric conditions – that establish our views on the (...)
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  16. Vicissitudes of laboratory life.Friedel Weinert - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):423-429.
  17. Einstein and the Representation of Reality.Friedel Weinert - 2006 - Facta Philosophica 8 (1-2):229-252.
  18. Minkowski space-time and thermodynamics.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The purpose of this paper is twofold: a) to explore the compatibility of Minkowski’s space-time representation of the Special theory of relativity with a dynamic conception of space-time; b) to locate its roots in invariant features - like entropic relations - of the propagation of signals in space-time. From its very beginning Minkowski’s four-dimensional space-time was associated with a static view of reality, e.g. a block universe. Einstein added his influential voice to this conception when he wrote: ‘From a “happening” (...)
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  19.  55
    Contra Res Sempiternas.Friedel Weinert - 1984 - The Monist 67 (3):376-394.
    Whether it is preferable to live in X and work in Y or to work in X and live in Y is surely a relative question—relative to a number of practical circumstances and dependent on the person who has to make the choice. But this does not make the situation an illustration of relativism. Similarly, for my neighbour to suspect that abstract terms such as ‘Nation’, ‘Love’ and ‘Freedom’ are only words reveals at best a penchant to nominalism in his (...)
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  20.  38
    Lines of Descent: Kuhn and Beyond.Friedel Weinert - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (4):331-352.
    Thomas S. Kuhn is famous both for his work on the Copernican Revolution and his ‘paradigm’ view of scientific revolutions. But Kuhn later abandoned the notion of paradigm in favour of a more ‘evolutionary’ view of the history of science. Kuhn’s position therefore moved closer to ‘continuity’ models of scientific progress, for instance ‘chain-of-reasoning’ models, originally championed by D. Shapere. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate around Kuhn’s new ‘developmental’ view and to evaluate these competing (...)
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  21.  70
    Relationism and relativity.Friedel Weinert - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 51:561-585.
    The line of argument pursued in this paper is to proceed from Einstein’s fundamental problem situation to a consideration of scientific representation with respect to the Special theory of relativity (STR). Einstein’s fundamental problem situation, which is Kantian in spirit, is how the conceptual freedom of the scientist is compatible with the need for an objective representation of an independently given material world. To solve this philosophical issue Einstein employs a number of constraints, which are central to the STR. The (...)
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  22.  16
    Reichenbach’s ‘Causal’ Theory of Time: A Re-assessment.Friedel Weinert - 2023 - Global Philosophy 33 (1):1-19.
    The paper proposes a re-assessment of Reichenbach’s ‘causal’ theory of time. Reichenbach’s version of the theory, first proposed in 1921, is interesting because it is one of the first attempts to construct a causal theory as a relational theory of time, which fully takes the results of the Special theory of relativity into account. The theory derives its name from the cone structure of Minkowski space–time, in particular the emission of light signals. At first Reichenbach defines an ‘order’ of time, (...)
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  23.  39
    Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences.Martin Brinkworth & Friedel Weinert (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    These essays by leading philosophers and scientists focus on recent ideas at the forefront of modern Darwinism, showcasing and exploring the challenges they raise as well as open problems.
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  24. Darwinian inferences.Robert Nola & Friedel Weinert - 2011 - In Martin Brinkworth & Friedel Weinert (eds.), Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences. Springer.
     
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  25. A conditional view of causality.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - In Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality and Probability in the Sciences. College Publications. pp. 5--415.
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  26.  1
    Charles Darwin: The Loss of Rational Design.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - In Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: revolutions in the history and philosophy of science. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 93–184.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Darwin and Copernicus Views of Organic Life Fossil Discoveries Darwin's Revolution Philosophical Matters A Question of Method Reading List Essay Questions.
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  27.  15
    Die Arbeit der Geschichte: Ein Vergleich der Analysemodelle von Kuhn und Foucault.Friedel Weinert - 1982 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 13 (2):336-358.
    The need to rethink the history of ideas has led both Kuhn and Foucault to break away from the prevalent conception of knowledge as one of continuous growth, of accretion. It is surprising how little attention philosophers and historians of science have paid to Foucault's work, and how, consequently, the convergence between his and the Kuhnian approach has gone completely unnoticed. To see the parallels, however, and to relate their works, promises to give rise to a synthesis that might present (...)
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  28.  69
    EPR and the 'Passage' of Time.Friedel Weinert - 2013 - Philosophia Naturalis 50 (2):173-199.
    The essay revisits the puzzle of the ‘passage’ of time in relation to EPR-type measurements and asks what philosophical consequences can be drawn from them. Some argue that the lack of invariance of temporal order in the measurement of a space-like related EPR pair, under relativistic motion, casts serious doubts on the ‘reality’ of the lapse of time. Others argue thatcertain features of quantum mechanics establisha tensed theory of time – understood here as Possibilism or the growing block universe. The (...)
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  29.  16
    Emergent minds.Friedel Weinert - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):189-200.
  30.  6
    Einstein, Science and Philosophy.Friedel Weinert - 2009 - Philosophia Scientiae 13 (1):99-133.
    Cet article a pour objectif de présenter un compte-rendu accessible de l’immense héritage philosophique de l’œuvre scientifique d’Einstein. Einstein n’était pas un philosophe de métier, mais son raisonnement en sciences physiques portait en soi des conséquences philosophiques qu’il était prêt à explorer. En explorant les conséquences philosophiques de ses travaux scientifiques Einstein s’inscrit dans la démarche de physiciens tels que Newton, Mach, Planck et Poincaré. Einstein déduisait les conséquences philosophiques de la problématique que son travail de physicien faisait surgir. Ces (...)
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  31.  7
    Einstein, Science and Philosophy.Friedel Weinert - 2009 - Philosophia Scientiae 13:99-133.
    Cet article a pour objectif de présenter un compte-rendu accessible de l’immense héritage philosophique de l’œuvre scientifique d’Einstein. Einstein n’était pas un philosophe de métier, mais son raisonnement en sciences physiques portait en soi des conséquences philosophiques qu’il était prêt à explorer. En explorant les conséquences philosophiques de ses travaux scientifiques Einstein s’inscrit dans la démarche de physiciens tels que Newton, Mach, Planck et Poincaré. Einstein déduisait les conséquences philosophiques de la problématique que son travail de physicien faisait surgir. Ces (...)
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  32.  21
    Hypothetical, not Fictional Worlds.Friedel Weinert - 2016 - Kairos 17 (1):110-136.
    This paper critically analyzes the fiction-view of scientific modeling, which exploits presumed analogies between literary fiction and model building in science. The basic idea is that in both fiction and scientific modeling fictional worlds are created. The paper argues that the fiction-view comes closest to certain scientific thought experiments, especially those involving demons in science and to literary movements like naturalism. But the paper concludes that the dissimilarities prevail over the similarities. The fiction-view fails to do justice to the plurality (...)
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  33.  18
    Habermas, Science and Modernity.Friedel Weinert - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:329-355.
    The work of Jürgen Habermas has been described as eclectic. It is also prolific. Fortunately for his readers the prolificacy and eclecticism of the author are mitigated by the recurrence of his themes. These concern the emergence and nature of modern occidental society, both from a sociological and philosophical perspective. On a more philosophical level, there is also a strong plea for a paradigm change. The philosophy of the consciousness made the lone subject, in search of knowledge, face the external (...)
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  34.  84
    Introducing events, successful reference and reference-fixing.Friedel Weinert - 1991 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (1):155-167.
    Summary One of the central questions concerning theories of reference has been the problem of how the reference of scientific terms gets fixed. Descriptive causal theories of reference, as discussed in this paper, have re-introduced the role of theoretical beliefs and conceptualisations in term introductions and reference-fixing. The present paper argues that the idea of reference-fixing as a dot-like event (baptism) is wrong: a number of episodes from the history of science are discussed to support the claim that reference-fixing is (...)
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  35.  98
    Invariance, symmetries and structural realism.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The paper discusses the invariance view of reality: a view inspired by the relativity and quantum theory. It is an attempt to show that both versions of Structural Realism (epistemological and ontological) are already embedded in the invariance view but in each case the invariance view introduces important modifications. From the invariance view we naturally arrive at a consideration of symmetries and structures. It is often claimed that there is a strong connection between invariance and reality, established by symmetries. The (...)
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  36.  1
    Introduction.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - In Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: revolutions in the history and philosophy of science. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1–2.
    The prelims comprise: Half‐Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments.
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  37. Kontingente versus notwendige Wahrheiten und mögliche Welten bei Leibniz.Friedel Weinert - 1980 - Studia Leibnitiana 12:125.
    In his writings Leibniz employs both the notions of possible worlds and of necessary truths but he does not define necessary truths by reference to possible worlds. This paper is intended to show that modern attempts to interpret Leibniz's notion of necessary truth in terms of possible worlds go wrong on two accounts : 1) they disregard the consequences of Leibniz's thesis that the actual world is the best of all possible worlds and his acceptance of the scholastic principle, "What (...)
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  38.  8
    Nicolaus Copernicus: The Loss of Centrality.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - In Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: revolutions in the history and philosophy of science. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 3–92.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Ptolemy and Copernicus A Clash of Two Worldviews The Heliocentric Worldview Copernicus was not a Scientific Revolutionary The Transition to Newton Some Philosophical Lessons Copernicus and Scientific Revolutions The Anthropic Principle: A Reversal of the Copernican Turn? Reading List Essay Questions.
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  39.  4
    No Title available: Review.Friedel Weinert - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (2):321-325.
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  40.  16
    No Title available: Reviews.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (3):498-503.
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  41.  21
    Nominalismus und gesellschaft.Friedel Weinert - 1986 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 17 (2):322-345.
    Ever since the so-called linguistic revolution in philosophy, the problem of universals has become the question of whether or not abstract/general terms refer. Nominalism gives a negative answer to that question. But there is, let us say, a Continental side to nominalism which this paper sets out to explore. It examines the social consequences of a nominalist approach to questions of knowledge. In particular it looks in detail at 17th century science and Merton's scientific ethos and describes the effects of (...)
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  42.  5
    Nominalismus und Gesellschaft.Friedel Weinert - 1986 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 17 (2):322-345.
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  43.  55
    On the status of social laws.Friedel Weinert - 1997 - Dialectica 51 (3):225–242.
    A popular defence of the possibility of social laws is to interpret them as ceteris paribus statements along the same line as physical laws. It cannot be assumed, however, without further considerations regarding the role of initial conditions, that social laws may acquire the status of genuine laws. Two vexing problems need to be addressed: Exceptions should be compatible rather than incompatible with social regularities and social laws should not depend on initial conditions. The paper argues that neither of these (...)
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  44.  6
    On the Status of Social Laws.Friedel Weinert - 1997 - Dialectica 51 (3):225-242.
    A popular defence of the possibility of social laws is to interpret them as ceteris paribus statements along the same line as physical laws. It cannot be assumed, however, without further considerations regarding the role of initial conditions, that social laws may acquire the status of genuine laws. Two vexing problems need to be addressed: Exceptions should be compatible rather than incompatible with social regularities and social laws should not depend on initial conditions. The paper argues that neither of these (...)
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  45.  27
    Physical relativity—space-time structure from a dynamical perspective by Harvey brown perspecture oxford university press, 2005.Friedel Weinert - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (3):498-503.
  46.  20
    Predicting the future: An introduction to the theory of forecasting by Nicholas Rescher. State university of new York press, albany, 1998, pp. XI + 232.Friedel Weinert - 1999 - Philosophy 74 (1):122-139.
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  47.  5
    Sigmund Freud: The Loss of Transparency.Friedel Weinert - 2008 - In Copernicus, Darwin, & Freud: revolutions in the history and philosophy of science. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 185–270.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud Some Views of Humankind Scientism and the Freudian Model of Personality The Social Sciences beyond Freud Evolution and the Social Sciences Freud and Revolutions in Thought Reading List Essay Questions.
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  48.  25
    Social Mechanisms and Social Causation.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The aim of this paper is to examine the notion of social mechanisms by comparison with the notions of evolutionary and physical mechanisms. It is argued that social mechanisms are based on trends, and not lawlike regularities, so that social mechanisms are different from mechanisms in the natural sciences. Taking as an example of social causation the abolition of the slave trade, the paper argues that social mechanisms should be incorporated in Weber’s wider notion of adequate causation in order to (...)
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  49.  36
    Tradition and Argument.Friedel Weinert - 1982 - The Monist 65 (1):88-105.
    Theories are ordered along a temporal line: there are past and present theories. Theories may be speculative but a large number of them are not the result of idle speculation. Theories can take many different forms but they are usually an attempt to solve some kind of problem. If theories are juxtaposed on a temporal or historical line, and if they are matched against some corresponding problems, then those problems, too, exist on a temporal line. Of course, this is not (...)
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  50.  9
    Temporal asymmetry and relativity1.Friedel Weinert - 2010 - In Jo Alyson Parker, Paul Harris & Christian Steineck (eds.), Time: Limits and Constraints. Brill. pp. 13--109.
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