14 found
Frederick Toates [8]Frederick M. Toates [6]
  1.  67
    A model of the hierarchy of behaviour, cognition, and consciousness.Frederick Toates - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):75-118.
    Processes comparable in important respects to those underlying human conscious and non-conscious processing can be identified in a range of species and it is argued that these reflect evolutionary precursors of the human processes. A distinction is drawn between two types of processing: stimulus-based and higher-order. For ‘higher-order,’ in humans the operations of processing are themselves associated with conscious awareness. Conscious awareness sets the context for stimulus-based processing and its end-point is accessible to conscious awareness. However, the mechanics of the (...)
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  2.  41
    Evolutionary psychology -- towards a more integrative model.Frederick Toates - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):305-328.
    Aspects of the history of behavioural science are reviewed, pointing to its fragmented and faction-ridden nature. The emergence of evolutionary psychology (EP) is viewed in this context. With the help of a dual-layered model of behavioural control, the case is made for a more integrative perspective towards EP. The model's application to both behaviour and complex human information processing is described. Similarities in their control are noted. It is suggested that one layer of control (‘on-line’) corresponds to the encapsulated modules (...)
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  3.  27
    The modelling of incentive motivation processes.Frederick M. Toates - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):466-468.
  4.  26
    Feedforward and feedbackward.Frederick Toates - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):474.
  5.  22
    The hippocampus seen in the context of declarative and procedural control.Frederick Toates - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):771-772.
    Various apparently incompatible theories of hippocampal function have been proposed but integration is now needed. It is argued that the involvement of the hippocampus is most clearly seen when the animal needs to extrapolate beyond current sensory information. Such control can involve both the initiation of behaviour in the absence of appropriate sensory input and the inhibition of behaviour that might otherwise be triggered by current sensory input.
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  6.  20
    Broadening the welfare index.Frederick Toates - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):40-41.
  7.  26
    Norman's dual model in a broader context.Frederick Toates - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):119-120.
    This commentary suggests how Norman's dual control model of vision can be fitted into a broader general model of the control of behaviour by direct (on-line) and indirect (off-line) processes. Some general principles of behavioural organization, development, and competition are described and their specific application to vision is noted.
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  8.  19
    Skinners Double Life As Both Perpetrator and Innocent Victim: A Reply to Baars.Frederick Toates - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (9):57-63.
    In response to Baars' contribution, it is argued that crucial elements of Skinner's perspective need to be integrated within a broader context of psychology including consciousness studies. The behaviourists championed processes that are an integral part of our psychological composition. The history of psychology is one of pointless fragmentation, with particular processes being adopted by charismatic advocates and turned into an all-embracing philosophy. Skinner was not alone in doing this. Skinner's double life, it is argued, as an instance of a (...)
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  9.  17
    Models, yes; homunculus, no.Frederick M. Toates - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):650.
  10.  13
    A cognitive-incentive view.Frederick M. Toates - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):683-684.
  11.  12
    Towards a real systems theory of feeding.Frederick M. Toates - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):592-592.
  12.  13
    Hysteresis and habit.Frederick M. Toates - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):275-276.
  13.  9
    On giving a more active and selective role to consciousness.Frederick Toates - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):700-701.
    An active role for conscious processes in the production of behaviour is proposed, involving top level controls in a hierarchy of behavioural control. It is suggested that by inhibiting or sensitizing lower levels in the hierarchy conscious processes can play a role in the organization of ongoing behaviour. Conscious control can be more or less evident, according to prevailing circumstances.
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  14.  9
    The rat as hedonist – A systems approach.Frederick M. Toates - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):446-447.