25 found
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  1.  4
    Professional virtue of civility and the responsibilities of medical educators and academic leaders.Laurence B. McCullough, John Coverdale & Frank A. Chervenak - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (10):674-678.
    Incivility among physicians, between physicians and learners, and between physicians and nurses or other healthcare professionals has become commonplace. If allowed to continue unchecked by academic leaders and medical educators, incivility can cause personal psychological injury and seriously damage organisational culture. As such, incivility is a potent threat to professionalism. This paper uniquely draws on the history of professional ethics in medicine to provide a historically based, philosophical account of the professional virtue of civility. We use a two-step method of (...)
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  2.  39
    Constructing a systematic review for argument-based clinical ethics literature: The example of concealed medications.Laurence B. McCullough, John H. Coverdale & Frank A. Chervenak - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (1):65 – 76.
    The clinical ethics literature is striking for the absence of an important genre of scholarship that is common to the literature of clinical medicine: systematic reviews. As a consequence, the field of clinical ethics lacks the internal, corrective effect of review articles that are designed to reduce potential bias. This article inaugurates a new section of the annual "Clinical Ethics" issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy on systematic reviews. Using recently articulated standards for argument-based normative ethics, we provide (...)
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  3.  42
    An Ethically Justified Framework for Clinical Investigation to Benefit Pregnant and Fetal Patients.Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):39-49.
    Research to improve the health of pregnant and fetal patients presents ethical challenges to clinical investigators, institutional review boards, funding agencies, and data safety and monitoring boards. The Common Rule sets out requirements that such research must satisfy but no ethical framework to guide their application. We provide such an ethical framework, based on the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient. We offer criteria for innovation and for Phase I and II and then for Phase III clinical trials (...)
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  4.  25
    Ethics in obstetrics and gynecology.Laurence B. McCullough, Frank A. Chervenak & Susan M. Scott - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (6):379-380.
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  5.  47
    A critical analysis of the concept and discourse of 'unborn child'.Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):34 – 39.
    Despite its prominence in the abortion debate and in public policy, the discourse of 'unborn patient' has not been subjected to critical scrutiny. We provide a critical analysis in three steps. First, we distinguish between the descriptive and normative meanings of 'unborn child.' There is a long history of the descriptive use of 'unborn child.' Second, we argue that the concept of an unborn child has normative content but that this content does not do the work that opponents of abortion (...)
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  6.  76
    A Case Study in Unethical Transgressive Bioethics: “Letter of Concern from Bioethicists” About the Prenatal Administration of Dexamethasone.Benjamin Hippen, Robert L. Brent, Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):35-45.
    On February 3, 2010, a “Letter of Concern from Bioethicists,” organized by fetaldex.org, was sent to report suspected violations of the ethics of human subjects research in the off-label use of dexamethasone during pregnancy by Dr. Maria New. Copies of this letter were submitted to the FDA Office of Pediatric Therapeutics, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Office for Human Research Protections, and three universities where Dr. New has held or holds appointments. We provide a critical appraisal of (...)
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  7.  12
    Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology.Joan C. Callahan, Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (2):45.
    Book reviewed in this article: Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology. By Laurence B. McCullough and Frank A. Chervenak.
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  8.  15
    Justified Limits on Refusing Intervention.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (2):12-18.
    Physicians may justifiably limit patients' refusals of medical interventions when the refusal is based on a negative right to noninterference coupled with a request for an unreasonable alternative.
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  9.  35
    Why the Groningen Protocol Should Be Rejected.Frank A. Chervenak, Lawrence B. McCullough & Birgit Arabin - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (5):30-33.
  10.  9
    Response to Commentaries on “A Critical Analysis of the Concept and Discourse of 'Unborn Child'”.Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):4-6.
    Despite its prominence in the abortion debate and in public policy, the discourse of ‘unborn patient’ has not been subjected to critical scrutiny. We provide a critical analysis in three steps. First, we distinguish between the descriptive and normative meanings of ‘unborn child.’ There is a long history of the descriptive use of ‘unborn child.’ Second, we argue that the concept of an unborn child has normative content but that this content does not do the work that opponents of abortion (...)
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  11.  27
    A Case Study in Junk Bioethics Run Amok.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):59-61.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 59-61, December 2011.
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  12.  10
    The Threat of the New Managed Practice of Medicine to Patients’ Autonomy.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 1995 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (4):320-323.
  13. The Intellectual and Moral Integrity of Bioethics: Response to Commentaries on “A Case Study in Unethical Transgressive Bioethics: 'Letter of Concern from Bioethicists' About the Prenatal Administration of Dexamethasone”.Benjamin Hippen, Robert L. Brent, Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):W3-W5.
    On February 3, 2010, a “Letter of Concern from Bioethicists,” organized by fetaldex.org, was sent to report suspected violations of the ethics of human subjects research in the off-label use of dexamethasone during pregnancy by Dr. Maria New. Copies of this letter were submitted to the FDA Office of Pediatric Therapeutics, the Department of Health and Human Services Office for Human Research Protections, and three universities where Dr. New has held or holds appointments. We provide a critical appraisal of the (...)
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  14.  8
    Professional virtue of civility: responding to commentaries.Laurence B. McCullough, John Coverdale & Frank A. Chervenak - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (10):692-693.
    In our ‘The Professional Virtue of Civility and the Responsibilities of Medical Educators and Academic Leaders’,1 we provided an historically based conceptual account of the professional virtue of civility and the role of leaders of academic health centres in creating and sustaining an organisational culture of professionalism that promotes civility among healthcare professionals and between medical educators and learners. We emphasised that any adequate understanding of the virtues, including professional virtues, has cognitive, affective, behavioural and social components. Some of the (...)
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  15.  8
    Professional Responsibility and Individual Conscience: Protecting the Informed Consent Process from Impermissible Bias.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2008 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (1):24-25.
  16.  57
    "Are Their Babies Different from Ours?": Dutch Culture and the Groningen Protocol.A. A. Eduard Verhagen, Pieter J. Sauer, Daniel Callahan, Frank A. Chervenak, Laurence B. McCullough, Birgit Arabin, Tim Smith & Georgia Goldfarb - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (4):4-7.
  17.  22
    The Professional Responsibility Model of Respect for Autonomy in Decision Making About Cesarean Delivery.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):1 - 2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 7, Page 1-2, July 2012.
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  18.  34
    David U. Himmelstein practices medi.Daniel Callahan, R. Alta Charo, Guang-Shing Cheng, Frank A. Chervenak, Robert P. George, Susan Dorr Goold, Lawrence O. Gostin, Markus Grompe, William B. Hurlbut & Insoo Hyun - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  19.  10
    An Ethical Framework for the Responsible Management of Pregnant Patients in a Medical Disaster.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):20-24.
    The ethics of managing obstetric patients in medical disasters poses ethical challenges that are unique in comparison to other disaster patients, because the medical needs of two patients—the pregnant patient and the fetal patient—must be considered. We provide an ethical framework for doing so. We base the framework on the justice-based prevention of exploitation of populations of patients, both obstetric and non-obstetric, in medical disasters. We use the concept of exploitation to identify a spectrum from ethically acceptable, to ethically challenging, (...)
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  20.  16
    Clinical Management of Brain Death during Pregnancy.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (4):349-350.
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  21.  9
    Preventive Ethics and Subsequent Care of Patients Self-Administering Ovarian Stimulation for the Management of Infertility.Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough - 2009 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (3):239-240.
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  22.  35
    The Fetus as a Patient and the Ethics of Human Subjects Research: Response to Commentaries on “An Ethically Justified Framework for Clinical Investigation to Benefit Pregnant and Fetal Patients”.Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):W3-W7.
    Research to improve the health of pregnant and fetal patients presents ethical challenges to clinical investigators, institutional review boards, funding agencies, and data safety and monitoring boards. The Common Rule sets out requirements that such research must satisfy but no ethical framework to guide their application. We provide such an ethical framework, based on the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient. We offer criteria for innovation and for Phase I and II and then for Phase III clinical trials (...)
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  23.  13
    Letter to the Editors.Laurence B. McCullough, Frank A. Chervenak, Robert L. Brent & Benjamin Hippen - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):47-48.
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  24. Normalizing Atypical Genitalia: How a Heated Debate Went Astray (vol 42, pg 32, 2012).Laurence B. McCullough, Frank A. Chervenak, Robert L. Brent & Benjamin Hippen - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):7-7.
     
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  25.  15
    Ethical considerations in the treatment of chronic psychosis in a periviable pregnancy.Michelle T. Nguyen, Eric Rafla-Yuan, Emily Boyd, Laurence B. Mccullough, Frank A. Chervenak & Emily C. Dossett - 2023 - Clinical Ethics 18 (1):113-119.
    Background: Treatment of psychotic disorders in pregnancy is often ethically and clinically challenging, especially when psychotic symptoms impair decision-making capacity. There are several competing ethical obligations to consider: the ethical obligation to maternal autonomy, the maternal and fetal beneficence-based obligations to treat peripartum psychosis, and the fetal beneficence-based obligation to minimize teratogenic exposure. Objective: This article outlines an ethical framework for clinical decision-making for the management of chronic psychosis in pregnancy, with an emphasis on special considerations in the previable and (...)
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