58 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Francisco J. Ayala [53]Francisco José Ayala [5]Francisco José Ayala [1]
  1. Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1-15.
    The ultimate source of explanation in biology is the principle of natural selection. Natural selection means differential reproduction of genes and gene combinations. It is a mechanistic process which accounts for the existence in living organisms of end-directed structures and processes. It is argued that teleological explanations in biology are not only acceptable but indeed indispensable. There are at least three categories of biological phenomena where teleological explanations are appropriate.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   144 citations  
  2.  54
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems : [Papers Presented at a Conference on Problems of Reduction in Biology Held in Villa Serbe, Bellagio, Italy 9-16 September 1972.Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Dobzhansky (eds.) - 1974 - University of California Press.
    Should the philosophy of biology deal with organismic, or with molecular aspects , or with both ? We are, of course, not the first to appreciate the ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  3.  47
    Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology.Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  4.  46
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems : [Papers Presented at a Conference on Problems of Reduction in Biology Held in Villa Serbe, Bellagio, Italy 9-16 September 1972.Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Dobzhansky - 1974 - University of California Press.
    . Introductory Remarks THEODOSIUS DOBZHANSKY The problems of reduction in biology are currently of considerable theoretical interest and practical ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  5. The Biological Roots of Morality.Francisco J. Ayala - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):235-252.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to thecapacity for ethics (e.i., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moralnorms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. My theses are: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution.Humans exhibits ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup determines the presence (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  6.  9
    Darwinism and Its Discontents. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):592-594.
    Presenting an ardent defence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, this book offers a clear and comprehensive exposition of Darwin's thinking. Michael Ruse brings the story up to date, examining the origins of life, the fossil record, and the mechanism of natural selection. Rival theories are explored, from punctuated equilibrium to human evolution . The philosophical and religious implications of Darwinism are discussed, including a discussion of Creationism and its modern day offshoot, Intelligent Design Theory. Ruse draws upon the most (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  7.  15
    19. The Concept of Biological Progress.Francisco J. Ayala - 1974 - In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. pp. 339.
  8.  45
    There is No Place for Intelligent Design in the Philosophy of Biology : Intelligent Design is Not Science.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 364--390.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9.  56
    Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala.Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273-299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10.  45
    Adaptation and Novelty: Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1999 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (1):3 - 33.
    Knives, birds' wings, and mountain slopes are used for certain purposes: cutting, flying, and climbing. A bird's wings have in common with knives that they have been 'designed' for the purpose they serve, which purpose accounts for their existence, whereas mountain slopes have come about by geological processes independently of their uses for climbing. A bird's wings differ from a knife in that they have not been designed or produced by any conscious agent; rather, the wings, like the slopes, are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11.  76
    On the Scientific Method, Its Practice and Pitfalls.Francisco J. Ayala - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):205 - 240.
    This paper sets forth a familiar theme, that science essentially consists of two interdependent episodes, one imaginative, the other critical. Hypotheses and other imaginative conjectures are the initial stage of scientific inquiry because they provide the incentive to seek the truth and a clue as to where to find it. But scientific conjectures must be subject to critical examination and empirical testing. There is a dialogue between the two episodes; observations made to test a hypothesis are the inspiration for new (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  5
    Human Evolution: Trails From the Past.Camilo J. Cela-Conde & Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Human Evolution provides a comprehensive overview of hominid evolution, synthesising data and approaches from fields as diverse as physical anthropology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, genetics, archaeology, psychology and philosophy. The book starts with chapters on evolution, population genetics, systematics, and the methods for constructing evolutionary trees. These are followed by a comprehensive review of the fossil history of human evolution since our divergence from the apes. Subsequent chapters cover more recent data, both fossil and molecular, relating to the evolution of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  36
    Teleological Explanations Versus Teleology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):41 - 50.
  14.  69
    Darwin and Intelligent Design.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 749-766.
  15.  82
    The Structure of Evolutionary Theory: On Stephen Jay Gould's Monumental Masterpiece.Francisco J. Ayala - unknown
    Stephen Jay Gould’s monumental The Structure of Evolutionary Theory ‘‘attempts to expand and alter the premises of Darwinism, in order to build an enlarged and distinctive evolutionary theory . . . while remaining within the tradition, and under the logic, of Darwinian argument.’’ The three branches or ‘‘fundamental principles of Darwinian logic’’ are, according to Gould: agency (natural selection acting on individual organisms), efficacy (producing new species adapted to their environments), and scope (accumulation of changes that through geological time yield (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  43
    Debating Darwin.Francisco J. Ayala - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):559-573.
  17.  11
    Is Ectopic Expression Caused by Deregulatory Mutations or Due to Gene‐Regulation Leaks with Evolutionary Potential?Francisco Rodríguez-Trelles, Rosa Tarrío & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (6):592-601.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  19
    Molecular Clock Mirages.Francisco J. Ayala - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (1):71-75.
  19. Intelligent Design: The Original Version.Francisco J. Ayala - 2003 - Theology and Science 1 (1):9-32.
    William Paley ( Natural Theology , 1802) developed the argument-from-design. The complex structure of the human eye evinces that it was designed by an intelligent Creator. The argument is based on the irreducible complexity ("relation") of multiple interacting parts, all necessary for function. Paley adduces a wealth of biological examples leading to the same conclusion; his knowledge of the biology of his time was profound and extensive. Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species is an extended argument demonstrating that the "design" of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  69
    Mayr’s Centenary Festschrift.John S. Wilkins, Walter M. Fitch & Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):603-610.
  21.  46
    Evolution of Biological Diversity.Francisco J. Ayala - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (7):681-682.
  22. Human Evolution: The Three Grand Challenges of Human Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23. Biological Evolution: Recent Advances Through Molecular Studies.Francisco J. Ayala - 1979 - In Vittorio Mathieu & Paolo Rossi (eds.), Scientia. Scientia Verlag. pp. 185.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Biological Evolution: Recent Advances through Molecular Studies.Francisco J. Ayala - 1979 - Scientia:185.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Entrevista Con Francisco J. Ayala.Francisco J. Ayala - 1983 - El Basilisco 15:78-93.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Michel Delsol, "Hasard, Ordre Et Finalité En Biologie" John E. Cunningham "Négation de la Négation". [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1974 - The Thomist 38 (2):397.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Man in Evolution.Francisco J. Ayala - 1967 - The Thomist 31 (1):1.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Science and Religion in Dialogue.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. La nuova ragione. Scienza e cultura nella società contemporanea.Paolo Rossi, Jean Dieudonné, René Thom, Clifford A. Truesdell, Tullio Regge, Ugo Amaldi, Enrico Bellone, Isabelle Stengers, Francisco J. Ayala, Vittorio Sgarabella, Yehuda Elkana, William Leiss, Saverio Avveduto, Abdul-Razzak Kaddoura & Mario Borillo (eds.) - 1981 - Scientia/Il Mulino.
  30.  39
    Thermodynamics, Information, and Evolution: The Problem of Reductionism. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1989 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 11 (1):115 - 120.
  31. Masters. Causality and Design : Teleological Explanations in the Living World.Francisco J. Ayala - 2009 - In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  38
    Beyond Darwinism? The Challenge of Macroevolution to the Synthetic Theory of Evolution.Francisco J. Ayala - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:275 - 291.
    The theory of punctuated equilibrium has been proposed as a challenge to the modern synthesis of evolutionary theory. Two important issues are raised. The first is scientific: whether morphological change as observed in the paleontological record is essentially always associated with speciation events. This paper argues that there is at present no empirical support for this claim: the alleged evidence is based on a definitional fallacy. The second issue is epistemological: whether macroevolution is an autonomous field of study, independent from (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  29
    The Biological Foundations of Ethics.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66 (3):523 - 537.
    Erect posture and large brain are two of the most significant anatomical traits that distinguish us from nonhuman primates. But humans are also different from chimpanzees and other animals, and no less importantly, in their behavior, both as individuals and socially. Distinctive human behavioral attributes include tool-making and technology; abstract thinking, categorizing, and reasoning; symbolic (creative) language; self-awareness and death-awareness; science, literature, and art; legal codes, ethics and religion; complex social organization and political institutions. These traits may all be said (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  23
    Genetics and the Origin of Species: National Academy of Sciences Colloquium, Irvine, California, 30 January‐1 February, 1997. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (7):651-652.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  23
    Evolution Vs. Creationism. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (1):71 - 82.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  24
    The Nature of Scientific Discovery. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1988 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (1):129 - 136.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  8
    ¿Clonar humanos? Límites de la eugenesia.Francisco J. Ayala - 2019 - Arbor 195 (792):502.
    La humanidad no solo ha evolucionado, sino que continúa evolucionando. ¿Hacia dónde va la evolución humana? La evolución biológica está dirigida por la selección natural, que no es un proceso benevolente que guíe a las especies hacia un éxito seguro. El resultado final puede ser la extinción. Los avances en genética, biología molecular y biomedicina han hecho posible manipular, rápida y efectivamente, la constitución genética de la humanidad. La terapia genética puede ser somática, o germinal. No hay intervenciones de terapia (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  16
    La ciencia en el amanecer del milenio.Francisco J. Ayala & Tiffany Ayers - 2000 - Arbor 167 (657):31-55.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  21
    Human Nature and Evolution. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1985 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 7 (2):315 - 320.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  19
    An American Malaise: The Debate Between Darwin and Christian Fundamentalism. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):273 - 293.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  20
    Sociobiology and Ethics. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1987 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 9 (2):315 - 325.
  42. Ensayo sobre las bases biológicas del comportamiento moral.Francisco J. Ayala - 2008 - Estudios Filosóficos 57 (165):225-246.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  17
    The Vatican and Evolution. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):225 - 229.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  18
    Adam, Eve, and Other Ancestors: A Story of Human Origins Told by Genes. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):303 - 313.
  45.  10
    Science, Evolution and Natural Selection: In Praise of Darwin at the Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn of Naples.Francisco J. Ayala - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (3):444-455.
    Copernicus, Galileo, Newton and other physical scientists ushered in a conception of the universe as matter in motion governed by natural laws. Their discoveries brought about a fundamental revolution, namely a commitment to the postulate that the universe obeys immanent laws that can account for natural phenomena. The workings of the universe were brought into the realm of science: explanation through natural laws. Darwin completed the Copernican revolution by extending it to the living world. Darwin demonstrated the evolution of organisms. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  18
    The Blasphemy of Intelligent Design. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (3):409 - 421.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  14
    Darwin and the Bible. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1988 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (1):137 - 144.
  48.  15
    The Theory of Evolution: The Case for Randomness in the Evolution of DNA and Proteins. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1986 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 8 (1):129 - 138.
  49.  8
    Frédéric Bouchard and Philippe Huneman, Eds.: From Groups to Individuals. Evolution and Emerging Individuality: Cambridge, The MIT Press, 2013, Ix + 278 Pp. $55.00.Francisco J. Ayala - 2014 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (1):136-138.
  50.  60
    Biology Precedes, Culture Transcends: An Evolutionist's View of Human Nature.Francisco J. Ayala - 1998 - Zygon 33 (4):507-523.
1 — 50 / 58