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Francisco J. Ayala [53]Francisco Ayala [16]Francisco José Ayala [5]Francisco José Ayala [1]
  1. Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1-15.
    The ultimate source of explanation in biology is the principle of natural selection. Natural selection means differential reproduction of genes and gene combinations. It is a mechanistic process which accounts for the existence in living organisms of end-directed structures and processes. It is argued that teleological explanations in biology are not only acceptable but indeed indispensable. There are at least three categories of biological phenomena where teleological explanations are appropriate.
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  2.  54
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems : [Papers Presented at a Conference on Problems of Reduction in Biology Held in Villa Serbe, Bellagio, Italy 9-16 September 1972.Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Dobzhansky (eds.) - 1974 - University of California Press.
    Should the philosophy of biology deal with organismic, or with molecular aspects , or with both ? We are, of course, not the first to appreciate the ...
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  3.  47
    Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology.Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy ...
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  4.  11
    The Most Demanding Scenarios of Play in Basketball Competition From Elite Under-18 Teams.Jairo Vázquez-Guerrero, Francisco Ayala, Franc Garcia & Jaime Sampaio - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  5.  46
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems : [Papers Presented at a Conference on Problems of Reduction in Biology Held in Villa Serbe, Bellagio, Italy 9-16 September 1972.Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Dobzhansky - 1974 - University of California Press.
    . Introductory Remarks THEODOSIUS DOBZHANSKY The problems of reduction in biology are currently of considerable theoretical interest and practical ...
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  6. The Biological Roots of Morality.Francisco J. Ayala - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):235-252.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to thecapacity for ethics (e.i., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moralnorms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. My theses are: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution.Humans exhibits ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup determines the presence (...)
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  7. What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics.Francisco Ayala - 2008 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to the capacity for ethics (i.e., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moral norms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. I herein propose: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution. Humans exhibit ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup (...)
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  8.  9
    Darwinism and Its Discontents. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):592-594.
    Presenting an ardent defence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, this book offers a clear and comprehensive exposition of Darwin's thinking. Michael Ruse brings the story up to date, examining the origins of life, the fossil record, and the mechanism of natural selection. Rival theories are explored, from punctuated equilibrium to human evolution . The philosophical and religious implications of Darwinism are discussed, including a discussion of Creationism and its modern day offshoot, Intelligent Design Theory. Ruse draws upon the most (...)
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  9.  15
    19. The Concept of Biological Progress.Francisco J. Ayala - 1974 - In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. pp. 339.
  10. In William Paley's Shadow: Darwin's Explanation of Design.Francisco Ayala - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12 (21):50-66.
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  11.  45
    There is No Place for Intelligent Design in the Philosophy of Biology : Intelligent Design is Not Science.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 364--390.
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  12.  56
    Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala.Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273-299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
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  13.  45
    Adaptation and Novelty: Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1999 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (1):3 - 33.
    Knives, birds' wings, and mountain slopes are used for certain purposes: cutting, flying, and climbing. A bird's wings have in common with knives that they have been 'designed' for the purpose they serve, which purpose accounts for their existence, whereas mountain slopes have come about by geological processes independently of their uses for climbing. A bird's wings differ from a knife in that they have not been designed or produced by any conscious agent; rather, the wings, like the slopes, are (...)
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  14.  76
    On the Scientific Method, Its Practice and Pitfalls.Francisco J. Ayala - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):205 - 240.
    This paper sets forth a familiar theme, that science essentially consists of two interdependent episodes, one imaginative, the other critical. Hypotheses and other imaginative conjectures are the initial stage of scientific inquiry because they provide the incentive to seek the truth and a clue as to where to find it. But scientific conjectures must be subject to critical examination and empirical testing. There is a dialogue between the two episodes; observations made to test a hypothesis are the inspiration for new (...)
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  15.  5
    Human Evolution: Trails From the Past.Camilo J. Cela-Conde & Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Human Evolution provides a comprehensive overview of hominid evolution, synthesising data and approaches from fields as diverse as physical anthropology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, genetics, archaeology, psychology and philosophy. The book starts with chapters on evolution, population genetics, systematics, and the methods for constructing evolutionary trees. These are followed by a comprehensive review of the fossil history of human evolution since our divergence from the apes. Subsequent chapters cover more recent data, both fossil and molecular, relating to the evolution of (...)
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  16.  36
    Teleological Explanations Versus Teleology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):41 - 50.
  17.  69
    Darwin and Intelligent Design.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 749-766.
  18.  82
    The Structure of Evolutionary Theory: On Stephen Jay Gould's Monumental Masterpiece.Francisco J. Ayala - unknown
    Stephen Jay Gould’s monumental The Structure of Evolutionary Theory ‘‘attempts to expand and alter the premises of Darwinism, in order to build an enlarged and distinctive evolutionary theory . . . while remaining within the tradition, and under the logic, of Darwinian argument.’’ The three branches or ‘‘fundamental principles of Darwinian logic’’ are, according to Gould: agency (natural selection acting on individual organisms), efficacy (producing new species adapted to their environments), and scope (accumulation of changes that through geological time yield (...)
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  19.  43
    Debating Darwin.Francisco J. Ayala - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):559-573.
  20.  11
    Is Ectopic Expression Caused by Deregulatory Mutations or Due to Gene‐Regulation Leaks with Evolutionary Potential?Francisco Rodríguez-Trelles, Rosa Tarrío & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (6):592-601.
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  21.  19
    Molecular Clock Mirages.Francisco J. Ayala - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (1):71-75.
  22. Intelligent Design: The Original Version.Francisco J. Ayala - 2003 - Theology and Science 1 (1):9-32.
    William Paley ( Natural Theology , 1802) developed the argument-from-design. The complex structure of the human eye evinces that it was designed by an intelligent Creator. The argument is based on the irreducible complexity ("relation") of multiple interacting parts, all necessary for function. Paley adduces a wealth of biological examples leading to the same conclusion; his knowledge of the biology of his time was profound and extensive. Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species is an extended argument demonstrating that the "design" of (...)
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  23.  69
    Mayr’s Centenary Festschrift.John S. Wilkins, Walter M. Fitch & Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):603-610.
  24.  46
    Evolution of Biological Diversity.Francisco J. Ayala - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (7):681-682.
  25.  36
    Ortega y Gasset, Literary Critic.Francisco Ayala - 1974 - Critical Inquiry 1 (2):395-414.
    In the history of literary criticism the name of Ortega y Gasset is indispensable, since in this, as well as in all other sectors of cultural activity, the influence of his thought has been most decisive. He opened paths and established guidelines that remain in effect; his vision of the Quijote not only counterbalanced that of Unamuno, against which it purposely rebelled, but also, by underscoring the resources called into play by Cervantes in composing his master work, he has shaped (...)
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  26. Human Evolution: The Three Grand Challenges of Human Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  27. Algunas puntualizaciones sobre el concepto de la historia.Francisco Ayala - 1962 - Ideas Y Valores 4 (14):37.
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  28. Biological Evolution: Recent Advances Through Molecular Studies.Francisco J. Ayala - 1979 - In Vittorio Mathieu & Paolo Rossi (eds.), Scientia. Scientia Verlag. pp. 185.
     
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  29. Biological Evolution: Recent Advances through Molecular Studies.Francisco J. Ayala - 1979 - Scientia:185.
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  30. Entrevista Con Francisco J. Ayala.Francisco J. Ayala - 1983 - El Basilisco 15:78-93.
     
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  31. El Escritor En Su Siglo.Francisco Ayala - 1990
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  32. El mundo anglosajón del español Santayana.Francisco Ayala - 1996 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 16 (1).
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  33. La Estructura Narrativa y Otras Experiencias Literarias.Francisco Ayala - 1984 - Critica.
    Las relaciones entre autor y publico y otros aspectos de la experiencia estetica, principalmente en la novela, pero tambien en la poesia, la comedia y el cine.
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  34. La Imagen de España Continuidad y Cambio En la Sociedad Española.Francisco Ayala - 1986
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  35. La Novela: Galdós y Unamuno.Francisco Ayala - 1974
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  36. Michel Delsol, "Hasard, Ordre Et Finalité En Biologie" John E. Cunningham "Négation de la Négation". [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1974 - The Thomist 38 (2):397.
     
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  37. Man in Evolution.Francisco J. Ayala - 1967 - The Thomist 31 (1):1.
     
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  38. Razón Del Mundo Un Examen de Conciencia Intelectual.Francisco Ayala - 1944 - Editorial Losada.
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  39. Reflexiones Sobre la Estructura Narrativa.Francisco Ayala - 1970 - Taurus.
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  40. Science and Religion in Dialogue.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  41. La nuova ragione. Scienza e cultura nella società contemporanea.Paolo Rossi, Jean Dieudonné, René Thom, Clifford A. Truesdell, Tullio Regge, Ugo Amaldi, Enrico Bellone, Isabelle Stengers, Francisco J. Ayala, Vittorio Sgarabella, Yehuda Elkana, William Leiss, Saverio Avveduto, Abdul-Razzak Kaddoura & Mario Borillo (eds.) - 1981 - Scientia/Il Mulino.
  42.  40
    Thermodynamics, Information, and Evolution: The Problem of Reductionism. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1989 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 11 (1):115 - 120.
  43. Biology to Ethics: An Evolutionist's View of Human Nature.Francisco Ayala - 2006 - In Giovanni Boniolo & Gabriele De Anna (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 141--158.
     
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  44. Masters. Causality and Design : Teleological Explanations in the Living World.Francisco J. Ayala - 2009 - In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.
     
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  45.  38
    Beyond Darwinism? The Challenge of Macroevolution to the Synthetic Theory of Evolution.Francisco J. Ayala - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:275 - 291.
    The theory of punctuated equilibrium has been proposed as a challenge to the modern synthesis of evolutionary theory. Two important issues are raised. The first is scientific: whether morphological change as observed in the paleontological record is essentially always associated with speciation events. This paper argues that there is at present no empirical support for this claim: the alleged evidence is based on a definitional fallacy. The second issue is epistemological: whether macroevolution is an autonomous field of study, independent from (...)
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  46.  38
    What Makes Biology Unique? Ernst Mayr at 100.Francisco Ayala - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):243 - 256.
  47.  29
    The Biological Foundations of Ethics.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66 (3):523 - 537.
    Erect posture and large brain are two of the most significant anatomical traits that distinguish us from nonhuman primates. But humans are also different from chimpanzees and other animals, and no less importantly, in their behavior, both as individuals and socially. Distinctive human behavioral attributes include tool-making and technology; abstract thinking, categorizing, and reasoning; symbolic (creative) language; self-awareness and death-awareness; science, literature, and art; legal codes, ethics and religion; complex social organization and political institutions. These traits may all be said (...)
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  48.  23
    Genetics and the Origin of Species: National Academy of Sciences Colloquium, Irvine, California, 30 January‐1 February, 1997. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (7):651-652.
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  49.  10
    What Makes Biology Unique?Francisco Ayala - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):243-256.
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  50.  23
    Evolution Vs. Creationism. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (1):71 - 82.
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