We show that, for each finite group G, there exists an axiomatization of the class of abelian-by-G groups with a single sentence. In the proof, we use the definability of the subgroups M n in an abelian-by-finite group M, and the Auslander-Reiten sequences for modules over an Artin algebra.
We show that two abelian-by-finite groups are elementarily equivalent if and only if they satisfy the same sentences with two alternations of quantifiers. We also prove that abelian-by-finite groups satisfy a quantifier elimination property. On the other hand, for each integer n, we give some examples of nilpotent groups which satisfy the same sentences with n alternations of quantifiers and do not satisfy the same sentences with n + 1 alternations of quantifiers.
In , we gave algebraic characterizations of elementary equivalence for finitely generated finite-by-abelian groups, i.e. finitely generated FC-groups. We also provided several examples of finitely generated finite-by-abelian groups which are elementarily equivalent without being isomorphic. In this paper, we shall use our previous results to describe precisely the models of the theories of finitely generated finite-by-abelian groups and the elementary embeddings between these models.