Results for 'Francesca Mazzi'

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  1.  1
    A Bio-Psycho-Social Co-Created Intervention for Young Adults With Multiple Sclerosis (ESPRIMO): Rationale and Study Protocol for a Feasibility Study.Valeria Donisi, Alberto Gajofatto, Maria Angela Mazzi, Francesca Gobbin, Isolde Martina Busch, Annamaria Ghellere, Alina Klonova, Doriana Rudi, Francesca Vitali, Federico Schena, Lidia Del Piccolo & Michela Rimondini - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundMultiple sclerosis, the most common neurological disease that causes disability in youth, does not only affect physical functions but is also associated with cognitive impairment, fatigue, depression, and anxiety and can significantly impact health-related quality of life. Since MS is generally diagnosed at a young age—a period of great significance for personal, relational, and professional development—adaptation can become highly challenging. Therefore, enhancing the competence of young people to adaptively cope with these potential challenges is of utmost importance in order to (...)
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  2.  2
    Achieving a ‘Good AI Society’: Comparing the Aims and Progress of the EU and the US.Huw Roberts, Josh Cowls, Emmie Hine, Francesca Mazzi, Andreas Tsamados, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (6):1-25.
    Over the past few years, there has been a proliferation of artificial intelligence strategies, released by governments around the world, that seek to maximise the benefits of AI and minimise potential harms. This article provides a comparative analysis of the European Union and the United States’ AI strategies and considers the visions of a ‘Good AI Society’ that are forwarded in key policy documents and their opportunity costs, the extent to which the implementation of each vision is living up to (...)
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  3.  88
    Communicative Competence and Theory of Mind in Autism: A Test of Relevance Theory.Francesca G. E. Happé - 1993 - Cognition 48 (2):101-119.
  4.  46
    “This Argument Fails for Two Reasons…”: A Linguistic Analysis of Judicial Evaluation Strategies in US Supreme Court Judgments. [REVIEW]Davide Mazzi - 2010 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 23 (4):373-385.
    The centrality of argumentation in the judicial process is an age-old acquisition of research on legal discourse. Notwithstanding the deep insights provided by legal theoretical and philosophical works, only recently has judicial argumentation been tackled in its linguistic dimension. This paper aims to contribute to the development of linguistic studies of judicial argumentation, by shedding light on evaluation as a prominent aspect in the construction of the judge’s argumentative position. Evaluation as a deep structure of judicial argumentation is studied from (...)
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  5.  19
    Blind-Sight Vs. Degraded-Sight: Different Measures Tell a Different Story.Chiara Mazzi, Chiara Bagattini & Silvia Savazzi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  6.  85
    Autism: Cognitive Deficit or Cognitive Style?Francesca Happé - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):216-222.
  7.  69
    Structuralist Neologicism†.Francesca Boccuni & Jack Woods - 2020 - Philosophia Mathematica 28 (3):296-316.
    Neofregeanism and structuralism are among the most promising recent approaches to the philosophy of mathematics. Yet both have serious costs. We develop a view, structuralist neologicism, which retains the central advantages of each while avoiding their more serious costs. The key to our approach is using arbitrary reference to explicate how mathematical terms, introduced by abstraction principles, refer. Focusing on numerical terms, this allows us to treat abstraction principles as implicit definitions determining all properties of the numbers, achieving a key (...)
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  8.  94
    The Invisible Discrimination Before Our Eyes: A Bioethical Analysis.Francesca Minerva - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (3):180-189.
    The goal of this article is to introduce a philosophical analysis of a widely neglected condition which affects between 3% and 18% of the population. People affected by this condition experience a lower level of wellbeing than the average population and are discriminated against in both their professional and their personal life. I will argue that this form of discrimination should be taken more seriously in philosophical debate and that social, legal and medical measures ought to be taken in order (...)
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  9.  83
    The Construction of Argumentation in Judicial Texts: Combining a Genre and a Corpus Perspective. [REVIEW]Davide Mazzi - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (1):21-38.
    Research on legal discourse has developed according to a variety of perspectives. As for descriptive accounts, two approaches are noteworthy. Firstly, Anglophone scholars have dealt with legal language from a genre-based viewpoint. Secondly, French studies have focused on argumentation in judicial texts, by considering the forms of reasoning involved in it and, albeit more rarely, its linguistic constituents. This paper aims at reinforcing the linguistic component of the analysis of legal discourse, by carrying out a corpus-based genre analysis on a (...)
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  10.  32
    Creative Argumentation: When and Why People Commit the Metaphoric Fallacy.Francesca Ervas, Antonio Ledda, Amitash Ojha, Giuseppe Antonio Pierro & Bipin Indurkhya - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  11.  71
    Varieties of Misrepresentation and Homomorphism.Francesca Pero & Mauricio Suárez - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (1):71-90.
    This paper is a critical response to Andreas Bartels’ sophisticated defense of a structural account of scientific representation. We show that, contrary to Bartels’ claim, homomorphism fails to account for the phenomenon of misrepresentation. Bartels claims that homomorphism is adequate in two respects. First, it is conceptually adequate, in the sense that it shows how representation differs from misrepresentation and non-representation. Second, if properly weakened, homomorphism is formally adequate to accommodate misrepresentation. We question both claims. First, we show that homomorphism (...)
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  12. Can ‘Eugenics’ Be Defended?Francesca Minerva, Diana S. Fleischman, Peter Singer, Nicholas Agar, Jonathan Anomaly & Walter Veit - 2021 - Monash Bioethics Review 39 (1):60-67.
  13.  20
    Corpo e spazio. A partire da Francesca Woodman.Francesca Brencio (ed.) - 2014
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  14. ‘Theory of Mind’ and Tracking Speakers’ Intentions.Francesca Happé & Eva Loth - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (1-2):24-36.
  15.  14
    Structuralism and Mathematical Practice in Felix Klein’s Work on Non-Euclidean Geometry†.Biagioli Francesca - 2020 - Philosophia Mathematica 28 (3):360-384.
    It is well known that Felix Klein took a decisive step in investigating the invariants of transformation groups. However, less attention has been given to Klein’s considerations on the epistemological implications of his work on geometry. This paper proposes an interpretation of Klein’s view as a form of mathematical structuralism, according to which the study of mathematical structures provides the basis for a better understanding of how mathematical research and practice develop.
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  16.  77
    Euthanasia and Cryothanasia.Francesca Minerva & Anders Sandberg - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (7):526-533.
    In this article we discuss the moral and legal aspects of causing the death of a terminal patient in the hope of extending their life in the future. We call this theoretical procedure cryothanasia. We argue that administering cryothanasia is ethically different from administering euthanasia. Consequently, objections to euthanasia should not apply to cryothanasia, and cryothanasia could also be considered a legal option where euthanasia is illegal.
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  17.  33
    A Tutorial on Assumption-Based Argumentation.Francesca Toni - 2014 - Argument and Computation 5 (1):89-117.
  18.  78
    Evolutionary Chance Mutation: A Defense of the Modern Synthesis' Consensus View.Francesca Merlin - 2010 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 2 (20130604).
    One central tenet of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis , and the consensus view among biologists until now, is that all genetic mutations occur by “chance” or at “random” with respect to adaptation. However, the discovery of some molecular mechanisms enhancing mutation rate in response to environmental conditions has given rise to discussions among biologists, historians and philosophers of biology about the “chance” vs “directed” character of mutations . In fact, some argue that mutations due to a particular kind of mutator (...)
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  19.  22
    Metaphor, ignorance and the sentiment of (ir)rationality.Francesca Ervas - 2021 - Synthese.
    Metaphor has been considered as a cognitive process, independent of the verbal versus visual mode, through which an unknown conceptual domain is understood in terms of another known conceptual domain. Metaphor might instead be viewed as a cognitive process, dependent on the mode, which leads to genuinely new knowledge via ignorance. First, I argue that there are two main senses of ignorance at stake when we understand a metaphor: we ignore some existing properties of the known domain in the sense (...)
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  20.  17
    Conscientious Objection in Italy: Table 1.Francesca Minerva - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):170-173.
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  21.  26
    Acquired `Theory of Mind' Impairments Following Stroke.Francesca Happé, Hiram Brownell & Ellen Winner - 1999 - Cognition 70 (3):211-240.
  22.  21
    Early Local Activity in Temporal Areas Reflects Graded Content of Visual Perception.Chiara F. Tagliabue, Chiara Mazzi, Chiara Bagattini & Silvia Savazzi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  23.  7
    The Effects of the Mating Market, Sex, Age, and Income on Sociopolitical Orientation.Francesca R. Luberti, Khandis R. Blake & Robert C. Brooks - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (1):88-111.
    Sociopolitical attitudes are often the root cause of conflicts between individuals, groups, and even nations, but little is known about the origin of individual differences in sociopolitical orientation. We test a combination of economic and evolutionary ideas about the degree to which the mating market, sex, age, and income affect sociopolitical orientation. We collected data online through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk from 1108 US participants who were between 18 and 60, fluent in English, and single. While ostensibly testing a new online (...)
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  24.  11
    Space, Number, and Geometry From Helmholtz to Cassirer.Francesca Biagioli - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    This book offers a reconstruction of the debate on non-Euclidean geometry in neo-Kantianism between the second half of the nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth century. Kant famously characterized space and time as a priori forms of intuitions, which lie at the foundation of mathematical knowledge. The success of his philosophical account of space was due not least to the fact that Euclidean geometry was widely considered to be a model of certainty at his time. However, such (...)
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  25.  78
    William James at the Boundaries: Philosophy, Science, and the Geography of Knowledge.Francesca Bordogna - 2008 - University of Chicago Press.
    At Columbia University in 1906, William James gave a highly confrontational speech to the American Philosophical Association (APA). He ignored the technical philosophical questions the audience had gathered to discuss and instead addressed the topic of human energy. Tramping on the rules of academic decorum, James invoked the work of amateurs, read testimonials on the benefits of yoga and alcohol, and concluded by urging his listeners to take up this psychological and physiological problem. What was the goal of this unusual (...)
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  26.  28
    Face Perception and Processing in Early Infancy: Inborn Predispositions and Developmental Changes.Francesca Simion & Elisa Di Giorgio - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  27.  48
    Conscientious Objection, Complicity in Wrongdoing, and a Not-So-Moderate Approach.Francesca Minerva - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):109-119.
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  28.  39
    New Threats to Academic Freedom.Francesca Minerva - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):157-162.
    Using a specific case as an example, the article argues that the Internet allows dissemination of academic ideas to the general public in ways that can sometimes pose a threat to academic freedom. Since academic freedom is a fundamental element of academia and since it benefits society at large, it is important to safeguard it. Among measures that can be taken in order to achieve this goal, the publication of anonymous research seems to be a good option.
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  29.  4
    Alexithymia Is Related to the Need for More Emotional Intensity to Identify Static Fearful Facial Expressions.Francesca Starita, Khatereh Borhani, Caterina Bertini & Cristina Scarpazza - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  30.  98
    On Defining the Notion of Complete and Immediate Formal Grounding.Francesca Poggiolesi - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    The aim of this paper is to provide a definition of the the notion of complete and immediate formal grounding through the concepts of derivability and complexity. It will be shown that this definition yields a subtle and precise analysis of the concept of grounding in several paradigmatic cases.
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  31.  54
    On Constructing a Logic for the Notion of Complete and Immediate Formal Grounding.Francesca Poggiolesi - 2018 - Synthese 195 (3):1231-1254.
    In Poggiolesi we have introduced a rigorous definition of the notion of complete and immediate formal grounding; in the present paper our aim is to construct a logic for the notion of complete and immediate formal grounding based on that definition. Our logic will have the form of a calculus of natural deduction, will be proved to be sound and complete and will allow us to have fine-grained grounding principles.
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  32.  81
    Autism: Beyond “Theory of Mind”.Uta Frith & Francesca Happé - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):115-132.
  33.  51
    Lying to Level the Playing Field: Why People May Dishonestly Help or Hurt Others to Create Equity. [REVIEW]Francesca Gino & Lamar Pierce - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):89 - 103.
    Unethical and dishonest behavior has increasingly attracted the attention of scholars from various disciplines. Recent work has begun to focus on a previous overlooked factor predicting dishonest behavior: the beneficiary or victim of dishonest acts. In two laboratory experiments, we manipulate the level of resources allocated to our participants (their "wealth") and investigate whether perceived inequity from wealth that is randomly or subjectively assigned leads individuals to cross ethical boundaries through helping or hurting others. The results show that dishonest behavior (...)
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  34.  19
    The Ethics of Cryonics: Is It Immoral to Be Immortal?Francesca Minerva - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Cryonics—also known as cryopreservation or cryosuspension—is the preservation of legally dead individuals at ultra-low temperatures. Those who undergo this procedure hope that future technology will not only succeed in reviving them, but also cure them of the condition that led to their demise. In this sense, some hope that cryopreservation will allow people to continue living indefinitely. This book discusses the moral concerns of cryonics, both as a medical procedure and as an intermediate step toward life extension. In particular, Minerva (...)
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  35.  15
    Communicative-Pragmatic Treatment in Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study.Francesca M. Bosco, Ilaria Gabbatore, Luigi Gastaldo & Katiuscia Sacco - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  36.  18
    Food Waste Reduction and Food Poverty Alleviation: A System Dynamics Conceptual Model.Francesca Galli, Alessio Cavicchi & Gianluca Brunori - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (2):289-300.
    The contradictions between food poverty affecting a large section of the global population and the everyday wastage of food, particularly in high income countries, have raised significant academic and public attention. All actors in the food chain have a role to play in food waste prevention and reduction, including farmers, food manufacturers and processors, caterers and retailers and ultimately consumers. Food surplus redistribution is considered by many as a partial solution to food waste reduction and food poverty mitigation, while others (...)
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  37. After-Birth Abortion: Why Should the Baby Live?Alberto Giubilini & Francesca Minerva - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):261-263.
    Abortion is largely accepted even for reasons that do not have anything to do with the fetus' health. By showing that (1) both fetuses and newborns do not have the same moral status as actual persons, (2) the fact that both are potential persons is morally irrelevant and (3) adoption is not always in the best interest of actual people, the authors argue that what we call ‘after-birth abortion’ (killing a newborn) should be permissible in all the cases where abortion (...)
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  38.  38
    To: “ Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,” Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto, Interpretation, 3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (2):Y1-Y1.
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  39.  38
    To: “Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,”Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto,Interpretation,3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (4):Y1-Y1.
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  40.  4
    To: “Imaging of an Active Fault: Comparison Between 3D GPR Data and Outcrops at the Castrovillari Fault, Calabria, Italy,” Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele, and Volpe Roberto, Interpretation, 3, No. 3, SY57–SY66, Doi: Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/INT-2014-0234.1. [REVIEW]Ercoli Maurizio, Pauselli Cristina, Romana Cinti Francesca, Forte Emanuele & Volpe Roberto - 2015 - Interpretation 3 (4):Y1-Y1.
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  41.  11
    What Aspects of Autism Predispose to Talent?Francesca Happé & Pedro Vital - 2010 - In Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.), Autism and Talent. Oup/the Royal Society. pp. 364--1522.
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  42. A Mechanism for Spatial Perception on Human Skin.Francesca Fardo, Brianna Beck, Tony Cheng & Patrick Haggard - 2018 - Cognition 178:236-243.
    Our perception of where touch occurs on our skin shapes our interactions with the world. Most accounts of cutaneous localisation emphasise spatial transformations from a skin-based reference frame into body-centred and external egocentric coordinates. We investigated another possible method of tactile localisation based on an intrinsic perception of ‘skin space’. The arrangement of cutaneous receptive fields (RFs) could allow one to track a stimulus as it moves across the skin, similarly to the way animals navigate using path integration. We applied (...)
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  43. The Key Role of Causal Explanation in the Climate Change Issue.Francesca Pongiglione - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):175-188.
    In the context of climate change, the adoption of pro-environment behaviour is favoured by the understanding of causal passages within climate science. The understanding of the causes of climate change is necessary in order to be able to take mitigation actions (the subject needs to be aware of its role as a causalagent). Conversely, the understanding of the consequences of climate change is essential for rationally managing the risks, especially in cases where adaptation is needed rather than simple mitigation. The (...)
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  44.  6
    Phraseology in Multilingual EU Legislation: A Corpus-Based Study of Translated Multi-Word Terms.Francesca L. Seracini - 2021 - Perspectives 29 (2):245-259.
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  45.  8
    Evidence of Factorial Validity of Parental Knowledge, Control and Solicitation, and Adolescent Disclosure Scales: When the Ordered Nature of Likert Scales Matters.Francesca Lionetti, Loes Keijsers, Antonio Dellagiulia & Massimiliano Pastore - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  46.  12
    Ernst Cassirer’s Transcendental Account of Mathematical Reasoning.Francesca Biagioli - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
  47.  3
    Common-Surrounding World and Qualitative Social Ontology – Phenomenological Insights for the Environment and its Crisis.Francesca De Vecchi - 2020 - Rivista di Estetica 75:33-51.
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  48.  67
    Integrity in Legal Practice: A Report From the Third International Legal Ethics Conference, Gold Coast, Australia.Francesca Bartlett & Reid Mortensen - 2009 - Legal Ethics 12 (1):100.
  49.  3
    Parents' Stress and Children's Psychological Problems in Families Facing the COVID-19 Outbreak in Italy.Maria Spinelli, Francesca Lionetti, Massimiliano Pastore & Mirco Fasolo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  50.  19
    Εν Αρχηι Ην Ο Λογοσ: The Long Journey of Grammatical Analogy.Francesca Schironi - 2018 - Classical Quarterly 68 (2):475-497.
    Grammar as a discipline devoted to the study of language was greatly advanced by the Alexandrian philologists, and especially by Aristarchus, as demonstrated by Stephanos Matthaios. In order to edit Homer and other literary authors, whose texts were often written in archaic Greek and presented many linguistic problems, the Alexandrians had to recognize linguistic grammatical categories and declensional patterns. In particular, to determine the correct orthography or accentuation of debated morphological forms they often employed analogy, which is generally defined as (...)
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